The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 14, No. 31, Ed. 1 Friday, July 12, 1895 Page: 1 of 8
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ABILENE TEXAS FRIDAY MORNING JULY 12 1805
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"' PHYSICIAN and 8UR3E0N
Office over HAHUIS lJRO'S. Drug Store.
(J W. SHERBINO M D.
' 0(Rcc 3d. iloor south of Parker's lum-
ber yard. Chronic Diseases. Diseases of
women nnd Children.
P E. HAYNES
' Physician and Surgeon.
Omco o or Word St Alexanders drug (tore.
Will answer calls at night at room over
Weil's old stand.
Civery ar?d peed Stable.
BEST HOUSES and BTJ00IE8
In the City.
1 LIVELY STABLE.
AHILKNE ANbON nnd 1IASKKL mall
ud passenger line.
South first Street.
L.A.NID and LORN AOENt
Border Building. North Second Street.
ABILENE NATIONAL BANK.
J G. JIOWDON. Vns . K. O FIUCK. Cashier
Capital and Surplus $150000.00
Transacts a general Banking Business.
Book and Music Store.
Shaving Parlors PINE STREET.
D. S. HUGHES & CO.
Buggies Wagons Farm Implements.
SOUTH KIHJjT STREET
GEO. L. PAXTON
BTardwr -3 Chinaware Stoves.
COU NORTH SKCONIl and PINE &TS
Office Over First National Bant
SAYLES & SAYLES
Porter fe Hooves lliilldliig
t.kk & V ... ..... V .. M
Amnrioiin Surolv Co N. V
tirtiri. uu:k ibiieil miout. mu.
Will practice lit (lie Mali' courts In Taylor nm!
Counties in vlvlt ami criminal cuurn- jf apjio.il
nnd federal ami supremo courts of 1 sxas.
CHRISTIAN & LEIGHTY
" MERCHANDISE BROKERS.
Cor. Qy preset unU N. Susond St a.
(1 W. HARKRIDER.
New York Life Ins. Co.
Office with Abilene Nat'l.Bank.
Coal -k -k Coke
Mining - - Company
MoAlestbr J. T Savanna I. T. CoalKate. h T'
liuiitiUKtou. Ark. Montreal aik wi m aj.
-oulla. Ark. Jenny Und Ark. -Anthracite and
lilt ckttnlth Coals.
Write i foi
Mnrphinft Opium. Laudanum
" HABIT CURED
with absolute certainty. No pain The
cheapest nnd most satisfactory treat
ment in use. Thousands of testimony
als. Send for circulars. Trial troat-
niont free to those desiring it. Ad-
dress B. S. Dispensary Co.
Berrien Springs Mich
Great Economical auosiloninTcxos.
he above heading t Under the fol-
lowing interesting nnd instructive letter
written by Mr Henry Stylcs of this
city appeared in the(jt)jllas News of
the 3d inst.
''Abilene Taylor Co Tex July
a Irrigation as a local problem is
now being agitated in many of the
most progressive settlements in north
west Tcxis. Forced by the frequent
failure of crops loss by drouths to
look for relief the thinking men of
the west have wisely come to the con-
clusion that irrigation is needed to
build up that country. Blessod with
every advantage ol soil and climate
the western portion of Texas is des-
tined in the near fu'ure if irrigation
be made a success to become an in-
viting field for both the homeseeker
"The only element of nature lacking
in west Texas to make a land of beau-
tiful homes and fruitful fields is a bet-
ter distribution of the rainfall It can
not be expected that nature will change
its ways; that the rains in the west
that in the past haae always come in
floods covering short periods of time
will in the future become distributed
over the growing season for crops and
thereby subserve the necessities of the
agriculturist. The reports now come
of floods all over northwest Texas.
The rivers and streams are oveiflow-
ing. The precious water the only
thing lacking in nature to make that
country a land of happy homes and
beautiful fields is running to waste.
"Capital can be profitably invested
in providing means to store the storm
waters of the west to be used b
the farmer in making his crops. The
history of the west shows that the
natural rainfall must be supplemented
by irrigation; that while a good sea-
son may occasionally come and crops
be made that the dry years are sure
to come too. No country can make
permanent progress in its develop-
ment as long as such conditions last.
The only relief is to irrigate. Nature
has provided the w ay in the abundance
of the waters that fall. It remains for
men of energy wisdom and capital to
utilize nature's gifts and make riches
for themselves and bring blessings to
the human race. The development of
west Texas is not of concern alone to
the settlers of that region. It is of
great importance to the whole state.
Tnc rich heritage provided by they
early patriots of Texas for the children
of this and coming generations the
public free school lands nearly all lie
west ol that line where it is believed
that farming cannot be mode success-
ful without irrigation. If these lands
continue to be nothing more than graz-
ing lands the realization will be far
short of the expectations of this genera-
tion and the heritage will prove to be
of little practical value. The only
hope for the school lands of Texas is
in the irrigation of the west.
Aside from the public lands of Texas
there are many millions of acres of
land in west Texas owned by citizens
of every part of the state. The values
have been practically destroyed. The
distress occasioned by the losses is felt
in every portion of the state. Even
the state revenue has been diminished
by the depreciation of the values of
the west. The public schools have
been compelled to cut short their
terms on account of the falling off in
receipts from the school lands
A higher rate of taxation has fol-
lowed and must be borne by the whole
people until the conditions change.
When it is considered that more
than two-thirds of Texas lies west of
this line where aggriculture is an un-
safe pursuit without irrigation the
necessity lor speedy action will be ap-
preciated Within this territory there
are millions of acres that can be profi-
tably irrigated That country the un-
developed west is capable of main-
taining a population seveial times as
great as that of the state at the pres.
ent time. It might be profitable for
the business men of Texas to figure
out the effect of such a change. It
might be wise for the business men of
Texas and nil those who expect to
shape the political and financial destiny
of (his state to lend a helping hand to
the development of the state.
There will be no more potent factor
in its development" than irrigation.
Make west Texas suitable for homes
for farmers and the hundreds of thous-
ands from the cold and cheerless north
and northwest will quickly seek it
When farming is made certain there
by irrigation the railroads will build
over that section. Millions upon
millions would be added to the taxable
values of the state and the burdens of
taxation greatly diminised. The great
work of developing Texas can not be
accomplished single handed by the pub-
lic spirited men ol the west. Every
one interested and the whole of Texas
and all those concerned in Texas are
interested should unite to the common
end. An irrigation law constructed
upon broad principles and comprehen-
sive in its terms was enacted by the
legislature. Tills is a beginning in the
right direction. t
Follow this up. Make this law
known to the capitalists and they
will be convinced that money in-
vested in irrigation works in Texas
will be safely protected. Show capi-
tal the innumerable advantages fur-
nished by nature for the success of irri-
gation plants in west Texas. In-
vite men of money to come and reap
fruits in this great field ol developmen t
Prove to them that the owners of the
land and the tillers of the soil want them
to make fair returns on their invest-
ments. Texas has had a day when
capital was welcomed with delight and
before a new area of prosperity caii set
in again the same feeling must exist.
Unlike many other things there is
in irrigation no possible antagonism
between capital and the people.
The gain of the capitalists is the
gam of the people. There are no
labor strikes to effect such an invest-
ment; in fact the interests of the capital
class and the people are so near akin
that the profit of one is the profit of
the other; the loss of one is the loss
of the other. Henry Sayles.
Plowing With Electricity.
To Germany belongs the credit of
having first demonstrated the practica-
bility and economy of electric plowing.
An electric motor is fixed to the plow
itself. The shaft of the motor by
m;ans of suitable gearingy'arives a
a shaft filled with a pinion over which
a chain runs from one end of the field
to the other This chain is held taunt
at both ends by triple ground anchors.
When the motor is put in operation it
hauls the plow across the field. When
the end of tfiefield is reached the plow
is tilted to the other side and by re-
versing the motor the shaft starts on
its return journey. At a recent test at
llalle-on-the-Saale wiih a two-furrow
tilting plow two furrows were turned
measuring together 24 inches m width
by 10 inches in depth and traveling at
the rate of 35 inches per second The
actual useful effect obtained was equal
to eight effective horse power. A re-
markable feature of this system is that
guided by the tightened chain very
shallow furrows can be made with
great evenness and regularity and the
balance plow can thus be used for
turning over stubble land and other
light work. The first cost of an elec-
tric plow is said to be much below
that of a steam cultivating plant. The
entire outfit of such a plow as that
mentioned dynamo steam engines
cables etc can be had for about
3.000. According to tho figures pub-
lished as to the results of the trial the
working expenses of the system are
about half that of the steam plowing
and if these results are borne out in
practice upon an extensive scale there
seems to be no question of the future
of the electric plow From the Nov
Mrs. Lizzie Meyer and the Misses
Asbury have opened a dressmaking
shop on Butternut street at Flint's old
estdence onfc block south of the Metho-
dist church. Will do all kinds of sewing
Fashionable dresses a specialty Give
them a trial 16 tf
EATING IIP THE BIEDB.
Tho Italians Rnthlossly Slaughter
tho Feathered Animals.
To the Italian everything is edible;
it is a nation without a palate. It
steeps a hare in fennel and eats salt
with melons The craze for devouring
birds of all kinds is a species of fury
from the Alps to Etna; they crunch the
delicate bodies between their jaws with
disgusting relish and a lark represents
to them a succulent morsel for the spit
or pastry. The trade in larks all over
the world is enormous and exercrable
and is as large in England as in Italy.
It should at once be made penal by
heavy fines on the trappers the ven-
ders and the eaters or ere long no
more will the lark be heard on the
earth. It is admitted by all who know
anything of the subject that agriculture
would be impossible without the aid of
birds as the larvae and developed in-
sects of all kinds would make a desert
of the entire area of cultivated land.
This is well known. Yet all over
the world the destruction of birds rages
unchecked and no attempt is made to
protect them to interdict their public
sale and to enable them to nest and
rear their young in peace A scientific
writer has said that destruction the
individual is unimportant. (He was
speaking of the destruction of the great
auk ) As matters go now unless
some stringent measures are taken the
birds of Europe will in the next cen-
tury be as extinct as is now the dinor-
nis. The orntthopil societies of France
and Switzerland have more than once
written that unless the birds be pro-
tected in Italy they must perish all
over Europe since so great a variety
of races wing their way to the south in
winter and there are ruthlessly mur
dered. Nineteenth Century.
The State's Finances. '
The reports from the fiscal depart-
ments of the state government at Aus-
tin are of an extremely satisfactory and
encouraging nature and indicate that
Texas is getting rapidly on its feet
again figuratively and financially
There is no danger of Texas promi-
ses to pay going at a discount for any
length of time but it is not creditable
that they should be hawked abcmt for
95 cents on the dollar at all. Extrav-
agance is overstepping the income
coupled with an unbusiness like course
of reducing the income of political ef-
fect or through carelessness or igno-
rance below the necessary expenses of
a great and growing commonwealth
are alone responsible for the embarrass-
ments of the state treasury. These
embarrassments as all know have not
arisen through any poverty of this big
state. 'The resources are here at all
times to meet any possible drain for
The now Tapidly increasing receipts
and the probability of goiog to a cash
basis again some time in advance of
the period first anticipated is not only
a gratifying fact to learn but it is an
unmistakable evidence of better times
and freer circulation of nfoncy in the
state. The receipts show an increase
over preceding comparative periods
and therefore indicate growth and gen-
eral prosperity a condition which
everybody supposed to exist but which
these facts demonstrate to be a reality
beyond question Houston Post.
There is a great deal of wisdom in
the suggestion of Commissioner Wright
says the Commercial Appeal that
the census bureau shall be made
permanent especially if the able re-
publican manipulators of figures em-
ployed by Robert P. Porter should be
eliminated from the service. This is
one of the. bureaus that should be takeh
out of politics for the reasou that no
suspicion of pattisap meddling should
ever attach to' its reports Too much
depends upon the accuracy and author-
ity. If the bureau should be taken
the country would be overrun with in-
competents who accept employment
in the service simply because they
have no other and there cquld be
really scientific preparation of the
Tho Farmers' Opportunity.
Reported for the lteporte. '
Secretary Morton of the departmenj
of agriculture declares that such a thing
as actual and not sentimental poverty
of the farmer under present conditions
is chargeable largely to his failure to
exercise sound judgment in deciding
what it is safest and best to raise. He
contends that the application of a more
discriminating intelligence to the tilling
of the soil and the adoption of the com-
mon sense principles of business that
are nficcessary to the successful con-
duct of other productive industries is
bound to bring wealth to the prudunt
husbandman. He recommends a more
judicious diversification of crops and
supports that recommendation with an
array of statistical information to show
what a vast market awaits the Ameri-
can farmer inthe old world if he will
but turn his attention to the produc-
tion of potatoes onions eggs hens and
butter instead of spending all his days
riding a self-binding reaper and a sulky
plow. The introduction of expensive
labor-saving machineq for the harves-
ting of a particular line of crops has
diverted the farmers from the raising of
products for which there is a growing
demand in the old world and from
which smaller countries like Denmark
are reaping splendid profits. Referring
to Seceretary Morton's statement and
figures the Chicago Times-Herald
Although we raised last year more
than 1 7ooooooo-bushels of potatoes
in the United States for which we re
ceived about $1000000 the crop was
not adequate by millions of bushels to
supply our own demand. As a
lesult of information gleaned by the de-
partment of agriculture through our
consuls abroad. It is very evident
thar the American farmers are neglec
ting their great opportunity. We might
send millions of dollars' worth of food
products to England yearly. England
is now Importing more than $18000-
000 worth of eggs every year. The
little country of Belgium gets $3000.-
000 of this and Franse pocket $7000-
000. While the American farrier sits
on the box at the corner grocery1 and
croaks about mortgages and chinXb
bugs the Canadian hens are busily en -
. . - . . .
gaged in laying eggs for both British
and American stomachs. In the mat-
ter of butter we sent only 3000 tons to
England last year while little Den-
mark beat us by 48000 tons and New
Zealand and Australia are also crowd-
ing us in this line. The secretary's
breezy message of optimism comes at
opportune time when a paopaganda of
debt repudiators is struggling to cen-
tralize and unify all the calamity ele-
ments of society into an organization
the obj.ct of which shall be to sound
the tocsin of disaster until the govern-
ment agrees to make a 50 cent dollar
for ostensible relief of the mortgaged
classes. If the farmer will take Mr.
Morton's advice and mix more brains
with the manure he will have no use
for the flimsy platitudes of the political
croakers who constantly prate about the
unprofitableness of agriculture.
i. 1 m 11
We have never doubted that the low
price of cotton prevailing during recent
years was a blessing to the South.
Change in agriculture that would never
have been made with cotton at ten
cents are working out the salvation of
the country and in a few years if poli-
ticians and other disturbers of the pub-
he peace will permit the South will
be in full career of a prosperity un-
known in any other country for extent
and completeness. With a soil and
climate adapted to a greater variety of
products than any country in the world
and with natural resources unrivaled
what folly for all these years to stake
all on a single crop buying from others
the products of the soil for which the
South is perfectly adapted. No people
can live 011 cotton alone for any single
crop. Farm and Ranch.
Good farm in Jones county 330
acres 1 1 5 in cultivation good house
and barns lasting water. Wilt sell or
rade for chy property. Address
Bynum on Tinanco. t
Hon. W. D. Bynum df India
opened his sound money camp
that city Monday night. He a
the opera house to a large and
cintive audience composed of-
bers of both political parties b
merchants business men. farmers'
laborers. His address was anl JA
and exhaustive argument in favf
sound money of which we have?ifi
only to quote the concluding
gratis as follows:
It is said that the bankers art
pofed to free coinage and th
every other class ought to f
There is no class in the country
would be so much benefitted
would rean such a rich harvest as
. . .. . .851
banners it we couiu pass irom ay
to a silver standard with as little i
bance as the friends of free
naalri Untrn tin VlmrA T U r 9
lar in gold would instantly beiT
worm iwu in suvcr nu uucuu sen
doubt. As an illustration of the
efits bankers would receive fr
transition from the gold to the
standard accompanied by no othe;
than the mere changing of the m
take the Indiana National bank
dianapolis; it has within its vault
000.000 in eold. The roomen
coinage should be adopted the o
of that bank could convert theijl
000000 in gold into Jz.ooo1
silver of equal debt-paying po
pay off $1000000 of deposits
silver and have the other $100
left as a clear profit. Why then
one may ask are they not in fa
froe f-ninnne It is because thev
that the moment it is ascertained t
we are likely to go to a silver'j
there would be such a wild rush bf .
positors to secure their money thatAl V
will be crushed before they can 4
cape from beneath the wheels off tj. '
;rrcmrit Thp spp. in the exo-Ski'
.... WW Q- .
ment to escape before the pillars
credit are pulled down that no onef 'm
hope to get out without injury. h
Who would be the greatest suffe 10
during the crisis mat wouia toi
..' . - . . il'.&3S
That class'which could least aft-'
stand it the wage workers and
earning fixed aV
j v. tVUke a. u J 4
.would be yfuitc QPlaim 90 to 9
X a.rfireejuewnb!. 4 i.
with the depr
krmi.nD.ll y t?S
power of th;
"if sample onle
dard of waged
has been con&SSJvLouKMo. V
T.fr15 upnirnt 1
returning confidSB? "
There never was
of the world when a
mand mpre of the ltl
why should they jou;
pull down the roof tha'
"Why stake the pricel
financial standingthe -C (1'r ' u
monetary system and tlu H f
of the nation in the nursnit t.j. v S .1.1
o'-the wisp "cheap money." !
led every people on the face v ltj
eartn mar pursued it into me do 1
financial distress and ruin?
Vast Moneyed Power. 1
....... ...... . -. . '
inemea. mar me onuea stares
tied to the purse strings of any
on the globe becomes an exce
farfetched one in the face of
published ngures as to the jpkiiit'
capital ot tne world.
It seems from the statistics
point quoted comment in thi
York World that the banking
of the leading nations is represen
$30000000000 or the agi
capitalization. Of this amount. Mr
America cluelly in the United aja
holds $6000000000 or o3
fourth while Europe including 'C'ce
Britain trance and Germany iij$i
$rrv5oooooooorln a word thttrku'
try has half as much bankmg nei n
As against any one caunW JMl1
United States are the stroneV;J' a.
mat may open me eyes ot inanyv '
pie in America even. Moarjt
times wars can not h- mrfluHlf!
Standing alone therefore we 4!ki
strongest of the nations either fc?
prosecution of war or for the p:
cf the victories of peace. 1 l"H
11 is a singular ana tnexn can .
of burying our talents jn a: napwi
of legislation render us depenftW
upon other people's money or 'Wjf
further than the indenenderfrf-JlPf
nations upon each other for pi
ule commerce. Houston ros
ifi--fc-M "1 P
In- i llrilr
Square Nw York.
JJJ "I" fen
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The Abilene Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 14, No. 31, Ed. 1 Friday, July 12, 1895, newspaper, July 12, 1895; Abilene, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth330896/m1/1/: accessed February 28, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Public Library.