The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 8, No. 5, Ed. 1 Wednesday, October 2, 1889 Page: 1 of 4
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ST The AfiiLfeNE Reporter.
ABILENE TEXAS WEDNESDAY. MORNING OCTOBER 2 lfcJ89.
-iatniES do xot ire. xnrox-
OF A RATION'S OIiIOY.
Country. X&tareitlng Btatistlei.
ninlU'ftVuld require 3a4-dairs. to
other words it would require threfc years
to move one season's wheat crop and
.nearly one ycatj to move the cotton
fcSfopYWIien $c Indians cease to
aenrcaate 111 muv acuiuu n. mm u. -deed
what it is fast becoming the great
beef producing region of the continent.
l8 speaking of the cadtyejf the &
counties aliiTded to arid of he western
part of the Stale for the production of
beef the sneaker continued: "This
'sir is; no-fanciful picture to Pe'it a.
Ratify agMf 'reqfuilit. Jstfjlcji
population as the country described can
easily support and the means of trans
portation for its-products."
-' ThVasVernTilage and exhibition here
to-day. verify the' 'truth' of the picture
r have .drawn. The -goyernor men
spoke to the farmers some words of
advice in regard to the borrowings of
mOnWand the mortgaging' Of their
i ' - t - -
crops-.and farms and in tins connection-
stated that one dollar loaned for 100
years at the following rates of interest
.1 .. JJ -MHitftllit aittll nmAlint.
anaCOmpOUIlUCU iiuiiuiuiy nuiiuv
toMftefollowgWmsai the end bt
thetime viz: At 3 per cent. $19.25;
at 6 per cent $345 at 8 per cent
After a few introductory re-
marks the speaker alluded to -Jhe
.present assemblage composed of
klfifeeaUtiful women and stalwait men
in the prime of hfc.-fand the
gray haired pidheers' "df TexW
the older and later citizens of the
State blendine and vieing in harmony
inythe effort to advattfceA the prosper
ityoi uieir sctnuu aim oimi -macnificent
exhibits of the taste and
handiwork of the ladies and the ' pro-.
ducts of the soil. Only a few years
since;the first dwelling' was erected and
the first1 furrow turned' in this and' ad
joining counties and yet we find an
exhibition .in all the concerns of domes-
tic life showing an industry-a refine-
mjnd skf oTwhold
st and most' advanced sections of the
state miehtwell be proud: and a pro
duction of the soil; and improved
breeds of stock "that would put' to
shanie older and more favored parts
of the country; with articles of every
jiici tlint strike the eve in this
ne country' as trvXY ihyBSSs. $
LTlxafiar tile goM aS&
years. When his destiny was first
cast with the counties of Grayson
uihh ii 1 7r-y-sM
"JandBell were not then m existence
The territory comprising these coun-
ties and all the; country west of them
Was an unexplored wilderness and .the
home 'of the: .;red niiuf. Hevhad
sharetf titehVdsliips Vd; toilOf the"
eatl pioneers of the country; the men
and women who through scenes-'of
blood hadblazed meir wayana maue
' the nresentprosperity-'and civilization
v.- . . 1 j r'.i.-l oeei aim
posSibletandl.e:naa;aiwayS nau 9K than hi foice canase-and
i.A.n no r thA tiiriirf ni 1111s iiill 1
U11U IIUC rtO iu ms. mm --1 "
.pe'erit; $85075: at 18 pence-nt.'
.JW -j.-.j- -- r
$iSj4S207;'at 24 per cent $2551
that in his iudement
He then admonished them
there could be
nart than to
;bYr6w mqney andmdgage their
labond'homes to pay th'e same that
it would be far better to work -with
small means and accumulate by de
crees thanto resort to borrowing.He
then a nuaea to wna ne cohucivcu- w
Of Texas.. In 1877 in congress
' while jn 'advocacy of the Texas and
Pacific railroad measure he 'had de-
scribed the counties bordering on the
proposed line of road- and then saidt
j'And still first to prove that the in-
. " ivestmenls for the construction of these
lines would be a profitable one and
that-the Rovernment would be se
cured;" I.mention the fact that thirty-
three counties in the State of Texas
bordering- on the proposed line f
road averaging more than 900 square
miles to the cbunty and all that por-
tion of the Vsfate west of the 100th
meridian and' extending from the Rio
Grande north to. the :KansaS boun-
$ dary would be almost entirely depend'-
; riant on the Texas and Pacific and the
llM Vmi'ta branch for commercial faqli-
ties. It IS -wormy ot consmerauou
Unt- 1ip!j thirtv-three counties are-
among the most inviting for settle-
ment and production of any in our
whollf State It is not .going beyond
t)ie truth jtoasserttHaNfpr beattty ofv
sgenery of "mountain' hill and dale
crystal flowing waters beautiful val-
cy& and brpad rolling plains- the coun-
ty alluded to has np superior "on this'
Ttis within the bounds' ot
be a great error with many farmers in
attempting to put in large farms and
the cultivation-of more ground .than
iheir force' would enable them'' to cul-
snpuiu rai&c-uu. his . wu'j'B!
needdd for his own support as Jar .as
possible. v His .crops shpjild . be diver-
sified. He should raise his own pork
beef and mutton and no more cotton
show the capacity of Taylor pounty
mules lumber aud shingles cotton and
cotton seed oil products the whole
amounting to $13000000. The
speaker ventured the prediction that
in' the report of 1889 the total
would be $aoooooooo.Thcre was one
great drawback to the agricultural in-
terests of the country and while he
would not wish to be considered as
obtruding ..political questions onf an
"occasfoS lW'tiie presenile left tf to
be a duty to present to the considera-
tion of the people that action of the
general. goxehiment that militates
of the nation and which promotes the
interests of a favored class. One of
the political parties of the present
dav claims that from 184710 1861
which was under low tariff was a free
trade period. The tariff of 1857 re-
duced the duties on foreign imports to
an average of about 20 per cent and
I ihe tiin'ff act of 1861' raised ittp .aboujj
45 per cent and actsisince then to an
average of about 47 per cent. Bearing
these figures in mind it is easy to de-
'teirmme the effect of these laws upon
tere'sts. The speaker quoted from a
speech delivered by him in congress
n 1887. Beeinninc itt 1850 and pro
ceeding under a just system of revenue
laws.tmtil x 860 the value of farms ad-
lvanced1'frqm' $3i423.x63.o64 to $6-
8ox.i6.76. and on live stockjbra
like.period advanced &om. $544180;-.
rcrelisbf jipoipericent- JtoratjJi?o&
tb 1870 under aviciouS tariff law the
value ot farms advanced to $9599r
682200-and the value of live stock
3$MMa6543 and the value of
products" reported for the first time in
the census $2447538.6S8' This de
cade witnessed.! reduction in the rela-
tive -advaricer in the .valueof food)
the previous-ten. years of-.at Jeast 60
per -cent the increase in 1870'; in each
SCHOOL BOOKS 1
We have the Latest Stook of
WALL PAPER 1
in West Texas and will compete with any market.
yfe haye the Most Complete Stock of ....'... !k
School Books and School Supplies
in the Abilene Country and will save you money on these articles.
We are headquarters for Drugs Druggists Sundries Toilet Articles Artist
fiktekais Fain&tQite and WinOW; Glass ppme.jtq.see.us bpforeyouuy.
; ? -' -. -s s . i . ' -f 1 1 1 ' 1 1 .1
R. 8. TDTTIE. w; JT. JX MILLE1
truth to say that two-thirds' of the soil
is of the richest and most productive
' .. . ..j..--i-k i.::..rfJ C(
character easily urougHtjmu..uH. Abene ld
tioii and which if not properly cultt- commg
ated in cotton with an average yield mensabusness .of $5oooc
' .. u ninfnri mn seem too ss
of one-half bale to the acre wou.u
produce 6336000 bales per annum"
toeing 1336.00 bales more than the
Entire crop of the .United States for
m the yews 1877-76 or the same
amount of land was cultivated in
.t.Dl wtth an average. ofltbusbeltf
pie&eratesuraitS f Jhfit
region we should haye the enormous
amount of 10080000 bushels per
annum which at the rate of 350 busjw
to the car and Q 'to the tefe
.tut aA trains a day would require
rtiodavs ana nignw w wurviv
he had prepared some figures 'which
he thought worthy of their attention:
This county contains 575000 acres oi
land one-fourth of this cultivated in
cotton aba-c half'i bale-! .to; the acre-
would produce 72000 bales of cotton
This at $50 per bale would make $1-
800000 One-fourth cultivated in
wheat at 15 bushels per acre would
make2ji6Ppoo bushelS at 75 cents
per bushelwould be $ii5?4000; -0ne-eighth
of the whole cultivated in corn
at 30 bushels .to the acre at 20 cents
per bushel-would make $43200. And
nne.eichth in oats at 50 bushels per
acre and 20 cents a bushel would
make $720000. This .would leave one-
fourth for gardens" 'for vegetables
fruits and pasturage. " It is estimated
that the cattle horses mules and mut-?
tons would make $1506000 more;
'that the hay fruit and' vegetablesf"and
wool would make another $1500000
and the increase in the value of grain
itumedjnto flower and fedtp stock
'would make. $1000000 more.making
the value amount to $1.0266000; one-
tliird of this deducted for home con
sumption and home use Jeaves.$6884
'r- i tl.iU" 'ffin-lnti' innli.
ooo ior expuiuuwfi.-. .- v.. v.j..r
cable to this county applies with equal
force to the four or five surrounding
counties. With such a traue ana
uifce Abilene would do an im-
- " .J -
picture may seem too sanguine and
overdrawn but the "marvelous prog"-
trress and development uof some of
thecounties east of this with no greater
fertilitvof soil and' resources induces.
.7- - - . - - ' -
the ueliei tnaisucn apruspcm mj
ciise.' being only 40 per cent of the
value of i860. From 1860 to 1870
we find farms .worth- $10709966634
being 9 percent increase onlyover
;their iyalue of ten years oeiore ana
;find Me stock worth $11500348707
being less by nearly; $25 000600 thaii
the value of 1870 and the value of
products is found to be $2212540-.
927 being 'less than the product of
1870 by more than $230000000.
Contrast the decay and depression of
the agricultural iriterestspf the coun-
try as exhibited by these figures with
the advance and growth of manu'fac-.
tures of the same period. In 1885
there were 12302"; manufacturing es-
tablishments with a capital of $533.-
245357 and a product of$i 109 106-
616. In i886n there were 253852
establishments with a capital of $2-
7092 736061 and aproductjof $5-'
369579.9 1.- Over tnertour aecaaes
and especially since ' 1869 interests
have constantly prospered? have in-
creased in number; capital "and value
of products. In 1885 the value of
products exceeded - the capital nearly
Tnn.r fpnt. In i860 the value of
.products over .capital was more than;
"ioo j?er cent andilias increased inythe
same ratio in 1870 and 18.80. llus
good fortune to the manufacturing
lords was notan accident but a specific
reSUll Olf Wlisa jicjjia.aiiu... .-
The arrangement of the
for to-day is as fpllpWs.: "
10:00 a. m. Draft stallions...
10:30 a m. Draft rriares or geld-
ings. - '.: . ' '" '
iv.op a-m.Draft colts -orfilheS.
11:30. All purpose stallion's.
12:00 m. All purpose mares or geld-
12:30 p. m. All purpose cons ana
1:60 p. m. Base ball.
2;3P. Onp-fourth. pAile dash; " " '
3:00 p. m. 2:50 trot.
4110 p. m. Half-mile dash.
The terribles wiHparade at 10 a.
t 'T-.nh1 niit forlhe wild 'buir'atid-
tbegreat um'slppogus.Tjiis a grat
feature and you cannot afford to miss
seeing it.' '- 'wnr .
Do Voiineed'elasses? Have your
eyes tested by E. L. Ritch the big
watch jeweler andopUcjonr
D. W WristenWtinvites visitors at
tlie.fair to his place ot business auring
their stay' in Abilene. He sells
"groceries as cheap Wthe! cheapest.
)His house is handsomely decomted
and .youSviirdo well 'io call- and see
B. J. MILLER.
mm mos; a wm
JOBBERS ANI BKXAjrXESS IN .. 7
urnitiiM arid Queensware
''J v - t
Water Sets ..
Chafiiber Sets . . :
t'n'.f .'. . - :'-''.
- Bread Plates ij;..j
Fruit Stands 3
' '' -' i ' 3V1$ .H4l)Ht?i.4K'
' f :
'-A - t-fkf
.Picture. Frames -4
"'-' Etcn titc
Lamp Chimneys r' '
Cuspidores... . ;:
John II. Jones
tt i. ' Kt
Manufacturers aiad. dealers in
Boys' jersey knit suits and latest de-
sicnes in cloaks- and sacks for Jadies
;and Misses.will be shown by J. W.Red
& Co's this week. ' 37-tf-
Mrs. M. K. Saviers has just received
froitrthe latest a stock of materials
for all kinds of fancy work including
zephyrs arrasenes chenilles wasli
silks etc also stamped linen work.
Brown I say 3ones Why do you
look so happy of late ? Is your wife
visitinc. relatives ?
Jones Why liaye'nt you heard of
Miller Bros. & Tuttle's excelsior mat
tresses and patent steel bed springs?
That's what did it. -
Remember that J. W. Red & Co
make it a point to please their patrons
both in goods and prices and when you
are1 in search Of anything really nice
you will find it at their house. A gen-
uine treat' awaits all who visit this
house; for the finest goods (as well
as a large stock of staples) evership-;
ped to West Texas will De on tneir
shelves. 4 36'tf;
"Music by the band at E. L. Ritch
the big watch jeweler. 39-w.d.
Adair & Clark can sell you a silver
thimble from 35 cents to $1.00 each
1 t ' i ' '
Sash Blinds Mouldings BicVEtc
ABILENE TEXA.S. .
Hes in the next quarter ran - w"x
tihtcrolakye market ft"
tury. In this connection it may oe
well to allude to the first annual re-
port of the .commissioner of ;agricul-
tHrVoPthistftte which wa for Uie
vear 188. but not publislved until
.te vnr. The severe drouth of 1887
iA .i. nneAvL vair malce tkll'bM
poor IBJXHI. w;imi m.w- l ; rn
ofjthe Mite. .Tjiis renoricis
riot earn IChut it was g'tven'.Uiern witltj The Texas & Pacific will run special
out. This is the result ot an unnat-
mral .conditio!) ofNthings(jand is abnor
mal anu cannot-oc"iHuimauicu tw.i
by injustice and oppression.
"Hie speaner cohuuucu Ma '""M
on this question-by saying that all that
were needed to make the agricultural
interests of the country prosperous
were just and equal laws by the gen-
eral nvefnment!and fair and" liberal
laws at home. Capital and laborjihpuR
i..'Li?..im ni.i.ft"anrtnn hne claw
'.!:l-j'''4i.jlBnrnfn nlT another.
He- alluded to the Texas pf long ago
it recent nast. its peaceful present its
unity oi jnf. w"1""
dress by calling attention to the con-
federate spldlm day. at the Dallas
fiOr.and syokkb$tf of the disalkd
and lndige se of the confedcr-
bU pmuim. . ( ii .
traiss from Cisco everyday during the
fair ' - .. .
Visitors at the fair are invited to
come and see the Reporter office
while here. "
All Goods Sought
Of Miller Bros. & Tuttle are de-
Remember that the Reporter job
department turns out first-class work.
Abstract of LMd Tltlis
MoKean & McCabe building: ?ino Street
Buy and Sell
Wheat Oits Rye Haj Bran Etc.
Goods' delivered promptly to any
part of the city.
1 furnish complete abstracts of tide
to all' real property JB'Ta'ylor county
Texas at rensonable figures. Have
your titles peuecr.anu save uouuic
H. A TILLETT
Office Cor. I'Hwa. North Smd
Who desire to borrow woney in any amounts will do well to call on U'
undersigned who- loan at the very
and chaVgeNO COMMISSION whatever Interest payable cither mm
o'r semi-annually as desired. Money always on hand and no delay m BMb;
loans through. -.-.
FARMSRANCHES aj.d cm TOOHERTV KORSALB;
GEO. W JtLaxuja. mwjfn v .
k (1 ic vy- i ...' xt ...- x
.ihm && auBMw BaBa '
1 wt n nowwi
nuwUeroTcMtto th trin Rd o
irui for tYry hour of 0 day and
1H &k . U Mich. I AW WW. 's
Md wool mth oUU horn whi
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Hoeny, John, Jr. The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 8, No. 5, Ed. 1 Wednesday, October 2, 1889, newspaper, October 2, 1889; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth330633/m1/1/: accessed February 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Public Library.