The Junior Historian, Volume 12, Number 3, December 1951 Page: Front Inside
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THE TEXAS STATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION
1897-THE OLDEST LEARNED SOCIETY IN TEXAS-1897
H. BAILEY CARROLL
Cor Sec. and Treas.:
MRS. CORAL HORTON TULIIS
THE JUNIOR HISTORIAN
The Texas State Historical Association
Eugene C. Barker Texas History Center
Box 2131, University Station,
University of Texas, Austin 12, Texas
ANN WILKINS YOUNG
H. BAILEY CARROLL
DORMAN H. WINFREY
"No man is fit to be entrusted with the control of the PRESENT
who is ignorant of the PAST, and no People who are indifferent
to their PAST need hope to make their FUTURE great."
Issued six times during the school year in: September, November, December, January, .March, and
May. Regular subscription $2.00; club subscriptions (five or more to Chapter members) $1.50
each. Entered as second-class matter February 21, 1945, at the post office at Austin, Texas, under
the Act of March 3, 1879.
A TEXAN'S DUTY TO SERVE
by PAUL L. WAKEFIELD
If no change or progress appeared in the
world, we would have no history-in Texas
or anywhere else. The past would be just like
the present, and there would be no hope for
The study of history gives man confidence,
hope, and a spirit of optimism-if his study
is close enough. If he delves into a phase of
the past and looks around him at that same
phase in the present, he finds that mankind
and his institutions not only have moved down
the road of time but also up the hill of en-
The young men of Texas who believe that
present draft and universal military training
laws are going to be rough and inconvenient
to them might be somewhat relieved if they
knew how it was with young and old in Texas
more than a hundred years ago. A little
knowledge of one phase of our history would
make them feel a little better about their
Under Republic of Texas law in 1836, a:l
able-bodied males, except Indians and slaves,
between seventeen and fifty were automatically
subject to militia duty. They could be mobi-
lized by the President, and when they were,
each person selected was required to furnish
his own rifle or musket, one pound of powder,
horn, and knapsack. If he refused, he was ar-
rested as a deserter and tried by court-martial.
Upon conviction, he forfeited one-half of his
property to the Republic, and the other half
was vested to his wife and children.
There were no exemptions in 1836. Today
our lawmakers would not think of making all
able-bodied men liable for service in the
armed forces unless the most dire emergency
demanded it. They realize many men al-
ready have served and sacrificed, and they
want to pass the burden around.
If a man is called upon to serve today, the
people ask him to furnish nothing but his
time, presence, and whatever courage and
abilities God gave him. This is little enough
to ask of him, since, in the end, he may be
asked to sacrifice his life. We all share in the
expense of his gun or the other weapon or
tool he uses. His equipment is of the best.
The people of Texas always have been
quick to stand and struggle in the perennial
cause of freedom, perhaps because they won
their freedom the hard way. A glance at this
little facet of Texas history shows that we
have advanced in the cause of those who serve
and defend us.
Here’s what’s next.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Junior Historian, Volume 12, Number 3, December 1951, periodical, December 1951; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth391361/m1/2/: accessed February 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.