The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers Page: 7 of 288
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review before the viceroy Mendoza, who had
provided the funds and equipment, the gen-
eral in command, Francisco Vazquez Corona-
do, rode at the head of some two hundred
and fifty horsemen and seventy Spanish foot
soldiers armed with crossbows and harque-
buses. Besides these there were three hun-
dred or more native allies, and upward of a
thousand negro and Indian servants and fol-
lowers, to lead the spare horses, drive the
pack mules, carry the extra luggage, and
herd the droves of oxen and cows, sheep and
The expedition started on February 23d,
and a month later, on Easter day, it entered
Culiacan, then the northwestern out-post
of European civilization, half way up the
mainland coast of the Gulf of California.
Here Coronado reorganized his force and,
toward the end of April, he started north-
ward into the unknown country with a
picked force of two hundred men equipped
for rapid marching, leaving the rest to follow
at the slower pace of the pack trains and the
four-footed food supplies. Following the
river courses up stream, the advance party
was soon deep in the mountains. For two
long months they persistently pushed ahead,
the inhospitable country steadily growing
worse. Eventually other streams showed
them the way out on to a level district
crossed by well-worn trails which led them
toward the "Seven Cities of Cibola." These
were the goal of whose fame they had heard
from the Franciscan friar, Marcos of Nice,
Here’s what’s next.
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Winship, George Parker. The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers, book, 1922; New York. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth3161/m1/7/: accessed June 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .