Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 16, Number 01, Spring, 2004 Page: 51
This periodical is part of the collection entitled: Legacies: a History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the Dallas Historical Society.
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Juanita Craft Collections, the John Leslie Patton
Collection, the Minnie A. Flanagan Collection,
the Dallas Negro Chamber of Commerce
Collection, and the John and Ethelyn Chisum
These seven collections primarily document
the history of African Americans in the city in
the twentieth century. They also cover similar
subject areas. For example, the Craft, Smith,
Flanagan, and Negro Chamber collections overlap
and cover primarily the struggle by Dallas
African Americans for civil and political rights.
These four collections provide information
about the Progressive Voters League, the Texas
State Conference of Branches of the NAACP,
and the struggle of African Americans in the city
for access to voting rights, better housing, and
overall equality of opportunity in all aspects of
life. Of course, there are a few personal nuances
in these collections. Smith's papers address his
role in the African-American participation in the
Texas State Centennial of 1936 and the
Committee of 14 in the early 1960s. Juanita
Craft's collection covers her tenure on the Dallas
City Council and her organization of the
NAACP's Youth Council. Overall, however,
these four collections complement and verify
some of the events covered in newspapers such
as the Dallas Express. The Patton and Chisum
collections differ from those cited above primarily
because these individuals had careers in education
and were less active in the movements for
civil and political rights by African Americans in
Dallas.What makes these two collections unique
is that they tell a different version of the AfricanAmerican
story in Dallas. Dr. Patton's collection,
for example, contains copies of the many
speeches he gave as principal of Booker T.
Washington High School. His speeches seemed
to voice the aspirations and disappointments of
the generation of African Americans who came
of age after WorldWar II.The Chisum collection
documents the experiences of a fairly comfortable
and middle-class African-American family
living in a segregated society. The collection also
shows how powerless African Americans were
when they faced a major challenge to their existence.
In the early 1950s, the city of Dallas chose
to expand Love Field in the North Dallas community
occupied by the Chisums and other
African Americans. The airport displaced them
from their homes and disrupted their lives.
The dearth of manuscript collections related
to the African-American experience in Dallas is
matched by the few books written about and by
African Americans that attempt to address their
history.Two that seemed to have the most promise
and that attempted to be the most comprehensive
were Time Change (1991) by Roy
Williams and Kevin Shay and A History of Dallas
from a Dfferent Perspective (1993) by Dr. Robert
Prince. Williams and Shay subtitled their book
"an alternative history of Dallas." Specifically,
An Alternative View of
the History of Dallas
1a_ , mi
Roy H. Williams
Kevin J. Shay
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Dallas Historical Society. Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 16, Number 01, Spring, 2004, periodical, 2004; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth35092/m1/53/: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Historical Society.