The Abilene Daily Reporter (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 20, No. 65, Ed. 1 Wednesday, May 31, 1916 Page: 1 of 6
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)t Abilene IMiQ Eejwcter
ABILENE TEXAS WEDNESDAY MAY 31 1916
CONFERENCE IS HELD AT
AMERICAN EMBASSY AT
BERLIN GERMANY DE-
CLARES CAN'T FEED SER.
BIA AND MONTENEGRO AT
THE SAME TIME
llv Tho Associated Press.
BERLIN May 31. Germany will riot
neccde to Great Hrltnln's coiiutcr-pro-posals
for tlio relief of Polnni!.
This tlcclBloii wns reached at the
American Hmbnssy today at a confer-
I'licc attended by American Ambassa-
dor Gerard Prince Llibeslrt. the Polish
leader representatives of the Roek-
"feller ConimlBSlon and German offl
Tlio British proposals wcro rejected
on tlu ground that Germany considers
It Impossible simultaneously to feed
Serbia and Montenegro.
rSIlI AS HAT ('ATCIIKR
LONDON May 31. A man who de-
scribed himself as a professional rabbit-catcher
and with some experience
nl ratting claimed exemption from
military duty on the ground that' his
-crvlces were Invaluable to his coun-
try. Ho said he hail killed 10.01)0 rah-
bits since August. Ills plea was de-
ailed on the ground that he wcnld
make nn excellent rat-catcher for the
LOCAL COMPANY WILL
BE INSPECTED EARLY
DATE 13 STATEMENT.
Dr. W. A V. Cash captain of the
Inrnl ronumnv of the National Guards-
- - - - ..
men has returned from Austin ana
q.ii Antnnln tfliarn lin wnm nil nillciai
San Antonio where he went on official
Ho stated Wednesday morning that
tho company would bo Inspected by a
Federal officer In a short time pro-
bably next Monday Dallas. Denlson
and Abllono companies will bo In-
spected thoy being the three surplus
itmpaulos left out of the brigade and
Abilene will be Inspected first. Tho
company's equipment Is now at Aus-
tin and will be sent on to Ablleno at
nu early date tho captain said. The
local company yW4H cither remain in
the infantry una or the service or be.
turned Into a cavalry troop it will
not bo converted Into an nailery
company the captain Bald.
Captain Cash stated Hint 33 of tho
men who had refused to take tho oath
und Join the regular army changed
tholr minds and went to San Antonio
Tuesday to take the oath. He met
with courtesy on every hand at Austin
and San Antonio and hrd a most en-
at" ' l
CONVENTION ACTS TO HEW
DALLAS Slay 31. The prohibition
movement in Texas will be aided by
the actions qf the San Antonio conven-
tion declared Dr. A J. Barton super-
i....Mi..nt nr the Anti-Saloon league of
Texas who returned this morning
from San Angeio wnere me. iB
Jie)d a field day Sunday.
"The actions of the convention will
react very strongly in favor of pro-
hibition Dr. Barton said I be-
h hnnnat nemnerats or ma
State will resent very heartily and
....ii -.. t thnrmiehlv SUCB methods
and control of our conventions and
other public affairs. If this spirit and
those methods are to control Demo-
cratic procedure the Democrats would
be sowing the wind and would reap a
i.iiwinrt. mv nrevlous statement
lust after the convention has been con- th& comng pre8jdentlal
firmed by- developments sinea waHJnpaignff it s reliably reporter
.-o.fn Bii ho intended to hear
Thomas B. Love's Bpeech at the City
l ' '
DEATH LIST STILL AT
4 WEDNESDAY A. M.
n mL. tflnnntatcul PffiilS
DALLAS Texas May 3L-Tbe death
... .. mln rnllanSn late JC3"
terday during the preparedness parade
remained at four this morning al-
. i. i .-. vntcri that Ray Fer-
iuoubu i. . - - -.- ;
guson who Dacjc was uiw"-
larg number of persons were
RELIEF OF POLAND
IN FIRST MEET
nKcnuin to him orr cvtu.ou
this ykir uiTimrr ki:li..
1M. MlVKHTISIMi SPACE.
E JULY 4IH BLOW-OUT
Carnival uml Raring Program Will be
Slugcd in Jul Fourth for Hie
One lint (Mil) ; Hinge;
The executive committee of the Cen-
tral West Texas Fair Association held
Its first meeting of the year Tuesday
afternoon and took action on several
The budget for the year was arrang-
ed funds being set aside for every
purpose. The directors went over the
proposed catalog carefully and It was
In this matter that the most Import-
ant action was taken a decision not
to have advertising In the catalog this
In view of the fact that the recently
appointed board of censors would not
approve the advertising In the cata-
log the committee decided to make
tho meat of It and bring out an ad
vertlslngless catalog this year. Tho
board held that tho catalog was not a
good medium of advertising and
therefore would not approve It. This
action Is all the moro Important when
tho closoness of the Fair and the
Jjoarii of censors to each other 1h qon-
Tho catalog for the 191C. Fair is
now with the printer and will be Is-
sued at an early date. Thcro will be
'onvnn nnw MHimrLiiitriiLa. uiiu u mvii
sevcrul new departments anu a gen
; -.. ' nre9 n nii depart
I"'"' ' . . .' . ..... .... ..
mentB. The catalog muicnics uiui we
fair will truly be bigger better grand-
er than ever this year.
The executive committee decided to
have a Fourth of July celebration this
year similar to the one held last year
only there will bo but the one day for
131C. Horse racing possibly tiro-
wcrks carnhal attractions and other
amusements will be provided. It la
probable that two local aviators will
fly on that day a machine now being
built here. The Fourth of July cel-
ebration will bo on n bigger scale-thls
year than ever.
Faith in tho future of the Fair was
expressed by all members of tho com-
mittees and a determination to make
the 1910 Fair better than any of Ra
predecessors was registered.
June 1 and 2 1918 at Court House
Itesolvedt That the Bible teachings
of pastor Chas. T. Russell are In line
with the teachings of Jesus Christ and
offer a remedy for social evils.
Affirmative: Walter Bradford; Neg-
stive: J. A. Freelana.
Question for June 2nuT. uesuiveu.
That Socialism is right and offers a
remedy for social etna.
Affirmative: J. A. Preelandi Nega-
tive: Walter Bradford
Debate to begin at 8 p. m. each night
and close at 10 p. m-
nvimuTrn PAUUA3ZA CHARGES
THOIFBLE TO POLITICIAN'S
MEXICO CITY May 30. The mes-
sage sent to Washington by General
Carranza contains the point-blank
charge that recent border troubles
iUriri tiw American nolltlclans
nere . .. ..
Just when tne mesaase "
presented is not known. One .rumor
IS it Will not. HB nauuc . --
Wilson for several days. There is
another report that it. will be be Id at
tkn ifavmn Kmuassr ai nauiub
for presentation if another attempt is
made to force American intervention
In Mexico. m -
One reason tor posiium"5 ut..vW
It ia unofficially reported was Gen-
eral Carranza's desire to make cer
tain alterations aner uiesoa6
started to Washington.
i i '
nnrmm vlBTUT OF TEXAS
OUABRSMEN BE HELD JUXE S.
By The Associated Press.
WASHINGTON May 3L-The wr
department announced today that toe
oourt marUal of 116 memoers oi mj
court maruaioi -
Texas auonaiuu-p--- - fd mornlHg at 10 o'clock.
K 5 JS? 2nSS 6 TtatrW.Si for a .peaking tour of the coun-
-en delayed -m June -
1ST LINE TRENCH
(JKinriN.H MAKE VIOLENT ATTACK
OX VKRW'N FRONT TUES
AUSTRIAN!! ARE GAINING
Force Passage Across Posinn Hirer
uml AIko Capture Fortified Ital.
Inn Works at Puntaordln
The following war summitry wni'
Issued by tho Associated Press:
in the. course or a violent attack
on tho Verdun front the Germans
compelled the French to evacuate a
first line trench near the Cuarcttcx
woods Houth of Cumlores. tho Paris
War Office announced today.
The Austro-Hungarlan troops oper-
ating west of Arslero forced a pas-
sage across tho Poslna river. They
nlso captured the. fortified Italian
works of Pnnctaordln according to
the Vienna statement.
KERN' TO MAKE SPEECH
RENOMINATING M HS1IAM.
WASHINGTON. May 31. It has
been decided that Senator Kern will
make the Bpeech renominating Vice
President Marshall at the St. Louis
NATATORIUM TO OPEN
THURSDAY EVENING AT
7:30; BAND CONCERT
The opening-of-the? reason at the
Sanitary Natatorlum at Fair Parle will
take place tomorrow Thursday ev-
ening at 7:30 o'cloqk. Tho Ablleno
Concert Hand will glvo a concert and
there wljl bo other entertaining fea-
tures besides tho swimming to amuse
At tho opening of tho Nat last year
an Immense crowd was present and a
largo one la expected for Thursday ev
ening. Kveryone fs Invited to attend.
Street car service will be maintain-
ed to and from the park every twen-
ty minutes starting from North Third
street at 7 p. m. The roads to the
park are in good condition for those
who desire to go out by motor car.
HE SAID HUGHES
Dt the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. May 31. Frank P. Hitch
cock who has been in Chicago for
several days working in behalf of
Justice Hughes whose friends desire
him to be nominated for President at
the Republican National convention
issued a statement tooay denying the
reDort that he had said that Mr.
Hughes will accept the nomination if j
It Is tendered him.
NO DECISION OX ACTION
BROUGHT AGAINST WAPLES
WASHINGTON May 31. Postpone-
ment of the hearing today withheld
decision on the injunction proceedings
brought by a local justice of the
peace candidate apalnst Chairman
Paul Wanles of the State Democratic
Executive Committee to prevent the
committee from assessing all candl
dates pay for the senatorial run-off
INDIAN WHOSE PROFILE
IS ON NICKEL PIES
CHICAGO May 30. Chief Iron Tall
cf the Rushvllle Neb. Indian reserva-
. .k nrnfll. ninMra rtn rtne
UUU UM """" -I'':"" . r.
side of the "Buffalo" nicKeis is aeaa
here today. He was found sitting up -
right in a seat in a railroad coach
as It pulled In here yesterday from
vrnDhinf.nn ty f!.. en route to the res-
WashinEton. D. C en route to the res
The conductor of the train found
him with his wife sitting beside him
in stole fashion. "Ugh! him no
move." she said pointing toward her
husband. Iron Tail was 5 years old
and Is believed to have died of heart
All candidates for county and pre-
finM nfficea are requMted to Bt in
TOQm M the court
CITIZENS' COMMITTEE OUT AFTER
.NAME TO INSURE ANOTHER
WEDNESDAY PROGRAM LAST
Gray and Lnevlnno and Dr. Haywood
Featured Tuesday Program
Haydn Chums to Furnish
Good sized crowds attendod both
programa at the Abilene Chautauqua
mesuay aim ccriainiy uiey wero wuu
repaid for their time and money spent.
tistollo Gray dainty vlollnlste and
Mlscha Lhovlnne Russian pianist of
note made a team that thrilled and
delighted the audience. A lecturo by
Dr. Benjamin S. Haywood the. "Apos-
tle of Sincerity" was a rare treat to
thoso who heard hlm. Ho Is a min-
ister who believes in the verities of
life and preaches accordingly. HIb
lecturo -wan ono of tho best of the
Chautauqua and mado n profound Im
pression on Ills hearers.
In the evening there was a full con
cert by the Gray Company thoso de
lightful rouslclanB who captivateu
tholr audiences here. By their ap
pearance at Abilene they added sonio
hundreds of friends to their already
long list of admirers. Their music
waB pleasing beautiful Impressive
and unlquo to a degree.
For Wcdnosday tho last day ono
of tho best urograms of tho entire
seven days was scheduled. For the
afternoon there wcro tho liayuu
Chorus and tho Hon. W. I. Nolan a
lecturer whoso talks 1b supremely
Eood. Ho Is a legislator up North
and is In great demand all over tho
country at business men's conventions
and Ute JJ?o4 - -
FortnV evening and clpBlng pro-
gram thero will b a full concert by
the Haydn Chorus wiui selections
frnm orators and old familiar B0I1K8
Tho Chorus is one of tho finest feat
ures of the circuit and well worm
hearlnir. The Wednesday evening
program will close what has been ono
of Abllene's beBt series of entertain-
ments for attractions may como and
go but there can never bo any better
than thoso turn shea by mo seven-
day Chautauqua program.
In all Drobabllltv Abilene will have
the Chautauqua again noxt year xocai
citizens havo agreed with the com
pany on a contract and a comrameo
was busy getting signatories Wednes
day. Seventy-five names were wantea
nmi warn belnu obtained fast. Abso
lute harmony prevails regarding uio
now contract. The cltuens must gua
rantee S1.650 In order to ohtain con
trnl or the Sunday program for next
year which will be presented undf
direction of Ujo local committee. The
agreement specifies that there is to
be an afternoon performance oniy on
the Sunday and that no single aamia
B'.ons will be charged.
Abilene wants the Chautauqua
fnin unit it will et it. for tho con
tract committee Is making every eX
fort to get the necessary number of
$350dW ON WAR CLAIMS.
Twnov. May 31. About $35000000
has ben paid out in war death claims
to relatives of Brltlsn soioiers oy ib
British Colonial and American llf
inaiinmM coraDanies since the out-
hrnr nf th war. The war has so far
virtually doubled the normal ratio ot
increase fn datn claims.
U. 8. apartment of Agriculture.
For Abilene and Vicinity; Tonlaht
and Ttiursday generally fair; con
tinued high temperatures.
For East Texas; Tonight and
Thursday generally Inlet continued
For West Texas: 'ionigni ana
J" "I r . !.. l. lnd
-jnunwr uciujr ww
Mdgt. 81; noon 90
fiuJv I 6
CARRANZA COMMANDER IS OFr
FOR CONFERENCE TUTU GEN
TO MEET AT CASAS GRANDES
Conferences Re Held With View
Securing More Co.OpcrwtloH Be-
tnecn American and Mexican
Jy The Associated Presa
EL PASO Texas May 31 Geaoral
Gavlra tho Carranza commander of
northern Chihuahua left Juarez today
for Casus Grandes where o will con-
fer with Gen. John J. Poshing with a
vlow to closer co-operation between
tlio two commandora and their forces.
Gen. Pershing Is expected to arrive
at C.ibub Grandes today and tho con-
ferences will begin tomorrow. It has
been previously announced that tho
conferences between thoso two com-
manders will not consider tho matter
of withdrawal of tho American troops
now operating In Maxtco but that they
will have to do solely with tho bo-
curing moro co-ppcratlon for tho run-
ning down of the bandits.
FLORIDA MAN TO
SERVE EOR JUDGE
EDWARD R. hfK
DALLAS. .Mar. 30. UjjlU?d States
District Judgo w. B. Sheunard of the
Northern District of Florldu thll
morning notified1 United States Dls-
trlct Clerk LouIb C. Maynard that he
would be In Dallas Juno li to open
the local term of Federal court In
placo of Judgo II. Meek.
Tho May term of Federal court has
been postponed from time to time on
account of tho absence of Judgo
Meek wljo la In Baltimore having his
ear treated by a specialist
Judge Shoppard who resides at
Pensacola served once for Judgo Meek
at Fort Worth.
Tho appointment was made by
Judge Don A. Pardee who presides
over the Cnlted StuteB Circuit Court'
PRES. FAVORS CLARK
AS THE PERMANENT
CHAIRMAN AT ST.LOUIS
By the Associated Press.
WASHINGTON May 31. President
Wilson In a conference with Repre-
sentative Doremus of Michigan Sen-
ator Taggart of Indiana and Norman
Hapgood organlxer of the Wilson
Non-Partlaan League today Indicated
hla preference for Champ ClarK aa
permanent chairman of the Demo-
cratic National Convention at BK-
Louis. It Is said however that Mr Clark
may not go to St. Louis at all.
BOOTT FKOM THE
Oy The Asoclated Preee.
AMSTERDAM May 31. One ot the
features of the German war exhibi-
tion held in Hamburg late in May was
an exhibit call "The Gold Booty from
the Moewe." the German commerce;
raider. Three of Uie fourteen ori-
ginal cases In which the gold which
was Liken from the British steamship
Appam was packed were displayed1
the cases tilled wttn inuiauon goiu
Gerswmy EwpWjs Maay Yfmcu.
KIIRICH. SwIUerland. May 31. The
extent to which Germany Is employing
women In occupations hitherto occu-
pied by men may be aeen from an of-
ficial reoort lust published by the wo
men workera tu tae meiaw iraaea in
the- Important districts of the Rhine
lands and Westphalia This docu-
ment ia declared to furnish tho first
reliable and complete testimony re
garding this iubjct.
Before the war there were In these
districts 217 factortef employ! ai -
...- lAiKn rvmon Aa tbn firat
of Auguat 'l9l5. tkere were 570 fac -
r rTmzZ M i..
Out of 33 factory district Uwre were
osly two 1m which ao woawa irere
NO ON RED
BE BUILT SOON
TEXAH & PACIFIC IT IS CNRER.
.STOOD GIVES ORIIKR FOR
NKW ARILEXK IIEI1IT.
OFFICIALS VISIfED HERE
General Supl. J. II. Elliott mid Olhrrs
Were Here Tueidaj Looking 0rr
Slle; Work to Start tu
Ablleno Is to get Its now Texas &
Pacific freight depot at an early dale
according to announcement made here;
Tuesday by General Superintendent J
II. IClllott who wns hero with other
officials of tho road to look over tun
slto for tho new structure.
According to Mr. Klllolt work on
tho depot waa to havo sturlod June 1
but dolayn In getting the pinna drawn
up and other matters prevented that
early a start. However the object of
tholr visit hero was to clear up cer-
tain matters at this place relating to
tho new depot und to lay off the
ground for tho building and construc-
tion will start just as soon as mater-
ials can be got together and final
building nrrnngements made.
Gcnoral Manager J. L. Lancaster Is
very anxious to get the new building
up It Is reported and has been after
his subordinates every since he mado
his last visit to Ablleno a few weeks
ago to get tho work started. " v-
U will lot tako much over ono
month to complete? tho depot. It will
occupy the lota west of tho present
depot abutting on Pine ant) North
First streets. At tho wostern extrem-
ity the building will bo two-story with
the offices on tho second floor thus
giving extra floor apace for the enra
of freight. The material will bo brick
and tho building will bo about fifty by
200 feet. It will be orio of the best
freight depot on the company's lino
and will care for Abllene's needs for
some years to come.
Just when tho work will begin la
nnl ilnflnttfilv knnwn. lint It Ik Kt.lt nil
that tho company officials uro very
anxious to get tho nevv depot finished
for Abllene's benefit. The need of ad-
dltlonal room has long been felt hero
and iho new station will meet with
popular approval. It will CHI tho gap
at Pine and First and It is under
stood" that a few feet will be left be-
tween the building and Pine stroet
fer small flower beds.
ZEPPELIN IS DESTROYED
Wall Descending Xear Yelos on
Solonlkl Front Collides Wltk
Trees and Is Destroyed.
0-v Tho Associated Press.
LONDON 5ajr 31.-A central Uls-
patch from Amsterdam says that
German Zeppelin descending near
Veloa on the Solonlkl front collided
with trees and was destroyed
cr . 1.-.. r'vV . ...ruaium
mnjiiir.no kiijui.v t.t tvnniii
OF HANBTT SOT FORGOTTEN' 1
FIELD HUQuLlTBRB NKAR ' " HWSIWCTOT OF OH
NAMIQUIPA Mexico. Slay 29 By niKni IMO nkla Mar aowAa
Wireless to Columbus. N M. May mN9 . 1. 1 JTi. 3jn
30.-Flowers are to be strewn toinor-ofd '?" 8eems "K1 "
row on the graves In Mexico of Amer-.w Do11 ai"eBJ! iSt
lean soldiers killed in action In the !y Frank P. lox entered loll eaad lat
pursuit of Villa. Military authorities
have ordered that each grave be dec-
orated with ceremonies appropriate to
Memorial day. The President of Na-
naiqulpa Informed Gen. J. J. Pershing
that he would like to send flowers tor
the graves. The American comman-
der accepted Uie offer with thanks.
Additional reports received of the
attack made upon a party of American
engineers near Las Crucea last Thurs
day indicated that Candelario Cervan
tes had only twelve men wim uun
when be was killed. American cav-
alrymen have scattered these.
General Pershing today ornereu mat
no attempt shall be made to sell liq-
uor in camp at Namiquipa.
.1 1 m 1 1 '
FBEXCH CLEARED FROM
BISTKICT AKOUNB CUMIEBES.
By The Associated Press.
BERLIN. Ma? 31. TB
I ewnMtl P - ' .
troops operating in the veraua re-
fglon wcat of the Meuse have cleared
tha southern environs of Uie village ot
ICumierea ot French who have nea
I v.i.n n tara n& that iwi uri-
oaere havo oeen takes accordteg ta
aa aaBouacemeot made by the war ot-
SAYS PRESENCE OP TROOW
HAVING BAD POLITICAL
EPFECTl ARREDONDO! AD-
MITS MENDEZ BROUGHT
NOTE ON ARRIVAL AT
Ry Tho Asioclaled Prem.
HASHiyOTOX May 31 The mcw
note rem Cnrranxn Hsklng for a tlef
IhIIo rxplannllon of the continued
iircxenro of AmerlraH troops In Xex
Irn anil renewing the prrtloHS rpinent
for their ulUulnwHl win pri'MCHted to
(bo state tlcpartmrnt today by Kllnco
Arrtdondo Iho Carranza amlinnader
to the Culled States.
Tlio note refer ti tbe repealed
derlarnUnnH that tho Culled State
door not want war with Mexico and
that Hip withdrawal of the American
iroopM from Mexico Is tho best proof
Cf that attitude.
Tlio nolo reiterate! the declaration;
that the Cnrraiun troops nre ah! to
crtilrnl the Hltuallou and nnyn (hat the
prcspHcv of the Americans Is baling
n Imd political effect.
Nftr-r It luul been do'hercil. Amliav
xrdnr Arredomlo ndniltted thut It Imd
been brought Monday by Manuel Mch-
dez n special Mipsspnger from tho Car-
ArrangPRieiitH for the nublkatlon of
(ho rtotp will be made later.
tt Is not remarried hh nn ultimatum.
TEXAS EDITORS WILL
BE GUESTS OF LOCAL
About 0Q members of the xan
Pmsa Association und their IawUles
will bo In Abllnno for ono hour next
Monday afternoon arriving at 3M"
and dopartln; at 4MG. Tho Bdltcra
will travel in their own special train
being on tholr way to tho annual con
ventlon at Kl Paso.
Ablleno realizing tho necessity ot
entertaining these men will do bo in
her usual impresslvo manner A pro-
gram of events Ib now being mapped
out In tho Chamber of Commerce of
flcea and Includes an automobile rldo
of twenty or thirty minutes a band
fanfare nnd other hcrt-snappy pep-
pery attractions. There Will be no
oratory and a condign punishment
will Jie meted out to whosoever tries
any cf tho stuff on the defenseless
men women nnd children of the par-
I A call for fifty owners of automo
biles to voluntner the u&a of their
cars for twenty or thirty minutes la
Issued from tho Chamber ot Com-
merce. Any patriotic Abilene citizen
who wants his city to make a good
Impression on the men it cannot at
ford not to impress should proffer
Secretary Wood Uie use of a car to
haul the visiting tripod-specialists.
Ttiern must be fifty cars and they
I nlIat hn t tha Btatlon n ... Tha
v80r8 wu be turned oogQ frora tUa
r rW6 In iood Ume ao Ihat they way
t R downtown district and moat
. pbone Becretary and oKer yoar
M" tt tne occasion. Do it right
ueDUl Oi J.JIO Itll uuu iu will liun
about twejoty-ftve barrels a day. Over
in the Cushlne field there U a Uf
pool known as the Fox pool. A lew
miles north of the Healdto field ttear
the inland village of Fox waa Immi
vuv of the biggest gas wells ot tfaa
State and Uie Fox territory ia Brew-
4 BANDITS KILLED:
6 TAKEN PRISM
N RECENT SKJRISt
Tk Aswcle-tad Pre.
CHIHUAHUA CITY May 1U Vm
. Ill 1 J J AJA -1..-
Garcia cma am urn nanaovita
eeMa(l te the S 'i5?
triet of DuruRao. lennrihia to
ctel 4Uju-h reeil "
ky Gm. tnsim rroaa Oea. J&vnmm
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The Abilene Daily Reporter (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 20, No. 65, Ed. 1 Wednesday, May 31, 1916, newspaper, May 31, 1916; Abilene, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth317040/m1/1/: accessed December 13, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Public Library.