The Daily Bulletin (Brownwood, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 91, Ed. 1 Monday, January 31, 1916 Page: 1 of 4
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Hear Frank Dixon in "THE MAN AGAINST THE
HOW TO LIVE ON
HYPOTHETICAL CASE FOR FAM-
ILY OF FIVE PEO-
PLE. HOW TO SPEND THE INCOME
Miss Richardson Says Not Sore Than
SS Per Cent of Income Skoal
t Go oh Table.
The problem is given a family of
five consisting of husband wife
daughter 6 years old son 5 years old
and daughter 12 months and an in-
come of $1200 a year to -find the best
way of apportioning the income to
cover the various expenses of the
This is one of many problems that
are holding the attention of Miss
Anna E. Richardson adjunct profe.3-
.sor of domestic economy in the Uni-
versity. Her solution is that of the
$1200 $45C.25 or 3S.2 per cent
would have to be allowed for food.
'This is an average of 25 cents a day
. for each member. Two hundred sev
enty-six dollars or 23 per cent woul.l
have to go for shelter. Clothing would
cost 215 or 18 per cent. The mother
is allowed- $80 for her clothes the
father $75 and $25 $20 and $15 re-
spectively are allowed each of the
children. One hundred fifty-four dol-
lars and twenty-five cents or 13.63
per cent Is allowed for operating ex-
penses which include light fuel re-
pairs laundry doctor bills and the
Hike. Sixty-three' dollars and fifty
cents or 8.8 per cent is for what Miss
Richardson terms advancement mean-
ing insurance charity books recre-
ation and saving.
"My families become very real to
me" said Miss Richardson. "I fcegln
to feel that they are actual people.
nd I find myself trying to give this
mother just a little more than the
tare necessities trying to arrange
their budgets so that they can save
a few dollars more to be prepared In
case the father doesn't get a raise in
salary or in case of a long i'.'ness.
I want to stretch that $1200 to cover
everything that they need and want."
As a result of her Investigations
and study in the ffcld of family bud-
gets. Mis Ricliardson has come to;
the conclusion that it is not the very
poor family that deserve; tle more
" sympathy. Ii should go to the famUy
that is striving to keep up apoear-
f: ances skimping here and saving there
so that Mary can have as nice clothes
as the little girl next door and so
that Johnny can have as good a start
in life as the boy across the street.
i'l!" Jl r .ir;
stantly striving to adapt its $1000 or
$1S00 income to a $2500 or $3000
standard. University Reporter.
Dtstrfir from U. S.
Amy fiefs Sentence
Fr Iflllinr 9 Hftll
SHANGHAI Jan. 3L John Roarer
a deserter from the Fifteenth U. S.
Infantry at Tien-tsln has been sen-
tensed to life imprisonment by Judge
f C. S. Lobinger of the United States '
Court for the murder of a Chinese New York. The uouio interests nave
policeman at Chlen Ping in Ghl-ll controlled the line ever since.
" "province last June. j n-1875 extension of the line wias.
Hilton' A. Williams the companion . resumed. On July 4 1876 the Texas
of Rohrer -and also a deserter from;& Pacific reached Fort Worth Texas
the TIen-lsin barracks was given the first railroad Into that city. Early
in the same court a three-year sen-'-! in- 1880 there was a period of rapid
tence for .horse-stealing. j extension westwafd over tho great ter-
After leaving their command at'ritory toward El- Paso but in 1881
Tien-tsln carrying-rifles with them.'at Sierra Blan-a Tzp 90 miles -east
the men made their way to the Great of El Paso the Te?s and Pacific met
Wall and gradually worked their way the eastbound transcontinental line of
to -Mukden where they represented the Southern Parjfic system which
themselves to be British subjects. has pushed across country from the
Thp mem stole horses and clothing Pacific with the backing of Hunting-
from ChlnflRe and Rohrer killed the
rhinoco nntinomon in nti offnrf to
avoid arrest The prisoners will be'
sent to the United States prison in
TO STUDY CATTLE-DISEASES
MINNEAPOLIS. Minn.. Jan. 31.
Veterinarians of the Northwest are'
(rnfnr tr. mflirn -n cTiAffni Rbidv of I
diagnosis of cattle diseases during a
gfive days session which opened thi3
afternooirat the agricultural school of
the University of Minnesota. Dr. F.
P. 'Brown of the Kansas City; Vcter-
binary College and Dr. D. S. White
dean of the collet e of veterinary
ciencc at Ohio.atate'UniverBity.wIll
lead the aigctiMioai.
THE DAILY BULLETIN
1. 8 P.
SET FOB FEB. IB
RECEIVERSHIP 3TATTER YAS
ORIGINALLY SET FOR DAL-
. LAS TODAY.
ROAD HAS ROMANTIC HISTORY.:
Early Race for Completion of Trans-
Continental' Line Lost by T.
& P. Builders.
DALLAS Jan. 31. The hearing In1
the receivership proceedings of the
Texas- & Pacific Company scheduled
to oegmin xai uuy -yupi-
poned. The hearing was set for Feb-
The application for a receivership
for the Texas & Pacific Railway was
filed by the Bankers Trust Company
of Newt ork Dec. 2i Wlo-. alleging
default since 1907 on interest on thej
$25000000 second arjortgage. The
petition charges that the net income
has been diverted to other purposes J .many drugs used in prescriptions ev-
andi asks that the road be restrained crv day;
from applying to any other purpose Increased per cent
the net income applicable to these.j Aeetanllld . ....... .........400
bonds. . j Belladonna . 700
On Dec. 31 at Monroe La. B. TVj Caffeine . " . . . .; ..- 250
Bush for the Missouri Pacific and. Lanolin . 500.
the I ronMoun tain linos Hied suit' PhenolRhthal&In 700
against the Texas & Pacific to enforcje ' Potassium bromide;. ......1500
payment of $S42000 in promissory ' Quinine . U. 1200
notes.- Sage 500
The Texas & Pacific Railway was a Salal . . .... -...800 - .
factor in the race between Jay Gould Antipyrin .. ..... 400
and Collis P. Huntington for tho first Carbolic acid . ...1000
southern trans-continental route t'o'CaloniQl . ..... .200
the Pacific which Huntington won. It . Naphthalene . ...... oOO
figured also in a race between Chi-1 Phenacetin . . ........... 1S0O.
caso. SU Louis and New Orleans for j Potassium permanganate ..700
commercial supremacy in the south-j: Saccharin .-...... C00
west Its authorized capital stock is1 Salicylic acid .. . .000
sft4innnnn of which ontv S2S.7G4.000 ' Thymol C00
has been Issued. The line never has
paid a stock dividend. It was char-
tered in 1S71 and reorganized during
a receivership in 1SS5 to 1SS8 whon
it Issued two sets of bonds one a
five per .cent firat mortgage of $25-
000000 and the other $25000000 in
second mortgage income bonds. Up-
on the second of these bond issues the
present receivership application was
based. The receivership of the
SO's was the only one in the road's hls-
tnrv Tte nrAcant rnntn llnpi PYfond
v . ' . 0 tn nM PncfV
I making a. great arc across north Louis
iana and north Texas with a short
mileage also in Arkansas. Its total
line mileage is 1952
The original purpose was a line
across the southwest to the Pacific at.
Cnn TTitorrrw f1alnfnrnfn thf rnaH TP-
f ' Qb
. . . omn .ftti .f.
HanroTd Co"mVn7 -STtSi
year the name wan changed to the
Texas & Pacific Railway Company.
t'rnomas.A. &cou ana associates near-
ly. all of whom were in Philadelphia
I were the original promoters. Tho
now line acquired the rights of the Pari3 preSS todav demand8 reprisals-
j Memphis El Paso and Pacific Rail- for raidS) and caHs upon tho goV. .
Iroad Company and of tho Southern Rrmnent for boater efflcfencv fn de-1
Trans-continental Railroad Company
antl 66 mile3 01 track from Shrevc'
port. La. to Longview Texas. Ex-
jim 3S72. with the expectation that it
would be rapidly pushed to the coast
but work was.halted by the -panic of
1873. Scott and his associates sold
tiieir notamgB 10 jay uouiu uie emor
and Russell Sage and associates in
ton Hopkins Crocker and Stanford.
Tho Texas and Pacific already had;
Shaded the. 90 miles remaining to El j
Paso mit tne souinern racmc inter- (
ests had beaten them by simultaneous-'
ly grading and laying rails and had
trains running to Sierra Blanca first.
At this tifiic it is said Mr. Hunting-
ton called on Jay Oould ln Now York'
asked lflm whether he had seen thej
barrenness of that narticular SO-mite.
stretch and Inquired whether he did
not think that one line of rails would
carry all the traffic available for some
years. A Joint traffic arrangement
was made for the Texas & Pacific to
use the Southern Pacific tracks into j
El Paso. This arrangement .still
exlsts. The Texas Pacific had rtj
federal charter all the way to the
BBOWHWOOD TEXAS MONDAY JANUARY 31 1916.
Hi ah find- nf IIInpQS
Many Who Do Not Understand War's
Effects Upon Supplies of Drugs
"Wo can't make our customers un-
derstand that the European war lias
caused unheard-of advances in the
prices of certain drugs" complained a
Brownwood druggist this morning.
Prescriptions written a year ago can
not be refilled now at the old prices
but the average customer can't un-
derstand it 'and thinks the druggists
are simply making enormous profits
and using the European war as an
excuse for higher prices"- he con-
tinued. The druggist then submitted figures
which are well known to ail the drug-
gists but which are strange to the
bHc ia generaK He showed that
mudh Qf tho-drugB used in tho Unlted
States have been coming from Europe
j and that- sInce tne war iiaa aim0st
eijminated the Import of drugs into
: America the supply has decreased and
the price has increased by big jumps
Tno following table of increases is
offered by the druggists as showing
tne wonderful increases in price of
In some of these instances as iu
the case of belladonna the rl in
price is duo to the face that this drug
is largely cultivated in and exported
from Germany and Austria In - the
case of coal-tar products the reason
for advanced prices1 is found in the
increased use of such material's In
manufacturing explosives. Quinine is
so high in price because so much of It
is used In the treatment of febrile con-
ATTACK QN PARIS '
IS OW SURROUNDED
French Press Demands Greater Effi- CHIHUAHUA Jan. 31. Villa has
Clcncy in Dofeadlng City Against . bn driven from tho hlMs and is now
Aerial Enemies. surrounded by Carranza troops near
' El Valle according to a report reach-
PARIS Jan. 31. Several bombs ing hero today
were dropped last night by a Zeppe-1
lin WQjca fieW 0Ver the outskirts of
parlSf but pr0(Iuced no such deadly
..... c-tnrdnv's. mid. Tho
fpmHnc th citv acaJnsL aGrai raids. '
The German forces were repulsed 1
in makn a hand grenado a(ack 0nf
Hlji 140 gjjyg the Freneii oiflciaJwar:
9tatoment todajr? (
A BerIin dlspatcb today says that'
lUlly has decidod continue hor Al-i
baBian cauf and is said to have '
landed infallto' and heavy artillery
JAP WOOLEX MILLS
ACCLIT WAR ORDER
TOKIO Jan. 31. Japanese woolen
mills- have accepted a war ordor for
2000.000 yards of woolen cloth for the
ivusaiun.guvuiu.iu.-.it ivi wmciy w ho recpened but failed to say wheth-
glnnlng next month and continuing er by prvate individuals or by the
until July. The order amounts to 6- state Governor FcrgUg0n Is consid-
000000 yen or about $3000000. It Is crn? the caslng of the pant to a
understood that the Ja-pancse com- synJJcate of eastorn capitalists. The
panies have agreed to accept Russian presont hIgh pricei ung ln hc steol
treasury bills in payment a Jaiianese an(1 Ir0n Jndstrlcs arc Baia to warrant
banking corporation having promised opcratj0ns on a paying basis from the
to discount the bills. start a n Huddleston general'
manager of the state railroad believes
Pacific but the Southern Pacific op-
eraung unuor siaie dinners as it
advanced had occupied tho torritory
first. ' - . j
About 1880 the Texas & Pacific
acquired tile Now Orleans Pacific;
Railway Company whloh under Louis-1
laua charter had some C5 miles of
rails laid westward from New
Means to Donelsonville. Thfs line was
extended to Shrcveport- in 1SS2 prac-
tlcally c6mpleting tho Texas & Pacific
mainlines. The original stock of the
Texas & Pacific has remained Intact
as issued. During the receivership
of 1885 stockholders paid a 10 per
cent assessment to make tljeir stock
good'; " .
MASS" at Christian
ditlons arising in troops. And so
on through the whole list quoted above
there Is shown the fact that the Eu-
ropean war has in some way either re-
duced the supply or increased the de-
mand for drugs and the advances. In
prico have -been tho result.
The high cost of living has been
discussed for some time but so long
as the European war - lasts local
druggists point out tho public may
well discuss the high cost of illness;
for there is no hope for mtcrial re-
ductions in the price of many drugs
as long as the war is raging.
34 ARE DEAD
IN OTAY VALLEY
FOOD A XI) CLOTHING
REI IEF OF j
. SAN DIEGO Calif. Jan. 31. No ad-
ditional bodies had been found in the
Otay Valley flood districti early today
and the list of known "ond remains
Rescue work is. progressing as fast
as possible aided by cloarlngyeath-
er' - .
Food ahd clothing is being -cqriccn-
trated hero to be forwarded to the
flood districts where there has been
Texan Among Crew of
Missing Submarine; no
Trace of Ship Found
CHARLESTON S. C Jan. 31. No
reports of the whereabouts of the
submarine K-5 which was lost in the
fog early Sunday morning had been
made public by the Navy Yard at
Naval vessels are searching "for the
lost submarine. Among the members
of the crew was Machinist's Mate L.
B. Trema-way of Blooming Grove Na-
arro county Texas.
REPORTED THAT VILLA
10 LEASE STATE
DE3fAXD FOR IROX AXD STEEI
3TAY XVKE OPERATION OF
X AUSTIN. Jan. 31. Plans are on
j Toot which may lead to the resumption
' of operations at the Rusk Iron fur-
nnpp iwhleh is ownpil hv tho- st.ito -nris-
on Bystem TnG senate investigation
comImtteo wWch made an exhaustive
inBnctibn of thi nlant and its nos-
sjbmtics recommended that the plant
that this plant could manufacture
iron pruuucuj wuro wiuui umu m
the east and sell more cheaply than
thosQ products are now sold in this
The plant and its accessory proper-
ty long have been problems for tho
Texas economist to deal with. Many
Or-'plans have been attempted for opera-
tions there but never a financial suc-
cess has .been realized on a permanent
scale. There have been many propos-
ate to sell .the property but of recent
years the problem of flndlpg a buyer
has seemed more conspicuous tlian the
original question. It is generally be-
Heved here that the fires soon swill bo
flighted at "Rusk. . !. .
FURTHER RISE IX RIVERS WILL
THROW FLOOD OVER TOPS
MISSISSIPPI FLOOD COMING
Gorernment Issues Wajrnlng: to Resi-
dents of Mississippi Valley;
Heavy Rains Sunday.
LITTLE . ROCK Jan. 31. The
Churches in Newport last night aban-
doned their services and Ylrtually ev-
ery able bodied man- In the community
joined in the work on the levees about
this city which are being strengthen-
ed against the floods. It is predicted
that White River will go ono foot
higher Tuesday than the levees are
built to withstand. Arkansas river
Is rising rapidly and the back waters
are flooding adjacent towns. The riv
er has reached a higher stage than
The situation is critical at Pine '
Bluff on account Of the weakness of!
a vvn nnd rAVfltmfinta.
the dyke and revetments
Several deaths from drowning are
reported. In the flood district. At Wat-
son on the Arkansas river forty fam-
ilies are in need according to ad-
vices reaching here. Rains are still
reported on the u'pper White Black
and Little Red rivers all tributaries
of the White promising to complicate
the serious flood situation which will
resuU wheQ the Crestc of t&e Arkan-
sas and White river floods are met
at tho mouths of ttose rivers by the
Flood Warnings lssacd.
Washington Jah.: 31. Flood warn-
ings were Issued today by the Weath-
! er Bureau to residents on the Missis
sippi river from St. Louis to Vicks-
burg and in Arkansas on account of
the heavy rains Sunday. These rains
are swelling th$ already flooded
streams and great damage and pos-
sible loss of life is expected.
Rising at St. Louis.
St Louis Jan. 31. The 31ississippi
river continues to rise here. The
Meramex and Illinois rivers tribu-
taries arcs both out of their banks.
TWO VESSELS ARE LOST
SOXEWHKRE IX ATLANTIC
NEW YORK Jan. 31. The White
Star freighter Boric reported on ar-
rival Tiere from Manchester- that she
had picked up a wireless message in-
dicating that two heretofore unreport-
ed steamships had been lost recently
at sea. One was the British tank Ap-
palache and the other was an un-
known vessel whose crew was rescued
by another ship.
WILSON SPENDS HOUR
IN CHICAGO; WIFE
IS ACCOMPANYING JIM-
CHICAGO Jan. 31. President. Wil
son spent an liour here today while
enroute to Milwaukee where he will
deliver ono of the most important
preparedness addresses of his pres
ent trip. .
Mrs. Wilson is accompanying her
husband oh the' tour. .
IN FULL REBELLION
PEKING Jan. 31. The province f
; Kuel Chow is in full rebellion against
Yuan Shi Kai. The jrovernor of the
province was forced to flee January
1G according to word reaching here
today. Two Important towns have
been captured by the rebels.
Foreigners are being protested' by
the United States gunboat Monocacy.
HighfcTmen Kill Two
And injure Two Others
jWhiie Robbing Aufe
BUFFALO Jan. 31. Two persons
were killed and two others badly in-
lured all members of one family.
when hold.-np men shot Into and rob-
bed an automobile here this morning
at a railroad crossing near the city.
The Injured -people wore members
of a prominent family The robbers
got a quantity of jewelry and money.
No arrests have been made t
Feb. 1 Ahm 75c-
NUMBER 91 V
CENSUS SHOWS SALARIES NOT
COMMENSURATE WITH LABOR
'AVERAGE $1000 EACH YEAR
More Than Half Episcopal Clergy Be-"'
celve Less Than Day Labor .
NEW YORK Jan. 31. Speaking at
the annual dinner of the Church Club;.
Bishop Lawrence of Massachusetts
announced the result of a careful cen-.
sus which had now been completed
of the salaries paid to. the clergy at
me Protestant Episcopal Church in
the United States.
"There are 4420 clergymen active-
ly devoting their lives to the service
of the Episcopal) church sometimes
called the richest church in America
said Bishop Lawrence. "Yet 2522 of .
our clergy moreHhan one-half are
paid less than $1500 a year; 727 re-
!L1"8 M im-
toT a" fs ?1200 year-about the sal-
ary oi a ew lork policeman. Even
this is not all cash but includes the
value of house when supplied.
"This is the living which men of
education and of devotion many ' of
them of large leadership get for the
support of themselves their wives and
children; they must dress well live '
among people where rents are. high
keep open house and always he cheer-
ful and full of vigor.
"The highest average .salary is
earned at 17 years of age. There i
a distinct falling off in the salaries
earned by the older men especially
those over sixty. Many old men per-
forming hard jobs are making six and
seven hundred dollars a year. The
church therefore today has "in fact
if not In name a system of virtual
retirement at the expense of the old
Bishop Lawrence indicated that on
the basis of the foregoing facts the
Episcopal Church had determined to
develop a self-supporting pension
system which would adequately take
care of clergymen more than 6S
J-ears of age.
In order to put the scheme Into im-
mediate effect Bishop Lawrence stat-'
ed that he would temporarilyt sus-
pend active duties as Bishop of Massa-
chusetts and devote his entires time to
the work of raising or fund of ?5-
000000 which actuaries estimate must
be in hand before the plan can take"
care of itself.
Chug! k Instruct
Ltws ft bt Sttgiit tf
Tbt Ntxt Ltgislthrt
-AUSTIN Jan. 31. Recommenda-
tions looking to the repeal of the Val-
ued Policy law and the "Technical
Defense" law are made to the thirty-
fifth legislature by the state fire in-
surance commission in its annual re-
port which has just been submitted to
the governor. The commission also
recommends an amendment to the
ant-co-lnsu ranee law so as to make it
optional with tho insuring public as
to whether It desires to avail itself
of the benefits accruing by virtue of
The commission attributes in a
great measure the high loss ratio of
fire losses in Texas to the evil ef-.
fects of the Valued Policy law and the
Technical Defense. It holds that the '
latter places a premium on incen-
diarism and procures no benefits for.
the honest insurer the .result being
that the burden of Insurance taxation
is not equally distributed.
BLIND SENATOR IS
ANXIOUS FOR BALL
SEASON TO START
WASHINGTON Jan. 31. Senator
Gore the blind senator from Okla-
homa has confided 00 cloak room
cronies that he's getting mighty anx-v
ious for the baseball season to start
Although blind the senator seldom
misses a game and he is one. of tho
most enthusiastic rooters the Nation-
als have. He can'C argue with the
umpire as to 'whether one of Walter
Johnson's shoots cut the corner or
just missed it but he can hear re-
markably well and the crack of the
bat tells Dig things to him.
Seaator Gore' pereoaal attendant
tells him of doings on the -baaee. and
aharp flcldiac itumta. '. . ' "-
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White, James C. The Daily Bulletin (Brownwood, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 91, Ed. 1 Monday, January 31, 1916, newspaper, January 31, 1916; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth346234/m1/1/: accessed November 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Howard Payne University Library.