History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families Page: 43
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.H1STORY o1' TEXAS. a
banner of that distinguished patriot and
leader, General Antonio Lopez de Santa
Anna. The cause of constitutional demnocratic
liberty is about to triumph throughout
thle whole of this vast republic.
"Borne down, in this remote section of the
nation, by military oppression, and by the
most shameful violations of the rights of the
State of Coahuila and Texas, you believed
that all the guarantees of thle co.ntitution
and laws were disregarded and trampled upon.
Patience itself was exhausted. aind \ou ha:t
recourse to arms, thus espousing that cause
of the constitution and of the people which
is so bravely advocated by General Santa
Anna. In doing this, you have not tfor one
moment lost sight of your duty as Mexican
citizens, but have defended the true dignity
of the national flag, which had been insulted
by the violators of the constitution. In the
course you have taken you will be sustained
by Colonel Mejia, who has come to Texas
with fleet and forces under the order of General
Santa Anna, to protect the rights of the
nation and of the State; and you will receive
the support and approbation of General Santa
Anna himself, of General Montezuma and
of all liberal and enlightened Mexicans. In
such a cause you have nothing to fear. It is
just, and I will give it my hearty co-operation
so far as my feeble services can avail."
In the Southern United States the opinion
began to prevail that the colonists in Texas
were attempting to separate from Mexico
and annex themselves to the Union. On this
account, Montezuma, commanding at Tampico,
and having declared in favor of Santa
Anna, sent a force into Texas to reduce the
insurgents. His colonel, Mejia, on entering
Texas, first had an amicable conference with
the leader of the Bustamante party, so as to
prevent interruption, and proceeded to the
mouth of the Brazos, taking with him Stephen
F. Austin, who was on his return from the
State legislature. Consulting Jolln Aus.tin.
the latter professed perfect loyalty and said
that the insurgents had no intention to sepa
rate from Mexico; they were only rebelling
against certain tyrannical acts of some of the
otiicers. Mejia went on to Galveston. where
lie was similarly received, and lie returned to
Tampieo. He actually advocated the cause
of the in.iurgents, andi tlie .seed lie lhad sownt
in l Texas, in so doin , more rapidly. Pied lras.
at Naeo(do(hles, being opposed to Santa
Anna, was oustedl by the Mexicans. By the
end of August not a Mexican soldier remiaine(d
in the Texan colonies, the victory over tlhe
Bradburn party was so complete. A troop
of about seventy men was stationed at San
Antonio, scarcely a sufficient number to keep
the Indians in check in that vicinity. Peace
was restored. This victory of the Texan
colonists would have been far more costly, if
not indeed impossible of attainment, had
there been no revolution going on beyond the
SEPARATION OF TEXAS FROM COAHIUILA.
On the formation of these two districts
into one State, there was a proviso in the decree
that when Texas possessed the necessary
elements for a separate State, notice should
be given Congress for its resolution on the
matter. The Texans now (1832-'3-1) began
to consider that the time for the separation
had come, for their rapidly growing interests
were not sufficiently recognized by the general
government. Their representation in
Congress was proportionally in the minority,
and they were neglected in the more eager
efforts to conserve the interests of Coahuila.
The geographical position of the latter excluded
it from maritime trade, and its coin
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Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families, book, 1893; Chicago. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/m1/45/?rotate=90: accessed February 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .