The Orange Leader (Orange, Tex.), Vol. 58, No. 68, Ed. 1 Wednesday, March 22, 1961 Page: 4 of 22
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The Orange Leader
WEDNCSDAY, MARCH 22, 1961
Cultural Development Moves Ahead Here
Few Texas communities have cultural
roots going any deeper into history than
those in Orange. But only in recent years
have the local resources for such things
become adequate for extensive cultural
development. ' L. *
Pioneers who founded the town
brought along with them the seeds of
culture and they and others who came
« later carefully nurtured those first plant-
Wars, the frontier life, and,a series of
economic disasters kept progress in this
field close to a minimum, but the urge
for cultural development never died away.
Older families here kept the spark alive
throughout the depression and during the
Hectic bqom years of. World War II. And
in the period of economic development
which began here in the late 1940s these
families and others who had been .ip the
comrnunity only a short time launched a
campaign for advancement in the area of
There were several facets of this cam-
- paign, but by far the most successful of
them all the Community Concert7Asso-
ciation.^ In the begining, this organization
was not entirely self-supporting and was
subsidized by Orange families. After sev-
eral years its p op u 1 8 r support become
widespread enough Yofiring it to the poipt
of financial solvency,
The association is currently engaged in
its annual membership campaign, and
again community response is such that its
financial basis and participation in thcf
next concert season are assured.
Unfortunately, the community has not
yet advanced economically to a point "per-
mitting it to provide a wholly suitable
auditorium for the concerts^ The West
Orange School District is helping to bridge
this gap by making available its Carl
Godwin Auditorium. '• '
In time, we will have a .municipal
auditorium, but the association, very for-
tunately, is not waiting on that before
pushing ahead with its Efforts to increase
the number of concerts which it makes
available to us each season.
And the number of concerts is govern-
ed entirely- by the success of the annual
membership campaign. As a means of
assuring that it will not get into financial
difficulties, the association makes no en-
gagements with artists until after the cam-
paign is over.
If you are one who appreciates and
enjoys good music and if you have not
been a membei* of the Community Con-
cert Association in the past, you will be
welcomed into the fold and your member-
shin will helo.to spread over a "broader
segment.-of the community the good in-
fluence on our cultural life which it has
brought over the years it has served us.
N. . .
Research on Texas Election Code Urged
State Democratic Chairman J. E. Con-. Reporting on this, Connally said the
nallv of Abilene is urging a thorough study subcommittee unanimously agreed that
of the voluminous Texas Election Code (he task^s-too great, and the time, too
before any further changes are made. ghort to cornpieu; needed revisions and
any further changes are made.
And there is a lot of merit in his
recommendatiqn. We all know that the
code has serirfus shortcomings. But as
Connally pointed out, an effective, prac-
tical revision of election laws can never
be achieved by hasty patchwork methods.
If the suggestion of the Democratic of-
ficial end others is accepted by the legis-
lature, an interim study committee to
tackle election law problems will be auth-
orised in this session and will -report its
findings and recommendations to the next
corrections at this Session.
The legislative study committee would
consist of five at-large members appoint-
ed by the governor, and five each from
the House and Senate, appointed'by the
speaker and lieutenant governor, Merji-
bers-at-large would have to be persons
experienced in thi conduct of elections.
The present Texas Election Code was
adopted 10 years $go. Since then num-
erous amendments^- have been added by
the Legislature. It was not a good code
* EDITORIAL BY BIOSSAT *
— 1 r "i
New Look Taken at Farm Surpluses
By BRU.CE BIOSSAT ■
Af a meeting in Austin on Dec. 3, the to begin with, and has been made worse
State Democratic Executive Committee hy amendments.
authorized its legal subcommittee to probe And it makes sense to consider get-
into the needs for election law revisions ting along with it until a thorough study
and make recommendations to this ses- can be made and recommendations based
sion of the legislature. ■ . on research are forthcoming .
ACROSS THE EDITOR'S DESK...
Our Situation Looks Good to Arkansas
By J. CULLEN BROWNING
All the evidence that can be mustered suggests
that great farm surpluses will be with us for' at
,least the next generation, no matter what farm
programs government devises.
That they represent a heavy drain on the U.S.
."Treasury is a long established fact. Increasingly,
howsy^r, those concerned with the problem are
trying to find a bright side.
The developing attitude seems to be: "The sur-
pluses are, going to be with us, so" let's use them,
and preferably abroad^ where they can do the
most good." \
Said one agricultural specialist:
"We're a little like a guy With a million dol-
lars. He's got problems. But there are worse ones.
It's better to have too much than too little.
"What, a potential weapon these reserves are for
us in \tha world economic struggle. Think whal
Khrushchev would do if he had them."
With our storage bins groaning with .our excess
production, no one orertends that more than a small
dent has been made thus far. But there has been
Our total farm export! in calendar I960 came
to ai record $4.8 billion, up $800 million from the
Very often, one does not fully realize how for-
tunate he is until a stranger comes along and tells
This waa the case with Orange County two days
Insofar as our economic situation i« concerned
we are, indeed, most fortunate. -
feut not many of us are fully cognizant of the
extent of our good fortune.
Some Of us have a better concept of this than
we had a few days ago because some strangers
came along and compared our situation with theirs.
These people came here by bus all the way
And they were wot nuking the trip for their
health or Just to have a look at the scenery.
They live in one of the economically depressed
areas of the nation about which we have been hear-
ing and reading of late. Their communities are
amoag these which would be eligible for federal
handouts under a bill now pending before Cm-
jeweler who was in the delegation from there said
his firm is having some of the toughest sledding
it has experienced in the 112 years it has been in
business. ' .
He and others I chatted with, made me real
glad I am how in Orange and not back in Camden.
Political News Notebook
But these men were not content to wait around
and see if the federal government would bail them
out. They were on an extensive tour of the Gulf
Coast to see if they might pick up some ideas
and perhaps some business which would help make
their area prosperous again.
It was good to talk to those fellows and to know
that there are still people willing to do a little
bootstrap - pulling instead of waiting around for
Washington to aolve their problems.
It was good to hear them say the things about
our economy which we have been saying through
the columns of your Orange Leader of late.
And 1 sincerely hope that they found here and
in other citiea they visited along the Gulf Coast
something they can take back and use in perking
up their owa economy.
I had a klad of personal Interest In the visit
by the Arkansas delegation to Orange because I
>egan my full-time business career in Camden, one
of the towns represented.
Whto I last saw it in l , just before the Great
Dapresaiaa set in. it was a thriving industrial com-
munity, '. 0 /
Now the refinery at which I worked, while liv-
ing there, has been shut down and dismantled. The
paper mill near the refinery, which operated
aiwiaa the clock, seven days a week, duriag my
stay there, is « l threo-day achedule.
Camden hal1 widespread unemployment and a
' THE ORANGE LEADER
In this connection, the depressed areas bill be-
fore Congress came under sharp attack this week
from the Council of State Chambers of Commerce.
In a nationally circulated news release, the coun-
cil termed this measure "a wasteful and unde-
sirable means" of attempting to relieve economi-
cally distressed areas.
Eugene F. Rinta. the council's directer of re-
search. gave these reasons for the stand taken by
his organization in opposition to the bill:
1. It does not get at the source of the problem.
2. It is discriminatory in several respects.
3. It opens doors t« political pressures and
4. It is oostly though little more than a pilot
What the measure will produce in Rinta's opin-
ion is disillusionment and disappointment for the
unemployed in many distressed areas.
Rinta cited surveys to show something we al-
ready have learned here in Orange County: That
the financial resources which the bill would make
available are not the major factor in attracting an
industry to an area.
The more important factors are proximity to
markets, availability of raw materials; good trans-
portation, low fuel and,.power costs, and a favor-
able business climate.
Tokyo Hums With Talk of New Envoy
By PETER EDSON
TOKYO (KEA)—Nomination of Harvard Prof.
Edwin Oldfather Reischauer as US'. Ambassador
to Japan has been the No. 1 subject of conversa-
tion among American and Japanese official circles
in this capital since it was first hinted at several
There is no responsible opposition to the ap-
pointment here. There is general agreement that it
will b.e wonderful to have an American ambassador
who understands the Japanese psychology and who
can speak the langauage. But there is still the
problem of getting the appointment confirmed by
the U.S. Sentate. This is where the pros and cons
will get an open airing.
Prof. Reischauer is' a Japanese scholar and his-
torian. His book, "United-States and. Japan" .is a
standard reference work; He i* associate director
of the Harvard Center for Far Eastern Studies. He
was born in Japan of American missionary parents.
He is married to a highborn Japanese woman,
Haruko Matsukatd, granddaughter of a Japanese
general and prime minister. She is his second wife,
his first wife having died.
There it a U.S. foreign Service rule that no
American diplomat may marry a foreign - born
woman and serve in the couatry of her birth. There
★ THE DOCTOR ANSWERS ★
Know Types of Birth Disturbances
By DR. HAROLD HYMAN
JMMMa ee tmb aisociatso miii
— Sundojr morning and dolly toch afternoon
_jy, SUA Frtnf Ave.,.* The Orong* Lwrter
The Associated I r# « 1$ entitled exclusively to ttw um
' M«* printed In Hut
well n AP imws ditpotcMt.
Cot trod Jdn I, IW, ot Pott otflco. OronQ*. Tint. Ot
•ocond etott matter und«r Oct ot Cangrett Mgrch 1 HW,
In recent years we've learned that many of the
abnormalities present at birth are not truly con-
genital, in the sense that they're hereditary, but
acquired 1a the sense that they cccurrad during the
To use a word you'll be reading more about In
he near future, they're embryopathy, meaning that
they took place while the developing infant was
resident within the mother's body.
Now let me explain that this differentiation is
no mere hairaplitting, aa you'll understand whea
I give you details of a disturbing letter sent by a
well-meaning mother who, quite understandably, is
uninformed in this complex field of medicine.
The great difference between hereditary and
embryopathic distnibancss lias in the fact that the
latter, being acquired, are not handed down from
generation to generation.
Stated in positive terms, the child who la born
with aa embryopathy defect or deformity will
NOT transmit that defect or deformity to his or
her own chiidrea.
"I am a widow" writes the good mother wljo
brings this subject to our attention, "and I have a
son- Who was bora blind. He bad eight operations
when a child but none of them did any good. We
spent our life's savings on Uiese operations and his
education. Ha is a musician and plays organ and
acoordien. The only income he has is his blind pen-
sion and what little he can make with his music,
v "And now to my problem. He is going to marry
this summer and his fiancee has just partial
. sight. I am afraid that if they should have a child
it might be blind, too. I know what suffering that
would cause parents with small means and a child
who would never see. Is there any medication he
can get that would keep him from being fertile?
-Please help me to this matter?"
I can indeed help you in this matter, dear moth-
er. But not in the way you might imagine.
Sinee yew de net state that either you ar your
husband suffered any visual defect aad your let*
ter Is well written in a firm hand, I am going to
assume that your son's blindness was embryo-
pathy. As such, H is NOT transmissibleto the
next generation. Aad If this la also true of the
partial blindness of his fiancee, aa is most likely,
[ there Is no reason to fear for the flscuai acuity
o( their child or children.
is only one known case of a U.S. Foreign Service
officer having married a Japanese woman.
Foreign Service regulations would not apply to
an ambassador who is not a career diplomat But
the fear of foreign service administrators is that if
Reischauer is' appointed ambassador to Japan, it
will make it difficult to enforce the rule against
career diplomats wanting to marry Japanese
There has been some fear that the Japanese, be-
ing proud and race conscious, would not accept in
the highest social circles a Japanese woman who
had married a foreigner. But there has been no
open objection here to accepting Mrs. Reischauer
as the wife of the American ambassador if the
appointment goes through.
On the contrary, It has been pointed out that it
might be embarrassing for the wives of some
Japanese officials who were not as highborn a*
Mrs. Reischauer and who would be outranked so-
cially by the wife of the American ambassador.
People who remember Mrs. Reischauer say that
befbre her marriage she was quite Westernized or
Americanized in her ways, and that she would not
be accepted as an American.
Other questions being raised in Tokyo concern
Reischauer's own qualifications for the ambass-
It is conceded that his greatest appeal would be
with the intellectualsj^nd the students. These were
elements tjiat played a leading role in demonstra-
tions against ratification of the treaty with the
United States last May, which led to the cancella-
tion of President Eisenhower's visit to Japan. It is
considered important that the United States have
the support of these elements.
\ But it Is pointed out that this should be the
job of a No. 2 man in the U.S. embassy, "Or tRe
head of the U.S. Information Agency — not the
Also, it is said that - if Reischauer as U.S. am-
bassador had to defend American policies which
ran .counter to the views of the intellectuals and
students, he would lose his influence and be ac-
tively opposed by them.
The Job of U.S. ambassador in Tokyo is to in-
fluence the country's business and ruling party
leaders. About 80 per cent of the ambassador's
problems are trade and economic matters, which"
are not Reischauer's specialties.
Against this contention It is argued that a strong
second man in the embassy who could handle
these matters would leave the ambassador free to
influence the factional political leaders who will
play an Increasing role in Japan's future swing
from conservatism to liberalism and democracy!
Another subject not fully explored Is whether
Reischauer could win confirmation from a Seriate
now-alerted by delays over his nomination. He has
written some articles highly critical of American
policy in the Far East.
" Moment of Meditation
The rod and reprqof give wisdom: but a child
left to himself bringeth his mother to shame.
THE OFFBEAT NEWSBEAT ...
ESP Could Help
Poor, Tired Wives
By HAL BOYLE
By JOY STILEY
An Aggrieved Housewife
NEW YORK (AP) - If there'j
anything to this extrasensory per-
ceptios business, I wish I could
figure out how to tune in on my
husbahd's wave length.-
Not that I want to check up on
his thoughts about that little
blonde. It's just that it would be
such a big help in menu planning.
I know whv they call the dinner,
tabdji the "groaning board." No
matter what food I fix, the man,
of the house groans when it ap-
Sears. See,ms it just Wasn't what
e had in mind.
As sure as I've bent over a hot
stove all day preparing a delicate
repast of hummingbirds' .tongues
under, glass, for dinper he in-
forms me in disgusted tones that
he had a hummingbird (6ngue
sandwich for lunch.
If I was out with the girls for
. lunch and hope to sneak by with
just a "cold "tuna fish platter for
the evening meal, that s the day
he reports he was so busy at the
office he didn't have time to eat,
and he is in a real steak-and-
potatoes frame of stomach.
The, next night, in an effort to
make amends, I prepare,, a stuffed
turkey with all the trimmings.
But it's my goose that's cooked!
It seems' he t§ok in an expense-
account' luncheon at the ritziest
place in town and he is more
stuffed than the turkey.
And of course there's always
that day when I clean the refi it-
erator and decide that in the in-
terests of -economy somebody be-
sides me ought io eat the 'eft-
So I throw eyerything into a
pot, hoping to convince the fam-
ily that hash is the fanciest of
As the wives have already
guessed; my husband picks that
night to report at the last moment
he's bringing home a friend,
Always eager to please, I re-
cently prepared a menu with all
my star boarder's favorite foods.
The table- was charmingly a^t.
The children were sternly cau-
tioned not to complain about the
breaded veal cutlets, which they
both dislike as much as their fa-
ther likes them. Homemade corn
muffins were in the oven. A wel-
coming smile wag on . my face.
This would be a dinner to be re-
'It was. ■ . .*
Just when a cheery step should
have been heard on the thresh-
old, an ominous telephone bell
was heard instead.
"So sorry I didn't have a chance
to. call 'you before," my husband
apologized. "I've just • been so
busy at the office I didn't have
time. I'm going to go out now and
grab a sandwich. I'll be home
Maybe ESP Isn't such a good
idtja after all. If he knew what I
was thinking he wouldn't come
home at al.
previous year. Exports of farm commodities have
in fact been running consistently at high levels for
Regular commercial sales and movement of
farm products under the foreign aid program ac-
count for a heavy proportion of this. In addition,
there has been a growing flow of crops and live-
stock under a law adopted in 1954 to help develop
foreign markets. '
This flow includes products involved in dona-
tions. barter deals, sales in foreign currencies,
famine and other emergency transfers. Contin-
uous effort is made to increase it.
All told, farm exports on the-average represent
about 15 per cen of farmers' annual cash receipts
in this country. But the net benefit to farmers may
j be only from a half to two thirds of that figure,
\§mce imports of comparable products partly cancel
You Both Oughta Be Ashamed
Nevertheless, their gain is a clear one. And U.S.
leaders—and^farm experts —' seem heartened that
whatever'enlargment of exports has ^occurred has
not only helped at- home but has served
larger strategic and economic aims abroad.
(EDITOR'S NOTE—Lott week The
1 leader carried on its editorial, page o
lefltr to f.he tdltor from a lady In Pam-
po, Tex,. In which criticized Texons
o* braggart* and dwelled of unpointed
hovtts. Monaging Editor Joe Pnrsley de-
fended the Texanv— h«'s rr native ign—
In hfs Sunday column on the editorial ,
poge. Today another homesick Yonkte
lady takes both writers to task.)
Editor, The Leader:
I have been reading your reply
to the letter of the "homesick Yan-
kee lady." Since I too am a home-'
sick Yankee lady, I might add I
am a wee bit hot under the col-
I think both of you. have been
grossly unfair in your statements.
She never should have criticized
Texas in such a manner. Your
state has a history to be proud of
and I don't really blame you for
getting your back up.
On the other hand, it makes me
ripping mad to hear you so com-
pletely denounce the whole North.
I am fully aware Ot all the many
faults of our Northern states but
they also have lots of good points
As far as unpainted houses
are concerned, I mentioned that
very thing to a neighbor of mine
a few days ago. Now, I ami a grad-
uate interior decorator- and you
can't tell me 1 don't know the dif-
ference between old dilapidated
houses and ones that are specifical-
ly designed to look that way! Very,
very few houses in Orange would
feome under the latter category.
Lets get one thing straight,
though, I arm not writing this let-
ter to uphold the statements of the
lady but merely protesting your un-
fair attitude toward the North.
After all.' the Civil War has been
oyer for some time now. Why can
not people grow upland acknowl-
edge the fact? Both the North-and
South have their advantages and
disadvantages and I, for one, am
willing to let it go at that. How
I would like to see an apology
of sorts, printed, however, since
many of us Northerners are living
here and finding it not much dif-
ferent from our respective states.
My state happens to be Maine and
I am very proud of that ,fact.
-In closing, I w.ould like to. say
one more thing. We are all Amer-
icans and thank God we are priv-
ileged to live in such a wonderful
country. I found out what it means
to be "On the outside" when our
family lived for three long years
Mrs. Lee Shaw
It's begirvirng to look* like the
government would rather trim the
toxpoyer than the budget.
Only one-ninth of an ice-
berg floats above the ocean's
surface, and the submerged
portion creates a great haz-
ard to ships. Some writers
have seriously suggested
towing great polar icebergs
to the American West Coast
as a source of fresh water.
As the berg melted, fresb
water would be available.
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Browning, J. Cullen. The Orange Leader (Orange, Tex.), Vol. 58, No. 68, Ed. 1 Wednesday, March 22, 1961, newspaper, March 22, 1961; Orange, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth330549/m1/4/: accessed February 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Lamar State College – Orange.