Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 16, Number 01, Spring, 2004 Page: 24
This periodical is part of the collection entitled: Legacies: a History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the Dallas Historical Society.
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were still deciding which black youth groomed
the best hog or which black garden club member
arranged the prettiest flowers. In 1966, for
the first time, High School Day included students
from African-American junior and senior
high schools. Through a combination of the
changing times and the efforts of many people
spanning a decade, with Juanita Craft's picket as
one of the earliest, the State Fair of Texas was
desegregated. On Saturday, October 7, 1967,
integration was complete as the fair opened its
attractions and facilities to people of all races, and
entries from the black commu
nity marched in the openingday
The opening salvo in the
battle for equality fired by Mrs.
Craft and the youth council a
dozen years earlier had finally
brought victory. *
'Michael Gillette, "NAACP in
Texas, 1937-1957," Ph.D. dissertation,
University of Texas, 1984;
Organization Guidelines for NAACP
Youth Councils, Juanita Craft
In 1966, for the fir
School Day includ
senior high s
On Saturday, Octo
integration was coi
fair opened its att
facilities to people
and entries from
Collection, Dallas Public Library; letter
from Juanita Craft to all local NAACP branches in
Texas,July 25, 1947, NAACP files, Library of Congress.
Joe Atkins, interview with author, September 14,
1990, Dallas, Texas; Tommy Teal, interview with author,
October 19, 1990, San Antonio, Texas; quotes from The
Dallas Morning News, August 7, 1985, and Chandler
Vaughn, a child, the earth, and a tree of many seasons (Dallas:
Halifax Publishing, 1982).
"Lauded for Stand on Negro Day at the Fair," unidentified
newspaper clipping,January 13, 1951,Juanita Craft
Collection; Nancy Wiley, Tle Great State Fair of Texas
(Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company, 1985), 47, 66, 145.
Dallas Weekly, February 14-20, 1991; Dallas Tines
Herald, April 21, 1955; Dallas Express, October 22, 1955;
"Special Days Set Throughout the Fair," unidentified
newspaper clipping, 1957, Craft Collection.
Letter from Juanita Craft to Walter White, October 25,
1951, NAACP files, Library of Congress; Wiley, Great State
Fair, 155; Tie Dallas Morning Neicts, October 17, 1955.
' Dallas Express, October 22, 1955; ibid., October 15,
7 Dallas Express, October 15, 1955; The Parrot, October
15, 1955; Tommy Teal interview.
s Dallas Express, October 22, 1955; 7he Dallas Morningi
News, October 18, 1955.
' Tihe Dallas Morning Newrs, October 18, 1955; Dallas
Times Herald, October 17, 1955; Dallas Express, October
17, 1955;Tomnmy Teal interview.
"' Dallas Express, October 22, 1955; Dallas Times Herald,
October 17, 1955;Tommy Teal interview; Dallas Express,
October 29, 1955; The Dallas Morninll
rst time, High Newts, October 18 and 24, 1955.
le Juanita Craft, interview with
ChandlerVaughn, May 5, 1981, )allas,
can junior and Texas, tape recording, Craft
;chools. Foundation; The Dallas Morningl Newss,
August 7, 1985; Tommy Teal interview;
Dallas Express, October 29,
)ber 7, 1967, 1955; letters from Juanita Craft to
mplete as the Herbert Wright, November 21, 1955,
and September 23, 1956, NAACP
actions and files, Library of Congress.
of all races, 12 Dallas Star Post, August 31, 1957;
the black Interview with Juanita Craft by
I the black
Dorothy Robinson,January 20, 1977,
:hed in the for the Black Women Oral History
parade. Project, Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe
College, Cambridge, Massachusetts,
transcription in Craft Collection;
"Youth Vote Non-Support of Negro Day at Fair," uniden
tified newspaper clipping, 1957, Craft Collection;
"NAACP Youths Ignore Fair; Sponsor Picnic," unidentified
newspaper clipping, 1957, Craft Collection; open letter
fromYouth Council, October 4, 1957, Craft
Collection; advertisement for picnic, October 14, 1957,
Craft Collection; Tle Dallas Morninsg Nen's, October 18,
1960; Dallas Timies Herald, October 17, 196().
" Dr. and Mrs. Emmett Conrad, interview by author,
Dallas, Texas, October 24, 1990;J'Lena Boykin, interview
by author, Dallas, Texas, January 15, 1991; Dallas Times
Herald, October 16, 1966; The Dallas Morninsg Newi's
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Dallas Historical Society. Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 16, Number 01, Spring, 2004, periodical, 2004; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth35092/m1/26/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Historical Society.