History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families Page: 673
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HISTORY OF TEXAS.
earliest settlers of Tennessee. His paternal
grandfather was Uriah Tyson, a native of
North Carolina, who emigrated to Tennessee
early in this century. Noah B. Tyson, the
father of the subject ,f this notice, was born
in Montgomery county, Tennessee, in 1814.
He married Mary Morris, a daughter of
Nathan Morris, of Stewart county, that State,
about 1832, and for a number of years engaged
in farming in his native State. In
1848 he moved to Arkansas, settling in
Ouachita county, where he prospered in his
chosen pursuits until the opening of the late
war. Like hundreds of others, lie lost heavily
by the ravages of that great conflict, and in
1865 he came to Texas, settling in Milam
county, where he died in 1876. His wife
was born in 1816 in Stewart county, Tennessee,
where she was also reared. She died in
Milam county, Texas, in 1876. Noah B.
and Mary Tyson were the parents of ten children:
Martha, Uriah, William, Martin Van
Buren, Sallie, Samuel, Noah, Jeptha, Mary
and Charles. Of these but three are now
living: Martin Van Buren, the subject of
this sketch; Noah and Jeptha, the last two
being residents of Mills county, this State.
Martin Van Buren Tyson, the subject
proper of this sketch, was born in Henry
county, Tennessee, June 27, 1840. He was
eight years old when his parents moved to
Arkansas, and his boyhood and youth were
passed in Ouachita county, that State. He
was reared on a farm, where his time was
spent in the labors and diversions common to
farm life. He received only a limited edu.cation.
Stepping out to meet the current of
life for himself at the age of twenty-one, lihe
found the country making active preparations
to go to war, and, his patriotism being stirred
by the appeals made to it, he entered the
Confederate service early in 1861, enlisting
in Company F, Third Arkansas Infantry,
from which he was discharged after twelve
months' service on account of rheumatism.
In the spring of 1863 lie enlisted in the Fifth
Missouri Cavalry, commanded by General
Price, with which regiment he served both
east and west of the Mississippi, and was
actively engaged on the skirmish line till the
close of the war, his regiment disbanding at
Shreveport, Louisiana, in May, 1865.
Mr. Tyson reached home May 25 after the
surrender ard immediately turned his attention
to faring, and was so engaged in Ouachita
county, Arkansas, until 1868, when he
came to Texas, settling in Milam county.
Here lie invested what little means he had in
fifty acres of land lying on Little river, being
part of his present farm, on which he settled
and went to work. By industry and economy
he accumulated from year to year, and
as he grew in wealth he invested in lands adjoiining
his first purchase. At this writing
lie owns 1,500 acres in one body lying on
Little river, 600 acres of which are under
cultivation, and on which reside seventeen
families and out of the proceeds of which are
supported 103 persons. In 1892 the yield
of his place was 225 bales of cotton, besides
the usual amount of grain and stock products.
Mr. Tyson has converted his primitive patch
into a farm of broad acres, well cultivated
and well improved. His log cabin has given
away to a comfortable home, surrounded by
necessary out-buildings for stock, and neat,
well-kept grounds, all showing the industry,
skill and good management which have
wrought so marked a change in his affairs
since he took up his residence in this county
twenty-five years ago.
In 1862 Mr. Tyson was married to Mary
Ann, a daughter of James Johnston, then
residing in Ouachita county, Arkansas. Mrs.
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Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families, book, 1893; Chicago. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/m1/723/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .