Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 16, Number 01, Spring, 2004 Page: 53
This periodical is part of the collection entitled: Legacies: a History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the Dallas Historical Society.
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ing primary sources, interviewing prominent
black and white citizens, and consulting the
available resources. Nevertheless, he missed the
mark in his conclusion that the city's black leaders
had "accommodated" the city's white power
structure and failed to use direct action tactics to
demand full civil and political rights. His thesis
was suspect because of his failure to review thoroughly
a very important source: the city's black
newspapers. Had he done so, he would have
found an ongoing movement by Dallas African
Americans for voting rights, public accommodations,
and fair housing, as well as civil rights, dating
back to the 1920s and 1930s. An examination
of the Dallas Express, for example, would
have shown him that the decisions made by the
city's black leadership in the 1960s were much
more complex than an "accommodation."6
Like Schutze, SMU historian Glenn M.
Linden highlighted the issue of modern race
relations in Dallas in Desegregating Schools in
Dallas: Four Decades in the Federal Courts (1995).
Linden based his account of this forty-year
struggle on the actual transcripts of the court
cases, newspaper accounts, and a few secondary
sources. He did not use any manuscript sources,
but he did use previously recorded interviews
with some of the principals in the cases. Based
on these sources, his analysis of this long struggle
is balanced.That is, he acknowledges that African
Americans in Dallas confronted the same issues
of resistance to school desegregation, legal subterfuges,
and white flight as African Americans
did in other cities. But he tries to show that
some progress was made toward providing
African-American and Mexican-American children
a quality education in the city's "majorityminority"
school system by the time that it was
declared "desegregated" in 1994. He also
acknowledges that the struggle for desegregation
of education in Dallas has not ended. Linden's
book is a good reference work that enables one
to place the struggle for school desegregation
within the context of the city's overall AfricanAmerican
A more comprehensive and scholarly
source on race relations in Dallas is former
UNT professor William H. Wilson's monograph
on the development of an AfricanAmerican
residential development in Hamilton
Park: A Planned Black Community in Dallas
(1998). By tracing the history of this all-black
housing subdivision in Dallas, Wilson not only
analyzes the impact of housing segregation on
the African-American middle class, he also
shows how segregation forced African
Americans to come together as a community
and develop a lifestyle beneficial to themselves
and their children. Wilson describes how the
bombing of black homes in the 1940s and
1950s and the refusal of whites in Dallas to
allow blacks to integrate white residential areas
resulted in a very positive outcome. Using a
variety of sources, including extensive oral his
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Dallas Historical Society. Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 16, Number 01, Spring, 2004, periodical, 2004; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth35092/m1/55/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Historical Society.