The Rebel (Hallettsville, Tex.), Vol. , No. 38, Ed. 1 Saturday, March 23, 1912 Page: 4 of 4
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But even the* monopolistic indmdnala will gain'semething*
better in tx«ku|e fer thes« "liberties" which they will U«« nnder
Sahmergiag the Individual.
In a recent number of The Rebel. Pendr*gon took for a text the
statement b.v Editor (Jeorgc Robinson of the Waco Times-Herald
"The Amttftin people must go back to Thomas Jefferson or
forward to Karl Marx; the existing order is illogical and therefore
unenducahlc" , , ,.^^ :
Pendragon told Editor Robinson fhia country is going forward,
n&t back; forward to economical freedom aa well aa political freedom
Editor Robinaon replied in hia own papr, aacribing The Rebels
comment to ComradeTora Hiekey. Tom may take a fall out of him at
hia own pleaaure, but this particular scrap belong* to Pendragon.
My Waco contemporary wrote a eelumn to ahow that the American
people ought to go backward 100 years for their political philosophy,
ft waa like a man arguing that a bladS^at ought to be white-a de-
lightful piece of literary moonshine, but didn't get anywhere in par-
ticular. Only in the concluding paragraph did Editor Robinaon say
anything that a map could lay handa onto for argument. There he
■' "The Alpha and Omega of our political creed is the individual,
whereas you would submerge the individual in the mass. Does not
all history show that liberty is lost when the individual is sub-
. merged!" ♦
Precisely. Capitalism has submerged the individual. .It has sub
merged him under a depotism of corporate ownership and operation
of all the machinery by which most of the necessaries of life are made
and distributed. It has.submerged the individual under government*
composed of agents of the corporate monopolists. It has submerged
the individual—millions of them—by making it impossible for him to
engage in profit-taking business, in the old Jeffersonian way, on hia
own account. It has reduced him-millions of him-to the level of a
bare-subsistence wage-earner in the employ of the corporate masters <-
Of the common wealth. So doing, as Editor Robinson truly do
elares, capitalism has caused the individual to lose his liberty. He
can still vote, but he cannot be sure of a job by which to earn his
bread and his family s bread. He is free to talk and vote and starve,
but he is not. free to command work, not even at starvation wage8.
He is free to sell himself and his family into ^are-wbsistence slavery
on a tenant farm, provided he can induce one of the lords of the
earth to give him a tri^l, but he is not free to command, nnd get, ns
his natural right, access to a piece of the land, our common inheri-
tance, md there to *ake for himself the whole product of his labor.
It is precisely because the individual has been submerged, Broth-
er Robinson, that ne has lost his liberty.
Socialism proposes to restore his liberty, and enlarge it, by tak-
ing the tools of wealth production from the corporate mono-
polists and making them public property. w
I suppose that when the people own and operate all the indus-
tries now monopolized by little gangs of incorporated private citi-
xens,.and when in consequence every man that wants to work can
get work, and can get paid for his work the full value of what he
creates, lesa hia share of the cost of operation, the individual will be
completely submerged. That is, when,you enlarge a man's liberties,
you sink him still deeper into slavery. When you take a poor devil
that can't get any kind of a job, at any wages, and give him a social
guarantee of work as long as he wants it, at wages*three or four
times as high as he has ever been able to earn under capitalism, you
do him a frightful wrong. Sure!
The individual is submerged today, when he is lucky enough to
have a job, by his necessity to create not only wealth enough to pay
his own wages, but also to create an extra "profit" for his employer.
The fact that under the competitive system most employers
didn't make uuy profit did not lighten the burden of the worker. If
competition between employers for business was so keen that they
cut the prices of products below the profit line, that didn't help the
worker any. On the Other hand, his wages had to be cut still lower,
to save the iemployer from loss. ' •*. .
Under the reign of our vast industrial monopolies, which domi-
nate nearly all American industries—manufacturing and transport-
ing—the individual is submerged by his inability to get a job at his
trade anywhere else except in the employ of the monopoly, whicb
controls all or nearly all flie work in that trade. So the worker
takes what he must—usually just enough to keep him alive. He
works, so to speak, in a cellar with a rock roof. Above the roof lives
the monopolist, chartered by the government to run the business and
take the "profits". The worker oreates the monopoly's wealth in
the cellar and pulls the rope that hoists it up to the monopolist.
r Submerging the individual—well, I should say so 1
That's just what ails us now. That's the cause of all the "so-
cial rest" about which learned capitalistic editors and college pro-
fessors talk at such length and so vaguely.
The individual means to get up out of the cellar in which cap-
italism has submerged him, and socialism is the ladder on which he
When he gets above ground, owner of his job, getting full vahn
for his labor, he will demonstrate that the individual doesn't "lose
his liberty" by gaining it. ~
If Editor Robinson meant, however, that Socialisni would sub-
merge the kind of individuals who now rille the masses of the work-
ers by taking toll of their labor and dictating the make-up of govern-
ments, then Pendragon will agree with him that this class of indivi-
' duals will lose some of their liberty. They will lose their liberty to
enslave any other man, woman or child. They will lose their liberty
to live in places built with money stolen from the labor product of
workers whom they oondem to live in shacks and tenements. They
will lose their liberty to dictate the composition of governments.
They will lose their liberty to withhold from any man free access to
the tools of production. They will lose their liberty to breed sons
to live in idleness and squander money filched by fathers from the
labor product of workers. They will lose their liberty to drive 60,-
000 poor white girls every year into the ranks of prostitution, there
to join the ghastly army of half a million that have gone before
They will lose their liberty to line up soldiers, with bayonetted rifles
in hand^o tear babies from the breasts of free American white wom-
en, aa they did reoently at Lawrence. They will lose their liberty to
ippoint federal jsdgui with the understanding that all laws passed
to benaflt the poople as against the monopolists are to be declared
j. >' : ] . r „ V . ■ .
socialism: They wHl gain acquaintance with the simple life,' with
the splendid humanising jjpirit of brotherhood, with the sweetna*
of bresd that has been earned in the sweat of the brow; with each
peace aud se urtty, founded upon the social goat anty against want
for themselves or their descendants, as men have never known any-
where in the world. They will not b.. submerged. To the contrary
they will share the general nocial guaranty against any man's being
submerged. They will t. brought back to the social level, as thos.
whom they now rob and submerge will be brought up to a rational
social level. «
There ia enough new wealth produced eac^ year in the United
States, even with the present crimtoaUy wasteful use of our indus-
trial machinery, to give each family more than $2600 a year. tfoder
socialism, with the army of six or seven million non-producing mid-
dlemen enlisted In the ranks of prodndfrra labor, that average will
undoubtedly amount to f4Q00 or $0000 a year for amy family, And
at that the average working day oould be cut to fhre or six hours.
That's a frightfuLprospect, isn't it—the prospect of seeing the
individual "submerged" under an average income of $2500 to $5000
ft year for each family?1 _
How would you, Mr. Rebel, or you, Mrs. Rebel, like to be "sub-
merged" that way? Horrible thought, isn't it.
The simple fact is, Editor Robinson knows which way this peo^
pie are going and he knows they are not going back into the polity
cal graveyard of 1810 for their [folitical policy of the year J912. He
knows they are going forward, aft well as anybody.
He knows the American people, if they don't speedily make pub-
lie property of the properties now owned by private monopolies, are
going to be peonised like the Mexicans within the next generation.
And he knows there^ too much intelligence, too much fighting
spirit in the American peopl*- to submit to be peonized, ** •
— He knows the lumber trust alwolutely dominates the lumber
trade of Texas, tle'knows that if any small lumber manufacturer
sells a bill .of lumber to a private individual in aniy town where there
is a local lumber yard, the trust promptly gets that small manufac-
turer's hide and nails it ou the wall.
lie knows the Standard Oil trust absolutely dominates the oil
trade of Texas, and thai the harvester trust dominates the trade in
farm machinery, He knows thene things, and he knows these trusts
are constantly tightenig their grip on the ^people of Texas, and he
knbws the attorney general of Texas has laid down on his job-
won 't prosecute any trust, even when proof of their guilt is laid be-
fore him. a\ ' i1 -
Editor Robinson knows a lot more than he lets on to know.
Meantime, I hope Bebel readers who are earning $40,000 to $50,-
000 a year will be careful not to get tainted with Socialism, because
if they do they will he in danger of getting "submerged" to the
$5000-a-year level and losing their liberty.
Those That Walk in Darkness.
• " ' . -• • t ' \
Men and women who know what socialism is, what it means,
what it will do for humanity when it is brought into full action,
sometimes wonder why others, their neighbrs, don't see it too.
Some folks are born ah<4td of their times; most people are born
belated. Give the majority time enough, and it-will Catch up.; Re-
member, too, that most people still get their ideas from papers edit-
ed by old-party thinkers who draw pay from big capitalists. If
these men did get a glimpse of modern thought, if'they did begin
to see, even faintly, the glory of socialism, they would shut their eyes
tighter than ever. They have grown up in mental darkness, and the
light hurtsitheir eyes. They are "them that walk in darkness."
Here'8 a sample of the dope they hand out to their readers. It is
from State Topics, Houston. The editor says: ;
"State Topics cannot subscribe to any Socialist doctrines.
Undoubtedly the believers iq> Socialism are sincere and many of
them well-meaning, but the Socialists promise too much. It is
not so much more laws, we need as it is impartial enforcement of
the laws already encumbering the statute books of both State
and Nation. Every person knows that our laws are not fairly
construed by the courts, but this cannot be remedied by over-
throwing all forms of Government.
"Bench and bar must, in order to preserve this Govern-
ment, make up their mind that the people are aroused and de-
mand a change in court procedure and in court methods. When
they do fully appreciate the gravity of the situation they may .
be relied upon to bring about the remedy which lies entirely
in their power. The courts are a joke and are not entitled to
any more respect than they themselves create. Inherently ev-
ery citizen is in favor of law and order, but with such flagrant
miscarriages of justice as are every day witnessed, it is not to.be
wondered that masses have little respect for the judiciary.
Like individuals, courts are judged by their'actions and not by
what tbey promise or profess.
"In one of the leading magazines a series of articles is being
run which declare that "Big Business" is in absolute control of
the courts of all classes, high and low. Whether these articles
can be substantiated remains to be seen. At aU events, the av-
erage individual firmly believes all that is alleged to be true.
These articles will shake the confidence in our judiciary, and it
will be useless for lawyers to attempt to refute the allegations.
The lawyers must assist in sending only men of lofty character
to our Legislature, and to congress, and to support no man for
a judicial position who is not both honest and capable. Lawyers
are to blame for evil conditions because laws are piade by law-
yers as well as construed by them, consequently, instead of seek-
ing relief from Socialism, eall upon the legal fraternity to assert
their patriotism and purge their ranks of the thousands of shy-
sters and snitches who havp licenses to practice law, but are un- .
worthy both as men and tpS lawyers."
In other words, you tenant farmers who are being robbed of the
fruits of your toil, and you city workingmen who are being exploit-
ed to pay dividends on the warred stocks and bonds of corporations
—you are to call on the "bench and bar" to rid their profession of
the "shysters and snitches" and all wilL be well with the world.
Don't bother about chiW wage slavery, or the enforced prosti-
tution of 500 thousand Amerioan women and girla, or the grinding
poverty of millions of workers' wives and children, or the big
grafts worked through trust control of government—just eall on the
lawyers to reform! v
N ^P«ndraion'tegi leave t« amend thit motion by^adding to the
lawyers and t*e judges the *!d-f*gr e*t«n IfWe eaa«et the eea
When statewide prohibition waa submitted tp Texas voters U*t
year the antis won by about 6000 votes. Fifty thousand to suty
thousand republicans voted with the antis. A big majority of demo
era tic votes were east for prohibition.
Colonel Woltera, the antileader, is now running for the senate
Bailey's seat. He doesn't want to face the pro issue again, ingj^
the democratic primary, and without the help of the 50,000 or 60.%
republican votes that helped him defeat the pro amendment last volr
So he and his backers—the Bailey protective tariff crowd—ar*
trying to sidetrack the pro issue in the senatorial race and makt
Baileyism the main issue. They are scheming^ to split the \or^
Texas pros, sq as to keep them from voting for Cone Johnson, the
pro candidate for the senate. If the Bailey bunch think they
switch the North Texaa pros from Johnson to Wotters, they win
play it that way, If they think they can take those votes from John
son but can't deliver them to Woltera, they will put a Bailey pro
candidate in the race.; Anything to split the pro vote and insure a
plurality for Colonel Jake in the July primary.
Bailey's gang played thai triek on Johnson in the governorship
race in 1910. They put Bill Poindexter of Cleburne, a Bailey pro
into the race and by splitting the pro vote enabled Colquitt to win a
plurality nomination. Maybe*they can turn the trick a second time
Johnson is in no position to heave any brieks at Wolters, for
being a brewery candidate. Johnson| himself, years ago, a& a brew
ery attorney and political agent, fought county prohibition in most
every county in East Texas. It was not until East Texas countie*
ally nearly all went dry that Johnson switched to the pro side and
became the apostle of morality.
- With these Texas democratic leaders, it is any old way to land
the office. Most of them h&Ve been on both sides of every issue.
The Bailey crowd doesn^t care a hoot for prohibition either way,
except as a means of electing a protective tariff, anti-direct legisla-
tion senator. The protected, special interests of Texaa—headed by
possible, and incidentally they want to make sure of a senator who
will oppose any extension of popular government.
The daily papers of Texas discuss this campaign seriously, as
if there were really important issues at stake. The fact is, it is
mere crooked, tricky-*-and,from the socialist viewpoint—an ignor
ant scramble for office and official power.
Not one of these "big m^t" has gi"
knows the rudiments of modem political
even a faint intimation of the social and
is now taking place throughout the world.
Not one of them has shown any intelligent interest in the need*
of the workers, in city and country, nor any knowledge of how those
needs must be satisfied.
It surely is the donk party, judged by its "leaders"; luckily,
thousands of the democratic rank and file are getting wise to the
real facts, and are heading into the socialist party, the only really
democratic party now in the field*
any evidence that he
•nomy, *or that he has
iustrial revolution which
Poor John Mitchell^
John MHfehell, ex-leader of the Union miners, has lost his way
He is helping the enemies of the workers keep the chains of capita
lism fixed on their limbs. In Milwaukee, where both old partiw !
have united to fight the socialist party, Mitchell got up a few nights |
ego and made a speech for the allied forces of capitalism. He tried
to injure his fellow workmen who are fighting under the banner of
social democracy for a genuinely democratic government in Mil-
waukee. '.v ;,
—r— -V—- — r — — a—-% ... .3
Notwithstanding nine daily papers and all the other forces of
capitalism rallied to boost Mitchell's speech, only .382 people came
out to hear him.
The rich hold him in contempt; they have bought him, and
don't want to hear him. The workers either pity or hat« him, as a
man whom they honored and who later, for a big salary and "so
ciety honors", went over to the side of the exploiters.
Poor John Mitchell. ,
What could Mitchell tell the 382 ? -
Why,, if he told the truth, he could only tell them that the so
cialist administration of Milwaukee has been the cleanest, the fair
est, the most progressive the city ever had. That under socialist
government Milwaukee has prospered in every way: That the so
eiahst administration has been absolutely free from even the sus*
picion of graft, which disgraced all previous administrations. That'
crime and viee have been checked as never before. That in spite
of the opposition of a capitalistic legislature progress has been made
toward the socializing of public services in Milwaukee. That union
labor, and non-union iabor too, has been protected from capitalist
oppression, by the Socialist city government^ it never has been pw
tected by any administration in any American city before.
What advice could Mitchell give the 382?
Could he, under the circumstances, remind them that they are
sovereign citizens of a free republic?
''frhe bound, being where and what he was to advise then,
servants obey your masters?"
„lpii™e'rrfd; V * "•that Jokn MitcMl. by nature with
mental ability to become a loved leader of humanity in its fight (or
Mow.™' ,*h "Way hi' fwne «nii sacrificed the trust of bis
jCjowS' so that they no longer wish to hear his advice on any sub
Poor John Mitchell!
cause of humanity.
He betrayed not only his class, but the
. V' i*:'.' V r.
centra ted effort of this aiwecAiinn " .
reform—th* um* ir economic .genius focussed on
property from the big corporale^^I' thdr*toleI1
erad^rTexJw^he fleLfj.^' ^ °" tickS'°
hoohwonas to ^ their ^ ^
it, an walking in d*fa - tut"™1 I
v?- . 5 "• ' '
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Hickey, T. A. The Rebel (Hallettsville, Tex.), Vol. , No. 38, Ed. 1 Saturday, March 23, 1912, newspaper, March 23, 1912; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth395113/m1/4/: accessed January 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UT San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.