The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 10, No. 3, Ed. 1 Friday, January 16, 1891 Page: 1 of 8
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The Abilene Reporter.
ABILENE TEXAS FRIDAY MORNING JANUARY 16 1891.
Ealm I utr la'fi'i cheb Vdb caJaHOHa
The Law-Makers and Applicant for
Places Here In Force and Steadi-
J ly Growing in Number.
Hore About Appointments and who
"Will Got There."
Special l'orrcioiuleiit to the IUroitTKit.
Austin Texas January 10. 1891.
-yThe trains from the north south
--feast and west that tor several days
have been pouring into this city more
than their usual contingent of stran-
gers are now fairly loaded down with
their human freight. Legislators as-
pirants for places in both houses ap-
plicants for appointments under the
new regime in the several departments
men with private and puWic matters
to be legislated upon many people at-
tract :d by the occasion others by
business considerations and others
aain by what is noised abroad about
the solid prosperity of Austin and her
great enterprises lately set on foot
opening up steady work and profitable
trade and investments all are here
aAl more continually coming among
them many who had left here recently
and located elsewhere and have now
come back for what the present and
Aunts Tex. Jan. 13. The senate
.was called to order at 1 2 o'clock to-
day president pro tern Burgess pre-
siding and as soon as Dr. Smoot had
pronounced a brief invocation settled
down to business. Twenty-five mem-
bers answered to their names. ' Presi-
dent Burgess administered the oath to
the new senators.
Senator Tyler offered a resolution
protiding for the election by ballot of
a secretary of the senate an assistant
secretary a journal clerk and assistant
calendar clerk engrossing clerk enroll-
ing clerk sergeant-at-arms and assis-
tant doorkeeper and assistant and
champlain each to receive $5 per
diem. Second that (lie lieutenant
governor shall appoint a postmaster
and one general committee clerk to
receive $5 per diem; also five pages
and five porters to receive $2.50 per
day; also that the chairman of each of
the following committees appoint a
clerk for their respective committees
who shall receive $ per day: Judi-
ciary No. 1 judiciary No. 3 finance
interval improvement and educa-
tion Senator Tyler nominated A. AI.
Kennedy of Limestone for secretary of
the senate. Mr. Glasscock nominated
K AI. Bacon of Travis. The ballot
resulted in Kennedy's election by a
vote of twenty to four.
Senator Glasscock nominated J. K.
Lane of Williamson for assistant sec-
retary; Senator Suuukins nominated
C AI. Caloway of TravU and Senator
Ingram nominated V. C. Reynolds of
Harris. The vote Stood Calloway
13; Lane 8. and Reynolds 4
Senator Sims nominated J M.
Drown of Travis for journal clerk and
Air. Glasscock nolninatcd W. L.
Nuckol also or Travis. The ballot
stood Brown 245 Nuckol 3.-
Fur assistant journal clerk Alcssrs.
Alosely or Burnett and Wdrks. of Ellis
were placed in nomination. The for
mer was elected by a vote of x6 to 1 1 .
R. G Childress of Bosque was
elected calendar clerk without opposi-
tion. W. G. Weaver of Cooke was elected
engrossing clerk and AI. F. Stritt-
maker of Johnson enrolling clerk the
latter without opposition.
The same was true of Capt. Brewer
AI. B. Boggs was elected doorkeeper
on the fourth ballot having three
The post of assistant door-keeper
went to Albert Alorrell.
Dr. Smoot of Austin received a
unanimous vote of the senate for
The newly elected officers having
all taken the Oath the president de-
clared the senat:rduly opened for bus-
iness. On motion of Siiator Alaltz a com
mittee was appointed to wait upon the
governor and inform him the senate
was ready for busmess as follows:
Senators Clemens Seale aria Potter.
On motion of Senator Harrison a
committee was appointed to wait on
the house for the same purpose as
follows ; Senators Weizger Harrison
Senator Stephens offered the fol-
lowing resolution which was referred
to the printing committee :
Resolved That the senate in con-
junction with the house instead of the
pamphlet daily record heretofore
printed to the number of 3000. 1000
tor the senate and 2000 for the house
take in the same proportion 3000
copies daily of the Austin Statesman
containing the official matter of the
procedings of both houses as furnished
said Statesman set in type by the state
contractor; said papers to be mailed
from the Statesman office at its ex-
pense as the members of the senate
and house may direct; said 3000 copies
to be paid for at the rate of 2 cents
apiece and that the senate appoint a
sub-committee of three members to
act in conjuction with a like commit-
tee on the part of the house of repre-
sentatives to confer with the proprie-
tors of the Statesman and to report
their action .to the senate and house
of represctatives immediately and that
such commjttce report upon the ad-
visability immediately ofaccepingsaid
The following was offered by Sena-
tor Glasscock and was adopted :
Resolved That the senate be gov-
erned and controlled by the rules
adopted by the Twenty-first senate
until otherwise ordered or changed by
Adjourned until to-morrow at 10
Austin Tkx Jan. 13 Promptly
at t2 o'clock Secretary of State Aloore
rapped the house of representatives of
the Twenty-second legislatur6 to order.
Secretary Imborden called the roll.
During the call of the roll a large mul-
titude assembled in the galleries and
on the floor in the rear of the members
seats viewing the spectacle presented
by the opening of a legislative assem-
The roll call disclosed tlic presen'c&of
a quorum which was so declared by the
presiding officer. .
The secretary then administered the
oath to the members sfandfnj' in their
When the members had been sworn
in prayer was offered by Rev. Father
Heith president of St. Edward's Cath-
olic college at Austin.
Nominations for speaker being an-
nounced as the first step in order the
honorable A. L. AIcKinney placed the
name of J. N. Browning before the
house. Air. AIcKinney's speech was an
excellent one representing Browning as
a man of incorruptible integrity with
experience and great parliamentary
knowledge and as a man of large
body large head large heart and
considering the portion of the state from
whence he came simply immense.
The soecch was short and well re-
ceived. Tom Brown next in a vigorous
speech presented the name of Robert
T. Alilner of Rusk for speaker. Mr.
Alilner sal the orator came from no
section no party. He hails from Texas
and is a man who. as sneaker will
honor Texas by his fairness and char-
acter. Air. Brown's speech was also
short and highly tulogistic.
James W. Swayne of Fort Worth
next arose and in a rattling speech
that called out great applause second-
ed the nomination of Air. Browning.
The speech was one of the best during
the day. Then Representative Jerdcn
of Hill county seconded the nomination
Air King of Bell county in an able
effort seconded the nomination of
Browning predicting that he would
yet occupy a position higher .than
Air. Gossett of Kaufman next rose
to second the nomination of Milner.
There was a great deal of grand elo-
quence in Air. Gosselt's effort who
wound up by assuring the house that
he loved not Cassar less but Rome
Following Alr.Gossetl came a very
pretty effort by A. K. Swan of Hen-
rietta in seconding the nomination of
Browning. Air. Swan reviewed die
early career of Browning eulogizing his
courage manhood and ability. Allu
sion was made to the Orderly and gen-
tlemanly character of the contest. Air.
Swan thought the Panhandle was enti-
tled to something having never ob-
tained any share of political honors
that ought to be.
The next speaker was Air. Truitt of
Shelby who seconded Milner's nomi-
Baker of Tom Green moved that
the house do now proceed to balloting
The motion carried. "Tellers were ap-
pointed and the count showed Alilner
53 Browning 50 votes. Air. Alilner
was then declared speaker of the house
of the Twenty-second legislature.
ReprescntatrveJiVurzbach and Ba-
ker were appointed to escort Alilner
to the chair which they did amid
cheers from the house.
AIr.Af finer appeared somewhat ner-
vousas!he' came forward and faced
the hoiisel The oath was administered
and the new speaker took his seat. lit
a brief speech of thanks for the great
linnnr -rnfrrit Mr. Mlt("f nrud a"
high compliment to the merits fivr
character Qf his opponent ana in tnc
usual form begged the indulgeance of
tlie house He called attention to the
fact that questions of grave interest
would 'come up during the session
and should be met in fairness
It was then moved by Air. Swan to
For sale at Sharp's stable Abilene
Texas a car load of the finest Jacks
ever offered for sale in this State. Par-
ties wishing to buy will find it to their
interest to come and examine our stock
for we can suit you in age color size
and prices. We mean business. Come
quick if you want a bargain in Jack
stock. We will only remain here until
the first day of February
HUTCHISON & PARMER.
proceed to organize by the election
of the usual house officers.
A motion to adjourn until three
o'clock then carried. Swan's resolu-
tion introduced before dinner provided
for the election of the following offi-
cers of the house to-wit : Chief clerk
reading clerk assistant reading clerk
journal clerk assistant journal clerk
sergeant-at-arms with assistant calen-
dar clerk enrottffig clerk engrossing
clerk postmaster doorkeeper and
assistant chaplain each to receive
five dollars per diem.
Jones of Panola moved to omit
assistant reading clerk from the reso-
lution as needless. Air. Jones amend-
ment was the first move made in the
direction of economy and retrench-
ment. It went by the board.
A motion carried limited nomina-
ting and seconding speeches in the
case of house officers to two minutes
Clayton of Kaufman placed S. H.
Dixon in nomination for chief clerk.
Aloody secinded the nomination.
There beinir no onoosition Mr. Dixon
was elected and sworn in.
Cochran of Dallas named George
Finger of Tarrant for reading clerk.
Air. Finger had no opposition and his
resonant voice will resound through
the hall of representatives for the next
There being three candidates placed
in nomination for assistant reading
clerks to-wit: W. E. Jaynes John
R. Head and B. T. Todd. It was
demanded that each candidate should
read a few minutes from the Federal
constitution m' order to show how well
he could reid
Air. Jaynes having displayed supe-
rior elocution won the suffrage of the
house. Mr. James hails from Grayson.
Air. D. Burney was elected without
opposition as journal clerk. He filled
the same position in the last legisla-
ture and hailed from Atascosa.
William Lambert of Houston was
elected assistant journal clerk without
There was a lively scramble for ser"-'
geant-at-arms finally resulting in the
election of J. S Boggs of Kaufman
Boggs won over four other candidates.
A. C. Alurray -of Burleson was
elected assistant sergeant-at-arins.
The house then adjourned.
No Serlons Race .Problem.
The Dallas News has greater faith
m the American people than many of
the papers that devote space to tne
race problem. The News sees noth-
ing yety serious in the question and
sums it up briefly and sensibly as fol-
lows: The special correspondent of the
London Tunes' has furnished tha pa-
per with some facts and estimates re-
lating to the numbers of whiles and
negroes in the United States and upon
these it proceeds to discuss the race
question m the southern states saying
that it ' is more than a question of pol-
itics. It invites us to look ahead for
one Or two generations and predict if
we can the future of these southern
stajtes where the negro is multiplying
far more rapidly than the whites. In
four states Virginia the Carolinas
and -Georgia the black population
has increased 3534 per cent the
whites only 220.1 per cent in the last
hundred years. The colored popula-
tion has grown from 5491597 td" 2492-
358 the whites from 923385 to 2-
966111. This comparative rate of
increase continues although negro im-
migration has long ago ceased and
the black race is shorter lived than the
white. A moderate and trustworthy
statistician estimates that by the year
1900 the negroes in eight stated the
Carolinas Virginia Georgia Florida
Alabama. Louisiana and Mississippi
will number 6440000 as against a
white population of 5912000. By 1910
the same authority calculates the color-
ed element will have increased to
7695000 while the whites stand
at 6635000. Thus if there were
nothing else in the problem than the
automatic operation of what appear
to be natural laws of increase the
American who believes in preserving
the superiority of his own race might
well regard the future with dread."
Scarcely even then. Sectionalism may
not continue another generation and
is it not plain reasomnc that a cer
tainty existing in the minds of the
whites in the north that their race's in-
terests are not endangered is the only
fact that could reconcile them to a
policy which to some extent pits the
negro against their own race that is
to say politically as to the southern
state;? Let .the race feel endangered
and it acts as a unit or else race in-
stinct would not be what it it is. The
northern whites of the United States
would lose that complacency with
which they heard of the political trou-
bles of their fellow-whites with negro
majorities did they not know that the
whole question is safe enough in their
hands whenever real race interests re-
quire protection. Besides in the
Times' closing remark there is an "if"
of no mean importance. There is a
great deal in the problem other than
natural local increase of population.
Evidently the southern states are on
the eve of a great peaceful incursion
of settlers. These will not come from
Africa but mostly from the northern
states and next in order from Europe.
The statistician who gives the negroes
a mere million majority in eight states
collectively some twenty years hence
could infusi: no alarm into any ivch
regulated mind even were there no
offset but immigration will put an en-
tirely different face upon the popula-
tion and the country. The sympathy
of the northern whites could be count-
ed ttpon were that necessary but it
will not be necessary. All this country
w ill be more than ever a white's qoun-
try with industrial appliances of in-
creasing complexity requiring tlie
white man's intelligence in the hand-
Lech or a r I?V we'P" determined prosecution
opinions Wild be levised on that sub
jeet. AfUch ink and paper is wasted in
discussing "the race problem" without
touching any race problem. Things
which have a natural existence never
fail to assert themselves. While whites
act against whites where the negro is
concerned it is self-evident that no
race question has come into play; that
no danger is apprehended by lhet race
in a racial sense. Should conditions
become worse the racial defensive in-
stinct will be awakened in good time
and it vrtll speak for it "It will be the
decisive factor with which the prophets
of gloom haye not reckoned. Its es-
sence is that it is co-extensive with
the race. Now one sees the negro
race instinct greatly alive; the white
man's not at all alert in countries
where all is secure but quick in the
settlements in Africa and Asia.
The Dallas elevator company says
of prices of wheat corn and oats:
Wheat during past week has been
fluctuating in values and would no
doubt have advanced had not the visi-
ble supply increased a million bushels.
The legitimate trade continue and
there is still no doubt that all the
wheat both visible and invisible will
be needed for consumption by the
time the new crop is ready for market.
The growing crops especially in Texas
promise a large )ield.
Corn continues in demand and prices
are tending upwards again and no
doubt will advance in value. We call
attention to the fact that while it was
expected that the visible supply in the
United States at the end of the year
would likely show about half the quan-
tity of the year previous it is in fact
less than one-third what it was then
and a country to supply with corn
that formerly were exporters.
Oats move slowly owing to values
but still fast enough to consume all we
have in the United States by July at
full prices and we look for decrease
in the visible supplv by the end of
I January. The demand for seed oats
is increasing and there will be a good
demand from this till after sowing
time if we have favorable weather.
West Texas has not had so much
rain for many years. The farmers of
this country are jubilant over the
prospects and all agree that they have
the finest season in the ground they
have yet had. The Gazette on this
subject correctly says :
- The present season means a great
grain crop for north and northwest
Texas this spring. What other coun-
try on earth has such varied agricul-
tural resources as the northern half of
jdie Lone Star state? Cotton corn
wheat oats millet barley sorghum
vegetables fruits berries all these are
grown to success. When one crop
fails there is not total loss. Should
all crops fail there is livestock to
maintain the farmer
A few more legal hangings would
do as much for immigration in Texas
as a few miles of railroad and a
great deal more. Fort Worth Gazette
The Gazette has always advocated
of criminals. The acquital of a man
charged with the heinous crime of
murder undef the flimsey pretext that
his victims was in the act of reaching
in his hip pocket for a gun and
frequently that pretext supported only
by two or three witnesses who are
relatives to the criminal must be made
a thing of the past
ForRekt Prof. J.' R. Cole's rcsw
dencc on North First stretjapply to
Cockrell & Cockr.ell. ' a-a
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Hoeny, John, Jr. The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 10, No. 3, Ed. 1 Friday, January 16, 1891, newspaper, January 16, 1891; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth330693/m1/1/: accessed November 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Public Library.