The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers Page: 10 of 288
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THE JOURNEY OF CORONADO
accompany him in a search in that direction.
For forty-two days they followed the compass
needle, whose variation probably took them
about three degrees west of a true northward
course. At last their guides told them that
they had reached Quivira, when they were
not far from Great Bend on the Arkansas
River, whose course they had followed from
the neighborhood of Dodge City. It was a
village of Wichita Indian tepees.
Coronado spent a month in exploring the
surrounding country, moving his camp to a
larger village further north, and sending out
messengers and reconnoitering parties in all
directions. Having assured himself that
there was nothing to reward his search, he
returned to the main body of his army, the
Quiviran guides leading him by a much
shorter route, along the line of the famous
Santa F6 trail, to the Rio Grande. Every
clew which promised anything of value to
the Spaniards had been followed to its ut-
most, without revealing anything which
they desired. In the spring of 1542 Coro-
nado started back with his men to Cibola-
Zunii, through the rough mountain passages
to the Gulf of California, and so on down to
the city of Mexico, where he arrived in the
early autumn, "very sad and very weary,
completely worn out and shame-faced." He
had failed to find any of the things for which
he went in search. But he had added to the
world as known to Europeans an extent of
country bounded on the west by the Colorado
River from its mouth to the Grand Canion,
Here’s what’s next.
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Winship, George Parker. The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers, book, 1922; New York. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth3161/m1/10/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .