History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families Page: 56
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HISTORY OF TEXAS.
we received information that General Santa
Anna was at New Washington, and would
that day take up the line of march for Anahuac,
crossing at Lynch's Ferry. The Texan
army halted within a half mile of the ferry,
in some timber, and were engaged in slaughtering
beeves, when the army of Santa Anna
was discovered to be in battle array, having
been encamped at Clopper's Point, eight
"Disposition was immediately made of
our forces, and preparations for his reception.
He took a position with his infantry
and artillery in the center, occupying an island
of timber, his cavalry covering the left
flank. The artillery, consisting of one doublefortified
medium brass twelve-pounder, then
opened on our encampment. The infantry in
column advanced with the design of charging
our lines, but were repulsed with a discharge
of grape and canister from our artillery, consisting
of two six-pounders. The enemy had
occupied a piece of timber within rifle shot
of the left wing of our army, from which an
occasional interchange of small arms took
place between the troops, until the enemy
withdrew to a position on the bank of the
San 'Jacinto, about three-quarters of a mile
from our encampment, and commenced fortification.
A short time before sunset our
mounted men, about eighty-five in number,
under the special command of Colonel Slierman,
marched out for the purpose of reconnoitering
the enemy. Whilst advancing they
received a volley from the left of the enemy's
infantry, and after a short renconter with
their cavalry, in which ours acted extremely
well, and performed some feats of daring
chivalry, they retired in good order, Iiving
had two men severely wounded and several
horses killed. In the meantime the infantry
under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel.
Millard, and Colonel Burleson's regiment,
with the artillery, had marched out for the
purpose of covering the retreat of the cavalry,
" All these fell back in good order to our
encampment about sunset, and remained without
any ostensible action until the 21st, at
half-past three o'clock, taking the first refreslhments
which they had enjoyed for two days.
The enemy in the meantime extended the
right flank of their infantry so as to occupy the
extreme point of a skirt of timber on the bank
of the San Jacinto, and secured their left by
a fortification about five feet high, constructed
of packs and baggage, leaving an opening iii
the center of their breastwork, in which their
artillery was placed, their cavalry on their
left wing. About nine o'clock on the morning
of the 21st, the enemy were reinforced by
500 choice troops, under the command of
General Cos, increasing their effective force
to upward of 1,500 men, whilst our aggregate
force for the field numbered 783. At
balf-past three o'clock in the evening I ordered
the officers of the Texa, army to parade
their respective commands, having in the
meantime ordered the bridge on the only road
communicating with Brazos, distant eight
miles from our encampment, to b* destroyed,
thus cutting off any possibility of escape.
Our troops paraded with alacrity and spirit,
and were anxious for the contest. Their conscious
disparity in number seemed only to
increase their enthusiasm and confidence, and
heightened their anxiety for the conflict. Our
situation afforded me an opportunity of making
the arrangements for the attack, without
exposing our designs to the enemy.
The first regiment, commanded by Colonel
Burleson, was assigned the center. The second
regiment, under the command of Colonel
Sherman, formed the left wing of the army.
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Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families, book, 1893; Chicago. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/m1/59/?rotate=270: accessed August 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .