The Age, Volume 2, Number 7, June 1, 1981 Page: 1 of 1
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Established at Houston, May 15, 1871
by D. L. McGary. Moved to Wallisville
March 15, 1897. Discontinued in 1908.
Reestablished by the Wallisville Heritage
Park, December 1, 1979. $1.25 per paper,
$15.00 for one-year subscription.
Wallisville Heritage Park
P.O. Box 16
Wallisville, Texas 77597
This Edition of the Age in Honor of
MRS. BERNICE WHITEHEAD
This edition of THE AGE is dedicated
to and in honor of Mrs. Bernice White-
head. She is a noted historian, and she
and her husband are both of pioneer stock
of Chambers County. She has supported
the Wallisville Heritage Park in all of its
endeavors and has graciously shared her
research which has added much to the files
of our office. It is a privilege to have the
opportunity to honor this Southern
RECONSTRUCTION - 1865
Note-. These excerpts are taken from the
Diary of James Madison Hall, 1860-1866,
an ancestor of Bob Hall of Anahuac.
James Hall was living in Liberty at the
time of these diary entries. On April 9,
1865 Robert E. Lee surrendered at Ap-
pomattox; however, the last land engage-
ment was fought in Texas on May 13,
1865, at which battle the Confederate
Liberty. Texas May 21.1865: Today I am
still at John Booth's and loafing around
the river. The Commissary and Quarter
Master's departments have been broken
up and the officers have ceased to dis-
charge the duties of their offices.
May 22. 1865: Today I am still at John
Booth's. A part of the disbanded soldiers
passed through this place and stole every-
thing they could get hold of. (Note: these
are Confederate soldiers.) Every person
is hiding their horses, mules and wagons
from them and considerable excitement
May 23. 1865: Today I am still at Booth's.
The steamer Orizaba arrived from Galve-
ston with Spaights' Regiment on board.
The soldiers of this command upon
coming ashore immediately proceeded to
sack Col. Wrigley's warehouse, stealing
every species of property they could find,
both public and private, some of the party
stole my fine double barrel shot gun,
saddle, bridle and blanket out of the ware-
house. May my eternal curse rest upon the
scoundrel who done it. The reign of terror
is now complete in the land, our own sold-
iers are doing worse than the enemy could
under any circumstances could do. The
Steamers Ruthwen & Orizaba left in order
to seek a place of saftey from the soldiers.
At night Col. Wrigley arrived from Houston
perfectly disgusted with the operation of
our soldiers and the disgusting lawlessness
of our citizens.
Mav 24. 1865: Today I am still at Booth's.
The soldiers who destroyed and carried
away all the property they could find left
on the cars for Beaumont in order to sack
that place. Be it remembered that Gen'I.
E. K. Smith surrendered to Gen'l. Canbo
the Trans-Mississippi department, which
finally winds up the war ingloriously to
the South. (After the surrender of Generals
Robert E. Lee and Joseph E. Johnston,
Governor Pendleton Murrah, General
Magruder, and others vainly exhorted
Texas soldiers to continue the struggle.
The small armies rapidly dwindled away,
and the surrender of the forces of the
Trans-Mississippi Department by General
Edmund Kirby Smith on June 2 was a
May 29. 1865: Today I am still at Booth's.
Capt. Harrison and I took a long hunt
after squirrels. In fact I am willing to hunt
all the time in order to occupy my mind
and keep it from dwelling all the time
upon home. Be it remembered that the
President of the United States (Andrew
Johnson) issued his proclamation lib-
erating and freeing all the negro slaves in
the south and by this high handed and
unlawful act, I am deprived of nearly all
my property that I have been working for,
for the past 30 years, nearly all the capital
that I had being invested in that species
June 2. 1865: The steamer Orizaba in
her downward trip, run upon a snag and
sunk, about one mile below the residence
of Dick Cole.
June 3. 1865: Today an extra train came
over from Houston and brought a part of
Hoods' old Texas brigade.
June 4.1865: Today Jim Wrigley, Geo.
Gordon & Doland all left for Galveston on
the steamer Ruthwen.
June 7. 1865: Today the train arrived
from Houston with the news that the
yankee troops had reduced Galveston is-
land into formal possession and were
treating the Galvestonians with marked
respect. I don't know how long this
treatment will last.
July 17. 1865: Today the Yankees re-
duced this point (Liberty) into possession
and established headquarters at the Court-
house. They also opened a Provost Mar-
shal's office to enforce the amnesty oath
down the throats of the southern people.
Mr. Perkins came over from Houston on
the train. I drove up town in my buggy to
see the grand display of the Infernal
July 28. 1865: My negro woman Louisa
became refractory and I drove her off the
premises, she having been freed by the
President's proclamation began to feel her
oats too strong and hence the rupture
July 31. 1865: I hired a negro woman by
the name of Ophelia for one month for
which I am to pay her $3.00 in greenbacks,
this relieving the little woman from fur-
ther labor in the kitchen.
August 3. 1865: Today my negro woman
Jemima came back home bringing her
mother home with her, who I suppose I
will now have to support in order to keep
Jemima with me. I drove my horse and
buggy (with John Booth in company with
me) down to Richard Cole's, we remained
there for dinner. William Leaverton spent
the evening with us, he is waiting for the
cars to carry him to Sour Lake. The
Steamer Mary Hill arrived from Galveston.
August 5. 1865: Today the Steamer Lone
Star arrived from Galveston with 3 com-
panies of Federal soldiers on board. The
infernal rascals as soon as they landed
commenced plundering through the prem-
ises of all the citizens who lived on their
route in hunt of meilons, peaches, etc.
They were very insolent and rude. I drove
up town in company with Col. Jim Wrigley
in hopes of seeing the Federals leave.
One company left on the train but 3
others came in their place.
August 17. 1865: I purchased from Mr.
Jackson 14 lbs. of beef and 5 chickens all
on a credit. The Yankee troops which had
been stationed here ail left on the cars in
route for Houston, and 1 sincerely hope no
more will be stationed here.
August 19. 1865V I went up town to at-
tend a meeting of the City Council and
was by said Council elected Mayor of the
City of Liberty.
May 11, 1898
Messrs. Stephens & kilgore have now
a refrigerator at their store — and keep
bottled soda-water ice cold. The refrig-
erator is the work of the artistic hand
of Mr. Jesse Holmes.
The AGE has an invite to the "com-
mencement" exercises of the graduating
classes of the State Medical College, to
be held at the Grand Opera House in
Galveston, at 2:30 p.m., Saturday, the
14th instant — and would like especially
well to attend. Ami R. Shearer of this
place, one of our most valued friends,
is of the graduating class of the School
THE PROGRESS - 1918
Note*. Our country was at war. It is inter-
esting to note the volunteer efforts of the
people at home to aid those going to the
fronts. Also included in these excerpts
from the 1918 papers are events which
were taking place at home during this
Miss Wells visited Mrs. F. M. White
Mrs. Sterrett has just returned from a
visit with her son, Innis, at Camp Travis.
The young people of the Sunday school
enjoyed & very pleasant evening at the
home of Mrs. Buskirk Saturday night.
There is some talk of trying to have a
Community Chorus to meet at the assem-
bly room of the school house and learn
the war songs the soldier boys are singing.
Miss Wells is working to stimulate the
interest In Thrift Saving Stamps and plan-
ning to organize a War Savings Club among
the pupils. There are quite a number al-
ready saving, but not so many as it seems
there could well be.
The box of surgical dressings has been
completed and shipped, and work on a
large shipment of pajamas started. There
were about twenty ladies out for the sew-
ing Wednesday, and a fine lot of work
accomplished. Over forty pillows and a suf-
ficient supply of slips for same have been
donated to be sent to the front. A class for
making surgical dressings will be started
Friday afternoon for the young ladies
and older school girls. This class will work
under the direction of the Soldiers Com-
A dance was given at the courthouse
Thursday night. A large crowd attended.
A letter was received from F. V.
Kilgore in France. He is well and enjoying
Frank Holmes went to Galveston
Monday to get the goods for his new store.
Vernon Scales received his call to re-
port for duty on Monday.
Mr. & Mrs. J. T. White returned to
White's Ranch after a few days visit in
Mrs. G. C. Davis,Misses Octavia Kilgore,
Nona and Oma LaFour motored to
Vernon Scales left Saturday for train-
ing camp. He will be missed by his many
A party was given at the home of Mrs.
E. A. Dunman's Friday night in honor
of Mr. Vernon Scales. A large crowd was
present and a good time was enjoyed by
Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Wiggins of Turtle
Bayou moved to the John Wallis place
The ladies here gave an ice Cream
supper for the benefit of the Red Cross,
and dancing was engaged in by the young
folks. Three of the oldest ladies were pre-
sent, Mrs. J. J. Mayes, Mrs. Lizzie Wilson
and Mrs. Mary Jane Silva. Anahuac and
Moss Bluff were well represented.
The Ice cream supper for the Salvation
Army was quite a success. The young
people had a dance, which was enjoyed
Everyone is planting war gardens.
Capt. J. E. Hill and R. W. Chambers
motored to Wallisville in Mr. Chambers'
horse mobile Tuesday.
A new store building is rapidly going
up on the McManus block.
Geo. F. Wllbourn and son, Carroll,
motored to Houston Friday.
Will Patiilo and John Pipkin of Beau-
mont were here Monday to buy cattle.
An aeroplane from Ellington Field
came down in Mr. Haynes pasture Monday
to get water. Quite a crowd of spectators
reached there before it ascended.
There are plenty of air ships passing
over our burg now days.
Plenty of measels here In our burg,
but no one has died yet.
Ed Powers of Houston was here
Sunday in his truck buying rabbits and
eggs to take to Houston.
J. D. Franssen took Miss Blanch
Sheffield and Miss Grace Barlow and Lee
and Irvin Tilton to the Moors Bluff pump-
ing plant Sunday.
T. P. Moor went to Houston Friday.
Miss Ercelle Jones left here Monday
after the close of our school Friday.
Miss Maggie Mayfield began teaching
the Harmon school Monday, February 26.
Quite a crowd was present at the sur-
prise or rather pound party at J. C. Har-
mon's Saturday night.
The box and pie supper at J. C. Har-
mon's Wednesday night, February 21, was
a grand success. The proceeds were $34.31,
for the benefit of the church and schbol.
Miss Clara Hatcher spent Saturday and
Sunday with her aunt and uncle, Mr. and
Mrs. E. W. Williams.
The stork visited Mr. and Mrs. Temple
Fitzgerald last Thursday night and left a
baby boy. Mother and baby doing fine.
There was an oyster supper here last
Friday night at the church. Thirty dollars
worth of oysters were sold. A cake was
g*ven to the best looking girl present,
which was won by Miss Audrey Smith.
Miss Wilma Barrow of Mont Belvieu
and Mr. Sewell Franssen of Winfree were
married at Anahuac on Sunday, February
11th. Monday they moved to the Bill
Davis place, where they will engage in
Those who went from here to Houston
last Sunday night to see the "Birth of a
Nation," were Vernon Smith, J. W. Wil-
liams, wife and children, Dudley Coles,
Miss Emma Winfree, Jess Fowler of Goose
Creek, Miss Audrey Smith, Edd Winfree,
Gean Wallace, Miss Maugrette Simmons,
Austin Busch and Miss Maude Beck.
NEW ROAD TO HARRIS COUNTY
Note: This was the forerunner of 1-10
which was being planned in 1918. The
road went from Mont Belvieu to Houston,
but it lacked the Bridge over the Trinity to
connect East and West portions of the
County. There had been a ferry service
over Trinity, Old, and Lost Rivers, but it
was discontinued after the Courthouse was
moved to Anahuac.
When the bulkhead across the mouth
of the Trinity bay is completed there will
t>e a possibility of a road direct through to
Houston, making the distance about 50
miles instead of 80 as it now is. There is
now a road styled the Harris County-
Waliisville road, not completed. However,
there is a shell road from points in West
Chambers County to the city of Houston.
On account of the Trinity River running
north and south through the county the
west and eastern portions of the county
are widely separated as it were, much of
the land lying along the river being marshy
and difficult to travel over, therefore it
is necessary to go In a semi-circle through
ELOISE RUSH MILAM
This information about Winnie, Texas was
obtained from Ms. Milam as she was ident-
ifying old pictures of the town.
Winnie. Texas (Main Street); The Syphrett
family ran a General Merchandise Store
In Winnie. The family lived upstairs. (A
team of mules Is pictured In front of the
store.) Mules were used to cut huge ditches
in many sections of Chambers and Jefferson
Counties, many of which are still In use
today. A man in Winnie named Cosby
Rush cut other ditches that were used to
carry water to the rice fields. These were
Known as "Rush ditches." Mr, Rush
owned another General Merchandise store
close to the Syphrett store. Near this store
was a rice warehouse. When it was empty,
dances would be held with the music being
furnished by Negro musicians. Whole fam-
ilies would attend these dances^
The Palms Hotel - Winnie: The Palms at
Winnie was built by Mrs. J. Lynn Evans
and her son, Lynn, from St. Paul, Minn.
The Palms was an Imposing structure set
in the center of a block or more of beaut-
ifully landscaped ground. Fruit-bearing
palms, oleander, cape jasmine and other
semi-tropical shrubs and flowers added to
the beauty and grandeur of the hotel* At
the time the hotel was built, Theo Koch
and Herbert Rodenbeck were bringing
in many families from the Northern States
who bought land and planted fig orchards.
As this fruit grew in abundance, a fig
preserving plant was built at Winnie. This
along with the rice and cattle Industry
made Winnie a thriving village. During
World War I, the Palms was a meeting
place for the ladies of the town.who came
there to knit, sew, and make bandages
for the soldiers. After a number of bad
freezes and droughts, the fig industry
failed and many of the farmers returned
to their former homes In the North,
Winnie almost vanished from the map
This beautiful hotel was allowed to deteri-
orate and was finally razed.
News reached here this morning dt the
killing of John, better known as Erdiery
Barrow, by Jim Manis, son of Will Manis,
about two miles northeast of town.
While the immediate causes of the
killing are slightly conflicting, the reason
leading up to the tragedy as told by near-
by witnesses are about the same.
It is stated that young Jerry Breaux
some time previous to the killing, while
enroute to Anahuac was accosted by
Manis just north of the bridge, the latter
accusing Breaux of swearing fn the pres-
ence of some women folk, Breaux Instead
of coming on to Anahuac returned and
informed Ray Barrow, son of deceased,
of the war of words, when Manis and the
Barrow boy had a dispute.
This morning, while coming from the
field where he was working, Manis was
chased by John Barrow and overtaken at
the gate leading to the Sam Tubbs home.
It is stated that Barrow grabbed young
Manis in the collar when the latter pulled
a 45 caliber revolver and fired two shots,
the first missing entirely and the second
boring a hole in the center of his body,
the bullet barely missing the heart, ranging
downward and coming out at the back on
the left side.
Both parties are well-known In this
section and the tragedy is a deplorable one.
Young Manis is about 19 years old and
is employed on what is known as the Hall
land, controlled by Crosby Rush, located
a little over two miles northeast of town.
John Barrow is a farmer in the same
neighborhood and was acquitted some time
since for the killing of his brother.
While arrangements at the time of writ-
ing this are not complete It Is thought the
funeral will take place from the Barrow
home tomorrow afternoon, interment to
occur in the Barrow cemetery.
Manis surrendered to Constable John
Mangrum late this afternoon and made a
bond approved by Justice of the Peace
J. P. Lloyd Hamilton & Davenport, Louis
R. Miller and Syd Bamberg acted as sureties.
For; Mrs. E. B. Pickett; From:
Nona Mayes, Mary Louise Mayes and
Mary Emma Speights
For: Mr. D. W. Syphrett; From: Mr.
and Mrs. B. Mayes and Mr. and Mrs.
For: Mr. Tony Morehead; From:
Mr. and Mrs. John Middleton
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Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Wallisville Heritage Park (Organization). The Age, Volume 2, Number 7, June 1, 1981, periodical, June 1, 1981; Wallisville, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth404213/m1/1/: accessed June 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Chambers County Library System.