Brownwood Bulletin (Brownwood, Tex.), Vol. 23, No. 166, Ed. 1 Monday, April 30, 1923 Page: 1 of 8
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riTTT 'IT " T
THE MERCHANT WHO
Prepares for Poor Busi-
ness Gets It
MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS
EIGHT PAGES TODAY
TONIGHT AND TUESDAY UNSET-
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BROWNWOOD TEXAS MONDAY APRIL 30 1923
VOL. XXIII. NO. 166
hi hi m i
-B JP LJ m A K J. W A
SPKIA WJIIIIY T
G Br M
Father of Injured Girl Pleads With Mob to Let the Law Take
Its Course Declaring All Must Respect Law; County .
Officers Maae No Attempt to Protect Prisoner.
. (By Associated Press)
COLUMBIA faro. April 30. A spe-
grand jury1 will be summoned to
investigate tlie hanging of James
Scott negro by a mob here Saturday
night-a'nd vrili begin its inquiry early
The prosecuting attorney who was
in the jail during the attack by :the
mob and who1 is said to have taken
the names of he mob leaders was ex-
pected to lay his information before
the grand jury.
The negro was accused of an at-
tempted assault upon a fourteen year
old girl and the mob which stormed
the jail and lynched him was estimat-
ed to number about two thousand
persons. Just before the hanging. Dr.
H. F. Almstedt father of. the girl. and
head of the German department at the
University of Missouri here appeared
tdramatically on the scene and ap-
pealed to the mob to let the law take
"I have as much against this man
as you have' Dr. Almstedt is quoted
as saying. "But we as citizens of the
United States should abide by the
laws of the country."
The mob . ignored th A. pleas of the
lunuceucK uuiu vucn w.
negro 10 tne urmge notour irum uf .
place where the attempted attack was
made upon the girL
After a rope was tied about his neck
he was pushed off the bridge. The
coroner saidilaterhat he negrq's;nej3k
was broken . and that he apparently j
died Instantly. 1 matter of debt collections are tii?
The mob gained entrance to the cell subjUc't of some liscujsion but it
occupied by the negro by burning thefjs probablethat the United ".States
Iron door with an acetylene torch. Notnrijf iaw couhl bo brojight intopiay
attempt was made to take the keysijn ch a way that tli rough' gentle
from the sheriff. . j economic pressure debtor nations
No students at the university tookfrajt fmd it advisable' to at least
an active part in the lynching eye-"; shot' an Inclination toipay.
witnesses stated. There were manyf Ambassador Harvey has worked
in the crowd it was asserted bttt all j relentlessly In. the British capital
they were there only as spectators. t0 impress upon ;the people of Eu-
The negro bad been identified by the Irop- that the United jstates has no
girl as her issailanL A coroner's jury j' intention of canceling any :of it3
found that ibe negnfs death was caus- debts; and it is reliably reported in
ed by "hanging at the hands of per- I diplomatic circles thatj.on more than
sons unknown to the jury." jonj occasion he has taken the opjpor-
It deveiqped that Gov. Arhtur SLVmaity to impress-upon the diplomatic
Hvde ordered out a local company of li
the National guard but the -lynching i
took place before it could be mobiliz-'
ed. County officers offered no physi-
cal resistance to the mob.
III PEONAGE CflNTRAGT
CASES BEING HUHOHED
FLORIDA (JOYKRNOR SAID TO
HAVE TAKEN FIRST STEPS
(By Associated Press.)
TALLAHASSEE April 30. Gover
nor Hardee plans to recommend to
eaaj uie iwauvoi uj "ivc " -
wimiy jpose u. j;. Hiuu. i
county nkmsd In testimony before the
joint legislative committee as having
nrccd Mitii Sheriff J. R. Jones tod
send vagrants to the con1
camp of tbe Putnam Lumber company
at Clara Florida it ia learned from
"an authoritative quarter.
Held at Gilmer
- (By Associated Press.)
GILMER Aprfl 30. Two faen giv-
ing -the names of Everett Walker and
Hcarne fDunklan of Mount Pleasant
are in detention following an unsuc-
cessful attempt to rob the Rosewood
Bank seven miles west of here Sat-
urday nlghL No charges have been
filed. In the meanwhile tbe officers
are searching for the robbers said to
number five who were discovered in
LEGISLATURE AT WORK.
i(By Associated Press.)
AUSTLV April 30. The legislative
party which toured the oil fields of
Eastland and Stephens counties for
the past two days returned to Austia
at noon today. Both branches of the
Legislature resumed work at 2 o'clock.
it tumEr :
AN G'LO "A3EERI CAN AGREEMENT
TO iULEAR TP WAR OBLIGA-
TIONS MAY BE PRESENTED.
.By DAVID. M. CHURCH f
International News Service Staff I
T Correspondents I
LONpON -April 30.4rAn Arigl6-j
tion .Jt war debts js one of the re-
commendations wh'ch .Ambassador
Harvjy will undoubted' make in
President Harding'-when he arrives
in Washington early thife month. r
Ambassador Harvey "doesn't feel
that his work in connection with the
war debts is yet complete even tho
the liritish Avar debt lias been set-
tled and he is known to hold the
view jthat by combined action between
Great; Br.tain and 'the United Stages
some! -Of the debtor nations could ibe
jpersyadeu to use reaer
meeting their obligations.
though such co-operation would
undoubtedly meet with British favbr.
as y$fc there has been nothing more
.than informal discussions on-the. mat-
ter y Sf
? .lit -Tariff as SI
representatives of debtor nations
thai a gest'ijB indiciitf ng that' the
debtor has no intention of repujl'at-
its debt would serve to" increase
.fri.tadly relations between the. United
tajtes and the debtor! nations. .
. Explains U. Si Stand.
The Ambassador in dropping ihese
Critmdly hints has made it plain trat
thy United States has no -desire to
piajy the 'role of vShjflock" and does
; not intend to press for immediate
payment where such iiaynient. wouhl
email haidship upon 4he debtor na-
tiOji. He has libvever. stressed the
fatjt that any indication of a wifling-
neas to pay would bej'met more-than
hajf way by .the Unijied States and
thte debtor nations "jwould undotibt-
Gdiy find the Aerian Government
mood for nfakintr comparatively
i )- -
.. - The Br. tish Government is in a
position similar - td that or the
LJtfi(1 states. Jt "tob has numerous
-dijbtors and iloeh no(Jeei inciineu t0
. . .r i. r .
..t. .rii f (i;t
tnon.t may be expected at some time
ijr the not toe distaht future. 1
'.'fiy co-operation between the Unit-
'tj States and Great Britain it is
probable that some of the nations
might be brought to see the Ijglit
.casting off the hopes which they now
bjOld that some day; their debts will
be canceled. Ambassador Harv'ey is
known to hold this view and wheth
er the United States wants to adopt
or not will remian in the hands
President Harding and hi& Cabi
(By Associated Press.)
CONSTANTINOPLE April 30.
A convention putting into effect
the railway development and min-
ing concession granted by the
Turkish government to tho Amer-
ican syndicate headed by Rear
Admiral Colby Ml Chester retired
was signed at Angora today
DEMAND OF GOVERNOR
WILL REXBKR A'CCOUXTLXG OXLX
FOR FERIOD SI.NCE HIS
LiVST KKFOHT. .
(By Associated Press.)
CHICAGO April "30. Edward J.
Brundage attorney general of Illi-
nois made public today a letter to"
Governor Lcn Small who had request-
ed an accounting of the expenditures
of the attorney general's office since
1917 refusing to accede to the demand
except for the period which has elaps-
ed -since the state's prosecutor made
his last biennial report with certain
The "information. requested by you".
the Attorney General's letter said "is
beyond your authority to demand"
The- Attorney General stated " that
Governor Small could deniaud a re-
port only for the period since the last
FRENCH SEND TROOPS
ON BORDER OF SYRIA
3IASSIXG" OF TVRKISH TROOPS
FAl'SKD VXKASIXESS AS TO .
' IEV li LOl'31 ENTS.
By -Associated Press.)
PARIS April 30. As a precaution
against what is regarded as a threat-
ening gesture by the Turks in concen-
trating 20000 troops on. the northern
border of Syria the French govern-
ment has decided tq reinforce its own
military strength in the mandated ter-
ritory by two' divisions. This will
place 40000 men at the disposal of
Is Ended by Death
(By Associated Press.)
"WACO April 30. Totally blind
but working for the past fifteen
years on a steam .heating device
which he hoped would bo a bless-
ing to the world W. B. Scoby 05
died here today. He Joat liis sight
In a fire thirty-five years ago.
INJUNCTION IS SOUGHT
(By Associated Press.)
WASHINGTON April 30. Injunc-
tion proceedings asking the federal
courts to put an end to certain opera-
tions of the Western Pine Manufac-
turers Association comprising fifty
corporations were filed by the federal
government at St. Paul at the direction
of Attorney General Daugherty.
THE CALL Oil THE WILD
REIMlKSElVTATtVE CLAIMS EX--CLi'IOX
IS IX VIOLATION
' (By iVssocited Press.)
' tl-Al'-SANXE. AprU--3a. ki.5;0fiicia!'
pretest" against "Russia; being arfii-
ti)ai:ny . kept out of the : ;6nfdrence"-
was sent to'-tbe- near east. .peace
conference by .'M.- VorOvsky soviet
representative here. It declared thai
iriWh a dec sic'n h an - hnlirect.vIoiar-
'jon of the terms of the .' invitation
ajant t0 Russia by Great 'Britain
"ranee and. Italy preceding the first
Lausanne- conference last' November.
WOMJIH IS KILLED BY
EXPLOSION CAUSED SI
' HERSELF POLICE SAY
FIT OF JEALOUSY SAIO TO HAVE
BEEN KKKPOXSIBLB: HER
' (Bv Associated ' Press;)
.' PADUOAH Ky;r . April M MrB
ilosctta Baugherty War ran-. 15 1 wag
jinstantly killed by a dynamite ex-
plosion that wrecked her hpme hero.
Her body was badly" mangled. Three
children escaped injury.
The woman is. believed to have
planted the explosive The authori-
ses believe that ip&aue jealousy
caused the blast' Tho charge was
placed directly under Mrs. Warren's
bed. Her husband was at work. at the
time of the explosion.
RAILWAY FIREMAN IS
HELD ON CHARGE OF
KILLING YOUNG GIRL
SAID TO HAVE ADMITTED HE
STRUCK GIRL ON HEAD; MO-
TIVE IS NOT KNOWS.
(By Associated Press.)
RICHMOND Apri 1 30. Joseph
Enoch railway fireman is hold in jail
hero charged with the murder of Colla
Shodak IB' whoso body was found in
a Held near her' home Friday. :Tho
police say Enoch signed a statement
that he killed tho girl striking her on
the head. No motive was assigned
for the crime. '
RDTR ASKS INDICTMENT
ON CONSPIRACY PLOT
IF GIRL AND CODNSEL
DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S OFFICE
ASKED TO PUSH CHAKUES
AGAINST" MISS DIXON.
. (By Associated Press.)
NEW YORK Aprii 30. Hyman
counsel fo.r Babe Ruth laid before
Acting District Attorney Pecora
charges of conspiracy and request for
the indictment of Dlores Dixon and
othpn ; involved in -the girl's. $50000
suit against the home .run king which
her attorneys withdrew last week.
Bushel declined to say .what Pecora's
attitude was toward the request.
Miss Dixon besan her action against
the ball player last fall alleging that
he was the father of her unborn child.
Ruth denied that he even know the
BELIEVE FLYERS LOST
LUES IN CRASH WITH
HIGH MOUNTAIN PEAK
RANCHER TELLS OF HEARING
AIRl'EANE NEAR MOUNTAIN
(By Associated Press.)
PHOKNIX. Arizona April 30. Be-
lfef that Colonel Francis C. Marshall
and Lieutenant C. L. Webber army
aviators from Rockwell Field Cali-
fornia missing since December 7 fell
to their death on Eagle Tail mountain
north of" hero when they drove their
plane against the rugged peaks in a
heHvy fog was expressed by - John
Xeunior a prospector who reported
hearingm airplane in the vicinity of
tiio range early last December.
Dies in Chicago
(By Associated Press.)
CHICAGO April 30. Emerson
Hough author died in a hospital
at Evanston today at the age of
GG years. - ne was taken to the
hospital Thursday evening suffer-
ing from an intestinal obstruc-
tion and an operation was per-
formed Saturday. Heart and
respiratory complications Caused
GIRL DIES FROM; BURNS.
(By Associated Press.)
HOUSTON April -30. Millie Busby
13 years old died at Humble 17 miles
from here of burns received Saturday
when a gasoline can exploded and -ignited
Neither American Nor Foreign Ships Can Bring Liquor Uh
der Seal Into Any American Ports or Waters for
Use of Passengers on Outgoing Voyages.
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON April 30. The rul-
ing of Attorney General Daugher-
ty against serving liquor on Ameri-
can ships on the high seas was over-
turned by the Supreme Court today
which held at the same time however
that the ban prohibiting both Amer-
ican and foreign ships bringing liquor
stocks Into American ports under bond
is legal and enforceable. .
The Court held that the prohibition
amendment could not be -applie'd to
prevent American ships selling bev-
erages when outside the American ter-
ritorial waters andto that extent the
decision reversed the decision in the
case by Federal Judge Hand of New
The. decision declared that it Is Il-
legal for American or foreign ships to
bring into Ameiican ports or waters
liquor sealed in bond for the use of
passengers on outgoing voyages.
Ship Owner- Confer.
New York April 'J -Officials of
the American and fore;qn steamship
companies went into a hasty confer-
ence" in the office of the Cunard line
to dcvise a plan for handling the mar-itime-BquorJbusines3j.underfthe
preaie Court's ruling.
Review of the Case.
' WASHINGTON." April 30. When
Attorney General baugherty . ruled
that foreign ships entering Ameri-
can waters must bo dry and that
. American ships should not carry at
any time anywhere intoxicating li-
quors for beverage use he' started a
controversy which in intensity ex-
ceeded ai.l other3 ar'sing in enforce-
ment of national prohibition since
the Eighteenth Amendment was sus-
tained by the Supreme Court.
Not only did the foreign steamship
companies enter a protest but the
American lines also strenuously ob
jected. The foreign companies saw
in the ruling an encroachment upon
treaty rights a. violation of inter-
national law and usaget a disregard
Of the comity which they con' ended
should prevail anions nations and
an abandonment; by the United States
of its tUno-hoiiored position that
ships were at all times a. part of the
sovereignty of the . nation ..under
whose P-as they navigated the seven
The American 1'jics' declared en-
forcement of tho order would result
In the disappearance of American
shipping jn the passenger travel of
th0. world and that it consequently
would offset and render ineffectlvo
any .effort this - government might
make to build up a merchant ma-
rine. Liquor "Sen Stores."
From time .Immemorial it had been
th0 universal custom of ships of all
nations' it was' asserted to carry
aboard' liquor; refreshments as well
as food for the use of passengers on
voyages; ' The" intoxicating liquors
and other supplies intended to pro
vision i no smp were a part ot the
ship it was contended as much so
as its "spars. . anchors and other
In the parlance .of the. navigator
these supplies . intended for con-
sumption by passengers and crew
are known as "sea stores.'' No na-
tion In tho exercise of its sovereign-
ty it was argued had attempted to
exercise Jurisdiction over sea stored
in their customs and other regula-
tions none going further than to
exercise supervision through board-
ing officers to' . assure that nothing
-contained in the stor es should be
brought ashore in violation of any
law of the country by the vessel.
The most acute handicap which
the American lines saw in the new
position of their government in pro-
hibition enforcement was the abil'ty
of foreign competitors to restock on
outward voyages evOn though for-
bidden to bring intoxicating liquors
into American waters. Should
Amorican ships be prohibited from
having liquor nboard at; all times
and foreign ships be required- to be
dry while In American waters It
would be possible tho American
CI SELL BOOZE 1
SUPREME G 0 U HT
companies claimed for the foreign
ships quickly to obtain a new supply
on their outward trips by stopping
at a nearby fqresn port or by re-
plenishing from sister or other ships
at - sea.
Should the Supreme Court give the
prohibition law tho construction for
which the government contended!
t there would be endless confuslonf
F i- . T e -
probably leading to strained foreign
relations'.. It was asserted by the
steamship companies because many
governments have enforced for years
Very stringent regulations requiring
ships to carry certain alcoholic bev-
erages for the use of crews and cer-
tain classes of passengers. Clearan-
ces were denied those vessels ail-
ing to comply not only in home but
also in foreign ports it wa3 said
and ships of certain nationalies would
be unable to leave American port3
it was. stated unless they had aboard
a stipulated quantity of such bever-
ages. Technically the controversy raised
by the foreign steamship companies
centered around the construction the
courts would give the presence of
alcoholic- liquor in sealed ship stores
turning on the point whether.it con-
stituted unlawful 'possession ' and
transportation. " s .
The Supreme .Court was asked by
. goveimment to. dismiss .the ap-
peals of the foreign steamship com
panies on the ground that other
avenues of relief were open to them
to contest the decision of the Fed-
eral District Court in New York sus-
taining the construction placed up-
on the law by the Attorney General.
If the cases were to be decided on
their merit however the govern-
ment asked the court to hold that
the prohibition amendment which
forbids the sale importation and ex-
portation of intoxicating liquor
should be read in the spirit of the
lw and in the sight of the declared
policy of the country As. also covr-
ing the possession of such liquor.
The government insisted that there
could bo no legal distinction between
sea stores and cargo so far as liquor
for passengers was c oncerned and
that the law . prohibiting ships from
bringing intoxicating liquor into- the
country as a part of their cargo cov-
ered sea stores.
Foreign nations. Instead of taking
offense because American Isws pro-
hibiting thcr ships from bringing
liquor into American waters wouhL
make it impossible for the ships to
comply with their own laws regard-
ing liquor for crews and passengers
would the government suggested
more - probably simply retract their
own laws to conform to ours."
Meaning of Territory.
In the American steamship .cases:
tho issue centered on the meaning
to be given to "territory' referred
to in the enforcement act by which
Congress extended national prohi-
bition to "territory subject t0 the
jurisdiction" of the United States.
Tho government insisted that nation-
al prohibition having been made a
part of the federal constitution it
was co-exlensive with that docu-
ment and made the enforcement act
applicable wherever the United States
bad jurisdiction. The dag and- the
constitution being inseparable a
hip dying the Amorican Hag the
government contended' on the high
seas or In foreign waters was not
only under the protection ot the flag
but was also within the constitution-
al jurisdiction ot the 'United States.
The power of the government to en-
force prohibition was as Wide as its
authority to punish treason wherever
committed. 'Territory from the
Viewpoint of the American compan-
ies was synonymous with "land
and while Congress could under the
commerce clause and other sections
of the Fqderal constitution legislate
with regard to American . hips ' on
the high seas and in foreign ports
it could not exercise its jurisdiction
under the prohibition amendment
beyond the "territory" or "Jand"
under the jurisdiction cf the United
States.. Congress not having legislat-.
ed on tlie subject at this time it
was added of its authority to do so.
Therefore they5 declared American
ships were free to carry intoxicating
liquors for the use Of their passen-
gers while outside American waters.
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Brownwood Bulletin (Brownwood, Tex.), Vol. 23, No. 166, Ed. 1 Monday, April 30, 1923, newspaper, April 30, 1923; Brownwood, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth342704/m1/1/: accessed July 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Howard Payne University Library.