The Abilene Daily Reporter (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 34, No. 285, Ed. 1 Sunday, December 11, 1921 Page: 1 of 25
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CJje SMlene Bmlp Eeporteti
FULL ASSOCIATED P.RESS REPORTS BY LEASED WIRE
VOLUME 34 NUMBER 285
ABILENE TEXAS SUNDAY DECEMBER 11 1921 THIRTY PAGES
PRICE FIVE CENTS
QUADRUPLE TREATY TO
ti ii n r- - '' - - - -
TOiM SLAUGHTER SHOT BY
MAN WHO WAS JOINING
IN SENSATIONAL ESCAPE.
Story Told by Man was At First'
Doubted Until Notorious Ban-
dit's Body was Found
In The Woods.
(By ilio Associated lre?s)
TATTLE HOCK. Ark Dec. 10
Tho body of Tom Slaughter notorious
outlaw killed last nlglit In tho woods
at Snllno county by J. C. Howard
convict who cscapod with. Slaughter
rind fivo pthor convicts from tpo pen
nontiary ncro Friday morning was .
A FELLOW GIG
lounu in wio wouus norm oi ucnioii suDtnittoa Its nret report to Govor-
ihls mornlnSi according to a tele. or Fat M. Neff and tho board of pria-
phono messugo rcrolvod heic from
Xi. D. White a Benton nowspaper
man who said ho hurried tp ;owh
ahead of tho posse Tho body ltq
wild would reach Benton In about an
Mr. White said that nbout halt of
Slaughter's fneo vns shot off and that
ho wai wounded In the side hla des-
cription of tho wounds correspond
lng with that of Howard whoso story
tit tlio killing had been doubted in
Just prior to tho telephone message
from Mr. White It was reported here
that tho soachlng parties had boon
iinublu to find tho body1 and Warden
Pompsoy started with Howard tor
MaU'crn to aid tho officers In their
4Tho body Mr "White said was
fpund lying on. 'ono Bldo and its pes-1
Itlon Indicated that tho bandit "was
shot while lying down. Ho gave the
names of the men who found tho body
ns Gus Head rick 'and A M. Gulllc
- members of tho poiso. No traco was
found of Charles Jones negro paid
to haAo been left near Slaughter in
a dying condition.
It was reported that lie was seen i
ner.r a farm house early this morning
um w.i nau iul uv.. ...... qun4tCrly nnd report to tho governor
Killed by n Coinpanlou on their findings.
Tho finding of Slaughter's' body cor. i Tim roport. as submitted follows-
iCbointed tho story told Tjj J. C. "We jour board of super-(sors of
Honard. tho convict who billed tho
deppnrado and set it rest the theot'y
that tho stuK' was a! fabricalon li-
ti-)idpd tc-nermtt sfauEhtyrrr0'ro lob.
way In making his 'escape.
According to Howard's story of tho
affair the gi'ptip afHyttn moh" two
white and fivo negroes after uband-
onhig tho uutomoAillq In wh'ch they
nscapcdrlsopt together all day yester-
day nhd on several occasions Ijcard
lnnmtiers i 1 .the nnsao soarchlnc for
thenr. They "luiled all offlcors how-J
ovvor tvd iittQ In tho afternoon enmo
to tho hecludcd spot where they camp
od.. Howard said that Slaughter was
slightly paler than usual but betray-
ed no sign of emotion. Ho 'occasion
ally warned tho' other members qf
party that ho would kill them 'it they
Howard iald ho watched his chance
nhd got. promise of Jim Wolls and
Clifton Tajior two of the negroeB to
"framo up'' on Slaughter and tho oth-
er nogroei Tho plan was carried opt
ist arranged'. Tbo negroes watching
tholr chance disarmed tho other no.
groos as they slept. Howard then gtvvo!
a yen iuiu us jjiiiujiuwr m.uii;ii iv
rlso to his feet shot him three times.
Tho negrpts who wero not in tho
plot fled 6nd Howard said ho and
Wells and Taylor attempted unsuc-
cessfully to capture tliera. Ho then
icturned to tho fire he and the neg
roes gathered all the pistols they
lilt) JIBlUi; illC
cbuld find and went to the farm house
whero they surrendered last night.
Ono of tho negroes Charles Jpnes
wbo flert when Hlauchter was killed
was badly wounded according to
Howard rosseipcn today wore unable
to find him and no traco of him pr the
other two negroes. Jack Bustler and
Willis Cannon could be found.
Womnn As Shield
Slaughter's cscapo wag made a suc-
cess only when ho used a woman for
target prison officials say. Feigning
illncis early yesterday. Slaughter
summoned a guard for. a blanket. The
fuard entered tho death coll whole
Slaughter wa to bo quartered until
December 16 the date set for his el-
ectrocution and advanced to the des-
perado's cot. Ho was met with a gun
jn tho bandit's hands. Tho guard was
disarmed and then takpn to the ward
en's office whero three other guards
wore disarmed whllo Slaughter used
a guard tor protection. He then lock-
ed the cuardft in a cell.
Continuing to tho hospital ward J
Slnughtcr force a nurse to lead him to
tho wardpn's home where ho made tjio
'warden and his family lenvo their beds
and return to the prison looking them
in tho death poll nnd the ono adjoin-
ing. ' .
Leaving the prison Slaughtor and
his tompanlons took an automobile
nnd tho-tires from another niarby
aud escaped aftor attiring themsel-
ves in civilian clothing.
.Posses (rom Hot Springs Little
nock. Henton and nfcarby towns took
up tho chase forcing tho bandit and
his party Into the woods- of Salute
county whero Slaughtor was reported
clypi: pI'.oplk umkugo
.OI'iaitATIOXS IN AUILEXE
Special to Tho Reporter "
CLYDE. Dec- 10. Pr. J. H. Bailey
took tho last of the thrco patients
that wero suddenly stricken wth "ap-
pendicitis Thursday to an Abilene hos-
pital. They cro: Vergil Cole who
fives south fit town; Mrs q. V. "Wood.
i'ot Glide; nnd Miss tna Stutts.
'daugh r of the Methodist preacher Jit
Clyde. They wore 'all doing well at
last roport .
Mrs. It E. U Stutts spont Friday
night at Abllpno with hor daughter.
One Bandit Killed
CINCINNATI. Ohio Dec. 10 One;
of tour bandits who today neia up
nnd robbed n hank messenger wns ac.
otdcntly shot nnd killed .by one ot his
companions.. Thodend man has not
been Identified. His body wns thrown
from the automobile occupied by the
bandits miles away VUm i- acene
of tne rqbbery
PRISON VISITDftS I
RECOMMEND ABOLITION OF
DARK CELL AND RESTRIC-
TED DIET IN THE CAMPS.
More Amusements Better Health
and Sanitation Measures and
Segregation Among tho
Hy tlio Associated Press)
AUSTIN Tex. Dec 10. Itocom-
mcndlng Improvements In tlio Texas
'penitentiary system for 'health' and
sanitation cloUHhg food punishment.
segregation spiritual needq and nmuB6
ment ttild entertainment tho strtttt
penitentiary advisory board . tonight
v uiiuiiiBKiunurs: .
Installation Of .X-Hay apparatus
and appointment of a physlclan-ln-chief.
extension of tho dairy nnd poul-
try Industries on the prison farms
abolition of the dark cell and restrict-
ed diet as means of punishment establishment-
of religious services In
each unit every Sunday nnd additional
means for amusomont and entertain-
ment wero npionn the recommenda
tions of the board. The management
of. the prison sjstem was commended
on tho health and wanitnry conditions
and other conditions in tho report
which said that "many recent physical
improvements wero noted. .
Tho board which nccompanled Gov-
ernor "Sett on his recent trip of -a.
week inspecting tho prison system
visited all Units of the system ex-
cept the Shaw farm on the Bed River
which will lo visited soon The board
was created at tho first called ses-
sion of tho thirty seventh legislature
last summer In a bill recommended
by the penitentiary Investigating com-
mittee and consists of thrco members.
i Mr. .T. E. Klnir. Kerrvllle: .limner D.
Wmln Wtnvfrr1 -ii.l T 'P ITfii-rlnf-
ton -iVac0i T ' Dln rovlded that
" "ah ZfrcTOe prisons
the state penitentiaries beg IcaVo to
submit this our fiiat ronort. Wo havo
reccnjly visited aval carefully lnsPoet-
eu mo central pio.ni. ni lunvyiMo iuiu
paqh ot th d.-f arms ftnd camps except-
iUJ. tho Shw 'farm locatpa on tho
Itod fiver tfoar the Oklahoma statu
line. Which we shall "visit RoOn Wo
noto many recent physical Improve-
ments sucl. as how buildings erected.
OhJ buildings lccoverod1 and noWly
painted or white washed much new
land dcai pd arid pnt Intq coltlvatjon.
now drain ditches mndo and old oue
cleaned ronds grnded nnd many
smaller improvements denoting pot
oiily a scrupulous cano of the property
under 'tho present management but
its economical upbuilding.
Over .luw uonucts
'There are at picsent a ffiw more
than thrco thousand-convicts at Hunts
vljlq and on the farms About two-
thirds qf .this number are negroes' and
Mexicans and" nbout one-third arc
whites. W tftlted with r.ll tho sup-
erintendents with many of the guards
avnd with hundred's of the prisoners
and found no difficulty in obtaining
their views ot the prison ej-stem and
their personal relations to the same
"Tho camps aro visited regularly
by competent and careful phjrclans.
who ni?o at all times rcttdj- to respond
to Knecta! rails We balicve that th
l - .. r- .- a It
. neaitn or ine inmaics uirouguoui. ui
entire institution is as good and per-
J haps better than that of a like- num-
her of people of their type anj'whcre
outside of prison a'nd the death rate
Is remarkably low. On tho Wynne
Farm where the tubercular patient
aro kept there has been ono death
this vnr and that death was due to
an accident for which the management
was in nowise cUlnable. Out of one
hundred pa'tients cared for at this
farm during the past ton months.
olBhty-ono showed decided improve
ment with galri of weight thirteen
showed loss of weight nnd six show
neither loss nor gain of weight. We
heartily commend tho entire manage-
ment at this farm
"Whllo each camp has Its hospital
the main hospital Is located at Hunt?-
vllle in charge of Dr. I 11. Bush.
During the first ten months of 1921
406 patients were admitted to this hos-
pital and there has been but ono death
duo to pernicious malaria conttaciea
perhaps beforo the patient became
a prisoner. Eighty patients under-
went major operations wjthout a
death. For this hospital we would
-urge the installation of an uj)-to-dnte
.X-ltay apparatus ior uingnosuc pur-
poses to be used especially in frac-
ture and dislocation work nnd in de
tecting early tuborculOsls ot the
lungs. We further suggest that the
'entire prison body be inspected ev-
ery three months by competeht phy-
sicians and all suspicious cases be" sent
to this central hospital for nuch re-
finement In diagnosis ns may be need-
ed and for classification and separa
tion. Wo further recommend hat
mo'ro attention ho given to the con-
dition jpftlte ej-es and teeth of the in-
njates. -... . ii ii . -. t.A
AV b0le.Y?.t.nat. " ".?s. u"d
tor Jii'im x-iijHiciuu
i or iipnu x-iiiHiciaii
can bo provided thoro should bo ap
pointed a physidlan-ln-clllcf one.
skilled in diagnosis surgery sanita-
tinn and medicine who should givo
rhls entlrs flmo And liavo full super
vision of :l medical matters pounin-
Inf tv tho prison system.
"We commend tho management for
ita efforts to carefully screen tho build
Ings and drain tho camps but wo urgs
that abandoned wolls bo filled nrtd
that mosquito breeding places be olM
drained or supplied with fish and that
careful attention bo given to any pos-
sible herflth hazards.
"Wo note with pleasure tho policy of
the management to- roplace tho wood-
on frames used for beds with Iron
frames nnd springs and hope this
(ConiltMd on page seven)
Thoma Edison and Henry
Ala They want congress to icf i-oru uiiih v .
jl source of water power and mineral wculth.
IT JUL RESULTS
IM DATH OFTWOi
ur nnnv niM''i'iii'i'r t4 'cr'i-Vi
IJtri001V nm.AIMIir IS StlSl
OV ATT.1CK ON JAII I.N WHICH
?LiX AND IVOM'AXAniv lHitii:i)
AND WOMAN IN.'IUHi:il. '
L'tlANKKOHT. Kl . IDoc 10 St.lte
troops today wero ordered to JoUm
Kentucky by Governor Morrow to pi c.
servo oraofr niter wven or clBlit ihI - j
ed men had formed the UtIiUt
county jail short y- after midnight In
a fruition Mtomiit to liberate t?ur
rievedto nml'Sj tho
"Y.e". lialu iiiL.uvii.niu in
band and tho JaUerttf Tamil:. Albert
Jti tno ensuinir uaiiio ucnu'n iiu:
Itobeits 21 nenhew ot the Jailer was i
-I.- i i.n nh... ..! rlloM Intm-
. Mrs. Oiicar D AJlsn. wife of th-Ji
deputy Jailer nlso w'as wo'iii'led and i
.n.i ...ih- . tn-fSirWir-Aiii.rt
-uiuu 1VM..J l'u '.n. .mfj- .v.. .
315 daugiiter ol Jauor Alien wos proD-
ably fatally wounded
Today Lojflugton advices state
bloodhoundn wero Kont frpnv taqrij to
take tho tralr of the attaclreis. Tho
Nobles bad been removed fron Jack-
son to the Jail nt Windsor Kentucky.
Tor safekeeping before tho attack was
LIGHT SHOAVKUK "VISIT I
TIIK C1jYJH shVtion
gpoclal to The Bepoher '
CLYDE Dec. IV. 'JjIKIII SUOWOrs (
fell here T Tuesday evening nnd also I
ZcU valUec4Vpt to setUo ho ddst
The woman's missionary society will
PR in KT - HCatno otnee
T. N. Minlz and family uavo rtccntly
purchased a farm cast of town and arc
now living on it. Mr Mlplvs came
from tho Plains count rv.
Tio new addition to tho. public
school will soon be completed and
ready for tho eerond term of school
rOUGHKEEPSlE K.Y i Deo. 10
Charges that agents for Jnmcs A
Stilhnan New Yqi-1: banker attempt-
ed to corrupt Hurt bribe wltnesho.3 in
the trial ot his dlvorco suit against
!Mrs. Ann U. Stillmnn. woro made by
tlin ilitfunn rnllnsnl in a. hOarllliT bo. j
for Supremo Court Justlco Morohau -
.. . J 1... TM1.
uno cuarges wero iiuiuu uy uuu i- . j
Brcnnan of Yonkers ohlof of Mrs.
Stlllmnn's oonsel In npplylng for a
oommlsslon to tnko testimony nt Mop.
treal vhcre ho said tho allegations
would be supported by thlrty-threo
wltnqssos. Asked hy Outorbrldgo Hor.
sey of tho counsel for Mi'. Stlllmhn toi
name tho agents charged vitn trying
to suborn Canadians Mr. Bronnanj
said ho could montlon but two at this
TO GANADA MEXTi I
time Francis Lajoje ana J Alport ia' Texas Sunday fulr.
Fontnlnei both ot tho province of;
Quebec. WASHINGTON. D. C. Dctn 10
Mr. Brennan asserted it would bo'Wcnthor predictions for tho wcok be.
established that Canadian wltnpssosi ginning Monday nro: West Gulf states
who testified for Mr. Stlilman lit pro- Generally fair with normal tern-
vlous hearing regarding alleged mis peraturo. 7
conduct botweon Mrs. Stlilman and Uppor Mississippi and Lower Mis-
Fred Beauvals. the Indian guide nam. I souri vnlleys: Oetiornlly fair With tom-
od as corespondent rocolvod money in I peraturo ndar or slightly abovo nor-
oxuoM of regular witness fees travel nml Thoro is soma probability of
lng cxpomtos and other rooognlzed Joeal -snows in tho Uppor Mississippi
ohni-ces. Ho asked tliat all ot mat 1)0
i. ". :- - . ' .
brougnt bororo an open commission
at Montreal beginning January 11.
Addressing the court Mr. Jlofsoy
refonod to Mr. Bronnan's delivery of
allegations ns an. "extraordinary por-
"This is nothing but a private con.
elusion" ho declared "but we nro will
ins? to walfe all of that If wi aro gicn
the names of thoso supposed to hnve
offered brlbos. Wo want to khow who
are tho mysterious persons up the
sloevos of tho.dofonso."
At this point Mr. Bronnan cave him
tho 'two names. After short silence
Judge Morhonuser granted the pOi mis-
sion to shift tho trial' to Montroal at
nn open commission to beuln sessions
January 11; tho commissioner to bo
This will be the first time sime tho.et tbeimon nor .
beglnpliia of tli trials tUat heatings
) 1 1 111
CONTROL PACIFIC IS ADOPTED
- .. . .. ii I'M - r .I I
Henry Inspect Muscle Shoals
Ford Inspecting th. uncomplete ov
TO UNITED SBTES
(By The AssoCliilco Prtssl
jUr.A Uec lO-Kmiua Coldnmn
nnrt"Aioinntqr HlrUman. lnw l-ren- I
encoin Itlga beennio UhovVn ycrtcnl.iy
told the Aoe(nted IVchh oonespond-
cnt tney wero "iiot koimk u
lminodiateli but hoped to travel in
Miroiio soon . ..i.t. tf to
They said they hoped till '"'V'VT ?
Upr. mo g it "'1""' y'Vi
An can 'S
tU-pOited o Bum a from (1 o umtqu
m not reiurnliig to the United
c rv.rii.mi finiif-hto. thmw-
J- . MV tnM Mirfs.
iuk hvih-.. ..uu . ......... -...
Goldman "Whllo In some cases .
have diAigifcd with fijvlct Kocrn-
tnnnt. 111V titav m JtUASia itan Olliy
wOrvod to convlnod mo that X hkVo uU
ways been tight and that anorcby Ta
tiAT iihitr .r.ilrwt rHrtlffn "
-..- . -- .
TO BE RELO S
SWUJJTWATEn. Dec 10 Thrco
counties. Fisher Nolnri and Mitchell
"in n '-7' "
will hold a Joint Teachers Institute
".- -" " - " '
. rreparatlon are ' V ''S.'ISl
or.v . ... ?. .-. .- -
thiWrnm will be a number ot the J
lc"K Sflrt Sitioni
'tvJX nfKntortainS en '
fures qf the occasion and will pro -
EMMA GOtDMH IS MRHEGOMCILABLEB
HOPING TO RETURW TO FIGHT TREATY
attondniice at tho cxpenso of the ns. of Ul.itlbl jamnoso or French Intcr-
Hoclatfon . t..t8 in the Pacific
rr :'::""': m ' ! - . --.
KNOXVILL-K. Ten.. Do 10 -
Maude Moons who was arrh vd s '-
rial months ago In Tacoma XVashiiv.
ton after a liation-wldo search v as
iiuiki .iiourt- nuuinuiu i
tod.iy found not guilty of tho killing
of Lorry V. Harth' hero in September
Como op. lylddles. with thoso
R"anta C)aus loiters. Tho llc-
POitor wUt publish letters lo
Snntik Claim Ip the Chrlntmus
Edition which will appear
'Sunday Dpcombor 1?. In or-
der to find spaco for all llo loi-
ters wo rpquosfthat they reach
this Office not Inter thnn Thurs-
day December 15 wlilrih Ik
neit Tlplrwlny. Hurry Up: Ad-
dross all loiters to Pnnta Claus
enro Abilene ltoportcr Abilene
C S. Department or Agriculture
ABILENE Dec 10 For Ablleno
and vicinity; East Texas nnd Wet
auey aDOUt wuunesuay.
Trv thermometer ! R9'
ltemtivc iiunuuu ."J-
'm$n j if ' i '.'.'. 6
"2uAK I T . . S L
rXLTV) I S... 89
f 1 T'C' I 9 40
. i ' Lm l0 48
. OFFOUR POWERS
SK.WTOU Ur.KI) . OLTSl'OUn.VIiY
AGAINST JT AM OI'IIKHS Ol'
nil; ji?oi'i' i:im:(ti;i to in-
tkui'osi; tiikiu oiwicenoNS.
flit- Hip AmivrtHtmr I'mfsV
WASH I KG ON. D. C." Upfr. 10-
open declirnUlon of var upon tho Tour
r iCirio trontv cam! today from
the seniuo "JtwciinrllHbloii'' nnrtln fnej
of. predh-tion bv both demorratIc uml
republican lender that the npW treaty
w bo ratlfloil.
Senator Kecd rtemo-rat. M.srfurl. .
oho of the irrci oncilftblos In t ho JotiB
Mini Hnffffiil flvht nruliiHt tlio ti'ouU'l
-- ... - --.-- -r-.--.- : ........ -.
oi veraauics m nrniai nituurmmi
denouced the now qundrnplo under-1
standing as "tteafhorpun tratuonnblo.
find tHmnttJ aml i predicted lbM
"thcro Would bo.p fjght tutd fthtft uno"
senators or tnc trreeoneuawie
I w w r .. .
grouV for tho most part withheld coin
ment but privately indicated an un-
friendly ntlHudo tounrd tho treaty
Sopator Borah of. Idaho loader of tho
republican lrreepnoiiftuies.! wns one or
thot-o (In lining to comment
ItoptiblitniiH .generally. Including
mb.it of tho leader pi edit ted intlfic.
ntlolt by nn oM-rwhellng ot and in
thaf prediction to a greitter or lew ox-
tent woro joined by tititimbar of dem-
Democratic senators in a nuniucr of
Instances snld thfy ;dld i.ot aUuch the
llliporiunro i 1110 uui.-uim.-iii. n i jiujitv
nSuro. thnt was elajmed in refpub-
n ju.rtor am l- i
jlo tho league "V nd ions
covenant. Ke.mtor Heed co.tten.dod
!!" A'B. J5 X.J!" ."" "n?. $
5TJ Wwd rUnluS St.tM
J T Of II 100 T j I I H
i J "S H lviTr II It
I il I j.l IBnilllii L I IJ
'w -uu IIIIU-I-b-iU iu
I (By the Associated Prenl
DALLAS. Texas Deo. 10 Jew
j HupeU. part owner of tho Dallas
.baiwball club ya under $C0O city and
j J 1500 county bonds here today as
l.tho ieu'lt of ftn nutomoblle collision
' Hnavell wa.s arreHed aftor his car
had collided with nnplhol nutomobllo
AvIioho fou. occuiMiiits wero lijjurod.
Ho Is olmrgeil wltli earless driving
J and agravtel awwult lib a motor
vehicle upon tpe' pernons ot .sirs iiuin
Bollard Htnl H. B. Ballard. The lattbr
with Mr. J. It. MaglU Jr. and her
baby sou wore injured.
Ballard Wld llassell was driving at
a rapid rate when the' acedeht oc-
curred . .
Oh Thoso Hciiudiiutvlans!
Illy The AswielateU i'rauj
CIiniSTIANA.'Dec. 10 TllO Nobol
; poaceirlao for 1021. it was officially
announced today has been divided
' oojunlly betwoon lljulmar Brnntlng.
I premier of Sucedcn and Chrlstalne
iango of Norwaj. fteerctnry of tho In.
'01IEIT WILL FLY
ntcLHXS. Texas. Dec 10 There Is
n new lnduitrv vn the North Plains.
B. D. Gannon Depuij Btate Gamo
Ooiifniljloiior for the Panhundlo has
Cqmp!atiA final arrangements for Im.
porting on tlio plains a large shipment
of ChinM pltQHwiHtA egs. The eggs
are to b furnished elected farmers
In the refllnu.
The ChlnefcC pheasapt Is almost as
large us a whllo tqghOrn hen and has
mntklnxH similar to a hQuulill nuull.
Ono n-ny plao XUeogm unrttr st-
tlnu l.eii Timl after tliey hteh and the
oiiiic ihr.iHdnri t bit ortouub to
HELD UNDER BOND
7 a.m. 13:38 7 ).va.rule thtv U-iv home and run wild
ftndlnr mil niliitinB tlielr natural
Mlllll"il)Bl llH.l I.HH lKtl si nt to
tin V'-' Tn.i-1 h"iiili"(fini mint
ed"jfi'B tlupi of tht-.c pla.is.
READ BY LODGE AND WAS
EACH SIGNATORY AGREES TO ARBITRATE
ANY DIFFERENCE WITH ANOTHER
ARISING FROM PROBLEMS
(By The Aiieclttaft IraM)
WASHINGTON. D C. Hoe 10.
Tho Migfo-Japnileso alliance Jong
rwjArded with apprehension by the
ATi.eiicnn peapl". pOMcd Into history
today when spokesman or both net-
tlo'w nl the arms cunferenrc Accepted
In Its stead a now four poucr Agree
mr;t for prpfervntlon of lnytca In tho
pnrlffn tn which tho United States sntl
l'linr beenme pflilles. '
Viis etloit with fulfillment of de-
tails to follow paves tho way to nc-
I ccptnlico ot tho Amoricnrt lirpposnU
1 for reJuctlOH of nnvnl armaments and
1 In nrgp mensuro Is oxpeotod to ?op-
tribute to settlemdnt ot tho Chlnoio
I As nnm.un?.l o tho conference by
Sen-iUir Iodge ill' four power treaty
liroldf liloliy that the Unltd Stated
Great Britn'ji. .lnpftn nnl 1'ranco
! ngfee nnioiiR tl tn'polvos to reapoct
tltrlr Jnb.ilnr ppswrfllons and dotpl"
Ions in the Pacific nnrt.io adjust bv
j joint oonrorotloe among thomsolvfs
1 tiny controversies nqt celtled by tho
couro of diplomncy. They furtlwr
agree to tnko similar notion In the
I face of nnv throat of nggresslon by
I other poiV01'".
rue proposett iroaiy mis noon mi
tlaled .In affirmation by tho roprqsen-
tntlves of tho four great Pbwors. nl
though not jot actually Hlgnod. nnd
ntusl bo confirmed by tho united
It is for ton years nnd any one of
tho Hltfnntorlos may withdraw nftof
that period on twelve months' notice.
. lit order. Heno Vivian! head of tho
yioneb dolegailoni Arthur J. Unltour
heading .th riH ilolegntlon nnd
Prluc T okticawa fhlef of tho Japa-
. delegates arose nnd gave their
niwcni to tho new nKrrement They
Wo.e followed .by tho chief delegates
of the othfcr nowers renrosontrrt who
ai e.prrwed satisfaction at the new
Mont lnterestlnir among these WW
.i :- -'-'.;- .-...;..-'
tn0 rteeiarniion o. wnww ozn vw
china who cXpressad "great satis-
faction" with tho proposed treaty. If 0 and that 1f nn
Ncny wliilo Lho'd-ofual norfectlon-otl nrB0 ng to such
ttho.ti'nKCOeir forward. It Is expected comractlrjtr ' 'p.trt
tllnt the naval' armnmenfnnd Chines!)
cpfestlonn will speedily go on townrtj
dlv the Assoclaled Press)
WASHINGTON n. C Dec. 10.
Tho draft ot tho proposed treaty be-
tween tho United States. Great Britain
Frnnconnd Jnpan which. Is to sup-j
plant the Angolo-.lnpaneso alliance
and pavi; tho wny for tho acceptance
pf tho American proposals for naval
roductipn wns formally laid before
the arms oonforoncft today by Senator
It Is a ton yoar hgrcemont In which
tha four nations bind thomselVes to
frospoct tholr insular posflcssloris and
dominions in tho Pacific ana m obbo
p.f disputes. which pan npt bo settled
by diplomacy ngrpod to a Joint con-
ference among thomsolvos.
Any ono of the pnrtlos mny wltlv
dmw on twelve months notice after
th exhlfntion of 10 years.
The trpftty require? confirmation by
tlif w rinle
:oiit.r liodtte tireuentid tho treaty
to tb. conference ih the followlni;
sinfemeiit. " . '
"I should bq Insensible Indeed. II
i I did not teOl deeply gratified by the
I otiiwit-tiinltv wlilnh linn rntnn to me to
lay beforo tho conference a draft of
tho troatj'. tno terms oc wnicn r.a
been screed unon by four of the great
powers of tho 9arth In regard to the
Mauds of tho Pacific .which they
control cither as possessions or do-
minions. I will begin by reading to
tho conferonco the troatj which 1
both brief wul f-implo and which I
rim suro s full of moaning and Jm
pQrlanco of the world's peace.
TOxt or tho Trcnty
"'Tho United States of America the
British Empire Franc and Japan.
'"With a view to tho preservation
of tho goneral peace and the main-
tenance pf thplr rights In relation to
tbolr Insular possessions and Insular
dominions in tho regions ot the Paci-
fic ocoan have determined to conclude
a troaty to this effect and have ap-
pointed as their plenipotentiaries:
"The prosldent of the United States
"His Majesty the King ot the
United Kingdom pt Great Britain- and
of tho British dominions beyond the
sea emnoror of India.
"'And for tho dominion pf Canada
"'For the commonwealth or aus
"For the dominion or New zf&
'"Tho president ot the French re
'"Hifl Majesty the EmperOr of Ja
'"Who having communicated their
full powers found in good and due
form havo nsrood as. follows
"The high contracting partlos ogre?
ns between themselves to respect their
rights In relation td thorr Insular pos.
sessions nnd insular dominions in the
icglon of the rnclfio ocean.
"If there should develop between
afty of tho lllgh contracting parties a
controvery arising otit of any Pacific
question and involving their said
rights which la not batlsfactory set-
tled by diplomacy and is likely to af-
foci the harmonious noeord now haft-
py ' subtlfating botwocn then they
slfall invito tbo b)gh cpntraotlne par-
ties to a Joint conference to which
the whole subject' wljl be roferrcd fr
oOHflldertlDn ami aujuntmxmu
'"If the said lights are throatetwd
bv tho nxKrosolve nation of any Other
payer the hitch contmctiue parlies
xliull loinmunlmte with one anol'ier
ifill .itul frnnt.1. in oidri - .nil"
la1 An undti1 .mini. as t t.te mvKstl
efftlont meAzures.tO bn taken. Joint-
ly and separately to mut tho exiccn-
ees of the particular sltuatlov
""TlrW agreemtnt ehnll remain In
fpreo for ten year.i ((out tho time
It shall take cfff.t and pffr the r.
pli-Rtlon of such period It ahull con-
tinue to Vln forf "'Jct to the
right of ."in.yjnt tl?e Jiifih canirarti?
parties lo ffrmlnnte It npon twe've
"Thls ngreei wnt shall be n'tlfled it
soon a polble in nqoordano with
tho constitutional methods of the high
coritrnptlnt? parties and shall take ef
fect on tin signing of ratifications
which shall tko place n' Washington.
npd thereupon the agreement between
Grout Britain nnd Japan wJ.lch nu
concluded at London on July 1J
1011 shall terminate."
Coiiceni Vrtp (slnml
"The signing of thh trcnty." sa d
Sepntor Iodge. ctintlnuinr "Is on the
pait of tho United States subject to-
the making ot a convention with Ja-
pan concerning the status of tho Is-
land of Ynn nhd what are termed tho
runpdntcd islands in tho Pacific oeetm
north -Of tho equntor; the negotiation
In regard lo whlcn are nltnost conclud
ed and alsd to tho reservations with
respect to what aro termed tho man-
dated Islands in tho Pacific ocean
Bouth pf tho equator
"It should also ho obscivcd that
tho controversies to which tho pro-
josd treaty refers do not cntbrnno
questions which according td .princi-
ples of international law. He exeju
slvely within tho domestic Jurisdiction
Of tho respective powers
"Tho conference will pcrreive that
I spoke correctly when I Inferred tr
the tnrrrra ot the treaty ns Simple. To
put It Th a few words tho treaty pro-
vides thnt tho four signatory power
will ngrco as Detween themselves to
" --- - - - --
respect their Insular posseuiions und
dominions in the-region o? tho Pttc"
nny t-pntrovcrsv sbpUia
'j ngnis an in nun
rtles shall be Itrrlteil"
to a Joint confefence looking to tho
adjustment of such controversy.
"Thcj' ngroo to tnko similar action fn
th6 case of nggres-Ion by any other
power upon theso insular possessions
hnd dominions Tho Agreement Is 'o.
remain In forco for ten years arid
after ratification under the consltth-
tlpnnl methods of tho high contract-
ing parties the existing ngreement be-
tween Great Britain and Jnpan which
was concluded nt London on July 13.
19U shall terminate. And that In
nil. Each signer Is bound to respect
tho rlghta of the others and 'beforo
taking action in nny controvcrsj. to
consult with thorn. There Is no pro-
visions for tho uso of forco to carry
out any of tho terms of tho ngrccmon
and no military or nnvat sanction
lurks anywhoro In the background or
under cover of theso plain and dlrxct
Jtow To Prevent War
"The surest way to prevent war i
to remove tho caused of war. Thcro
Ih an attempt to removo causes of
war over a great area of the globe"
surface by reliance upon tho good
faith nhd honest Intentions ot th
nations which sign tho treaty solving
all differences through tho procctvr
of dlplomnncy and joint consideration
"No doubt wo shall hear it said thin
the region to which this agreement
applies Is one most unlikely' to givo
birth to serious disputes ana tnere-
forp an agreement ot this charactw
Is nf Utile conse-iuence. History has
Bhown thnt there 1 no corner of tho
earth so remote or so valueless mat
It is not capable Of giving cause tor
controvori-y or ven for war botiveen
the tribes and the nations of man-
khid. But tho Islands of tho Pocifl
although remote -from the dwelllnfi
place-- of tho mass of humanity are
far from valueless. Tho islands of
the southwestern Paclflo extend oVr
a vast space In that great ocean. They
roach from the Mnrquesaa on the east
to the Philippines on tho west; from
the Altutlan Ilan3s on the north
nearly to th Antarctic circle qn the
sputh. Thej- are fav mora numerous
than l gonerally realized. I do not
know what the total number is but T
am Informed as to tho Philippines and
It appears that this group alone con-
tains over 3100 islands pt -which 1.-
600 have nnmes."
Tho speech repeatedly was inter-
rupted by applause and when Sena-
tor Lodge finished tho galleries ajfaln
Jolnod In a tvavo ot handclapplng.
Hone Vlvlanl then presented the po-
sition ot France praising the instru-
ment as a clear and precise program
of a great principle which ho said
France gladly .accepted.
Senator Lodge's analysis ot Jthn
mMtiln-r of tho treaty "was also pra -
ed by M. Vivianl. who vald tributq to
tho general accompuanmenu oi n
YUlanl Speak for Franco
Speaking In French with an elo-
quonce whlfh revoked repeated P-
ninimn Mr YivAnl recounted Franco
sacrlilooa in the war and said he want
ed to nsam remind tho conference or
tho peoillnr position of the Fronrh
republic France ho said never had
hesitated to "sea" with Uor blood" the
obligations sha assumed and alio nfc.1-
or wouUl fall to do so whenever ne
coulty nvose In. tho future.
'Permit nlo to say." ho continued.
'Tlt "FranttO will assume all of Ihi
OblUtUlon that fall upon her tin tb
trty). TitSnce has never tlecjlned lo
Dtnnd by hor plighted wrord "
This conference. " said M. Mianl
"ha? t Jlly nod otitlrely succeeded "
Sinjitoi Ijdge the French -polt.-
i .iiiii'ied on' iare seven )
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The Abilene Daily Reporter (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 34, No. 285, Ed. 1 Sunday, December 11, 1921, newspaper, December 11, 1921; Abilene, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth317011/m1/1/: accessed January 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Public Library.