The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers Page: 8 of 288
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THE JOURNEY OF CORONADO
who had viewed them from a distant hill-
top two years previously, and who now ac-
companied the expedition as guide and chap-
It was perhaps on July 4th, 1540, that
Coronado drew up his force in front of the
first of the "Seven Cities," and after a sharp
fight forced his way into the stronghold, th.
stone and adobe-built pueblo of Hawikuh,
whose ruins can still be traced on a low hil-
lock a few miles southwest of the village
now occupied by the New Mexican Zufii
Indians. Here the Europeans camped for
several weeks, seeking rest, refreshment, and
news of the land. A small party was sent
off toward the northwest, where another
group of seven villages was found in the
region still occupied by the descendants of
the people whom the Spaniards visited, the
Moqui tribes of Tusayan. As a result of
the information secured here, another party
journeyed westward until its progress was
stopped by the Grand Canion of the Colorado,
then seen for the first time by Europeans.
Explorations were also made toward the east,
where the river villages along the Rio Grande
were found to be larger and better stocked
with food supplies than the settlements at
Cibola-Zu-ii. Coronado therefore moved his
headquarters to the largest of these river
towns, Tiguex, near the modern Bernalillo, a
short distance north of Albuquerque. Here,
as the winter of 1540-41 was setting in, he
was rejoined by the main body of the army,
which had laboriously followed the trail of
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Winship, George Parker. The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers, book, 1922; New York. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth3161/m1/8/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .