The Mexia Weekly Herald (Mexia, Tex.), Vol. 44, No. 5, Ed. 1 Friday, January 30, 1942 Page: 1 of 8
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PUBLISHED IN—BY—AND FOR THE CITIZENS QF THE RICH BI-STONE EMPIRE
MEXIA, TEXAS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 30, 1942
laid Macassar Agai 11
3U. S. to Provide
War Materials for
Defense of Brazil
RIO DE JANEIRO, Jan. 29. (UP) — Arrangements
were being completed today for a steady flow of U. S. war
materials to strengthen that nation against possible Axis
attack, as delegation to the American foreign mini&etrs con-
ference began returning home.
Joint United States-Brazialian air and military bases
already were being established at strategic east coast
points, it was disclosed. <*>-
A Brazilian military mission
was due to lenve for Washington
soon. It will develop a joint de-
fense program independent of the
hemispheric defense commission
to be established in Washington
under provisions of a conference
resolution. Brazilian Finance Min-
ister Arturo De Souza Costa will
leave for the United States next
week, it was disclosed.
U. S. Under-Secretary of State
Sumner Welles went to the sum-
mer capital at Petropolis today to
bid farwell to President Getulio
Special airplanes left with the
various delegates who had partici-
pated in the most turbulent and
most important Pan-American
conference in history, which fin-
ally ended in harmony. Argentine
Foreign Minister Enrique Ruiz
Guinazu received bruises when the
plane on which he was leaving for
jBuenos Aires crashed at the take-
off and nosed into the bay. The
•plane was submerged, but none of
the 12 aboard was seriously hurt.
At 2 a. m. Peru and Ecuador
signed an agreement to end their
century-old boundary dispute, a
cause of intern) itten warfare. Thus
ended the last discordant note of
the two-week conference.
Representatives of the 21 Airier-
lean republics, >t the final plenary
session last ni;rht, formally ap-
proved 40 resolutions, the keystone
of which was a recommendation
that all sever diplomatic-relations
with the Axis, and a supplement,
that all break commercial and fi-
nancial relations. Coincidentallv,
President Getulio Vargas of Bra-
zil announced that his country had
broken all relations with Germany,
Italy and Japan and that their dip-
lomats had been handed their
In brief, the resolutions also pro-
vided for an hemispheric "FBI"
to hunt down Axis agents; rigid
control of communications and
commercial aviation; establish-
ment ijf military committee; mo-
bilization and acceleration of ship-
ping, and measures to cushion
La tin-American economics against
the shock of breaking relations.
The Peruvian - Ecuadoreun a-
greement was based on the 1930
status quo. Peru agreed to with-
draw her forces from the occupied
zone within 15 days and the per-
manent boundary will be fixed at
a later meeting. Any further dis-
cord will he mediated by Argen-
tina, Chile, Brazil and the United
The accord cleared the way for
Ecuador to break relations with
the Axis and she was expected to
do so within 24 hours. Chile, a
piimary instigator of the confer-
ence, yet one of the most implac-
able holdouts against a mandatory
break—the other was Argentina—
was expected to sever relations af-
ter .Sunday's elections.
Only One Vote
464 for Him
LONDON, Jan. 2ti (U.R)— Prime
Minister Winston Ghurchiil won an
overwhelming vote of confidence
in the House of Commons today
after declaring that the AEF's
readiness for early and close con-
tact with the enemy further dim-
med Adolf Hitler's "last remaining
hope of total victory."
The vote was 464 to one.
"I offer no apologies and no
excuses and make no promises,"
Churchill said in his final speech.
James Maxton, independent la-
borite from Glasgow, was the dis-
senter, but two other independent
laborites acted as tellers and thus
did not vote and both of them—XL
McGovern and Campbell Stephen
The vote was wildly cheered by
members who stood on their seats
and waved as Churchill smilingly
left the chamber.
The prime minister, making the
final government speech in a
three-day debate, said that:
1. The wish of the American
people and leaders was that "the
large mass of trained and equipped
United States troops should come
in contact with the enemy as close
and as soon as possible."
2. Hitler's last hope of total vic-
tory is successful invasion of the
Bank Robbers Still at Large
(Continued on Page Seven)
Mexia Officer Is
mand of Company
CAMP BOWIE, Tex.. Jan. 21)
(Spl.)—Assignment of First Lien-
tenant Alfred J. Laughlin of Mexia
as commanding officer -of Head-
quarters Company, 72nd Brigade,
was announced today by Brig. Gen.
Preston A. Wetherred. brigade com-
Lieutenant. Laughlin, as a mem-
ber of the 143rd Infantry, entered
federal service in November, 1910.
Before his call to duty he was Su-
perintendent of Schools for the
Japs Draw Nearer
Column 30 Miles
SINGAPORE, Jan. 29. (U.R)—
Australian troops in two slashing
bayonet attacks have killed 450
Japanese on the Malaya front, a
communique said today, but it was
admitted that the battle zone was
steadily nearing Singapore and
that a JaiUncse central column
was now only 30 miles from Sin-
In the first attack, on the east
coast Tuesday, the Japanese were
caught between the advanced Aus-
tralian forces and a strong Aus-
tralian artillery barrage which
was laid down behind them. The
Japanese lost 250 men against 30
Australians killed or wounded.
Yesterday, the Australians at-
tacked with the bayonet on the
central area, ripping into the Jap-
anese and killing an estimated 200
men without loss to themselves, it
The communique said that an
additional 570 Imperial troops,
part of a force which had been
cut off on the west coast, had now
fought their way through the Jap
anese lines to reach the main Im-
Japanese planes swept over
Singapore this morning, including
one formation of 27 bombers, but
the <uommuniqme said British
fighter planes drove them off and
forced them to jettison their
bombs as they fled. One Japanese
plane was destroyed and another
probably was downed.
The Japanese driving down the
Central railroad had reached La-
yang Layang, only 30 miles from
the tip of the peftinsula.
On the east coast they had
reached the llulu Sedili river area
30 miles from the strait, the com-
LeGears Poultry Prescription
LeGears Cow Prescription
LeGears Hog Prescription
Lees Poultry Remedies
Peerless VVorm Killer
Nenia Worm Cnpsules
Anchor VVorm Capsules (for all livestock)
Anchor Blackleg; Bacterin
Anchor Hoc; Cholera Cerium
Anchor Calf Scour Bacterin
Anchor Dehorn Paste
Our Stock of Livestock Vaccines is always complete
DEBRIS ROOT REMOVES CATTLE GRUBS
KENDRICK & HORN DRUG CO.
More than a hundred tickets to
the President's Birthday ball for
the Fight Against Infantile Pa-
ralysis fund have been sold in
Mexia, it was reported Thursday
afternoon, and a total of $106 has
been contributed in the "March
of Dimes" campaign.
The Birthday Ball will be held
at the Country Club Friday even-
ing, beginning at 8 o'clock. Tickets
cost $1 per couple or per stag.
The March of Dimes campaign
is being conducted on Commerce
street, where volunteer workers
attend a special platform. Tues-
day's donations amounted to $51
at the March of Dimes platform.
Wednesday $3.'! was contributed,
and at 3 p. m. Thursday $22 had
been contributed, making a total
J. K. Hughes, county chairman
of the campaign, has enlisted the
aid of several volunteer workers.
Liner Are Lost
SAN JUAN, P. R., Jan. 29 —
fIJ.R)— The seventy-one survivors
of the torpedoed Canadian liner
lady Hawkins, grateful for what
they regarded as their miraculous
preservation, gave up their 250
shipmates as definitely lost today.
Dispatches from Canada and the
United States confirmed their
forebodings that the two other life
(mats known to have gotten away
from the Lady Hawkins probably
had not survived. If no more sur-
vivors are found, the Lady Haw-
kins is the worst tragedy of the
current German submarine war
along the Atlantic coast and one
of the worst of the war.
Most oi the 250 missing were
civilians, including a large num-
ber of women and children. A mong
them were American cons ruction
workers, mostly from the vicinity
of St. Joseph, Mo,
Singapore's Crisis Nears
"Xv South Chine Sea v.
Straits oi Malacca'::'."*
SCAlt OF MILES
The above map in large scale shows in detail the British defense
line before Singapore and the points of heaviest Japanese pressure. Tlw
Jap is attempting additional landings on both coasts below the de-
fense line. (NEA Telemap)
Enemy Subs on
Gulf, East Coasts
CORPUS CHRISTl, Jan. 29 (U.R)
— Navy and Army surfaie and
air craft renewed the daylight
stJarch for an enemy submarine off
the central Texas coast today as
the area emerged from its first
emergency war-time blackout.
The "all-clear" Was sounded at
6:30 a. m. and radio stations which
had been off the air since 5:25 p.
in. yesterday, resumed broadcast-
ing lit 8 a. m.
Corpus Christi and a large sur-
rounding area were completely
dark throughout the night. Most of
the city's restaurants and business
firms closed and turned otf all
lights at dusk. The only light vis-
ible was a blight moon.
Police reported that there were
no burglaries and few traffic ac-
cidents be ause of close patrolling
of the city. Harold Johnson, 20,
was found shot to death near mid-
night at his trailer camp, a gun
at his side._
Officials at the naval section
base and at the vast naval air sta-
tion said they ted nothing to re-
port regarding the enemy subma-
rine which had been sighted 15
miles off Aransas Pass yester-
Local officials throughout last
night's bLwekout area were noti-
fied this morning that the Navy
would not require them to darken
their cities tonight. Only the Navy
bases will be blacked out, the
A flurry of excitement swept
the coastal arcia, dotted with oil
refineries, after yesterday's an-
nouncement that a submarine had
been sighted and tlvat another pro-
bably was in the vicinity. Capt. Al-
va Bernard, commander of the
naval air station, said the U-boats
"probably were German."
Bill for New
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29. (U.R)—
The Senate today passed and re-
turned to the House a $750,000,-
000 authorization bill to provide
for construction of 1,799 minor
combatant and auxiliary naval
vessels of "a dozen new types" for
sea t.onvoy duty.
Chairman David I. W<alsh, D.,
Mass.. of the Senate naval affairs
committee told the Senate that the
type of ships to be built under the
program are entirely new.
Mrs. Gus Stewart spent Timi-
dity in Kosso with her parents, Mr.
and Mrs. John Young.
Knox Says U. S.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29. (U.R)—
Members of a Senate naval ap-
propriations subcommittee said
today they had been advised by
Secretary of Navy Frank Knox
that American warships "are get-
ting a number of enemy submar-
ines" in U. S. coastal waters.
The committee members did not
divulge details of Knox's inform-
ation, which followed spread of
the German submarine menace to
the Gulf of Mexico, where the
Navy is extending its intensive
hunt for the undersells marauders.
The reported presence of the
German subs in Gulf waters show-
ed their intent to attempt to sink
tankers plying from the oil ports
of South Texas.
The German submarine cam-
paign along the eastern doast has
been directed for the most part
at oil tankers. Seven of the 10 at-
tacks within the last two weeks
have been upon tankers, leading to
speculation that the undersell war-
fare is designed to disrupt the
flow of oil to the large eastern
The Nazis ran their score of
successful attacks on Allied ship-
ping off the Atlantic coast since
J'an. 14 to at loast 10 with the
sinking of the Lady Hawkins. That
figure includes the Tanker Malay
which reached port after being
The Navy has announced no
further communication with the
Tanker Pan-Maine, originally said
to have been sunk. The Navy said
hope had not been lost that the
Pan-Maine may have escaped af-
ter being atta iked by a submarine
Jap Forces Land
Coast of Borneo
BATAVIA, Jan. 29. (U.R) -Jap-
anese invasion forces, in a new
threat toward the encirclement of
Singapore, have effected a landing
at Pemangkat, on the southeast
Borneo coast, and Japanese troops
have started a drive toward that
area from British Sarawak to the
north, a Netherlands Indies com-
mand communique said today.
The communique said that the
Japanese, overwhelmingly strong-
er than the Dutch forces in the
area, had obtained local success-
es despite their fierce resistance.
As the Netherlands forces with-
drew, blowing up everything of
military v*Uue, Dutch naval planes
raced to the new invasion area to
iioinb Japanese ships and troops.
Down Scores of
Blocked All Night
Federal, state, county and city
law enforcement officers today
were running down scores of poss-
ible clues seeking to get a trace
of the two unmasked khaki-clad
bandits who Wednesday morning
locked seven employees of Prend-
ergast-Smith National Bank in the
vault and escaped with $20,000 in
Mexia Chief of Police A. Ti.
"Boss" McKenzie said yesterday
that he was convinced the bandits
bad "local help" in planning the
daring robbery, and he believes the
gunmen have not left the vicinity
Last night all roads leading out
of Mexia were blocked by officers,
and all outgoing automobiles were
scrutinized. But no trace of the
bandits resulted from the search.
At 3 o'clock Thursday afternoon j i.s district
police headquarters said there still | counties.
Throw Back Japs;
Air Raid Success
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29. (UP)—The War Department
reported today that Gen. Douglas MacArthur's men have
hurled back "headiong" Japanese attacks and U. S. forces
have raised their score to 16 Japanese ships sunk or dam-
aged in the battle of Macassar Straits.
American Army flying fortresses, carrying out their
third attack on the Japanese invasion fleet in Macassar
waters, sank one Japanese transport and set another afire,
the War Department reported.
<t/ This brought the total of ships
sunk by American air and sea
forces in the battle to 10. Six more
aro listed as probably sunk or
Are Being Made
Roy Roberson Is
L. R. Roberson, Mexia Fire
Chief, has been named Limestone
County Coordinator of.the Emer-
gency Fire Defense, it was learn-
ed today. Roberson will work un-
der J. R. Meers, Waco chief, who
coordinator over nine
was "nothing to report."
The two khaki-clad bandits
started their "delayed-action'
holdup at 5 a. ni. yesterday when
they entered the home of Cashier
W. G. Forrest.
For more than two hours the
gunmen chatted with Forrest and
his wife and once lighted the fires
in the bedroom when Mrs. Forrest
complained of being cold.
At 8:30, they locked Mrs. For-
rest in a closet—apologizing for
its necessity—and then drove with
Forrest to the bank. As the em-
ployes came in, each was greeted
by name and then locked in the
A little before 0 a. m. the men
left the bank and drove away.
They had taken with them more
than $20,000—the largest banx
robbery loot in Texas in several
Gain Ground in
CAIRO, Jan. 2'.) (U.R)—Renewed
thrusts by German and Italian
troops in western C.vrenaica have
put Gen. Erwin Rommel's German
Al'rika Korps 10 miles southeast of
Benghazi, British general head-
quarters for the Middle East said
In a lightning shift of his at-
tack, Rommel swung west and
northwest om Msus and struck in
the region below Benghazi despite
heavy attacks by the British Royal
| Other Limestone county fire
chiefs taking part in the set-up
are W. A. Browder of Groesbeck
and Loyle Daniel of Cool id ge.
A record of all fire equipment
in the county is being made, and
will be filed with the district co-
The firemen will cooperate with
public schools in fire instructions,
including air raid precautions. A
special bulientin, "what school tea-
chers & pupils should do during an
(Continued on Page Seven)
Store Sales of
about $100 a
Day in Stores
In the five days after launching
of the retailers Defense Stamps
sales plan last week, Mexia retail
stores soid a total of $594.85
worth of stamps, reports of the
various committee chairmen re-
The reports, covering all sales
through Sunday, were made to
Miss Melba Petty, secretary, and
G. E. "Jimmy" Blair, chairman,
of the Mexia Retailers Defense
The total of Japanese ships
sunk, damaged or probably lost in
the Macassar action was placed
yesterday by Gen. Sir Archibald
Wavell at 3?. If the ships reported
today are in addition to his fig-
ures, the total now stands as 3S.
The Japanese hurled "headlong'
infantry assaults" at both the
right and left flanks of MacAr-
However, American artillery a*
gain broke up the Japanese at-
tacks with "heavy" enemy losses.
Japanese aircraft continued to
restrict their activity to recon-
The latest Macassar sinkings
occurred, the war department re-
vealed, in an attack by five heavy
U. S. bombers on Japanese trans-
port concentrations at Balik Pa-
pan, the Dutch oil port on the
Borneo coast which has been seized
by the enemy.
One transport was sunk and an-
other was set afire. Two Japanese
planes were shot down and a third
was damaged. All the U. S. planes
returned safely to their base.
British reports called the Macas-
sar Straits battle the "greatest
sea action since Jutland" and esti-
mated that Japan had lost nearly
one-tliird of a 100-ship invasion
fleet whose objective was an as-
sault on the principal Dutch bast-
ions of Java.
Estimates of Japanese troop
losses ranged up to 35,000. It was
admitted that possibly 150,000
men and 65 or more Japanese
ships have escaped the allied blows
thus far. But the action has not
"British planes intensively
tacked enemy columns, destroyed
a number of vehicles and damaged
many others," the communique
Blair today reminded merchants
to report their week's total stamp
sales to their committee chairman
as early as possible each Monday
j morning. Some of the reports this
week wor« not received until Tues-
day. he said.
"Enemy c o 1 u m n s, including
tanks, made contact with advance
troops south of Benghazi while at
the same time a strong enemy
force succeeded in reaching Re-
gima, some 10 miles due east of
Benghazi," it added.
The new advance by Rommel
was taken as proof that his col-
umns have been reenforced by
The record of retailers stamp
sales is forwarded to national
headquarters each week.
tanks and troops since he
driven from Benghazi only
BOSTON. Jan. 2!) —(U.R)—The
rescue of the entire 28-man crew
of a Norwegian tanker torpedoed
by an enemy submarine off Nova
Scotia eight days ago was reported
today when the Boston trawler
Grand Marshal arrived here.
The rescue story, told by trawler
crew members and authorized by
the navy, described how they found
the tanker's crew adrift in two
lifeboats Friday off Seal Island,
N. S., and l.nded them at a Nova
Scot inn port.
Dies in Waco
Louis W. Warrock. 0(5, former
owner of a commercial printing
plant in Mexia. died at his home,
2312 Austin Avenue, in Waco this
morning «t 10:15 o'clock, it was
The body is being brought to
Riddle Funeral Home in Mexia.
| Funeral services will be held from
| Riddle Chapel here Saturday al-
I ternoon at 2 o'clock and interment
will be in the Mexia cemetery.
Mr. Warrock is survived by his
wife, Mrs. Nana Warrock of
— - - - v - - -
AUSTIN. Tex.. Jan. 29 —(U.R)—
Gov. Coke Stevenson was advised
today by the regional office of
civilian defense that approval of
practice blackouts for Texas cities*
excepting those already approved,
will be withheld until OCD offic-
ials confer with the Third Inter-
ceptor Command, U. S. Army air
corps. Latest blackouts approved
are for Cherokee county on Feb.
11 and for Wichita Fails on Feb,
12, Stevenson was informed.
MOSCOW, .Jan~~29 —(U.R)—The
new southern offensive of Marshal
Semyon Timoshenko, which in
three days has cost the Germans
more than three regiments in cas-
ualties, rolled onward today under
the impetus of fresh reverses and
the attack of Cossack cavalry.
Forced to admit a grave break-
through at Kursk on the southern
front, the hard-pressed Germans
fruitlessly threw reserves, most-
ly second line troops hastily trans-
ported from the occupied Scandan-
avian countries, into the fighting
on the northwestern front, but
suffered almost equal casualties in
At Least Nine
Jap Planes Are
Downed in Burma
RANGOON, Jan. 2!). (U.R)—Am.
erican and British pilots destroy*
ed at least nine and probably 1<>
Japanese fighter rlanes in thf
Rangoon area today, losing onl\
one Tomahawk fighter. One Am
erican pilot was injured slightly
Motorists Take Nctk
All automobiles, tracks and in
••rcycles using the public higliw >
are required by law to bear a l' < ■
era I use tax stamp not later to
February 1. These stamps nicy i
bought at any post office or rM'i-
of collector "f internal revenue f
S2.09, to cover the five months p"
iod ending June 30. 1912. If you .1
not have a stamp on your car u
one today and avoid a penalty.
John H. Evans, 95,
Is Seriously 111
John H. Evans, 96-year-old fa
ther of Mrs. Mollie Blackmon, i
odiously ill at bu home, 401 £a>
Main. -rj wwttxikXt...
' .. •
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Stewart, A. M. The Mexia Weekly Herald (Mexia, Tex.), Vol. 44, No. 5, Ed. 1 Friday, January 30, 1942, newspaper, January 30, 1942; Mexia, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth299745/m1/1/: accessed November 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Gibbs Memorial Library.