The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers Page: 9 of 288
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its general through the mountains and across
In one of the river villages Coronado
found an Indian slave who said he was a
native of Quivira, which he described as a
rich and populous place far away in the east.
Acting upon this information, with the In-
dian as a guide, Coronado started on April
23d, 1541, with his whole army to march to
Quivira. From Cicuye or Pecos, whose
ruins can still be seen by the traveller from
the Atchison, Topeka and Santa F6 trains,
the guide seems to have led the white men
down the Pecos River until they were out of
the mountains, and on to the vast plains
where they soon met the countless herds
of bison or "humpbacked oxen." For
five weeks the Europeans plodded onward
across what is now known as the "Staked
Plains," following a generally easterly direc-
They had probably crossed the upper
branches of the Colorado River of Texas and
reached the head waters of the Nueces, when
Coronado became convinced that his guide
was endeavoring to lose him in this limitless
expanse of rolling prairie. The food supplies
were beginning to run low, and so the army
was ordered to return to the villages on the
Rio Grande. Some of the natives of the
plains, met with on the march, had answered
the questions about Quivira by pointing to-
ward the north. That no chance might be
left untried, the general selected thirty of
the freshest and best-mounted of his men to
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Winship, George Parker. The journey of Coronado, 1540-1542, from the city of Mexico to the Grand Canon of the Colorado and the buffalo plains of Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, as told by himself and his followers, book, 1922; New York. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth3161/m1/9/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .