[Guide: Dos Maestros (Two Masters) Dr. Atl & Mardonio Magaña] Page: 11
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MARDONIO MAGAÑA CHROMOLOQY
from thc exhibition catabg Mardonio Magaña
1&65 Mardonío Magaña was born at the
Hacienda del Refugio Guanjuato State, near La
Piedad Michoacán. His parents were jacinto
Magaña and Dolores Camacho. He spent most
of his iife at the Hacienda, which was the
property of Don Vicente Silva. He worked as a
foreman on this land. Since his youth, he was
carving figures in clay, wood and pumpkin.
192® When he was 55 years oíd, he moved to
México City, (Aguas Potables Avenueno. 35,
Coyoacan, known as Chilaque), he lived there
un til he died. He started working with the
nephew of Don Vicente Silva, Mariano Silva
who was an intellect and a well known lawyer.
1921 With the recommendation of Mariano
Silva, he started working as janitor at the
Escuela de Pintura al Aire Libre in Coyoacan.
The director, at the time was Alfredo Ramos
Martínez. This marked the fu ture of Mardonio
Magañas career as an artist, because it was here
that he met Diego Rivera.
1925-1He starts making clay and wood
sculptures with a little pocketknife. Since that
time until his death, he made a lot of wood and
stone sculptures in different sizes. He was
promoted to General Caretaker of the Escuela
Nacional de Bellas Artes (later known as Escuela
de Pintura al Aire Libre).
1929 On August lOth , he was promoted as a
professor of sculpture.
1930 Diego Rivera, Vicente Lombardo
Toledano and José L. Cossio y Cosio organized
the first individual Mardonio Magaña
exhibition., at the Departamento de Bellas
Francisco Sergio Iturbe commissioned
Mardonío Magaña to do a monumental piece,
which was called Las Dos Comadres. This piece
was donated by the artist to Coyoacan, where it
was displayed for many years, then it was
returned to Iturbe, who put the piece at his
offices at Isabel La Católica #30, México City,
where it still remains today.
1932 On june Ist, he accepted the position of
Professor at the Escuela de Talla Directa y
Escultura Libre. The director at the time was
the Sculptor Guillermo Ruix.
1933 He exhibited his work at the office of
Francisco Sergio Iturbe.
1934 He was promoted as a professor of
sculpture as Escuela de Arte Plásticas #í of the
Secretaría de Educación Publica.
1935 Another exhibition was held at
Departamento de Escuela Rurales of the
Secretaría de Educación Pública.
1936 He exhibits a lot of his work at Galería
de Arte at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma
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Orozco, Sylvia & Zamora, Herlinda. [Guide: Dos Maestros (Two Masters) Dr. Atl & Mardonio Magaña], pamphlet, 2004; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth304793/m1/12/: accessed February 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Mexic-Arte Museum.