Sweetwater Reporter (Sweetwater, Tex.), Vol. 43, No. 212, Ed. 1 Friday, January 12, 1940 Page: 1 of 8
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HOUSE APPROVES EMERGENCY DEFEN
Red Troops Dropped In Parachutes Behind Finnish Lines
New Thrusts Are
Tried by Russia
In Salla Sector
Kill 50 Soviets As
COPENHAGEN — (UP) —
The newspaper Berlingske Tid-
ende reported today that Rus-
sian troops were being dropped
in parachutes behind Finnish
lines on the Karelian Isthmus.
The newspaper said the Rus-
sians were trying new thrusts
in the Salla sector of central
Finland and near Petsamo, Fin-
land's Arctic port. Long range
guns were reported to have re-
sumed shelling Viipuri (Viborg),
Finland's second city, and it was
reported that about 20 Russian
divisions, each of 20,000 men and
2/)00 guns, had been concen-
trated against the Mannerheim
(In Stockholm the Tidningen
reported from Helsinki that 50
Russians had been dropped in
parachutes behind the Finnish
lines and that all had been kill-
ed by Finnish sharpshooters
while their parachutes were de-
Russian airplanes also were
dropping provisions for (their
troops on the Salla Arctic circle
front in Finland, press dispat-
ches reported, suggesting that
the Finns had disrupted Rus-
sian communications as they
had done on the Suomussalmi
front before their recent big
RUSSIAN PLANES RAID
FINNISH TOWN TODAY
AABO, Finland, Via Telephone
to Stockholm — (UP) — Rus-
sian airplanes today raided
(Aabot) Turku between 11 a. m.
and noon. The air alarm lasted
until 4 p. m. One woman was
injured but there were no dead
Two houses were set afire
and, six were destroyed by
bombs. Several "others were dam-
Twenty Russian planes ap-
peared over the town. Finnisli
anti-aircraft guns shot down at
least one and drove off the rest,
The planes returned 30 minu-
tes later and again dropped
bombs. The public sought shel-
ter during the bombings with
comparative calm. (Aabo is on
the southwestern tip of Fin-
HELSINKI — (UP) — The
Finnish high command report-
ed today the shooting down of
one Russian airplane.
Helsinki was cut off from the
outside world this afternoon but
no bombs were dropped. During
an air raid alarm at 2:15 p. in.
heavy explosions were heard at
some distance from the city.
The alarm lasted until 4 p. m.
The cause of the distant explo-
sions was not known nor was it
determined whether they were
responsible for disrupting com-
AUSTIN — (UP) — Gov. W.
Lee O'Daniel, foe of capital pun-
ishment, today announced a 30-
day stay of execution for Boo
White, convicted of rape in
Montgomery county and senten-
ced to be electrocuted Feb. 1.
New date of execution is March
West Texas' Leading City inuiv x uuii xu^uuu licaucio
More Than 15,000 Readers
DEDICATED TO SERVICE
"West Texas' Leading Newspaper"
BUY IT IN SWEETWATER
SWEETWATER, TEXAS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 12, 1940
Men In Mine Believed Dead
To Annual Show
Directors of the Sweetwater
Luncheon club yesterday after-
noon voted to contribute $150 to
expenses of staging the annual
Nolan-Fisher county boys' live-
stock show tentatively set for
March 26 and 27.
The action was taken after
John Pinson was sworn in as
president for the 1940 term.
President Pinson appointed
the following committee mem-
Agriculture—R. B. Tate, chair-
man, J. B. Askins, W. K. Beal,
W. H. Bennett, Ollie Cox, and
J. C. Rowland.
Aviation—Henry M. Rogers,
Sr., chairman, Bryan Buck, Le-
land Glass, W. M. Mullins, and
H. A. Walker.
Conventions — Ross Covey,
chairman, Rigdon Edwards,
George Outlaw, Russell Shrader,
R. B. Thompson.
Education — G. E. Williams
chairman, A. S. Mauzey, E. L.
Langley, and Percy Witt.
Fire Prevention—A. C. For-
gay, chairman, D. A. Clark, John
Hall, J. M. Shade, and Joe B.
See SWEETWATER Page G
DALLAS — (Up) — Soil con-
servation practices instituted in
the United States in the decade
just ended should be worth a
billion dollars to American farm-
ers, H. H. Bennett, chief of the
U. S. soil conservation service,
Speaking to the 13th annual
meeting of Texas Agricultur-
al Workers' a-iociation, Bennett
said that "the ten years just
ended may very well go down
in American history as the 'de-
cade of conservation.'"
He urged the necessity for
continuing and expanding the
systems of farming which have
been proved "will insure stabili-
ty for our land and permanence
for our agriculture."
U. S. Judge Fines
NEW ORLEANS — (UP) —
Federal District Judge Wayne
G. Borah today fined the New
Orleans chapter of the National
Electrical Contractors associa-
tion $3,500 and 26 members of
the association $100 each when
they pleaded guilty to violation
of the Sherman anti-trust act.
The court action resulted from
the federal government's inves-
tigation of building trades mon-
Super - Cruisers
Houston Woman Lets Gypsy Tell
Her Fortune, Loses Diamonds
HOUSTON — (UP) — State
police were called into the search
for a band if five gypsies today
after it had victimized Mrs.
SWEETWATER — Mostly
cloudy, unsettled. Not much
change in temperature. Maxi-
mum temperature yesterday 70,
low this morning 35, standing
on 52 at 1:30 p. m.
A year ago—partly cloudy,
unsettled, rising temperature.
Maximum temperature 48 de-
grees, minimum 40.
WEST TEXAS — Generally
fair tonight and Saturday; slight-
ly warmer in Panhandle tonight.
EAST TEXAS — Partly clou-
dy, colder ea * portion; frost
northeast portion tonight. Satur-
day partly cloudy, warmer in in-
Florence G. Kuereau, sales man-
ager for a trailer firm of $12,-
000 in diamond rings and $22 in
cash with a fortune-telling trick.
Police held 14 other gypsies
in city Jail for questioning. None
of them was Involved in the case
but Police Lieut. L. D. Hooker
believed they knew those
Mrs. Kuereau said a gyp3y
man had appeared at her office
yesterday and asked a salesman
to accompany him to a camp on
the San Antonio highway to ap-
praise the trade-in value of a
After the two left, a woman ap-
peared and offered to tell Mrs.
Kuereau's fortune. She directed
Mrs. Kuereau to wrap her Jewel-
ry and money into a handker-
chief and proceeded to tell her
fortune. Mrs. Kuereau opened
the handkerchief after the wo-
man left and found two cheap
g and Mine pebbles.
Open to Traffic
Twelfth street, from city lim-
mit to city limit, was opened to
traffic today for the first time
in several months and Ninth
street was closed.
Twelfth street was closed
while a permanent stone and
bridge over Killdugan creek was
being constructed to replace the
old, outmoded wooden bridge.
Ninth street is closed while
a similar structure is being
built to replace a wooden bridge
over the same creek.
Curb and gutter have been
poured on three and a half
blocks on Bowie street and one
block on Louisiana, from Lub-
bock to Runnels, preparatory to
paving, City Engineer J. C. Mor-
ris, Jr., announced today.
Arrangements have been com-
pleted for the paving of a half
block on Beall street, between
Thomas and Twelfth, Morris
The city is endeavoring to
work up a paving project on
seven blocks on Arkansas, run-
ning east from Lamar street.
Shakeup Seen in
British Air Force
LONDON — (UP) — A gen-
eral overhauling of Great Brit-
ain's air defenses was predict-
ed today in the belief that Ger-
many's long threatened aerial
blitzkrieg lightning war might
Britain's defense measures, it
was said, probably would in-
1. Greater cooperation between
anti-aircraft gunners and inter-
2. Extension and redistribu-
tion of the balloon barrages;
3. Strengthening of coastal
look-outs in some sections;
4. Redistribution of fighting
planes and personnel.
There also was considerable
talk of an ace up the British air
ministry's sleeve—a new type of
plane faster than anything
Ruling Asked on
Oil Well Law
AUSTIN—(UP) — Atty. Gen.
Gerald C. Mann will be asked to-
day for a ruling on whether the
Texas railroad commission can
legally disregard provisions of
the marginal well law in regu-
lating Texas oil production.
The marginal well law places
a limit upon the restriction o!
production of wells, based on
well depth. Whether this pro-
vision overrides the general au-
thority to conserve oil has been
Commissioner Jerry Sadler
said that unless the opinion is
adverse he will favor disregard-
ing the marginal well limits.
NLRB Accused of
WASHINGTON — (UP)—Rep.
Harry Harry N. Routzohn, R.,
O., charged today that the Na-
tional Labor Relations Board
"juggled" election returns to
give a CIO union a bare one-
vote majority and exclusive bar-
gaining rights for all' A. P. Sorg
Paper Co., employes at Middle-
Routzohn's charge was made
as the special house committee
investigating the NLRB contin-
ued its examination of Margar-
et McDuff Farmer, NLRB re-
view attorney, who handled the
WASHINGTON — (UP)—Ad-
miral Harold R. Stark, chief of
naval operations, revealed to
day that the navy may ask con-
gress next week for authority
to build new type, super-cruisers
capable of meeting in better
than even terms the famed Ger-
man pocket battleships.
Stark, testifying before the
house naval affairs committee,
offered no explanation of the
navy's desire to build the new
However, informed congres-
sional circles said it was obvious
that the proposed warships were
designed to counter the threat
of the speedy commerce raiders
of the Graf Spee class.
Stark said the navy desired to
build cruisers larger than 10,000
tons and believed specific con-
gressional authority might be
needed for this purpose. He
would not say how large the
proposed cruisers would be but
congressmen understood they
might be about 20,000 tons, dou-
ble the present cruiser maxi-
mum and about twice the size
of the pocket battleships.
To Visit Cities
Mayor C. C. Johnston, County
Judge Charles Lewis and the
highway committee of the Board
of City Development, working
jointly on a campaign to mod-
ernize and improve highway 80
from Ranger to Van Horn set
Wednesday as the date for a
committee to visit all towns east
of Sweetwater to Ranger and
Friday for the committee to
visit cities betwen Sweetwater
Committees visiting the cities
along the route of highway 80,
between Ranger and Van Horn,
will seek the cooperation of of-
ficial bodies in pursuing a cam-
paign to have the important traf-
fic artery between these two
points improved and moderniz-
Later a date is to be set for
a meeting in Sweetwater at
which an association is to be
formed to push the proposal to
improve the highway.
WASHINGTON — (UP) —
Secretary of Agriculture Henry
A. Wallace, defending the ad-
ministration's reciprocal trade
program, declared today its op-
ponents are "preparing for an-
other tariff grab like those of
1922 and 1930."
Wallace followed Secretary of
State Cordell Hull before the
house ways and means commit-
tee as a witness in favor of the
embattled trade program. Au-
thority to negotiate reciprocal
trade agreements will expire
June 12 unless congress renews
Return to Prison
OKLAHOMA CITY — (UP)—
Gov. Leon Phillips served notice
today on Carlton Chilton, suc-
cessful in his fight to escape ex-
tradition to Oklahoma, that he
had better not leave the state
Gov. John W. Bricker of Ohio
refused to extradite Chilton to
Oklahoma's reformatory at Gra-
nite. Chilton escaped in 1914 af-
ter serving half of a two-year
term for bank robbery.
"My policy," said Phillips,
"will be similar to that of the
federal government. Federal op-
eratives stay after their men
until they get them. I think this
i* the right idea."
23 Bodies Taken
From Shaft. 68
Inspector Thinks Men
Did Not Have Chance
To Move From Tracks
jBARTLEY, W. Va. — (UP) —
Mining engineers and inspectors
agreed today that the 68 men
trapped in a coal mine explosion
here probably were dead, after
the bodies of 23 other miners
had been recovered by rescue
The bodies of 19 of the vic-
tims of Wednesday's explosion
were taken from a chamber
known as the "third right" to-
day. Four bodies were taken
from the mine yesterday. Some
were mangled beyond recogni-
E. L. Chatfield, a state mine
inspector, said it was the opin-
ion of mining men that the ex-
plosion was of such violence
that the miners "didn't have a
chance to move from their
As evidence of the terrific
blast, Chatfield said that car
rails had been twisted like pap-
er, and that a coal loading mach-
ine weighing between two and
th£<;e .tons had been blown 60
feet off its tracks. '' r'"'\
Chatfield also suggested that
the "after-damp" which follow-
ed the explosion left the three
entries, where the men were en-
tombed without oxygen.
After searching the "third
See DISASTER Page 6
Jack Frost Paints Western Front
Gently peaceful as any conventional painting of a winter
landscape is this picture—until you notice the snow-covered
barbed wire entanglements. It was taken on the German side
of (he Western front, after winter's icy grip halted active
Records Made Up
In Three Cases
Transcripts of records in the
cases of Beauford Brittain, Ivan
Grayson, and John Harrell have,
or will be completed today by
Mrs. Myrtle Robertson, district
clerk, prepartory to mailing to
Austin to the state court of crim-
Brittain was convicted and
sentenced to two years in the
penitentiary on a charge of mur-
der, filed following a fatal auto-
mobile accident on highway 80
in which Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Bin-
nion were killed on Dec. 24, 1938.
Grayson was convicted and
sentenced to two years in the
penitentiary on a charge of re-
ceiving and concealing stolen
Harrell is under a five-year
sentence, assessed by a jury fol-
lowing his conviction on a
charge of stealing an automobile.
FORT WORTH — (UP) —
Only six days after a jewelry
store here was robbed of $3,300
Virgil Harris, 33, slight ex-con-
vict from Cedar Rapids, Iowa,
was sentenced today to serve 99
years in the Texas penitentiary
for participation in the crime.
Harris, weak and pale from
bullet wounds inflicted by state
highway patrolmen, appeared
before District Judge Willis Mc-
Gregor and pleaded guilty to
robbery charges. He was not
represented by counsel, and told
the court "I want to get this
thing over with."
By UNITED PRESS
Storms and record cold in cen-
tral and eastern Europe have
paralyzed Russia's Black Sea
ports, as well as freezing the
Denmark's "great belt" chan-
nel in the Baltic is threatened
More effectively than any nav-
al blockade, the cold and storms
tion. Some ships on the sea
were in distress and no ship had
left a Russian Black Sea port
40 Below Zero
The temperature at Moscow
reached a record low of 40 be-
German wireless newscasts
| said there were numerous re-
I ports from all over European
are impeding Germany's supply! of peoPle feezing to
of raw materials, it was indicat- ... ,
ecI | In the Finnish Karelian pen-
The Moscow radio reported
that a severe storm in the Black
Sea had paralyzed all naviga-
insula, war correspondents said
the cold there was abating and
it was snowing again.
Severe cold caused increased
suffering in Germany because of
the strict rationing of coal.
Supplies of coal were dwindl-
See EUROPEAN Page 6
Reported at Outs
First Money Bill of
Session Passed and
Sent to Senate
WASHINGTON — (UP) —
The house today passed and sent
to the senate the first appropri-
ation bill of the session—$264,-
611,252 for national defense.
This amount was $7,388,271
less than Preseident Roosevelt's
estimates submitted to congress
last November after, by emer-
gency proclamation, he had or-
dered increases in the army, na-
vy, marine corps, Federal Bu-
reau of Investigation and Coast
The bill carried funds for 518
more navy planes, and the main-
tenance and operation of 200
planes on neutrality patrol. Rep.
Clifton Woodrum, D., Va., said
that the reductions in no way
would curtail the military pro.-
The war department was giv-
en approximately $116,218,000,
the navy SI 45.082.238, and the
FBI. 81,475,000. The war de-
partment appropriation includ-
ed $18,000,000 for field exercises,
$22,000,000 for transportation
and $10,000,000 for repair and im-
provement of barracks and quar-
ters. A sum of $5,625,055 was
allowed for purchase of ord-
nance—guns, shells, powder, and
such supplies, and $200,000 for
Chanute Field, 111.
The navy received $18,818,000
for engineering construction;
j $3,060,000 for ordnance; $15,514,-
000 for repair and construction;
j and $28,488,461 for the commis-
I sioning of 64 old destroyers and
i other vessels with an addition-
| al $8,170,000 to put 36 of the
' destroyers in class one readi-
ness for duty.
Anti-aircraft and anti-subma-
rine defense got $20,595,000.
German Bomber %
Chased Out to Sea
LONDON — (UP) — Anti-air-
craft gun fire broke out at num-
erous points on the east coast
today and British airplanes were
active particularly in the York-
One group of British pursuit
planes chased out to sea a Ger-
man Heinkel bomber, and swept
down on it. their machine guns
spurting bullets, as people
Anti-aircraft guns on both
sides of the Thames estuary
fired on a German plane which
passed at great height.
Suffolk coast anti-aircraft guns
fired on a Heinkel bomber which
was flying high toward the
sou t hew?.
Kidnapers Die in
OSSINING, N. Y. — (UP)—
Two kidnapers died in the elec-
tric chair last night.
They were the first to pay the
extreme penalty in New York
state. They killed their victim. LONDON — (UP) — Diplo- j f) • o
but the state was unable to j matjc jnf0rmants asserted tod ay! lilSOn ISentenPP
prove murder becaufs rt couldn t th_, . • u !
i ^i ii t* i mat information waich
produce the body. It did prove1
kidnaping, however, which
NEW ORLEANS — (UP)
indicate i an Willi.m G. Rankia formeV^tate
a disagreemsct! conservation commissioner, to-
Germany re- j day was sentenced to a year and
Joseph S.coda. 28. received j garding Italian arms shipments J a day by Federal District Judee
the 39th visit hi t\e death house j to Finland through Germany. ! Wayne G. Borah for usine thf>
of his sweetheart, Marie La-! Tl" " 1"1"" K—" : —— « -
mont. a few hours before he was tial
punishable by death under the j aggravation of _
state's "Lindbergh law." j between Italy and Germany re- j day was sentenced to a year and
Break With Reds
PARIS — (UP) — Philippe
Henriot, rightist deputy of the
union republican party, obtairvd
today the signatures of 110 dep-
uties to his proposal that
France sever diplomatic rela-
tions with Russia and abrogate
the Franco-Russian mutual as-
Henriot plans to introduce his
proposals in parliament in the
form of a bill.
executed. She had been his "ali-
bi"' witness at his trial.
SacOda followed his partner,
Demeterius Gula. 28, to the chair.
Both men died without comment,
consoled by the Roman Catholic
They kidnaped Arthur Fried,
a contractor of White Plains. N.
Y„ Dec. 5. 1937.
Tn Triple Murder
HUGO. Okla. — (UP)—Sher-
iff Roy Harmon today pinned
his hopes of solving the slayings j
of Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Rogers
and their four-year-old son. Hean.
on the strange story of a- .28-
year-old WPA employe who said
two convicts forced him to drive
them within a quarter of a mile
of the Rogers' home on the night
of the crime.
The WPA employe said he lat-
er heard shots and a woman's
scream. The slayings occurred
on New Year's eve.
The convicts, trusties at the
Sawyer. Okla., prison camp near
Hugo, denied any knowledge of
Assistant county attorney R.
L. Gee Jr.. said he "probably
would file charges against them
later in the day.
-jran'cuiv. > wci.Mie tforan for using the
I hare have been circumstan- j mails to defraud in giving form-
tial reports that Germany held j er Gov. Richard W. L'eche a $11 -
up important arms shipments 000 vacht bought ■u im
L'eche a $11,-
important arms shipments 000 yacht bought with dpmrt.
from Italy, held some at the | ment funds.
| Joan Bennett Is
Baltic port of Sassnitz and sent
some others including crated j
air plates, back to Italy.
The diplomatic information j
today, which naturally was un-
confirmed, was that Italy had !
protested to Germany and had
received the double answer: 1) j PHOENIX, Ariz. — (UP) —
that Germany knew nothing! Joan Bennett, pretty blonde
about the halted ships and 2) j film star, was married here to-
anyway. Germany enjoys the; day to Film Producer Walter
right to decide whether war ma-1 W"anger.
terial '.shall be transported | The couple drove here from
through its territory. Hollywood last night.
' I Garrison Decides No One Person
Could \ iolate All Texas Laws
AUSTIN — (UP) — Col. Ho-1 State game regulations list 545
met Garrison Jr., director of j punishable offenses.
state police, concluded today no :
one man in a lifetime could vio-1
late all Texas penal statutes. He
was preparing instructions for
state police in law enforcement
Statutes list 516 offenses, ex-
clusive of municipal ordinances,
special laws effective in only cer-
tain areas, and federal laws. For
violation of all the 516 offenses
maximum penalty would Include
death four times by electrocu-
tion, imprisonment for 1,396
years and fines totaling $254,115. cents; corn off 1-4 to 3-8.
Markets At A Glance
BY UNITED PRESS
Stocks lower and moderately
Bonds lower; U. S. govern*
Curb stocks lower.
Foreign exchange firm.
Cotton off as much as 80
cents a bale.
Wheat closed off 5-8 to 1 1-8
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Sweetwater Reporter (Sweetwater, Tex.), Vol. 43, No. 212, Ed. 1 Friday, January 12, 1940, newspaper, January 12, 1940; Sweetwater, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth310170/m1/1/: accessed January 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Sweetwater/Nolan County City-County Library.