The Cass County Sun (Linden, Tex.), Vol. 64, No. 41, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 12, 1939 Page: 2 of 8
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NEWS ANALYSIS BY JOSEPH W. LaBJNE
ere of Interest' Division
oduces Clash of Ambitions
In Baltic and Balkan Sectors
(EDITOR'S NOTE—When opinions are expressed In these columns, they
are those ot the news analyst and not necessarily of this newspaper.)
Hfif.nort by Western Newspaper Union.
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Neutrality Looks like a Ponderous Question
Know your m
following and y<
duct 20 from each
Any score above 60
1. Choice: WladfSfaw RacxHe-
wics is (a) the mayor of Warsaw
who led that city's heroic de-
fense; (b) the president of Po-
land; <c) an Indo-China sea cap-
tain who refuses to wear shoes.
2. What high American digni-
tary of the Roman Catholic church
3. Ernest Simpson is the former
husband of the duchess of Wind-
sor (nee, Wallis WarfieM). Why
was Ernest Simpson recently in
4. Does the average
fear an invasion of
Germany if the a
5. If it
ets it, and who cares
(Answers at bottom
WHY ROME-BERLIN-MOSCOW TRIANGLE CAN'T LAST
Map shows European sphere-of-influence division and resultant conflicts. Num-
bered explosions show probable sites of conflict between "triangle" members:
ONE—Baltic sea, long an exclusively German area, becomes a Russian sea fol-
lowing liny Estonia's capitulution to Moscow. Russia thus becomes naval threat to
TWO—Russ, Nazi interests and nationalities clash here; Lithuania falls in both
spheres of influence.
THREE—Rumania in German sphere, yet Russia will probably force partial dis-
memberment by demanding return of Bessarabia and cession of south portion to
Bulgaria. Rumania also essential to Russ "Black sea pact."
FOUR—Balkan states, partially in Nazi-Italian spheres, are predominantly Sluvic,
not Teutonic or Latin, therefore lean Moscow-wise.
FIVE—Italian, German spheres clash in Yugoslavia, uhich each seeks to dom-
inate. Italy fears German victory would make her a Mediterranean power, thus
threatening Mussolini's domination there. Italy further sees herself left in the cold
by Russ-Nazi division of Eastern Europe.
SIX—Turkey, in Russian sphere, is joe of Italy, since that nation covets Turkey's
Simple enough in early phises ot
neutrality discussion was the uropo-
sition of lifting the arms emlargo,
restricting U. S. ships from Bellig-
erent zones and holding belli®rent
credits to 90 days. But whei
splitting starts, it is hard to'
As congress opened debate ot|
issue, administration forces clai
65 senators (16 better than a
jority) favoring cash and carry
trality. But many an administra-
tion supporter soon found himself
just as bellicose as Isolationists.
Nye, Borah and Lundeen. 3j|§
Typical was Colorado's Edwin C.-
Johnson. Though he favored lifting
the embargo, the 90-day credit
clause stuck in his throat: "Theie
is nothing to keep an individual
in a belligerent country front buy-
ing in large quantities and turning;
the goods over to the government."
Thus he and many another sena-
tor wanted 90-day restrictions en-
forced against not only the warring
nations but their residents a^ well.
At least two more issues threat-
ened to split repeal backers:
(1) The clause imposing jail sen-
tences on Americans traveling 'In
forbidden combat areas.; Said Sen-
ator Johnson's fellow Cploradoan,
With congress knee-deep in discussion of America's neutrality course in the European war, the depth
the question is graphically illustrated by three congressmen listening to debate. Left to right: Rep. W.
Ditter of Pennsylvania, Rep. F. B. Kieff of Wisconsin, and Rep. J. Rowland Kinzer, Pennsylvania.
Sobriety and Fun Mingle at Legion Conclave
As September died, U. S. corre-
spondents visiting Germany's Sieg-
fried line found idyllic peace (see
WESTERN FRONT). The war was
being fought elsewhere, in London,
Berlin and Paris, but chiefly in Mos-
cow where Dictator Josef Stalin was
teaching Adolf Hitler the danger of
playing with fire. Signed by the
Nazi-Soviet second men, Foreign
Ministers Joachim von Ribbentrop
and Viacheslav Molotov were
treaties (1) pledging "necessary
measures" if Britain and France re-
fused Adolf Hitler's peace, (2) par-
titioning Poland to give the Reich a
bigger slice than under the original
military demarcation, and (3) stim-
ulating trade between the two na-
Joachim von Ribbentrop returned
to Berlin in high spirits, handing
Boss Hitler the weapon of Russian
co-operation with which he hoped to
force peace upon the allies. But
Herr Von Ribbentrop had paid dear-
ly for this weapon, and the allies
were not entirely displeased. The
price had been extension of Russian
to which Ber-
lin once held
Mor e ov e r
RIBBENTROP appaTe n Uy
Paid a big price. without con-
Suiting Signor Mussolini.
Russian gains were many: She
took over Estonia, thereby becom-
ing a Baltic naval power. She ex-
tended sway over Latvia and barked
at little Lithuania's door, where Hit-
ler has long been kingpin. She got
Poland's oil and wheatfields, looked
hungrily at Hitler's Rumania, made
a pact with Bulgaria and another
The allies were pleased for sev-
eral reasons. First: The entire
sphere-of-influence was such a hope-
less jumble of mixed nationalities
and conflicting ambitions that a
blowup was considered inevitable.
Second: Two ambitious and ruthless
dictators, once isolated from each
other, now worked side-by-side with
no buffer state between them to ab-
sorb the shook. Third: Russia
could not be expected to give the
Reich much immediate economic
help, because her own mobilized
armies require first attention. More-
over, Polish oil wells had been ren-
dered unproductive for a year.
The allies prepared for a mighty
Nazi offensive when they refused
Hitler's peace, but for the moment
all was quiet. A. P.'s Louis Loch-
ner and U. P.'s Frederick C.
Oechsner visited the Siegfried line,
finding French and Nazi troops fish-
ing, washing clothes and whittling.
But in the Saar sector the French
continued to advance, while over-
head there was occasional fierce
Conflicts between planes brought
conflicting reports. London admit-
ted some planes "have not yet re-
turned" from a raid over Helgo-
land's German sea base in the
North sea, and Berlin reported five
of the six raiders were shot down.
Two days later London told of a
miracle: Over the western front, a
five-plane British reconnaissance
squadron was allegedly attacked by
15 German fighters. Three British
ships were shot down, a fourth
forced to land, but the fifth "flew
on to finish the job," shot down two
Nazi planes and forced the remain-
ing 13 to flee because they were
"shaken by the steady and accu-
rate fire" of the lone British plane.
Three Norwegian steamships were
sunk by Germany in one day; next
day the Reich seized three Danish
vessels. Apparent reason: Ger-
many has decided everything is con-
traband of war, which U. S. cash-
and-carry advocates maintained
was good reason American ships
should stay out of belligerent
ff ar Miscellany
ft Poles in France, planning a strong
army, appealed to U. S. Poles to
come abroad and fight.
ft Experts figured Europe is spend-
ing $61,000,000 of the world's wealth
on war each day.
CI In London, Britain called 250,000
more men to the colors, including
all men between 20 and 22, with
Signed last June 23 was a U. S.-
British barter treaty with dual pur-
poses: (1) to deplete surplus U. S.
cotton and British rubber holdings,
and (2) to build up for each nation
a supply of strategic war materials
which must be held in reserve for
seven years unless either goes to
war. By early October it looked
like the god of war had netted
Uncle Sam a $20,000,000 profit on
Reason: When the pact was
signed quantities of rubber and cot-
ton involved had about an even
value on the world market. But a
month of Europe's conflict forced
highly important rubber up some 30
per cent, from 15.48 cents to 21 cents
a pound. Meanwhile cotton declined
from 9.58 to 8.85 cents a pound.
With first cotton shipments to
Britain underway from new Or-
leans, U. S. boats prepared to pick
up the first consignment of British
rubber at Singapore on October 15.
"Keep America out of the war" was the warning sounded by speakers at the American Legion's twenty-)
first convention in Chicago. Left: Retiring Commander Stephen Chadwick greets Henry Ford, auto magnate,
who was among notables at the session. Right: The Legion had fun, too. Man Mountain Dean, former
wqytler and a member of the Buford, Ga., post, had little success as sergeant-at-arms.
Jumps 190-Foot Span; Hurt Later
He was for and against.
Alva Adams: "For years we've
been trying to preserve the rights
of our citizens, and now we pro-
pose to make felons out of them
when they try to exercise their
(2) The clause empowering the
President to designate combat areas
in which American ships could not
travel. Presumably this meant
U. S. ships must not only avoid
Baltic, North and Mediterranean
seas, but must also steer clear of
Australia, New Zealand, Britain's
Caribbean possessions, and even
Canadian ports. Unless modified, it
meant U. S. merchant ships must
not only limit themselves largely to
western hemisphere routes, but
must even then watch their p's and
ft In New York, George A. Sloan of
the Consumer Goods Industries
committee announced manufactur-
ers were avoiding boosts in their
selling prices so long as possible,
despite price advances in raw ma-
ft In Cincinnati, delegates to A. F.
of L's fifty-ninth convention heard
a plea that the U. S. offer its "medi-
ation services for world peace." In-
cidentally, A. F. of L. reported
4,006,354 paid members, only 72,386
short of 1930's all-time high despite
interference from C. I. O.
ft In Michigan, political prophets
wondered how his anti-repeal stand
on fhe present neutrality law would
help or hurt Sen. Arthur H. Van-
denberg, current No. 1 possibility
for 1940's G. O. P. presidential
nomination. If he wins, the prophets
think his nomination is in the bag.
ft In Gearhart, Ore., Assistant At-
torney Gen. Thurman W. Arnold
told the Oregon Bar association that
wartime trade conditions are no ex-
cuse for ignoring the anti-trust laws.
Duke Steps Out
It wasn't the 190-foot leap from San Francisco's Golden Gate bridge
that hurt Charles Delps, St. Paul high diver. He injured his shin on a
rock while swimming ashore. Ilis wife, Lillian, scolds him at a San
Soviet, Germany Split Polish Loot
News Quiz Answers
1. (B) Is correct. Raczklewlcz was
named president ot the exile Polish
regime to succeed Ignace Moscickl, who
resigned and interned in Rumania.
2. George Cardinal Mundelein, arch-
bishop of Chicago.
3. Ernest Simpson's wife gave birth
to a son.
4. Yes. According to a Gallup poll,
84 per cent of the U. S. has this fear.
5. Changsha is In China, newest ob-
jective of invading Japanese army, be-
ing defended by Gen. Chiang Kai-Shek'i
Baltic Sea 4vITHUAN 1A
Map shows the latest partition of Poland, with areas going to both
Germany and Russia. The Reich got the smaller and richer part but
e land to provide a 50-50 break. Observers also noticed
d Germany got more industrial property, which she does
t Russia received agricultural land of which she already
e San and Vistula rivers form a major portion of the all
y, which cuts through the suburbs of Warsaw, ancient
d gives Russia such important cities as Lwow, Brest-
historic Lithiianian city which Poland captured shortly
In full kit of an English major
general, the once-exiled duke of
Windsor leaves the London war of-
fice en route to the French battle
front. Observers noticed the duke
preserved his distinctive dress even
in wartime, wearing non-regulation
Wilma Birth of Chicago was
among the prettiest American refu-
gees arriving from war-torn Europe
aboard the S. S. Volendam, a Dutch
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Banger, J. E. A. & Erwin, W. L. The Cass County Sun (Linden, Tex.), Vol. 64, No. 41, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 12, 1939, newspaper, October 12, 1939; Linden, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth341148/m1/2/: accessed December 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Atlanta Public Library.