The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 34, Ed. 1 Friday, August 19, 1892 Page: 3 of 8
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4 J. TOWER. MFR. DOSTON. MASS Cttiiof.
Fertilizers for Cotton.
Cotton requires nitrogen phosphoric
acid and potash. In experiments
made for three years by the South
Carolina station the results indicated
iiat of the three phosphoric acid is re-
lativelythe most important and conttol
the action of the other two. It can
be used alone with some advantage
to the crop but much more effectively
jk m connection with potash and nitro-
gen. Nitrogen is relatively more im-
portant than potash. It can be ad-
vantageously used only in combination
" with phosphoric acid or phosphoric
acid and potash: Potash like nitrogen
is of little value to cotton when applied
separately; it mUbt be combined with
The required proportions and
amounts stated in the bulletin which
are called for by a crop yielding 300
pounds lint per acre are: nitrogen
twenty pounds; phospheric acid fifty
pounds; potash fifteen pounds. The
amount of phosphoric acid determines
the amount of nitrogen and potash.
With a given amount of the first only
certain amounts of the last two can be
profitably used; The grain in crop
does not keep pace with the increase
of fertilizers and a point is speedily
reached beyond which this gain is not
sufficient to meet the cost of the
heavier applications. 1 he soil cannot
be profitably forced; tin- application of
fertilizers must be regulated by its
-i.( mechanical as well as chemical condi-
tion Industrial American.
The Superior Steel Frame Grain
The question now most prominent
among the intelligent Texas farmers is
'how to sow the next grain crop so as to
reap the best results. There can be
no question as to the thorough practi-
cability of a first-class gram drill. In
the Panhandle country this season this
rffact has been fully demonstrated.
Those farmers who have been careful
to prepare the soil properly plant at
(the proper time and put their grain in
with a good drill have been more than
repaid for their care whereas tnose who
have farmed on the cheap haphazard
style broadcasting their grain by hand
or sowing with disk seeders and various
ther methods are without remunera-
tion for time spent and seed used.
The next question is what drill shall
I buyl Not being fully acquainted
with all the latest improvements and
having been badly swindled in the past
in this class ol machinery the careful
man is naturally cautious and should
be. On the other hand there are
many who being not at all accustomed
V.' grain sowing machinery are inclined
to the belief that a gram drill is a grain
drill the world over. In this all we can
say is beware!
' 'V In calling attention to the superior
drill we have taken some pains to in-
vestigate its record and find that what
we say about it is substantiated by a
' clean record in Texas of eight years
during which tune thousands have been
sold and it has been especially adapted
0 the peculiar wants of the Texas soil.
It has a solid steel frame being in
one continuous piece without joints at
the corners making it unusually strong.
The wheels are also of steel with
dodge spokes insuring great strength.
Whilst the above features contain un-
mistakable merit the most important
point in the make-up of a successful
grain drill is the ability to distribute the
grain properly. In this it ts claimed
"Sut the superior surpasses all com-
petitors. It has a double force seed
.distributer. The most exhaustive tests
have been nuclc proving beyond doubt
that a differently proportioned carrying
flangjs and distributer opening are nec-
essary to sow large and small grain
and that to sow the Texas red rust
proof oats satisfactorily requires a dis-
tributer particularly adapted to thsm.
Very few ol the existing grain distribu
ters adapted to wheat will sow oats in
e desired quantity. 1 o meet the
mand of an absolutely accurate dis
tributer for wheat and also one that will
sow the most refractor? oats properly
Srnproved superior double forqe feed
distributer has been devised and has
proved a complete success wherever
used. The change from one class of
seed such as wheat rye rice etc. to
that of oats com beans peas etc
requires but a moment's time. Has
no gauge or valves set screws removal
acjgs or other complications The
grain is delivered in an unbroken uni-
form stream always in the desired
quantity whether going up hilt or
down fast or slow leaving not n sin
file grain in the hopper in finishing
to sprout corrode of mix with other
The feed wheel also projects up
some distance into the hopper which
together with the agitator prevents
oats from banking. The device fo
changing quantity of seed is a marvel
o simplicity. This drill is also pup-
plied with a hoe pressure attachment
so that all the grain will be sown uni-
form in depth.
The doubletree is adjustable so that
the machine can be adapted to large
or small horses and yet be perfectly
balanced. Space forbids reference
to many other points of merit found
on the superior drill but descriptive
circulars will be mailed free to any who
may send their name to the state
agents Messrs. Parlin & Orendorff
Co.. Dallas Texas. The superior
drill is made for all kinds of land and
whilst working perfectly in the black
unds they are also made for sandy
lands. In size they are made wiih 8
10 and 12 hoes and also with 8 10
12 14 and 20 shoes or runners with
In point of draft this drill is neces-
sarily light having high drive wheels.
The eighth annual report of the Wis-
consin experiment station devotes a
large share of space to questions rela-
tive to ensilage. One chapter is de-
voted to a careful study by F H.
King of the construction and filling of
silos Mr. King having visited 9 silos
in Missouri Michigan Ohio and Illi-
nois and several farmers while filling
their silos in order to obtain data for
this chapter. Mr. King concludes that
a stone silo properly constiucted will
keep the silage as Well as a wooden
one but that it will be necessary to
renew the cement lining frequently or
else whitewash it ' with t fresh cement
every year as the acids' .f the silage
soon soften the cement. He finds
that lath and plaster is a failure as a
silo lining both because of the soften-
ing of the plaster and the liability to
injury.wiih the fork in handling the
silage. Of the wooden linings that
made by two thicknesses of boards
with tarred paper between all nailed
firmly together is showing greatest du-
rability; but all wooden linings rot soon
unless ventilated. Painting the lining
tends to hasten decay instead of pre-
From an experiment in feeding corn
silage in comparison with dr corn
fodder the lollowing conclusions are
1. A daily ration of four pounds of
hay and seven pounds of grain feed
with corn silage or field cured fodder
corn ad libitum fed to twenty cows
during sixteen weeks produced a total
quantity of 19813 pounds of milk dur-
ing the fodder corn period.
2. When we consider the areas of
land from which the silage and fodder
corn are obtained we find that the
silage would have produced 243 pounds
more milk per acre than the dry fodder
or the equivalent of 12 pounds of but-
ter. This is a gain of a little more
than three per cent in favor the silage
"Father" said a promising son of
an intelligent fancier "I should think
it would make birds and hens awful
tired to hang on with their claws as
they do all night long when they are
"I do not wonder that you think so.
if you have not learned the philosoyhy
of the subject" w.ts the reply. "A
bird while sleeping on the limb of a
tree does not retain its hold by a con-
stant action of the will or by a muscular
effort such as a boy uses while grasping
a limb to keep fiom falling but simply
bears down with his own weight bend-
ing the hock joints. The bending of
these joints draws the cords that ex-
tend to the toes and thus the claw is
forced downward making a tight grasp
on the perch. So you see my son
that the hen has only to sit down and
the thing is done without an effort or
expenditure of vital force to speak of."
When we heard the answer to the
query of our young friend and noticed
his countenance as he eagerly received
a new idea we thought of those hoys
who never get such question answered
but are turned off with the rebuff
"Dont bother me with your questions."
Many a full grown man with whis-
kers has never learned that fowls do
not make a constant effort of will while
roosting; in grasping the perch. The
fact is the least bending of the hock
joint act on the toes as may be seen
I while the fowl is walking When birds
large or small roost on tue slender
branches of trees the perch is not
usually level and thev necessarily hold
on by one foot drawing the other to a
warm place among the feathers. The
grasp is as involuntary as is the closing
of the eye while sleeping. The force is
only the gravitation of the body its
weight. When a hawk swoops down
on a chicken he places his talons on
the back of the victim and rests his
b'ody down bending the hock joints
and thlis his sharp pails are driven into
the flesh the hooks arc fastened and Off
he goes American Poultry Yard.
I have moved my stock of Furniture
form South FirBt street to the new
Wylie Building Pine St.
where I will bo pleased to see all my
old friends and patrons.
I have a nice line of goods and can
supply you with anything you may
W. G. SWANSON
Haa No. 1
for the money
BASS BEX) S. . Druggists.
Wholesale Dialer in
KEG AND BOTTLED BEER.
How To Make Hens Lay.
Some years ago secrets were sold at
good prices which were guaranteed to
solve the "mystery" of making hens
lay. It was believed then as it is to
a certain extent now that it was un-
natural for hens to lav when cold
weather sets in. And acting ujron
that theory the hen on the farm was
allowed to enjoy herself as best she
could on her regular diet of corn.
Such a thing as picking out the best
layers from a large flock was the work
of a magician Dividing up the flocks
into small families was a waste of time
and labor. The feeding of mashes
was a fooish act and performance of
such work as cleaning out the houses
of. least once a week was fit occupation
for a crank but not becoming a practical
farmer. Even the building of warm
house was considered unnecessary.
"Poultry don't pay and we have no time
to fool with them" was the excuse
With hens roosting on trees in wagon
sheds and all over the farm is it a
wonder that any eggs were gathered?
To make hens lay when the prices
are the best we must have: First
warm and dry house for them to roost
in; second; alongside each pen there
must be a shed for them to occupy
during bad weather; third corn should
only be given at the evening meal
during bad weather to impart a warmth
to the body; fourth all grain should be
buried among chalT leaves or other
litter are thrown in scratching pens
to induce exercise; fifth mashes made
front ground grain fed scalded or dry
to which is added two are three times
a week ground meats scraps must be
given every morning; mill there must
be a liberal supply of green fopd such
as cabbage; seventh fresh water must
be given daily; eight sharp grit and
cracked oyster shell must be constantly
"within reach; ninth there must be
Hens dont lay when they are lousy.
They can't lay when too fat. They
can't lav when they have not the
proper material with winch to make
the eggs. They won't lay when cold
A lazy hen is a misery to herself. A
hen that is continually scratching and
machlno buffed full leather ton and back curtain a
great improvement over tlio old itylo. Urouktcr fantctier on
back stays Kubber Storm Apron sliver plated joints silver
plated bead around boot silver plated Scat Handle silver
plated Dash Kail silver plated Hub Hands Sarven Patent
Wheels bolted between every spoke furnished with our patent
fifth wheel by which klnjr bolt doci'nt pass through the axle.
In workmanship and finish it can not bo duplicated In the
supplies a ions ten want tor a iuu inmmru uumry
at a moaerato price nriieiornpecini a-riro.
We carry over COO Vehicles In stick of all kinds
and aro Headquarter for Harriett. We also
carry a full stock of Hay Presses Baling tics.
SwttPANO Sulky Rakes Mowers Threshers
Traction Engines Borqhum Mi lis and Evapor-
ators. WRITE US FOR YOUR WANT8. Address
PARLIN & ORENDORFF CO..
We Want Your Trade In
We have in stock Colgates which have
taken the premium at all fairs where
shown. Use no other.
and W. J. temp's :
keeping busy docs irA mind the cold
and in consequence is the one that
gives the eggs. Hens in crowded
quarters oreed sickness and sick hens
are unable to lay. Fowls like man-
kind must be in condition to yield a
profit. If it pays the dairyman to
take such great care with the cows
why will it not as well pay the poul-
tryman to give the hens good attention?
There is too much "dead stock kept
on the farm: An advertisement run
in a paper beyond the time paid for is
termed by printers a "dead" advertise-
ment as there is no money in it. It is
the same with old fowls. The yeirs
of usefulness in a hen practically end
when she has reached her third year.
That is a good age for fattening for
market. The yield of eggs is the best
with the early hatched pullets and
with the two and three-year-old hens.
By getting out early pullets we have
good winter layers. Willi proper man-
agement we can have laying stock the
entire year. Get the business down
to a science or system and it is as pay-
ing as any other for the money invested.
Neglect it and it becomes a sinkhole
Live Stock and Farm Journal.
I have taken into copartnership with
me Mr T. C. Hardie of Alabama and
in coming before the public the new
firm Mackechney & Hardie make their
best bow and ask the same liberal sup-
port heretofore given to Yours truly
32. tf W M. G Mackechney.
Watch the display in our show win-
dows you will be sure to find some-
thing to interest you. Our prices will
suit you too 32-tf
Brown's Shoe Store.
Loans on ranch and farm properties
promptly made by Will Stith & Co. 33tf
New crop 1892 Evap. apricots at
Mackechney & Ilardie's. tf
Go toGus Ackermans for pure whis-
kies wines and cigars.
all Millinery at
strictly first cost
for 10 days.
J. II I'ARRAMORE 1'ies. OTTO W. STEFI-ENS Cash. E. 11 SINTENIS A. casU
The First National Bank
Capital $126000.00. - Surplus $16600.00.
DIRECTORS: J. H.I'aramore G. A. Kirkland J. M. Rmlfor.l llrooke Smith Otto W
aietiens i . :. zoning fc.. a. Mntents.
J. G. LOWDON Tres.
Wm. CAMERON V. Prcs.
DIRECTORS. -Theo. Heyck Geo. V. Phillips E. U. Rollins J M. Daugherty Frd
Cockrell Wm. Cameron W. 11 Ilrruelton J. G. Lowilon.
F.W. JAMES Pre. EI). S. HUGHES V. Pres. II. 13. KENYON Cash. II. JAMES A. Cash
The Farmers and Merchants National Bank
DIRECTORS: Charles Kenyon John R.
Hughes Henry James H. I). Kenyun.
Plumbers and Steam Fitters
Full stock of Pipe and Fittings
always on hand.
Southeast of Freight Depot Abilene
North Side Corner Pine and Second Streets.
Farmers and Ranchmen will find
it to their interest to give us a call.
Inducements offered to the Mer-
chant trade and orders filled at
lowest market figures.
F. E. BOMPAB.T.
BOMPART & RADFORD.
Saccenori to SMITH BOH FAST & KIRBY
YlMTO - iWE - $TOCK
and Insurance Agents.
Resurvey and Classify Lands. - - Render and Pay Taxes
Land in the Famous Abilene Countrj.
Agents for the Phoenix and and other stardard
s '' -
i:. O. VRICE Cash
Hoxie V. F. Flournoy I. W. James Ed. S
5. K. BADFOBD.
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Hoeny, John, Jr. The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 34, Ed. 1 Friday, August 19, 1892, newspaper, August 19, 1892; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth330775/m1/3/: accessed March 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Public Library.