Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 24, Number 2, Fall 2012 Page: 15
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financial needs of the state, and commercial
connections to St. Louis withered as Texas
manufacturing became more self-sufficient. The
financial power of the oil industry began to
make itself felt, even at the corner of Commerce
and Akard, with the construction of the
Magnolia Petroleum Company Building. Dallas
and Houston began to develop their own trade
territories within the state. The introduction of
long-distance trucking began to have an impact
on the railroads' fixed routes and hegemony over
transportation networks, and St. Louis's dreams of
a Southwestern empire died. Most importantly,
Texans, especially Dallasites, gained greater self-
confidence in their architects and culture. Firms
like Sanguinet and Staats and Lang and Witchell
practiced all over the state and even began to
operate in Louisiana.
Today Dallas is a city situated in national
and international networks of capital and
culture. Only bits and pieces of this St. Louis
landscape still remain, like the faded Texas and
Pacific Railroad sign promoting the connection
between the two cities. The binary, linear story
of St. Louis and Dallas is, however, only one
thread in a much larger web of connections.
Architectural connections also existed between
Dallas and Kansas City and Chicago in the early
twentieth century, although the linkages were
not as extensive as those with St. Louis. Today
such webs extend much farther, and are more
complex. Connectivity is the basis of urban
development whether on the scale of the region,
or the globe. These connections are part of the
city-building process that is not always easy
to see. The information that confirms these
connections is often difficult to find as parochial
boosterism tends to obscure it. The effort to
uncover these layers of connection is an essential
one, especially today, as globalization transforms
relationships between people and places at a
staggering scale. Even before the age of the
internet and the jet plane, the story of Dallas and
St. Louis suggests that no city is an island, but is
the product of constant contact and movement.
It encourages us to look beyond the municipal
boundaries of Dallas, understand its place within
larger networks and systems, and balance our
focus on the local with the wider context in
which the city operates. *
'The seminal booster text is L.U. Reavis, The Great Southwest,
The Southwestern Railway System, the Missouri Pacific and its Leased
Lines (St. Louis: Nixon-Jones Printing Co., 1882). The term
"the Great Southwest" gained currency in St. Louis newspapers
throughout the late 1880s and 1890s.
2For an account of resistance to control by St. Louis and the
railroads see Theresa A. Case, The Great Southwest Railroad Strike
and Free Labor (College Station:Texas A&M Press, 2010).
3Michael Conzen, "The Maturing Urban System in the
United States, 1840-1910" Annals of the Association of American
Geographers, 67 (March 1977): 88-108;William Cronon, Nature's
Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West (NewYork:WW Norton,
4"Dallas Ahead Again," The Dallas Morning News, June 23,
1889, 14 (hereafter cited as DMN). Sam Childers, Historic Dallas
Hotels (Charleston, S.C.:Arcadia Publishing, 2010), 21-25.
5"The Architects," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 29,
6Heather Hallenberg, "Form, Function, Fusion: The
Architecture of Isaac J. Taylor 1850-1917" (MA Thesis,
University of Missouri, Columbia, 1979), 14.
7"Isaac Taylor Says," DMN, September 25, 1889, 8.
"Ibid.,June 23, 1889, 10.
9"More for Dallas: Celebrated Brewery Men Visit the
City to Add to their Investments," Dallas Daily Times Herald,
December 9, 1889, 5.
10"Talk with Adolphus Busch," DMN, February 8, 1895, 3.
11"20 Story Hotel for this City," ibid., May 24, 1910, 1.
12"Dallas to Have the Finest of Hotels" ibid.,July 16, 1910, 1.
13The hotel was advertised this way in a special Dallas issue
of Western Architect 20 (July 1914).
14"Conference is Held About New Building," DMN, May
15"Will Use Texas-Made Brick," ibid.,January 18, 1913, 20;
"Ginger Brick for 16 Story Busch Building," ibid.,January 19,
16"Dinner forArchitect Barnett," ibid.,January 12, 1913, 11.
17"Dinner for St. Louis Officials," ibid.,April 6,1913, 10.
18"Meet Me In Dallas is Hit," ibid.,August 16, 1915, 5.
19Dallas Architectural Club, Yearbook of the Dallas Architectural
Club (Dallas:The Co., 1922).
20"Oriental Hotel Sold for $785,000," DMN, March 10,
21. Preston Bradshaw, "Making Hotels Financially
Productive," Architectural Forum 51 (6): 715-722; "Baker Hotel,
costing 5,500,000, on Oriental Site, to be the South's Largest,"
DMN, May 18,1924,1.
22Southwestern Bell Telephone Company, "Dedicated to
Public Service" pamphlet, 1929. SWBT Publications-Non
Periodicals 1917-1929, Collection 2, RG 5, Box 1, AT&T
Archives, San Antonio.
Fall 2012 LEGACIES 15
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Dallas Historical Society. Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 24, Number 2, Fall 2012, periodical, Autumn 2012; Dallas, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth308998/m1/17/: accessed June 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Historical Society.