The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 23, Ed. 1 Friday, June 9, 1893 Page: 2 of 8
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CiiaaMatufare Ma. iff.
Its wait-1 eunekre la tttetf-maeHtail
iMt fer Hwer trtiiM(RrwMtr
Ttd tnVr)n atreett. o e ees.l
kf KlfM in eaek JBOtilh. VtMHRtf Str
KMiiyinvnei to menu.
iMbM CfcapM 9a.nt.ll. A. M. M
leetwoeettone imwcoho rtioy wm m
oah tataetr tax third floor rotter and
banding corner nae ana son second
l W. S.O. JeNKe iWHff.
4WHM l.oie. r.oa.. Md A. il.--Hoi.kJw
immmt wiwsnk-ktns Wk flm Soway nlfM
Kak saatk te tfct hftil. tMM MW ItAef
m " n
khailietTM tralWtSnti wmr fine and North See
MetteeU. W.&O.JToii. Secretary
10. 0. r.-MecH ereey VneadV tilgt t &a
5.ertVtoL All ttoUaa brethren cordlajtyla..
r. MM to attend. X H. Tmrr. W.O.
Staror the.Wcst Lodt. No. 8. K. of P. Mee
;r7 Tharwiaff evening M M Castle Hall. Vlalt-
MK niiw cordially invited to attend.
A. ('. U. W. Meeia every flint and third Tuee-.
ay toleht. in K. or r. Ban. A" visuing pieinrcu
aerdlaUy Invited. J W. Kvana w W.
t. S. Arrliigtori Recorder. .. .
Tha rVnguM' Ahrlitlan Temnerance Union
ieu eTery pt and third Tuefclay In each
tenth at a o'clock. t M r. J N. Millers residence.
AM latweainterestea intemperance wore arw rq-
ctnl to tneel With U. OKS9II DVltSHH.
f MaiuJ. N.au.i. "Secretary
rtntBaptlti Sander school. 30 a. to.; Mr
nef ullLa. and 8 JO f bus pnjr netting
Mttf Wttlneodar nlfht. X. T HANKS
A.H. KTUB-f k PMton
Sunday School 8nplntendnU
Xetaodlft. south Sunday school. 8; a. .t
arrlca at 11 uux. an4'90 p-nu-.trayer mettluj
wcrr Wednesday evening at 73 p. m
' 11. A. RotBLAND 0.
Church of the Heaven iy Uest Service on Sun-
.kj-tll a.iu. and 7 p. m excepting on the:
tourtii Bnndy; We.lneda evenlnp at 8;
OhriMlaa Chnrch bnulrchoolat9A)aBi.t
earrica every Snnday at 11 a. xa. and 8 p. m.;
grayer BH-clmg Wednetday ulght at B . m;
CUHrtxttana Tresbjteriaa Cborch Senrlcca
very Snnday monilns and evening: Sunday
.akoolattao.a- tn.t prayer-meeting Thursday
'vrenlae. Ser. DC Dewltt. pastor.
Flt Pmbytemo Sunday achooi. 9:43 a. m.:
tarvlcesMl! vnuand at night: prayer meeting
V Maj-Oi I. A. Vorter.
- AaceMor W. J. Thorapon.
4' TrMbwrer Kd. S. Htibea.
i . Auortey Jno. A- ilCUllaau.
SMretarytr. O. gwmnsoo.
Martbai J.JCUnton. .v '
Secular Meeting Second and fourth Toesdar.
r. covar BiurrtxT.
K . maxaicT xtiutct -.
Z we 'W.K.tMnnor.
A AWomey F. S. BelL
W Clert J.C MaabetB.
MeMk on tme third Monday la September.
M AJWcaey lj. . WaeatattT'
fe TCIert-A. C. tambetav
5 Xaetteathaftret Jod 1j Fehruary.ApHl.
aj ABcsst.'Oetober. and Becember
aeT5..aoni: w j.' ...
Coamiscionen J. T. Tucker. Tv S. RolUni.
. aUBradaoaw ItC Lyonk
'" ulr aeioii on the aecond Monday to Feb-
v3ary. May Angust ant November. Meeu aa a
-rd of equalisation on the rt' Monday la.
! ' '
fadge-D. O. HflL
Attorney J. M Waruaff.
Clerk M. a Uanbetb.
Sheriff J. V. Cunningham.
. Treaaurei O. A. Witt
' TrUe arer the Tratttsg Sales-
; There ts another b:g row imminent
-mi the Rational trotting association and
tfce first notes o' the battle that is to
W.loaghr upon the assembling of the
tlff congress in New York dariug the
Srst week m June are to be. heard.
The trouble this lime arises from the
attempt on the part of a few leading
5itji in the national trotting associa-
tioa to force on the tracks which cora-
prisc that organization the new rule
which provides for a shortening of the
distance in all race.
It is the almost universal belief of
horsemeo and practical track managers
that the present distance is beuer for
aei purpoies than auy other that could
be devised and although at the recent
cojgrcss pf the Amercan trotting asso
ctation in this city the new djsunce
mtc wis adopted the opp jsition to it
was o great tl t a tlause was added
waking it optional with tracks whether
or iot thev enforce it Tlie stewards
or the grand circuit met about a week
--go at Rochester N Y- to formulate
plans for the earning season and
. atnoag other things thry adopted a
stroag protest against any change in
the distance ihtir resolutions on the
subject declaring that any action of the
character niHed would be detrimental
to the best interest of the trotting turf.
Jbtr William B Fasig who is now vice-
president ot the Gentlemen:; driving
lah cf New York. city fs oA with a
-stirring appeal to tracks saying tlut
the sew rule is simply the work of some
me wlio are trying to become turf
Monopolists and whose present aims
.are in the directum of an amalgamation
of lite to trot'tng associations. Mr
Fasig calls for proxies to be voted by
trim at tbe-coming congress and ?J
that ihvre will be a nellorgn"z;d
cffuii at thai time to prevent any un-
wise 'legislation being railroaded
through the meeting Breeders Gaz-
ette Why t Texas!
The Department of Agriculture re-
. gently received advices that a large
ipafter of food products in Copen
ltgm hits recently purchased a heavy
gn men t of California canned and
fweaerved fruits as a result of the
)MH;t recently given in that city
m which otjly California jxeducts
JfcMtc r-wen j s etc were eftcrcd.
Thif is an kfeiutVch might be acted
mb ow smttKen Mates It would
MX COct much aaM wottkl (aaxkMtdtedtv
yield beneficial rMultalCamtfaeUu.
ex's Record. I '
Waal M kid the fair fcy mk4
k My Vm Tfcwa.
"Fish HatcWng Nov" the hwch
if H i th fovertMweut bwtektaff d
c)l texts to row of'l where
NHfciaesoTrggsare gr4Hy bttrtHg
into m'wmows. The spawn came from
aH the various govcrnteea fish htch
erks selected to show the procek k
all sagc. &'ftc: the exhibit .was
started a few :) go mre than
toob.ooo "rout ami perch have trokc
their theHs. In oweof the tanks are a
kt of voracious youngsters ol a pre
iou8 crop which rNy arouad. the
pipe through which the little fellows
come tntb the water and devouf the
newly bom. This cruel prqeeedwig is
watched by dense throngs from early
morning till night.
am ii ii i1m en H
TheStatw of Indiana.
The statue representing Indiana has
been placed in the state builuing.- It
is the work or Miss Matthews a native
of the state. The design is a strong
well-developed mature woman. It is
a fitting typificatton of the state be
ginning to realize her power. The
pose is graceful and the proportions
are noble. Miss Matthews. Is- well
known in Texas. she haying spent sev-
eral years in San Antonio. Her work
was admitted to the Paris salon in t8-
92. Her success as a sculptress is re
markable in that the lady is a cripple
and has the free use 01 but one arm.
k. Prison Cengrew.
The National Prison congress meets
this year in Chicago and the opening
session' will be held in the new art
building Wednesday evening. June 7
and (Will be devoted to memorial ad-
dresses in 'honor of its late president.
Genrfat R.B riayes; Among Jhose
invited to participate are ex President
Harrison and. Senator Shermin.
Vti JTrwat ChHa4t.
Colorado's big pavilion. the mines
and taininz building was closed on
Tuesday iiH it a. m. At that time the
doors were opened nd aU day long a big
crowd stood in Iront of three ordinary
looking showcases in the center of the
pavilion filled with gold from Brecken
ridge. Summit county. There w$l be
about $50000 worth of free gold as it
comes from the placer mines when It
is all complete.
Maatana's Silver Statae.
The Montana board of World's fair
managers intend to give that state atl
the boom possible at the unveiling of
the silver statue justice" for which
Miss Ada Rehan sat as the model.
'Tke:8ran. Dake's Xarte.
lite Russian World's fair commis-
sioner' has advised Chief Buchanan
that the Grand Duke Alexander will
sead to (he exposition thirty trotting
horses from his own stables. Evident-
ly the Russians take great pride in
their horses and are anxious that the
world should learn of their good quali
ties. It will be remembered that the
Czar cabled some time ago that he
would send a large consignment of
horses from the Riyal stables and
this together with the exhibit which the
Grand Duke promises will make a
highly interesting show. Quarantine
regulations prevented exhibits of for
eign cattle but it seems 'probable that
Chic Buchanan will succeed in mak-
ing the horse section in a large degree
Theft at the Fair.
"I was told by a member of the na-
tional commission while in Chicago
the other day" said a Western con-
gressman in telling of the great fair
"that claims'aggregating almost $700-
000 have been filed with that body by
exhibitors for property stolen This
is enormous. During the Paris expo-
sition the entire amount of claims was
only $175000 one-fourth of the
amount of ihoe at.Chicagor and the
fair has' not been open one month.
T ere is undoubtedly an organized
gang. Why they carried away from
the French exhibit a bronze clock that
weighed 350 pounds tnaf had required
tour men to unload it. Hw they got
11 out of the grounds is a mystery un-
less there was collusion on the part of
Texas Plower yight.
The Chicago Inter Ocean say:
Galventon has won the fitit that has
waged b 'tween the ladies of those two
rival Texas towns Galveston id
Houston for supremacy in the matter
of distributing capesmines in horti
cultural hall is ended and Galveston
is the victor.
Visitors o horticultural haH today
will once again be presented with J.
mine to the number of 2000. Tnese
j amines come from Cdveston and
they wiK be given away free by Gh
vctOH women. The booth the-e wo
men had in the buildmg was removed
laatwek upon comprint of Florist
Gattagher but it will be put back to-.
day. Mr GallaiHcr wu ukaseo at
the exit iC the JadtM.
they Wv Wmwnaed matters jmi wM
agam invai wW.- he woukl fam 're-
tr4 as his domain he is prrttkbed In
sifrt. If there ii another fight over
the matter it will be a fight between
the ladies and "Uncle John' Thorpe
on one side And Florist Gallagher or)
Tin lira ttsk Shaw..
Prominent live stock men are still
insisung.011 the appointment of a sepa-
rate chief fur that part of the exhibition
and for a brief postponement of the
live stock show. They say that a
separate thief 1 necessary to make
(he show a success. The live stock
men also insist that unless the opening
of the big shows in that section U
postponed until early in September
few realty desirable cattle wilt be
brought to Jackson Park.
A Hewspapur Man Arretted
Frederick Villiers of London cOr-
reipondent for Black and White was
arrested on Midway plaisance a few
days since for carrying a camera with-
out a permit from the official photo-
grapher. The arrest was by a private
detective. Mr Villiers was immedi-
ately released The affair has caused
Tbs MtnneMta Mes.
Under the auspices of the Minnesota
Beekeepers Association A. K Cooper
is in charge of the apiary exhibit.
In this department honey in all
forms ts shown the feature being a
pyramid of honey eight feet high.
Air. Cooper desired to show a few
swarms of Minnesota hees in motion
but Chief Buchanan who is acquainted
with the state and its bees and who
also recently had a bee in his bonnet
refused his consent and this display will
not be made. Anyhow Minnesota
will have 6000 pounds of noney on
exhibit at Jackson Park and expects to
capture all honors in this department.
Siaax inWar Paint.
A tribe of Sioux Intiians visited the
Administration Building the other day
in charge of an interpreter The braves
were in full war dress and then faces
were painted with ochre running in
streaks from the top of their foreheads
to the chin. They were taken up to
the dome of the building and given a
hirdseye view of the big show after
which they made a tew calls upon the
officials of the fair and took their de-
parture. Among the Poultry.
When grain is fed throw it on some
titter and purtly cover it up.
A cooked mixture of table scraps
makes a good morning ration.
Close to large cities broilers bring in
more than anything elsp.
One fowl with scurvy legs is apt to
impart the disease to others.
Barley and wheat fed alternately
make a good egg-producing ration.
Duck and geese are the best fowls
to raise on wet low lying lands.
When hens lay soit-shell egp s they
either need lime or they are too fat.
A sudden change from one kind of
gram to another often stops hens from
Keep enough fowls to buy the groce-
ries. Corn and corn meal are the best fat
Geee are not only valuable as meat
producers but should'annually produce
a pound of feathers each.
Que advantage with ducks is that
they are less liable 10 disease than most
any other kind of pouhry.
Are yon Good at-PazzelsT
The genius who invented the "Fif-
teen" puzzle "Pigs in Clover and
many others has invented a brand new
one which is going to be the greatest
on record. There. is fun instruction
and entertainment in it. The old and
learned will find as much mystery in
it as the young ana unsophisticated
This great puzzle is the property of
the New York pres3 club for whom it
was invented by Samuel Loyd the
great puzzjist to be sold for the benefit
of the movement to erect a great home
for newspaper workers in New York.
Generous friends have given $25000
in prizes for the successful puzzle
solvers. Ten cents sent to Press
club buildint and charity fund" Tern
pie Court New York City wi l'get you
the new mysteiy by return mill ao-8.
By engaging a room now for the ex
position ywu will save money time
and trouble. All Texans should cor-
respond with the World's Fair Agency
Co a Texas enterprise for particu'ars.
about rooms and transportation $100
a month to active canvassers. For
50c will send birds eve view of exposi-
tion in colors 34 to 4a Send for free
information wih stamps tnclosed
W. A. Sanson Manager
175 3lh street.
trld. Far Rates.
Tickets on sale April ajth. to Oeto.
ber jirt. inclusive. "Continuous pis
sage both ways final limit Nov J5th.
1893 Fair from Abilene to Chicago
anu return -523P pu.fmu.irs.
h;w Ak-CHl l . v r. K. K.
Jiawfe-M Fmtt' Frins.
That hawks areommonly regarded
as enemies of the poHryyard arid
$6vectite is undoubted. .The old
ntizzlelpder tht is near at hand in
nearly every farm-house is brought into
prompt requisition when excitement in
Hicjveif'yard indicates the approach of
the aetial foe Hawks and weasels ate
commonly credited on many a farms
with a material reduction of the pin
money which comes by by way of the
henhouseand never-ceasing warfare
is waged on both these depredators.
If WS were to credit a recent publica-
tion of the department of agriculture
' A Report on the Hawks and Owls of
the United States" there is small
cause for the destruction of these birds
and the farmer has unwittingly been
killing off some of hfs best friends.
This volume was written several years
ago by Dr. A K. Fisher assistant or
nithologist but only recently has provi
sion beep made for the reproduction of
the remarkable handsome and interest-
ing colored illustrations by means of
which every species of bird discussed in
the work can be easily identified
The letter of transmittal from Dr. C.
Hart Merriam chief ornithologist con-
fains the following interesting resume
of the results of the investigations which
form the text of- the volume together
with his conclusions from the same:
The Statements herein contained re-
specting the food of the various hawks
and Owls are based on the critical ex-
amination by scientific experts of the
actual contents of about 2700 stom-
aches of these birds and consequently
may be fairly regarded as a truthful
showing of the noimal food o! each
species. The result proves that a class
of birds commonly looked upon "as
enemies to the farmer and indiscrimi-
n illy destroyed whenever occauon off is
really ranks among his best friends
and with few exceptions should be pre-
served and encouraged to t ike up tneir
abode in the neighborhood of his home.
Only six of the seventy-three species
and subspecies of hawks arid Owls of
the United States are injurious. Of
these three are so extremely rare they
need hardly be considered and another
(the fish hawk) is only indirectly injuri-
ous leaving but two (the sharp-skined
and .Cooper's hiwks) that really need
be taken to account as enemies to ag
ricultuie 0 nitting-the six species
that feed largely on poultry and game
3 3X2 stomachs were examined of
which 56 per cent contained mice and.
other small mammals 37 per cent in-
sect? and only 3! per .cent poultry or
game birds. In view ofthese facts the
folly of ffering bounties for the des true-"
tion of hawks ond owls as has been
done by several states becomes appar-
ent and the importance of an accufate
knowledge of the economic status of
our. common birds and mammals is
To those at all interested in the
feathred kingdom this report will prove
most interesting and to all farmers a
most valuable means of identifying the
marauding hawks which should receive
no mercy from the farmer's son aud
the old shot-gun. The evidence pre
sented is certainly strong enough to
call a halt in the indiscriminate slaugh
ter of the hawk tribes Breeders .Ga
A Great Waste.
The subject of saving stable manure'
in very little studied by the majority of
farmers. Their farms until recently.
have been stored with natural fertility
and they have not seen the importance
of saving this miterial Their almost
universal custom from the early settle
meut of the country has been to raise
grain and sell everything from the
farm without putting anything back
to restore the fertility that has been
taken off from year to year and they
begin to realize that their crops arc not
as good as they were a few years ago
and that something must be done.
The remedy is pay back to the. farm
what you have been taking off all thee
tears in the shape of plant food o There
are several methods of doing this but
the one fo u? to consider at this time
is the use of stable manure. With the
average farmer little or no pains are
t. ken to care for the accumulations
around the barns and the out-houses of
the farin. Barns are usually built on
some elevated land or on a side hill
where the drainage is good in order'
to have a dry yard. Every rain that
cnies there may be seen a large stream
of water discolored with the soluble
and most valuable partol the manure
running down into the ditches of the
road or into om- stream or lake
where it is Inst? Few realize the won-
derful wiSte that is going on in this
way. It has been demonstrated that
manure left spread out Over a yard
during the summer actually loses one-
half or more ot its rcl value. That
means a manure scare .-ly worth haul
vxt and spreading. Again how pftcn
we may see the hog pen and yard built
on he bank ol some lake or stream ot
water and this most valuable of all
m':inu'es around the farm allowed to
drin and wash away thereby making
a great loss of fertility to the farmers
besides polluting the water. Theni
again the manure Iroin the horse
stable is thrown out into a pile resem
bling a hay.stack and all the water
thai falts on it runs off and the bean
Vconi's firefanged and is as worth-
less for manure as so much bulk of dry
j kaves-Texu Farmer
T. II. rAftkAMORB. OTTO W. STEff p. aw ibhh Abe;
iW-JFirot National Bank (
n.u.1 ai!2K OOO.OO. - Surplus. l500.0n
DIRECTORSt-J. II. raramore. G. A. KlrkUaU J. M. Radford rpeie"Tth Otto .
Stelfcns Tw & Rollins Ei 1I Sintenl -
J. G. Lowdon Pres.. NVnv Camerro V. Ires.
The Abilene JN a -lonai j rm
Capital $100000 OO. Suirplui $185000 00. :
DIRECTORS. Wm. Cameron. W. B. Braieltorf Fred CockrtH Geo. V. Phillips) X.
Daugherty E. 11. Rollins J. G. Lowdon. i . .
B. D. KENVOK fres. ED. S. HUGHES V Pres. H.JAMES Cah.
Tki Fifitrs art Mircliiits lUtltitl
Capital $60000.00. Bvuplui and Undiyitod Profit H600.0fj.
DIRECTORSt-Charles Kenyori F II. James Ed. S. Hughes Henry James B.R
One bakery .
One tannery ''
One railroad ' .
Three dentists '.'-
Twelve churches "
Pour drugstores '' t .
Five newspapers ri -. ;'
Shakespeare club i V
Three feed stores. V
Over 5000 people1 .
Five livery stables
Two planing millsv
Two jewelry- stores t
One machine shop
Four barber shops '
Five meat markets .
One broom factory '
One candy factory
One grain elevator ;
$65:000 court house; .
Three national banks
Two merchant tailors
A' five ton tee factory-
Three plumbing firms.
Eight dry goods stores
A splendid opera house .
Two Chaiauqua circles
One horse collar factory
One commercial college
Two woodworking shops
Two tin smithing' houses
One mineral water works
Three job printing offices
Four boot and shoe shops
' Thirteen retail grocery stores
Two cypress cistern factories
One wholesale grocery house
Thirteen black.itnilhing places
Benevolent and other societies
City hall and Central fire station
One exclusive boot and shoe store.
Two harness and saddle factories.
Splendid market :or farm produce.
Fine stock yards and shipping pens.
Two painting and decorating firms.
Arc and incandescent electric light
Splendid system of cement side-
walks. Three brokage and commission
Three large hardware and implement
One Corrugated galvanized iron cis-
Three brick works that turn out ex
Two furn tore and house furnishing
Roller mill with capacity of 150 bar-
rels per day.
O'er 700 pupils enrolled in the
Seven sale barns three with wagon
Good wagon roads leading out in
Fine central school and two primary
Good "society liberal ptogressive.
The brightest future of any city in
north or west Texas
Two cotton gins and another con-
tracted to be erected next summer.
The Reporter plant the finest
equipped printing house west of Fort
A fine system of water works with
62 fire plugs and over 10 miles of
t Simmons college. splendidly equiped
institution for the higher education of
both sexes . '
Windsor hotel a three-story bijek 40
room house splendidly finished ele-
gantly furnished thjoughoUt. The
finest hotel in Western Texas..
The best volunteer fire department
in Tcjyts. It has two hpsc carts one
hose carriage chemical engine hook
and ladder truck a too feet of hose
and an active membership of fifty
The iinest agricultural and ock rats
wg country surrounding it ia the south
west the famous Abilen country a
territory extending 60 miUt atst and
west and 150 wiU. north awl topii.
E. O Pnce Cat GeoS. Berry Ami c";
"A city park ..
''A cigar factory:'
vA. driving park
A large tannery
A street car tine
Another flour mill
A cotton compress
More stone gutters
' A cotton seed oil mill.
More stone sidewalks
A telephone exchange '
A wool scounng plant
' The band re-orgabized
The U. S. district court
- The business streets graded
A young men's reading room
Better crossings 6n the streets
. A better system of water works ''
' A 200000 bushel grain' elevator
A branch of the court of appeals
More practical progressive farmers
Two new brick primary school builil
mgs . .
' More shade trees planted on thel
streets. v -
A. state agricultural and mechaniall
One or more local building and loul
The old frame stores replaced mtil
More people to till the rich lands!
Telephone connections with interior!
More traveling men to make thetrl
The re-organization of the board
trade or progressive committee
An increased passenger train servia
on the Texas & Pacific railway
More men with money and brami to
help build up the country and city
An army of sober industrious ;
worthy young men to marry our beatvl
tilul and accomplished young ladies
Eight aldermen and a mayor wh
will serve the citv and contribute the
salaries for the purpose of improvisi
the streets and gutters.
1 1 1 1
Camels In Australia.
Althcugh he camel p'roved unsatisf
tory tor use as a oeast ot uuroen in ura
mining regions of Nevada and AmonJ.
the animal ts rapidly coming into favtn
and profitable use in mining countnc
in other parts ot the world It seen
probable to the mining industry h
in South Africa the the camel will tab
the place of the horse for most use
as the camel is not injured by the
sects which prove fatal to the lion
and the bullock nor is it attacked bj
the disease that distrov other beast
burden. The Germans are already
making great use of the camels "
southwest Africa. Tney are found t
be very valuable for making long jouf
nets into the and interior recion
the country as they are able to trard.
a Whole week without water or" wo
In Australia the camel js fast tak"!
the place of bullocks for use m v
barren interior regions. It is stlt"
that there are already onened up J"
in regular witk in Australia five 1m
of camel traffic and that pn these tin
'Over 2000 rnmels are in datlv t"1
Camels are foUnd to be so useful
the number employed will be increase
as rapidly as possible. With butlot
teams only about ten mile a day
be made but it is found lhat'the cm
will travel eiuhty four miles in eighte
hours carrying a load of 300 poun(
In the interior of Australia are i.o1
000 snuare miles ol almost unknd
desert and it is on lhn trreat ill!1
plains that it Is intended to utilize tM
nam a.1 irrsitisr a li lit ltd Int?
nous oases of civilization may bemj
directly connected than by we v
bullock routes. On the arid pi1
and among the mud Hats and brie"
Uh lakes the camel ftndq plenty .
coarse trass mm! thorn sIiiudj.
which to subsist It is claimed '
work can he found tn Australia fp'1
000 canteta Phttadtlphia
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The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 23, Ed. 1 Friday, June 9, 1893, newspaper, June 9, 1893; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth330815/m1/2/: accessed December 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Public Library.