History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families Page: 221
larger scholastic population than any city in
Texas by over 3,000, it being 10,694, 1,590
of which are colored. Her public free school
property is valued at $1,000,000, and comprizes
seven two-story and one three-story
building, latest designs, with all comforts and
appliances, for white children, and one twostory
stone and two large frame buildings for
As a picturesque and historical city there
is none in the United States that can equal
San Antonio. It is the tourists' paradise.
It was founded in 1691, and has been the
scene of many an exciting affray. There are
many points of interest that afford great attraction
for the visitors to the city. The
chief one of these is the Alamo, which was
originally founded as a mission under the
name of San Antonio de Valero, in 1720. It
became the garrison or fort for Spanish and
afterward American troops. As such it was
the scene of several battles, the most memorable
of which was in 1836, when General
Santa Anna, at the head of a Mexican army
of 7,000, besieged it, and when, on the 6th of
March of that year, he carried it by storm
after being three times repulsed by Colonel
William B. Travis, Davy Crockett, James
Bowie and their 172 heroic companions, who
died fighting for Texas liberty, and whose
bodies were burned by the savage Mexicans
after the battle and their ashes lie buried in
the sacred soil.
The Alamo is now the property of the
State of Texas, is in the custody of the city of
San Antonio and is open to visitors daily
The mission Concepcion, which is known
as the first mission, was founded in 1716.
It is situated on the left bank of the San
Antonio river, about two miles below the
city. It was the scene of a battle between
Colonel James Bowie, commanding 90
Americans and about 400 Mexican regular
troops. The Mexicans were defeated with
a loss of 60 killed and 40 wounded. The
Americans lost one man killed. This battle
was fought on the 28th of October, 1835.
This mission was also the scene of several
Indian battles. Its name as a mission was
"Mision Concepcion la Purisima de Acuna "
The second mission is the most beautiful
and elegant of all the Texas missions. It is
situated about four miles below the city near
the river, and is named Mision San Jose de
Aguayo. It was founded in 1720, and the
celebrated artist, Huica, was sent here by the
king of Spain, and devoted several years to
carving its various ornamentation, statues,
etc. The hands of vandals have exceeded the
ravages of time in its defacement. Like the
others, this mission has been the scene of
many memorable conflicts. It is well worthy
of a visit by all tourists.
The third ihission differs in general design
from all the other missions. It was
founded in 1716 and is situated about six
miles below the city. Its name as a mission
was Mision San Juan Capistrano. It was
near here that the American patriots rendezvoused
prior to their capture of San Antonio
from the Mexicans under General Cos, in
1835,-a battle which aroused the ire of
Santa Anna and led to the holocaust of the
Alamo and subsequently to Texan independence.
Like most of the other missions,
it is now in ruins-picturesque but silent eloquence
of past glories and tragedies.
Sherman, having in 1890 a population of
7,320, is the county seat of Grayson county,
and a good railroad point. Assessed value of
all property in 1891, $4,966,334. Total of
all property owned by the city, $20,872.
Sulphur Springs, the chief trading point
HISTOR Y F EXS
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Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families, book, 1893; Chicago. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/m1/226/ocr/: accessed October 27, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .