The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 10, No. 35, Ed. 1 Friday, August 28, 1891 Page: 2 of 8
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XR FISHERIES BUILDING.
Mvn Hear? Xve CobV Xxqulsita
Architectural Conception w3ll Ap
pr when Competed. The
Aqu&rU to b one oftbo
Great Attraction! of
The? graceful beauty of the fisheries
building at the World's Columbian Ex-
position has ghincd for it from the
severest of critics architects the title
of "an architectural poem;" How
well this high praise deserved the ac-
companying picture and following des-
cription but faintly outline.
It is situated on the eastern side of
the large island north of the wooded
island in the Lagoon and its main fa-
cade faces to the southeast befng di-
rectly opposite the government build-
ing from which it is separated by a
broad arm Of the lagoon While thus
forming ohe extremity of the great
group of buildings which front on Lake
Michigan it is directly north of the
administration building far to the
south. 1 hit' sUuation makes it a com-
ponent of all the splendid pictures pre-
sented by the varying points of view
from which the exposition us a yhole
While the extreme dimensions of
the building are very large yet the
structure is so laid out that the general
effect is rather of delicacy than of the
grandeur to b' cxpectced from the
mere statement of dimensions. It is
composed of three parts a main build-
ing of 365 feet long and 165 feet wide
and two polygonal buildings each 133
feet 6 inches in daincter connected
with the main structure by two curved
The main building is provided with
two great entrances in the centers of
the long sides. These entrances are
by pavilions 102 leet long projecting
4 fret beyond the line of the mam
building and flanked at each corner
with circular towers. The great pedi-
ment over the south or chief enrance
is filled with sculpture the subject be-
ing a scene of wiale fishing. The
angles are surmounted by statues rep-
rcscuung nsners casting mc fpear
throwing the handline and holding the
The piadranguhi first story is sur-
mounted by a great circular story cap-
ped with a conical roof. A graceful
open turrett crowns this roof and four
smaller towers spring from and sur-
round the base.
'flie general design of the whole
stiiiMiue s Roman m masses wnh all
the detailed worked out in a realistic
manner after various fish and marine
forms. Thus the double row of en-
gaged colums which form the exterior
face or the building have capitals which
are formed of a thousand varied group-
ings marine forms while the delicate
open work of the gallery railings dis-
play as many different fishes.
The circular story is surrounded by
i broad exterior gallery and the four
flanking towers' of the entrances and
the four smaller towers of the central
roof terminate in open turret's from
all of which views of every part or the
gronnds can be Detained.
The materials of construction are
wood iron and steel "staff" and glass
The roofs will be covered with glazed
Spanish tiles and the general coloring
of the building will be at once soft and
brilliant as befits the grace Of the arch-
The main entrance leads past the
broad winding stairs which gives ac-
cess to the turrets of the flanking tow-
ers into a wide vestibule and thence to
the main floor of thebiiilding. All oC
the floors will be of asphalt concrete
and the floor of the second story is dis-
posed as a gallery leaving the' interior
open to the great elliptical ceiling of
the dome far overhead. This ceiling
will be enriched by brilliant frescoes.
The wide gallery of the second story
will permit visitors to have a general
view of the principal parts of the exi
hibits. From this gallery the summits
of the lour smaller towers of the roof
are reached by winding stairs. The
spaces over the entrances are set apart
for storage and work rooms.
The; two curved arcades leading to
the aquaria exhibit on the east and
th- angling exhibit on the west are
open to the air and are provided with
wide staircases on both of their sides
thus adding four means of access to
the various parts of the building.
The two circular buildings in one of
which will be installed the angling ex-
hibU and to the other the aquaria are
precisely similar in sire and exterior
appearance. They are not in reality
circular but polygons of many sides.
The result is that the severity of the
simple curve is obviated by a succes-
sion of obtuse angles which lends grace
and lightness to the general design.
The western building is perfectly plain
within as in it varied exhibit of angling
appliances is to be placed. The aqua-
xia will be found in the eastern build
ing and there is little doubt but that
thi will be one of the chief points of
interest of the whole exposition.
In the center will bt a circular basin
3 feet in diameter in Uie middle of
which will rise a towering mass of rpek-work-
From clefts and crevices in this
Tockwork miniature cascades will rip-
pie down the masses of reeds rushes
and orwaoKnul semi-aquatic plants in
the btin amid which will be teen
gorgeously brilliant fishes disporting.
Around this basin there will be n cir-
cular walk 16 ft. wide reached by two
broad entrances. Thcte entrances
pass through the inner tanks. The
larger section of these tanks will be de-
voted to fresh water fishes the smaller
Of those from salt water. This series'
contains the tanks of greatest capacity.
They will have vertical sides as they
will be inspected from both sides and
the bottom will be rbunded. Tliey
will vary in capacity from 7000 to 17-
000 gallons each. The sea water for
the marine fishes will be secured by
evaporating the necessary quantity at
the United States fish commission sta-
'ton at Wood's Holl Mass. to one-fifth
its bulk thus reducing both quantity
and weight for transportatlotmbout 80
per cent. The fresh water required to
restore it to its proper density will be
supplied from Lake Michigan. From
this same source will be drawn all the
fresh water needed. In transporting
the marine specimens from the coast
to Chicago about 3000 gallons of pure
sea water will be brought on each trip
Surrounding these great tanks which
will be about 7 "feet wide there will be
a second annular walk 16 feet wide.
Tins walk will be vaulted over and the
walls above the clear glass fronts of
the tanks will be made of stained glass
so that all of the light will perforce
come through the tanks. Around fhe
outer circumference of the walks will
be placed the second series of tanks.
These will be somewhat smaller than
those in the inner series ranging from
750 to 1500 gallons each in capacity.
The entire length of the glass fronts of
the aquaria will be about 575 feet or
over 3.000 square feetof surface; The
panorama presented will be one of sur-
passing interest and beauty and the
whole exhibit will rival the greates per-
manent aquaria of the world not only
in size but in the number and character
of the specimens displayed. Thus it
is already known that Dr. Ladislao
Neeto the director of the National
museum at Rio Janeiro Brazil and
who organized the magnificent exhibit
of Brazil in the fishery exposition at
Berlin proposes to send a much more
complete exhihit to Chicago in 1893.
The total water capacity of the
aquaria exclusive of two huge reser
voirs which are to be placed in the
main structure will be 18.725 cubic
feet or about 140000 gallons. This
will weigh 1. 192.425 lbs. or almost
600 tons. Of this amount about 40-
000 gallons will be devoted to the ma-
rine exhibit- In the entire salt water
circulation including reservoirs there
will be about S0.000 gallons. Thp
pumping and distributing plant for the
marine aquaria will be constructed of
vulcanite. The pumps will be in dupli-
cate and will each have a capacity of
000 gallons per hour-
It is the intention of the state fish
commission of the different states to
make provision for a comprehensive
exhibit of native and cultivated live
fish with haicheries appliances and
equipments for transportation models
of fish ways in use etc. Each state
will have its special exhibit and in ad-
dition to this there will be a large gov-
ernment display of shell and sea fish.
The coast states will send especially
Of all the exhibits to be made by the
United Statss government the most
interesting will be that of the fish com-
mission. Up to the present time no
comprehensive display has ever been
made of the fauna"belpnging to this
country. It is intended that such an
exhibition shall be made in Chicago.
This ought to be interesting in con-
sideration merely of the factthat fish-
ing was the earliest industry of the
new world dating from the period of
the discovery of America by Column
bus; The commission proposes to ex-
hibit alive in aquaria the principal
lorms of fishes and invertebat.es of
both oceans the Gulf of Mexico the
great lakes and the inland rivers with
particular reference to those which
have commercial value.
Not only will marine creatures of all
sorts be shown but the finny denizons
of the streams also apd likewise the
whitefish the catfish the big pickeral
and the huge sturgeons of the interior
waters Such a task will necessarily
be of great magnitude inasmuch as
the labor and skill required to fetch
the fishes in good condition from points
so remo'e over thousands of miles of
railway must be enormous and of the
very highest order. It has been an-
nounced hitherto that such an exhibi-
tion was impossible but thanks to
modern devices and the discoveries of
the fish commission no serious diffi-
culties are anticipated. The marine
fishes wil be captured off the coast
and forwarded alive by rail in tanks
filled with scawater to Chicago Not
only on the Atlantic seaboard but on
the Pacific likewise the vessels of the
commission will devote attention to
this work. They will secure the scaly
captives in scins select such desirable
ones as are caught in the pound nets
of the fishermen and take them fn
tanks ashore where they will be ship-
ped to the exposition. The tanks
utilized for transportation will be of
sufficient size not to crpwd the occu-
pants and provided with a device for
circulating and aerating the water.
The main structure will contain a
full and complete exhibit of all the va-
rious appliances used in the fishing
industry in all countries and (n all
times while the special department of
angling will have the whole west wing
for its exhibit It is the intention of
the department of fish and fisheries to
make the exhibit of foreign nations as
large as possible and thin far there is
every reason to believe that the highest
degree of success in this direction will
Captain Joseph W. Collins. Chief of
the department was appointed to that
posuion on reo. 13m 1891 having
been selected for his eminent fitness
for the w$rk to be performed. He has
had wide experience jn exposition
matters and is probably the best In-
formed man regarding fishery exposi-
tions and their conduct to be found in
The Scalp Law.
The statement that the commission-
ers of several of West Texas counties
are alarmed at the number of coyote
scalps that are presented lest the boom
ia the scalp business will end in bank-
ruptcy to some counties shows con-
clusively that the advocates of the pas
sage of the law were correct in their
statements as to the large number of
these destructive animals and that a
bbunty of $2 per scalp would effect
their extermination. While it is tin.
doubtcdly true that the payment of
one-half the bounty will perhaps seri-
ously embarrass some West Texas
counties where vast hordes of these
wnu tsnimais auouna ana where prop-
erty values are low still we believe
that even in the event of temporary
embarrassment if these destructive
animals can be effectually exterminated
those counties that now feel the bur-
den most will be benefited to such an
extent that the cost will have been ex-
Another point is evident that the
appropriation of $100000 one-half to
be paid by the counties iri which the
scalps are taken and the other half by
the state will be absorbed in the pay-
ment of bounties long before the legis-
lature meets again in regular session
and that it will take several times the
amount appropriated to rid this state
of wild animals.
What the legislature of this rich and
growing state should do at its next
session is to substitute for the clause
appropriating $50000 for the piyment
of bounties a clause appropriating so
much as may be necessary in carring
out the provisions of the act unlimited
as to time and authorizing the coun-
ties to draw warrants on the state treas-
urer for the full amount of bounties
paid ay the counties. (Jther states
pay for the protection of their citizens
and the destruction of wild animals
and why not Texas do as much? The
citizen in the remotest portion of the
state is entitled to protection in the
prosecution of his lawful business and
the state should grant it.
Idle it is to invite imigration to our
state some of the best portions of
which are invested to such an extent
with wild animals as to render both
life and property unsafe This paper
inaugurated the movement in favor of
the present scalp lav and it will never
lag in the fight we have secured such a
law as will prove effective in ridding a
goodly number of the citizens of our
state from the ravages of wild animals
and secure to every citizen within her
borders that protection to which he is
entitled Stockman aud Farmer.
An Astoria exchange tells a strange
story of a remarkable lawsuit which
took place in that city lately A man
and his son-in-law joined in the pur-
chase of a cow. each paying $20. The
cow was placed in the father-in-law's
stable and he milked her and took all
the milk. The demand of the son-in-law
for a share of the milk was refused
and the young man brought suit in the
justice's court to compel his father-in-law
to divide. The old man refused
alleging that- the foward part of the
cow was the young man's and conse-
quently was not entitled to any share
of the milk produced by the hind part
and moreover he began a counter-suit
for the value of the feed consumed by
the oung man's half of the cow. About
this time the cow horned the old man
and he began a suit to recover dam-
ages from his son-in-law for injuries
inflicted upon him by the young man's
end of the cow. The justice after
hearing the testimony was all at sea
and stated that as there was no pre-
cedent in the matter he would have
to take the case under advisement.
Stockman Sc Farrner.
"Papa'' "inquired the editor's only
son "what do you call your office?"
"well" was the reply "the world calls
an editors office the sanctum santorum'
but I don't."
"Then I guess' and the boy was
thoughtful for a moment "that mam-
ma's office is the spanktum spank-
torum isn't it?" Ex.
To The Farmers.
Bring you wheat to the Pioneer mills
and get your season's supply of flour
in exchange for your own wheat also
bran for your stock thereby saving
money and eating the product of your
Do you paint if not" why not? See
If you want your houses repainted
or rcpapcrcd give Ralph the dccoia
tor a chance at it 4a-t
If you desire to save money ro with
the cash to Bass Bro's. and buy your
school supplies. 32.tr.
Hundreds Of copies of theREPORTER
arc now being sent to parties in distant
counties and. other states that were
ordered and paid for by friends here.
All papers Ordered in this way will
be promptly discontinued when the
time for which they have been ordered
In no case will a bill for subscrip-
tion be presented to any one receiving
this paper at the request of a friend
Abilene Printing Co
1 m 1
t Ralph the decorater and painter
will paint your houses and decorate
the.interior in the latest style. " Give
him a trial. 43.tr
H Watters is prepared to clean
watches for one dollar. Other work
proportionately low. No. 20 Pine
New salt mackerel herring
white fish at Mackechneys.
Do you hang paper or decorate? I
J not see Ralph. 24-tf
Our dictionaries are going every
day and the Reporter's subscription
stil keeps climbing.
Large line ot samples of the latest
styles of fall and winter goods just
received by that popular tailor Mr
Prices to Suit.
J. II. PICKENS
Abstracters and Searchers of Eecordi
Office in Court Iloute. Abllene.TeitJ.
Spedal attention jjiycu to famishing Ab-
stract of title. Having a complete Abstract
of Taylor county land title as recorded in Tay-
lor Bexar and Travis counties we are pre-
pared to furnish Abstracts on short notice and
at reaonable prices.
'' ll" "'' ' -"m imwiiwi -i ) i
ROTARY PD1LIC 1ND CONVEYANCER.
OSes orer Bu Bros Drag Itor.
All kind of conTcyanelnit an J notarial work
will tx carefully ocruratelr and promptly at-
i. AcanowiouiccuMmu or laaio and
taken cither at oftlca or retldencu.
If not In office wruui jrou call leave Tour onler
which will bare prompt attention.
THZO HEMIC. Preilieat.
J. 0. I0WD0H
Abilene National Bank.
THEOD. HEYOK WK. CAMERON GEO. PHIIXIFS
S. 3. K.01XIN8 J. M. B ATJOHEKTY
W. B. BUAZZEIrON. J. O. I.OWDON
J H. FABUAXORB
OTTO W STEFFEHS
CAPITAL $125000 - SURPLUS $12500.
OLDEST BHNK IN JfllGST TGXHS.
Transacts a Geneaal Banking Business. Collections a specialty and promptly remitjed for.
Any correspondence in regard to the Abilene country shall have prompt attention.
DIRECTORS: J. II.Taramore G. A. Kirkland R. K. Wylie Brooke Smith.-Otto W.
SteiTen T S. Rollins E. II. Sintents.
Farmers & Merchants National Bank
OP ABILENE TEXAS.
O -A.SZE3I C JLJPXrP .A. Hi $6QOOO.OQ.
R. Hoxio. Ohas. Kenyon
A General Banking
Pi?i i?unS3' Bath Tubs Ptp9 Fittings Pump Cylinders -
Kitchon Sinks Hose Globe Valves Wash Basins
Hose Nozzles Check Valves Etc. Etc.
Estimates for Work Cheerfully Furnished.
South-east of freight depot Abilene Tex.
THE LIGHT RUNNING
4m MfrjBPpBaaaa-ra--a-T?JI " " f tTifrTtTaiTrffdVrr"
Sold only by
S. HUGHES & CO
J. G. MARTIN.
BLACKSMITH :-: AND :-: WHEELWRIGHT.
Special attention paid to all work
Shoeing done in the best style
3H0P ON SYCAMORE ST.
North of Taylor's Stable
l 3-m two-col
Ed. S. Hughos W. P. Flournoy
James F. V7. Jamos
WK CAMS HO
and Steam Fitters.
Always on hand
entrusted to my cares Horse
and under my especial care.
KUHNtKii mi turner; wmt
ftt --- 1 A.A MM. J m
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Hoeny, John, Jr. The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 10, No. 35, Ed. 1 Friday, August 28, 1891, newspaper, August 28, 1891; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth330723/m1/2/: accessed June 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Public Library.