Legislative Messages of Hon. James V. Allred, Governor of Texas 1935-1939 Page: 22 of 263
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February 4, 1935
To the Forty-fourth Legislature of the State of Texas:
As an emergency matter under the Constitution, I submit the following:
We are dedicated by our party platform and the policy of this State
to a program of recovery by work relief. We are likewise committed
to the enactment of legislation to adequately secure the rights of those
An emergency exists requiring immediate consideration by the Legislature
as to the enactment of a law establishing a system of public
employment offices in this State. Texas is the fifth largest State in
population in the United States and is the largest State in area. Unemployment
of our citizens is a problem demanding our most earnest consideration.
Those of our citizens without work are in no position to
seek employment or to know in what sections of our State employment
may be obtained. It is a function of the State to provide this means
of information to the end that as many of our citizens as possible be
returned to gainful occupation.
I urge the immediate enactment of a law accepting the benefits of
the Wagner-Peyser Act enacted by Congress and approved June 6, 1933.
By this Act the United States Employment Service was created as a
separate bureau of the Department of Labor. Federal appropriations
are made to each state based upon population and contingent upon the
state's acceptance of the benefits of the Wagner-Peyser Act.
Texas will not receive the benefits of this worthy legislation after
June 30, 1935, unless this Legislature accepts the benefits of the Act
of Congress. By enacting such a law, and making a small appropriation,
however, the Legislature can make available, for the humane purpose
$142,410.00 in Federal funds for Texas for each of the years 1935,
1936, 1937 and 1938.
May I briefly analyze this Act as applied to Texas? The two parallel
parts of the United State Employment Service are-(1) a confederation
of permanent State Employment Services operating in affiliation with
the Federal Government under the terms of the above Act; and (2) the
National Re-employment Service-a temporary all-Federal agency designed
to serve the employment needs of the Federal Emergency Administration
of Public Works, and other emergency Federal programs. The National
Re-employment Service will go out of existence June 30, 1935.
States representing two-thirds of the total population of the United
States, (including the bordering states of New Mexico, Oklahoma and
Louisiana), are already receiving the benefits-of the Wagner-Peyser Act
by. having accepted the provisions of th.t Act and become units of the
There having been no regular session of the Texas Legislature since
the creation of the United States Employment Service, this State has
been served to date by the National Re-employment Service which it is
repeated, will cease to exist after June 30, 1935, and unless the provisions
of the Wagner-Peyser Act shall hcrve been accepted by this State
in forming a State agency competent to enter into and administer
agreements with the United States Employment Service, there will be
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Allred, James V. Legislative Messages of Hon. James V. Allred, Governor of Texas 1935-1939, book, 1939; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth3899/m1/22/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .