The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 10, No. 32, Ed. 1 Friday, August 7, 1891 Page: 2 of 8
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AisWtrt to the tni $tra fr
All Swtieiw Asking f Ifr-
afcttai AWt tko Aki-
In the last fetf wcelcs. We have re
ccived hundreds of letters from all sec
lions of the United States asking In-
formation about Abilene and the Abi-
lene country. The questions asked
arc almost as numerous as the writers
nd to save time we have concluded
to attempt an answer to all questions
at once and through the columns of
The Abilene countrv occupies a cen-
tral position in the state of Texas and
is reached best by the Texas & Pacific
R. R. which runs through the middle
of this country. Abilene which is the
most important city in the Abilene
country and in fact the headquarters
for this vast territory is on the Texas
& Pacific railroad 300 miles west of
Among the best counties of the Abi-
lene country are Taylor Nolan Jones
Fisher Stonewall Haskell and Calla-
han. Of these counties the railroad
runs! through Taylor Nolan and Calla-
han but the others lie in convenient
distance of the railroad. Abilene is
the county seat of Taylor Sweetwater
of Nolan Anson of Jones Roby of
Fishej Haskell of Haskell Rayner of
Stonewall and Baird.of Callahan.
It was Taylor that took the first
premium over all. the balance of the
counties of the state for its agricultural
exhibit at the State fair at Dallas in
1889. It was also'. Taylor county that
took the first premium for its fruit and
vegetable exhibit' at the Spring Palace
at Fort Worth in 1890.
A diversity of crops art grown all
over the Abilene Country and fre-
quently corn cotton wheat oats bar-
ky rye and sorghum are grown the
same season by the same farmer in
the same field. Cora produces from
25 to 60 bushels per acre cotton from
1-3 to 1 bale per acre wheat from 1 5
to 30 bushels per acre oats from. J40
to 100 bushels per acre. All the grain
and forage crops yield abundantly.
Watermelons muskmelons potatoes
and all other vines do remarkably well.
Some of our farmers tell about melons
having.been raised that weighed Over
loo pounds. Peaches and plums grow
splendidly in fact in all our experience
we have never seen a better country
for these fruits. Berries grapes and
apricots do well too. Pears and apples
have only' been tried to a limited
Stock of all kinds do well but horses
and mules particularly so. A great
many fine horses and jacks have been
brought to the Abilene 'country from
Kentucky Missouri and elsewhere and
now as fine horses and mules are being
raised as anywhere in the United
States The grasses are excellent for
horses and mules and make flesh and
bones without surplus "bellies." The
climate is fine for them and the stock
raised here are healthy aod strong and
possess great endurance power. Their
feet are good and the limbs shapely
m tact a finer horse or mule cannot
be produced anywhere than the one
raised in the Abilene country. Cattle
have been bred up too and the "Texas
longhorn" has wholly disappeared.
No minerals of value have yet been
discovered in the Abilene country in
feet; the people who live here only
claim it to be a first-class agricultural
country good to raise fine stock in.
Timber for .fire purposes is plentiful
the mesquite being principally used
for this purpose. But there is a great
variety of timber growing on the creeks
as burr oak pecan walnut Cottonwood
and cedar grows on the hills and
used principally for fencing.
Lumber of all kind is as cheap in
Abilene as any other interior city in
the state in fact Abilene is what is
ksowo as a common railroad point
and all kinds of freight are .laid down
as cheap m Abilene as in Dallas Fort
Worth or any other interior city.
There is excellent clay for brick and
fine stone for building purposes. The
Abilene brick have a reputation all
over the state and it is said by the best
layers that a superior class of brick
cannot be manufactured elsewhere.
There are a great number of beau-
tifel streams all through the Abilene
country and they are full of fine fish
160 such as trout black bass perch
wxl the various other Wwids. The
ttcattu north of the Texas & Pacific
railroad run in a northwcrteraly direc-
tion. and for the most part flow into
Good wells of the finest water are
abundant everywhere at a depth of
from as to ioo.fcet deep.
Lands are very fertile and easily cul-
tivated. The prevailing soils are black
stifT black sandy reddish alluvial a.ld
chocolate. Some of you may not
know it but the rich river bottom of
the Brazos river in southern Texas
have been formed from the washings
of this country. This reddish alluvial
soil is very deep in' this country and
very rich too.
Lands arc easily prepared for culti
vation in fact the cost of grubbing the
mesquite and preparing the land is
only about two to three dollars per acre
and the wood taken off is worth nearly
that much. Besides good crops of
sorghum and cotton can be produced
the first year. Corn does not do so
well on new land. When once grubbed
the sprouts never come again and
there arc no roots to contend with as
the mesquite grows straight down.
Consequently improved machinery can
be used which enables a man to culti-
vate a great deal more land than in
many of the older countries where it is
impossible to Use improved machinery.
Then too the land does .notget foul
here with weeds and grass as it does
in the east. We know of a number of
farms where one man cultivates as
much as a hundred acres with the aid
of improved machinery.
There are no public lands or school
lands as they are generally called val-
uable for farming purposes left in the
Abilene conntry. But the finest qual-
ity of farming lands convenient to the
railroad to schools and churches can
be bought on easy terms from private
owners at from $5 to $6 per acre.
Pasture land can be bought much
Taxation is low the average rate of
state and county throughout the Abi-
lene country being from 60 to 80 cents
on the $100 worth of property. Prop-
erty is assessed generally at about half
its value and you can readily see how
low taxes are.
Public free schools are maintained
at convenient places throughout the
country. Churches are convenient
too. Roads could not be better and
all the important streams have been
The country is settled with an intel-
ligent class of American born white
A man is not ostracized on account
of his politics in fact a good republi-
can is just as welcome in the Abilene
country as a good democrat. A man's
moral worth and true manhood is what
counts in the Abilene country and not
his religious or political belief.
In our next issue we will answer the
letters in regard to Abilene and we will
be pleased to answer any other ques-
tions that may be asked about the Abi-
1 i '
Layering Plants and Shrubs.
Sometimes parties have a nice shrub
rose or other plant they desire to in-
crease and have none of the conven-
iences of the florist or gardner to per-
form the operation: Of course there
are some things such as the common
lilac that sucker and 'spread all too
rapidly for the tree's! own good. There
are others however that rarely or nev-
er send out 'rooter shoots from the
ground; almost any of this class of
plants by layeriug may be made to
root. Some things root as soon as
the branches touch or get below the
ground others except when wounded
in any way when the root action takes
place. The operation of layering is
simple. It consists in selecting a shoot
that is near enough to the ground to
have part of it buried three or four
inches below the soil with the grow-
ing tip six inches to a foot if a shrub
and if a small plant two or three joints
with leaves to project in the air-
All leaves are taken from the part
to be buried and a slit made slanting
upward half way through the wood
which on bending below the soil will
form a sort of tongue. Nature in her
'.efforts to heal the wound farms de-t
posit over the wounded part and the
check to the circulation induces root
action in the part buried. After a
. time these roots become strong enough
to sustain the young plant when sever-
ed from Us parent and the result is a
young plant exactly familiar to the pne
it was taken from. It is on the prin-
ciple of a slip or cutting formed into a
distinct new plant with the'additiori of
the services of the mother plant to aid
In old times carnations pinks and
similar plants were almost exclusively
propagated this way and were called
pipings. Roses were alto very gener-
ally propagated even by florists this
way a few years ago before such cf-
fecrive propag?tlnfe houses were known
It is yet a good method for amateurs
to make use of Prairie Farmer.
I . -1 . . '
It is quite curious to note to what
extent animals of various kliids devour
fruit. The apple is highly appreciated
by horses cows sheep goats hogs
deer elcplianis rabbits squirrels do-
mestic fowls and many of the wild ani-
mals and birds. The persimmon is
greedily devoured in immense quanti-
ties by o'possums and dogs. The fig
is a favorite food for animals horses
sheep goats hogs camels elephants
and fowls greedily devouring it. The
cherry as our fruit growers well know
is a delicacy which the whole feather-
ed tribe contend for. Peaches are
only relished by a few animals among
which may be mentioned the rabbit.
Grapes are eaten with great relish by
horses cows sheep deer hogs camels
elephants and sometimes by dogs and
wild animals. Dried fruits of all kinds
are eaten with great avidity by the
Esquimau dogs. Fruit such as the
orange lemon lime shaddock sour
plum green olive etc are shunned by
nearly all animals as they are by
worms. Olives when they have be-.
come thoroughly ripe4 will readily be
eaten by hogs after they have once ac-
quired the taste. The ostrich will eat
many kinds of fruits with enjoyment;
Nuts of nearly all kinds arc relished
and sought after by squirrel's monkeys
hogs parrots and many other kinds of
animals and birds California Fruit
The Kansas Farmer of which Sena-
tor Pfeffer is editor in a full column
editorial written lor the purpose of
showing that the chief aim of the south-
ern alliance is to divide the democratic
party and detiver its fragments to the
enemies closes with this significant
"If the alliance should fail In every-
thing else it proposes but should suc-
ceed in breaking up the "solid south"
by absorbing a majority of the demo-
cratic votes of that section it will have
done that for which it wi'l deserve the
lasting gratitude of the whole nation.
It will have accomplished what the
managers of the republican party have
spent years of time' and several million
dollars in vain to do and by so 'doing
demonstrate its greater potency as a
Yes it is significant; it signifies that
the Kansas Farmer is as ignorant of
the true status of southern farmers as
if it was published in some far away isle
of the sea. There may be a few un-
principled demagogues not farmers
in the southern alliance who would say
amen to the above-sentiments but
when the rank and file discover their
perfidity then will come the judgment.
Texas Farm and Ranch.
More About the First Lady.
Hiss Cleveland has settled in a com-
mon sense practical way the much
discussed question of who is the first
lady in the land. Several days ago 'the
necessity for some house cleaning su-
pervision havirig arisen she routed
her social oppnents by tying a towel
around her head and in unpretentious
dress personally directed the crops of
servants as to the manner in which the
work had to be done. It may be as-
sumed that there will be some outcry
by those who attempt to sway polite
society against any such homely argu-
ment as this but it is equally probable
that. the masses ofthe people will up-
hold Miss Cleveland for ner unassum-
ing conduct. The leading lady in the
matter of overseeing housework as well
as in the more fashionable but less
useful Occupations of dancing a ger-
man or disseminating the latest society
gossip. Somehow there is a streak of
homely common sense running through
the Cleveland family that stamps them
as being very American in their ideas.
Jtfat Plowing- or Lap Furrowing.
Sward land turned over very flat with
the grass side down does not dry out
in fit condition for working in the
spring as soon as it would of the fur-
row were lapped or set upon edge a
little more.' It is more subject to in-
jury from drought. The alternate
wetting and drying and the exposure
to the air causes quicker decay of the
sod and when that decay is finished
the soil will absorb and hold water from
above or bring up moisture by capil-
lary attraction from below much better
than it would if there were a layer of
undecayed vegetable matter six or
eight inches below the surface. This
difference is not so plainly shown in fall
plowed land as that plowed in the
spring as the sod will have decayed
before tde season when droughts are
most frequent and severe explains
American Cultivator.. Flat Rlowing is
not as good as lap furrowing in land
that is liable to be wet all or most of
the time because the sod does not de-
cay when Under water as may be seen
in taking out sods that have been put
in a wet cellar. They come out a?
bright they were when put in but
how quickly they decay after exposure
to the air.
If you want plans for any kind of a
building go to II. A Hancock the ar-
Hundreds of copies tif theRerok'fhil
are now being sent to parties in distant
counties an other states that were
ordered and paid for by friends here.
1 - 1
All papers ordered in this way will
be promptly discontinued when the
time for which they have been ordered
11 ' m
In no case wilt a bill for subscrip-
tion be presented to any one receiving
this paper at the request of a friend
' ' 1
Hv Walters is prepared to clean
watches (ot one dollar. Other work
proportionately low. No. 20 Pine
Do not be induced to try some Kan
sas flour "equally as good as Fancy
Patent or Royal Seal"(but see that you
get the genuine article with Pioneer
Mills & Manufacturing Co. branded on
each' sack 23. tf
To all interested in the wellfare de
velopment and building up the interest
of the Abilene country encourage
home industry by using the products
of your Abilene mills. aa-tf
Do you hang paper or decorate? I
not see Ralph. 34.tr
11 ' '
The fancy patent royal seal and oth-
er brands of flour are known in every
house in the Abilene country aa-tf
Our dictionaries are going every
day and the Reporter's subscription
stil keeps climbing.
Large line ot samples of the latest
styles Of fall arid winter goods just
received by that popular tailor Mr
Tikker itf .
Prices to Suit.
S. L. RALPH.
J. E. TAYLOR
Liviry Feed and Sale Stable
Ladies' and gents fine driving horses a
J. II. PICKENS
DAVID J. ItED
PICKENS & RED
Abstracters and Bedrohers of Records
Office fn Court Ilouto. Ablleuc.TexM.
Special attention given to fnraishlng Ab-
stracts of title. Having a complete Abstract
of Taylor county land titles as. recorded in Tay-
lor llexar and Travis counties we are pre-
pared to furnish Abstracts on short notice and
at reasonable prices.
P. H. GARTER.
NOTARY PUBLIC AND CONVEYANCER
OSm OTr Bass Bros Drug Store
All kinds of conveyancing and notarial work
will b carefully arrununly and iruh)Mlr at-
tended lo. AvknovrtrditviuruU of lalu and
Invalid taken rlllirr at ontoe or reuUcme.
U not In nitUw when yon call avo jour order
vrlilili will hava prowl aiivntlon.
siuwHfKii ritMtutur. uirwi.
HXO KETCK Tre14wt w. bmh ti rrWMM
J 0. IOWDOH Cwkler.
Abilene National Bank.
THEOD. HEYOK WJ. OAMEEON GEO. PHILLIPS
B. H. KOIXIN8
W. B. BRA2ZELT0N
J. H. PARRAMORE .
OTTO W. 8TEFFENB
II 1 1
I I m I ' I J I
CAPITAL $125000. - SURPLUS $12500 r
OLDEST BHNK IN W6ST T6HS.
Transacts a Geneaal Itanklng Business. Collections a specialty and promptly remitjed for.
Any correspondence in regard to the Abilene country shall have prompt attention. i
DIRECTORS: -J.' H. Paramore G. A. Kirkland R K.-Wylie Brooke Smith Otto W.
StefTens T S. Rollins" E. II. Sintenis.
F. AV. JAMES
Farmers & Merchants National Bank
OF ABILENE TEXAS.
CASH Q-A.OPII'.A.Xj $60000.00.
Jno. B. Hoxio. Chas. Konyon Ed. S. Hughes W. F. Flournoy B B.
Kenyou Henry James F. W. James.
A General Banking Business Transaced.
Pi?2 .Pomp Bath Tubs Pipe Fittings Pump Cylinders
Kitchen Sinks Hose Glob 3 Valves Wash Basins v
Hose Nozzles Check Valves Etc. Etc.
Estimates for Work Cheerfully Furnished. v
South-east of freight depot Abilene Tex. '
THE LIGHT RUNNING
WkJ T 1 f
Sold only "by
ED. S. HUGHES & CO.
J. G MARTIN.
BLACKSMITH :-: AND
Special attention paid to all work
Shoeing done in the best style
HOP ON SYCAMORE ST.
North of Taylor's Staule . '. ABILENE TEX
i j-m two-col
it-. '. ..
J. BC. niUOHKBXJr
K H. 8INTENIS
EI). S. HUGHES. II. It KENYON.
SPAULDING BRO'S '
TDT TTTiT'DTn-D CS v V
a yj ifi m Bij jpfc.v y '
and Steam Fitters.
Always on hand
entrusted to my care Horse '-' ;
and under my especial care. '.!?
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Hoeny, John, Jr. The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 10, No. 32, Ed. 1 Friday, August 7, 1891, newspaper, August 7, 1891; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth330720/m1/2/: accessed February 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Public Library.