The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers Page: 62 of 288
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THE JOURNEY OF CORONADO
the hand when they go from one place to
another, with which they warm the other
hand and the body as well, and in this way
they keep shifting it every now and then.1
On this account the large river which is
in that country was called Rio del Tison
(Firebrand River). It is a very great river
and is more than 2 leagues wide at its
mouth; here it is half a league across.
Here the captain heard that there had been
ships at a point three days down toward the
sea. When he reached the place where the
ships had been, which was more than 15
leagues up the river from the mouth of the
harbor, they found writtenl on a tree: " Alar-
con reached this place; there are letters at
the foot of this tree." He dug up the letters
and learned from them how long Alarcon
had waited for news of the army and that
he had gone back with the ships to New
Spain, because he was unable to proceed
farther, since this sea was a bay, which was
formed by the Isle of the Marquis,' which is
called California, and it was explained that
California was not an island, but a point of
the mainland forming the other side of that
After he had seen this, the captain turned
back to go up the river, without going down
to the sea to find a ford by which to cross
1 Father Sedelmair, in his Relacion, mentions this
custom of tlle Indians. (See Bandelier, Final Re-
port. vol. i., p. 108.)
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Winship, George Parker. The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers, book, 1922; New York. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth3161/m1/62/: accessed January 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .