Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 19, Number 2, Fall, 2007 Page: 19
This periodical is part of the collection entitled: Legacies: a History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the Dallas Historical Society.
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DAL AND BUSINESS IRE~TOBY. DAL 34
ureka Steam Laundry,
THE LARGEST AND BEST IN THE SOUTHWEST.
LLAS. E .. THE EUREKA STEAM LAUNDRYI CH
iLL * e AS.1 'TH BES' T ^__ CHINA -SH
*- .= - -
e misf" o!
An anti-Chinese advertisement for the Eureka Steam Laundry was published in the Texas State Gazetteer and
Business Directory in 1890-91.
did not close en masse, nor did their owners and
employees leave the city. Instead, the Chinese
business community remained resolute and their
laundries viable well into the first decade of the
twentieth century. In 1900 there were still eleven
such enterprises in operation and even as late as
1910, four Chinese laundries remained in the
Dallas central business district. They included
those of Sam Choi, Sam Lung, Lep Sing, and
Sam Wing at 153 S. Ervay, 584 Elm, 203
Cochran, and 501 Main, respectively.2'
The Chinese in Dallas did, however, within
two years after the 1894 laundry campaign was
initiated, start to restructure their business activities.
They chose increasingly to open and operate
groceries and restaurants, instead of laundries.
At the height of the transition in 1898, there
were sixteen such listings, representing a diversified
workforce that consisted of managers,
cashiers, waiters, and cooks as well as the owners
of groceries and restaurants. During this period
as well, a small number of business owners like
JimWah and Sam Gee began living in residences
instead of on the premises of their businesses.2'
In 1900 the U.S. Census identified twentytwo
persons of Chinese decent as living in Dallas
Fall 2007 LEGACIES 19
DAL, AND BUSINESS DIR)IECTORY.,
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Dallas Heritage Village. Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 19, Number 2, Fall, 2007, periodical, 2007; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth35087/m1/21/: accessed November 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Historical Society.