Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 5, Number 2, Fall, 1993 Page: 34
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liance, which maintained a seminary and residences
on the grounds for several years. The land changed
hands two more times before the buildings were
razed in the mid-1960s to make room for an apartment
complex, formerly on the southwest corner of
Cooper and Mitchell.24 Today, the cemetery in Doug
Russell Park is the only physical remains of the
The Berachah Home and the reform impulse
which created it were products of the Progressive
movement which swept across the United States in
the early twentieth century. Led primarily by urban,
middle class Protestants, Progressives like the
Upchurches attempted to bring order and morality to
a United States gripped by corruption, poverty,
rapid urbanization, the growth of exploitive and
impersonal business, moral depravity, and social
injustice. In short, the Progressives were fighting
the excesses of a country undergoing dramatic
change from a rural to an urban society. The
Progressives pushed for laws regulating both child
labor and the production of food and drugs; they
lobbied for the income tax and increased government
regulation of business; and they championed such
democratic reforms as the initiative, referendum,
and recall in an attempt to return government to the
people. Underpinning the movement was a deep
sense of Christian morality and the nagging fear that
the vital juices of the country were being drained
away in the sewer of urban America. Progressives
like the Upchurches preached a social gospel, a
gospel that challenged Americans to do something
about their urban problems, their lost souls, and their
The Progressives were not the first to fight
the problem of "fallen women" and prostitution.
Indeed, moral reformers in the 1830s and social
purity crusaders in the late nineteenth century preceded
them. But unlike their predecessors, the
Progressives sought to use all means at their disposal-government,
moral suasion, education, outright
pressure-to erase prostitution and other social
ills from across the urban landscape.25
The Upchurches and the Berachah Home
addressed one of the many problems in the country
at the time, the mistreatment of, and bias against,
women, especially single mothers. The fact that the
home lasted some thirty-two years and helped more
than 3,000 women is a testament to the commitment,
skill, and abilities of the Upchurches and the lack of
alternatives for such women.
Arlington Journal, May 21, 1903
2For books focusing on the changing roles of women in the early 20th century, see
Mark Thomas Connelly, Tle Response to Prostittiono inl te Progressve Erl (Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina Press, 1980), Frederick K Grlttnei. White Slaveir Mtll, Ideology
and American Law (New York Garland Publishing, Inc. 1990). John D'Emilio and
Estelle B Freedman, Inrrtate Matterr A Histori of Sexurilit\ i Almeric a (New York Harper
& Row Publishers, 1988). Barbara Meil Hobson. Unealsy Virtue The Politm * of Prostitution
and the American Reform Tradition (New York Basic Books, Inc . 1987). and Peggy Pascoe,
Relations ofRescue The Search forFerlmaleMoial Autthority in the Almerican W1est. 1874-1939
(New York Oxford University Press, 1990)
'J T Upchurch, Lights and Shadoiws of Res iue Work (Arlington Berachah Printing
Co, [c 1903]). pp 1-5, The Dalllas Morning News, September 13, 1950. section III. p 1.
Arlington Citizen-Journal. January 21, 1981. section C, p 1. The Purity Journal. July. 1905,
4 Lynn Manion and Jan Dolph, "A Short History ot the Berachah Home and Cemetery,
Arlington. Texas" (Unpublished paper. December 1979), pp 1-4, The Dallas Morning71 e News.
September 13, 1950, section III. p 1
The Punrit Journal. July. 1904. n p
Upchurch, Lights and Shadows of Rescue Wosik, p 6
7 Ibd , p 8
Record of Deeds, Book 184, p 130. in Office ot the County Clerk, Tarrant County
Courthouse, Fort Worth, Texas
Photocopy of clipping from The Purint Cusladei, March, 1916. n p
Ibid. May, 193. p 7
" "Annual Report for 1907," p 25, in Berachah Home Collection. Special Collections
Division, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries rhe most comprehensive study
of the home and a study which compares and contrasts it with a similar home in Pilot Point.
Texas is Kathryne Beth Tovo, "'Trophies trom the Slums' Fallen Women and Texas Rescue
Workers" (MA Thesis, University of Texas at Austin, August. 1993)
2 Arlingtor Citizen-Journal, January 21 1981 section C. p 1. Alle Mae Gilmore to
R Gene Brooks, card dated March 2. 1981. in Berachah Home Collection
' Tovo, '"Trophies from the Slums"'. pp 30-90(
1 The Puritv Journal, October, 1905, p 2
5 E M Dealey, "Mr E M Dealy Isic], of the Dallas News. Visits Berachah," The
Purtt\ Cru scder, January, 1921, pp 2-3
h There are a number of the home's "ledgers" extant in the collection at UTA They
exist for the years 1901-1915. 1915-1916. 1916-1918. 1919-1920, 1918-1920. 1922-1923.
1926-1928. 1924-1928, and 1930-1931, Berachah Home Collection
' The Putryit Cr usader, May. 1923. p 7. "Berachah in Brief." broadside [photocopy].
c 1930. n Berachah Home Collection
' The Puritt Journal was published on the premises ot the Belachah Home beginning
In 1904 It had changed its name to The Purint Crusadel by 1915 The Berachah Home
Collection contains se eral issues of the magazine
4 Fort iWorth Star-Telegrcm. November 29. 1934. new spaper clipping in F(ort IWorth
Star-Telegram Collection. Special Collections Division, The University ol Texas at Arlington
2" Ibld. January 16, 1935
" Ibid .April 13 1936.Arlington Ctrizenr-Journal, n d . new spaperclipplng in Berachah
Fort Worth Star-Telegram. September 9. 1940
2'Arlington Independent School District of Tarrant County. Texas vs J T Upchurch.
et al. Tax Case L-215, 67th State District Court. Tarrant County. Texas, in Office ot the
District Clerk, Tarrant County Courthouse. Fort Worth, Texas
24 Manlon and Dolph, "A Short History of the Berachah Home ." pp 12
Ruth Rosen. Tre Lost Slstcrhood Prostiturlion mi Asteru( a. 1900-1918 (Baltimore
The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982). pp xii-xIi. 1-19. Elizabeth Yolk Enstam.
"Virginia K Johnson A Second Chance for the 'Wayward.'" Her-tig Nes s (Summer 1985).
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Dallas County Heritage Society. Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 5, Number 2, Fall, 1993, periodical, 1993; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth35115/m1/36/: accessed June 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Historical Society.