The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers Page: 84 of 288
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THE JOURNEY OF CORONADO
the natives. He found the villages closed
by palisades and a great noise inside, the
horses being chased as in a bull fight and shot
with arrows. They were all ready for fight-
ing. Nothing could be done, because they
would not come down on to the plain and
the villages are so strong that the Spaniards
could not dislodge them. The general then
ordered Don Garcia Lopez de Cardenas to
go and surround one village with all the rest
of the force. This village was the one where
the greatest injury had been done and where
the affair with the Indian woman occurred.
Several captains who had gone on in ad-
vance with the general, Juan de Saldivar and
Barrionuevo and Diego Lopez and Melgosa,
took the Indians so much by surprise that
they gained the upper story, with great dan-
ger, for they wounded many of our men from
within the houses. Our men were on top
of the houses in great danger for a day and a
night and part of the next day, and they
made some good shots with their crossbows
and muskets. The horsemen on the plain
with many of the Indian allies from New
Spain smoked them out from the cellars' into
which they had broken, so that they begged
Pablo de Melgosa and Diego Lopez, the
alderman from Seville, were left on the roof
and answered the Indians with the same
'Evidently the underground, or partially under-
ground, ceremonial chambers or kivas.
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The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers (Book)
The translations included in the present volume are found, accompanied by an historical introduction and the Spanish text of Castañeda's narrative, in the editor's The Coronado expedition, 1540-1542 (U.S. Bureau of American enthology, 14th annual report, pt. I, Washington, 1896, p. 329-613) The narrative of Castañeda is from a Spanish ms. preserved in the New York Public library. Also published by A.S. Barnes & Co., New York, 1904, in the series called The trail makers. Introduction.--Itinerary of the Coronado expeditions, 1527-1547.--Translation of the narrative of Castañeda.--Translation of the letter from Mendoza to the king, April 17, 1540.--Translation of the letter from Coronado to Mendoza, August 3, 1540.--Translation of the Traslado de las nuevas.--Translation of the Relacion del suceso.--Translation of a letter from Coronado to the king, October 20, 1541.--Translation of the narrative of Jaramillo.--Translation of the report of Hernando de Alvarado.--Testimony concerning those who went on the expedition with Francisco Vasquez Coronado. 16565
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Winship, George Parker. The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers, book, 1922; New York. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth3161/m1/84/: accessed June 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .