History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families Page: 605
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HISTORY OF_ TEXAS.
moved out on the old Nacogdoches and San
Antonio road, and settled where that road
crosses Davidson's creek, on a tract of land
adjoining the present town of Caldwell. lie
spent the remainder of his life in this county,
and died here in 1881, in the ninety-sixth
year of his age. Farming and stock-raising
formed the chief pursuits of his life, and,
like most of the early Texans, he cared but
but little for wealth, and beyond the good
living which he secured, mainly through his
flocks and herds, his early removal to Texas
was without profit to himself. With the exception
of his services in the war of 1836,
already mentioned, and in the ranging service
at an early day in this State, he had no public
career. He was a public-spirited and patriotic
citizen, however, and gave abundant
evidence of his zeal and devotion to the welfare
of the community in which he resided,
on all proper occasions. His wife died soon
after their removal to Texas, probably about
1841. Although deprived of his faithful
helpmeet he held his large family together
and raised them to be useful men and women.
His eldest, Elizabeth, was twice married, first
to Samuel Sloan, and, after his death, to M.
B. Goodwin; Nancy Jane was married to
Alonzo White; Sarah E. was married to C.
C. Chance;. William Green died in this
county, leaving a number of children; Ezekiel
Bertrand entered the ranging service
when a young man and was killed on the
frontier; Narcissa Angeline was married to
J. P. Johnson, and after his death, to E. J.
Curry; Minerva died unmarried; Robert H.
died in this county before marriage, as did
also Mary A., the youngest of the family.
Joseph C. Rowland, the sixth of this pioneer
family, of Burleson county, was born
December 25, 1833. He was, therefore, only
about four years old when his parents came
to Texas. He was reared in Burleson county,
growing up on the old homnestea(l, inortlh of
of Caldwell, on part of which lie now li ven.
His boyhood and youth were pas'e(l in tile
saddle and his early educational advantages
were very limited.
In June, 1855, Mr. Rowland married Susan
Thomas, a daughter of J. W. Thomlas, of
Burleston county, and having secured a small
tract of land, settled on it and became farmining
for himself. He was so engaged at the
opening of the late war, when at the first
call for volunteers lie entered the Confederate
army, enlisting in Company G, Second Texas
Infantry. I-e had hardly reached the field
with his command when lie had to resign on
account of ill health and return home. But
as soon as he recovered lie again enlisted,
going in Wauil's Legion, being elected Captain
of Company A, of that command, with
which he served during the remainder of the
war. He was in active field service from the
date of his second enlistment till the close of
hostilities, taking part in the operations in
front of the Federals on the Mississippi and
at Vicksburg, and after the fall of that place
in the engagements in Arkansas till the close
of hostilities. He returned home at the close
of the war and resumed farming and stockraising,
in which he met with good success.
Being desirous of going into the stock business
on a larger scale than the range in central
Texas then permitted of, he made up a
party in the spring of 1868, consisting of
eight or ten families, with their household
goods, flocks and herds, and started to the
Pacific coast. The point of destination was
southern California, and the route lay
through western Texas, New Mexico and
Arizona. The journey was accomplished
after many months of weary travel and suffering,
and after the loss of nearly all the
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Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families, book, 1893; Chicago. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/m1/651/: accessed April 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .