San Antonio Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 53, No. 363, Ed. 1 Sunday, December 29, 1918 Page: 27 of 58
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JAN ANTONIO EXPRESS: SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 29, 1918.
Serbia Appeals to World
For Help and Sympathy
Stripped of Everything, Ven-
erable Leader of Gallant
Nation Now Tells of the
Problem of Reconstruction the j
One Big Thing and America
Can Do Much to Help Land
That Kept Liberty Torch Burn- |
ing in the Balkans—Lone
Victim of Austria's tyranny.
I*>rinr to hers with whom sho hns math' a
j • ombination, hoping thereby to share the
Want** No Revenffp.
"The injury which Bulvarta bu thrust
upou ray native country never can be
wipe«l awny. I shall not retell the story
I of our sufferings, today; already I have
told it, as our King has told it. in state-
I ments made to the United States through
i you. We do not want to bo revenged upon
i Bulgaria. We have suffered so tremen-
dously that revenge short of annihilaliou
of our injurer would be impossible; but
it is right, according to the laws of jus-
tice. and of right, it is a grim necessity
that Bulgaria should not go unpunished.
"We would not suggest Bulgaria's an-
nihilation any more than all the balance
of the allies will insist upon annihilation
of Germany, but we Justly wish her pun-
ishment. just as all the world wants (»er
By EDWARD MARSHALL.
LONDON, Dec. 12.—The change
from glorious defeat to splendid
lictory for his little wonder country s
fighting men had occurred since last I
had had the opportunity to talk with
M. Pashitch, the venerable Serbian
Prime Minister, and this was written
on his splendid, aged face as he sat in
the great room and told what must be
done to bring the splendid people, who
Here driven back by brutal force, but
never could be conquered, again into
sight and sound of happiness and pros-
Pe,r'ty' . j tt,f. I century, the Serbs had been in a perpetual
I hope for a new Serbia, saia nit , inlxt,.,v i,,Bt Austria should try to swallow
magnificent old man,
Serbia entirely freed
better country for the average citizen.
Austria's enmity to Serbia was the enmity
of feudalism toward democracy.
"Have 1 made it Hear that, in the cir-
l eumstanees which had maintained tor a
"I hope for a
oppression; a Serbia restored to that
position which is rightly hers; a Ser-
bia wherein may gather all the scat-
tered groups into which her rightful
population has been broken; a Serbia
therein Serbs may live, as will live
their beloved country? That was the ease
and Western l'urope was too busy to see
the peril of tile small demo.raey existing
in the verv shadow of the great autocracy.
It could only be by accident or through the
act of God that Serbia could show the
balance of the world her peril and its
world-significance, could show the worl 1
how evil was the Austrian political mind.
"As soon as Austria was obviously beat-
en bv the allies she began to take quick
the peoples of the'greater nations of j thought_ as to hbw she might b«st_sa?e her
- - - * . ~1.. „A honnilv
the allies—industriously and happily
independently working out their own
selected destiny in their own way. We
ask but that. Is it too much to ask?
••We have striven toward this end tor
fcmturles. Having been liberated from
five centuries of Turkish oppression by h-T
vw 1 efforts, without my outside help,
fceibia. at the time M this war's outbreak,
b'jd begun to be the Mecca for all the
Serbian populations under Austria. Thus,
f.-r a century, Serbia had been .1 i'l:o:n
in Arftri.i's side because she offered ;•
iiur:* to those men of the saui? IiIomI who
cmiuri'ttu out ol' Aus*r»-i where they were
habitually denied their rights and jus-
C"They were not prepared to stop this
emigraiion by rendering justice to the
Serbs. 110 method except war appeared of
stopping it by force, and for long they
hesitated before war; but the presence in
their midst of the inevitably restless South-
ern Slav element, loving Serbia and gravi
tating toward her unquestionably was a
threat. Would they not try to break the
Austrian Km aire—that sham union of dis-
cordant elements which, by vicious in-
trigue and unworthy use of force, had
been built to satisfy the greed lor wealth
and power of Austrian dynasties? Aus-
tria feared the separation of the Serbs
.from her and the ionsequent oruuibUng ol
lie>y house of cards.
"Suppose, for just a moment, a very
absurd situation, so that 1 may make an
Illustration; suppose that the United States
were Austria and that Illinois were Ser
bia Of course, Serbs would be thick
bevond the border of their Illinois and
throughout America there wuold be many.
Well, their immigration toward their
brethren there in Illinois would threaten
all the rest of the misgoverned country
would It. not? It would threaten it through
the withdrawal of the industry and mili-
tary potentialities of those who went; It
would threaten It by strengthening the
Illinois (which, of necessity, would not
he friendly in its heart) to which they
would !"■ going. Such a situation was ex- |
face before the victorious allies. The plan
which she suggests and which Will flu 1
supporters, I intensely fear, among outsid-
ers who do not really understand the situ-
ation. is embodied in her stjiternent : 'Ah.
yes, to our surprise we find that things
really have been going rather badly. We
regret it. To correct it we shall create a
group of Southern Slavic states out of the
Serbian states in Austria.'
"The world must not be fooled by this.
"It wilUbe as it would be in the un-
imaginable circumstances I have used for
illustration with regard to the United
"'Yes, we will leave Illinois a free State,
but all around her we shall build a bul
wark of minor states in which we shall
concentrate those Illinolsans outside of
Illinois under our sovereignty. They will
be under our bad government. You must
be fooled, however, into believing that we
give them independence.'
AiiMTica Mui»t Not Br Fooled.
"The aim is to deceive, and already signs
are plain that some have been deceived bj
the suggestion. T have noted them in edi-
torials in European newspapers. I have
noted them in conversations with some
men of real importance. It is of great
moment that they should not fool Amer-
ica ! •
"The Southern Slavs know Austria. Th«\v
know that when the peace is made Aus
tria must dictate none of it. The Aus-
trian government Is incapable of honesty.
She is intensely anxious, uow that her
military failure is complete, to save her
skin by strategy. Many times she has
promised great concessions; every time
when this has happened she has gone no
further than the promises. She depends
on blinds and ruses; she relies today, as
ever she has relied, upon the obi diplomacy.
"She is promising every right to all the
Southern Slavs who are gravitating toward
Serbia: but what do promises amount to
from a government dominated by the Aus-
tro-fJermans and the Magyars? With us,
the Serbs, they count for nothing."'
"And what can America do for you In
this regard V" I asked.
What we beg for from America." said
B' tly that, which Austria intensely feared. | ^ 1'ashltch, "Is extreme watchfulness. We
The course which would^ have^ been jMear | earnestly implore that the 1'nited States
shall not give an over estimate to any-
thing which Austria may say. We fear
to another government- that of satisfying
Herbs by granting justice—did not occur
lo her. Oppression was the only method
entering her mind.
A I'eril to Austria.
'Free Serbia, therefore, was a per* to
the Hapsburgs. who would have seized
n.ntrol of all the Balkans if they could
have done it. For a good many years Ser-
bia was the only free statt in the Balkans,
for Bulgaria was not freed by Itussia
until 1*78. It worried Austria and angered
her. Always she claimed to Europe as a
whole that Serbian freedom endangered
Europe's peace—the general peace—with
the hope that by expressing these views
with sufficient strength she might obtain
the opportunity to occupy the nation and
thus gain the chance to push forward her
own boundaries straight to Constanti-
"Serbia was the only thing standing in
the way of Pan-Germanism in the East.
The real reason of Austrian hostility, of
her whole policy toward Serbia, was Jhis,
and it had maintained for a hundred
"A second contributing cause was the
spirit of the Serbians. It offended Aus
rian aristocratic impulses. I he Austrians i j(( r annexed by Austria. Those little
are a LVro#i«„J?,j«i rRL wShiina provinces of Austria which now lie to the
social, political, finain lal. Ihe^ Serbians norcli and west of Serbia are really Ser-
are a people of unalterably sturd>, inde- ,)ian -n nationality, in sympathy, in every-
pendence, peasants on a general yiu«J}t>' thing but political control. Even though
without arlNtociats. ^l hey^p^rovperK I I hey t JJJa^ denominated Serbs, Croat*
ere happy. Their prosperity, their happi-
ness appealed to all of the oppressed in
Austria. They were an object lesson of
what might be, just across the Austrian
border. Serbia was small in size, but big
in spirit. Austria was large in size but
small in spirit. One sees which was the
Are a specialty with us.
See our show w indows that are
the talk of the town Largest,
finest ana most complete stock
of cut flowers in Southwest
See us first and you will not
Special Monday only, 300 doz-
en Carnations, $3.00 a dozen.
Flowers shipped anywhere.
Ave. C at 8th Street
Day ani Night Phone
20Jf Alamo Plara
Tel Cr Amomrf Jhc
irid Slovenes, they really are one nation.
"Theil speech, their traditions, their n.it-
ura; tendencies fit them for union Into one
kingdom, and for a century they, recogniz-
ing fhis and yearning for it, have strug-
gled gainst Turkey on the one side and
Austria on the other.
"These are facts quite undeniable.
"Thus what we are asking from America
i« only the persistent and consistent exe-
cution of her great President's own idea*
as tliey have been expressed in his magnifi
cent and ringing words. We are asking
nothiug else than that these people now
within the boundaries of Austria should be
given an opportunity to declare their wish.
If thev do not actually desire to be united
with our Serbia then tfe have no sugges
tion to advance. We want them if they
want to come. We do not ask to occupy
an inch of Austrian soil the inhabitants
whereof do not desire union with us.
The tw to Serbia.
"We are only asking that the right
should be given to these people to de
clare their wish. We know it. How do
we know? In ten thousand ways wo know
it. but one statement of one way will be
sufflcien: to emphasize our knowledge
Leaders of the South Slave in Austria
caped and, under the leadership of I>r.
Trumbitdi. came to Corfu a year and a
half ag > to consult with the Serbian gov-
"I was there when this occurred, and
was with them when they composed and
published what is now known as "The
Corfu Declaration." In which they voiced
their own unqualified wish and that of
all their followers for liberation Trom the
oppressive rule of autocratic Austria and
union with their own denif»cratic Serbia.
"Thcr* is a second point to be made, j
The policy of Bulgaria In the Balkans has i
been basod upon foundations like those i
underlying that of Ormany in Europe J
Iu both the watchword has b*v»n might. |
not right. She has been a pambler. fight-
ing without principle, for pure gain, try-
ing hard to pick the winning side so that
she might share the victor's spoils.
"When Germany seemed strongest she
allied lier«elf to cjermany. Now. when the
allies obviously have becom** strangest, she
hta surrendered to them. It is with per-
fectly good reason that she has been
called the Prussia of the Balkaus. But
Bulgaria doe* not represent all Balkan
l»eoples. We must take tcood care to see
that this is understood abroad.
"It must be carefully considered that as
Germany has been hostile to all neighbors
in the j a*t so. also, has been Bulgaria
to all who have been neighbors to her.
Serbia i.ever ha* compelled Bulgaria into
an enmity. Bulgaria has been the enemy
not only of the Serbs but of the Greeks
and Roumanians. Her hand has been
against all men save those of strength su-
plainly marked: the history of the two
nations traces their frontiers beyond dis-
pute. They might be readjusted without
serious economic loss t«» Bulgaria, and yet
so readjusted that a number of strategic
points from which Bulgaria might now
attack us with too great an ease, from
which, indeed, she lias attacked us, would j
pass out of her possession, thus resulting
iu the removal of temptation to attack-
such temptation as the Bulgarian mind
seems unable to resist. We never have
I asked the premier to suggest a plan
for Serbia's reconstruction.
"It wiU be a mighty problem/' he re-
plied. "No belligerent country has suf-
fered so severely as Serbia has suffered.
The wicked trio, Austria, Bulgaria and .
Germany, literally have ravaged my de- I
voted nation. In my last Interview with
you I enumerated many of the wicked
interned in Austria and Bulgaria, our
native population, when and where it has
been possible, has been driven away or
slaughtered, so that the Teutonic allies
might prepare for their Inhuman plan of
transforming Serbia into a humble vassal
state by colonisation with their own in-
"Thirty thousand of our people, men and
women, young boys and lovely girls, have
been sold tor money into slavery among
the Turks by the Bulgarians.
"Our priests and school masters, feared
grim necessities demand
"What shall you need from the United
States?" 1 asked.
"From somewhere we must. get. prac-
tically everything." the aged premier an-
swered with a sigh. "We need catt.e, we
need clothes, we need machinery, we reed
food, for without it we shall starve, and
if. after this first aid, we are to bo a
quickly self supporting people we must
• have seed with which to sow our flelur".
' The vandals have not left a pouud of seed
in Serbia. There are so many things which
KiA' i,;' xr£srsl<3sxrl&j,mus ■>eut "n
perpetuate in future generations the re ;0W8, 7'.,e children or my
many/a punishment, because good cannot ' deeds which they have perpetrated upon us
•• •- •• • during their attack on us and In the fol-
lowing days during their occupation of our
land. It Is unnecessary, and it would be
painful for me, to repeat that grim and
Ruin and Desolation.
"As we speak the Serbian army triumphs
over them, but finds where they have been
a scene of ruin and desolation, a popula-
tion largely massacred, an economic situa-
tion melancholy beyond my powers of de-
scription. The enemy have made requisi-
tion of our already suffering people, with-
out payment or pretence of payment, the
requisitioning of a highwayman, of every-
thing which they have needed or have
"Our once rich country now lies barren,
stripped of its portable property, its build
ings burned or wrecked by shell fire or
by vandalism, emptied of our people.
"Our best men have been slaughtered or
prevail over evil if evil be not punished*.
1 believe I speak for the conscience of
civilized humanity when I declare that
Germany and Bulgaria must have some
chastisement for their violation of the
rights of man."
"Of what should that punishment con-
sist?" I asked the venerable Prime Mln-
•We do not ask from the United States
or from any of the allies the enslavement
or destruction of BulgtMJa." M. Paschltch
answered "We ask from her indemnities
to an agreed-upon amount, and that in
future she shall be so placed that she shall
neither attack us nor provoke us to at-
tack; the guarantee of our frontiers upon
those ethnographical lines which easily
may be established and are logical.
••This constitutes a problem not too dif-
ficult. The racial differences between
Bulgarians and Serbians are definite and |
cows. The children of my Serbia have
h^b8luurChtcrfecl'"18 ^ ^
"For me, with snoken words, to bring : doused mill; we need in immense quanti-
into your mind a picture of the horrid state tlea t,0ll^af,^ ,!}£ 1 IhTh !r,!v
in which the enejuy has left our Serbia, },ur life. 1 bat, and seed w hi h incy
may I explain that twice they have passed l,e sowed this very autumn for the n \t
through it with the merciless firebrand- * harvest are our urgent needs. If they
once when thev invaded, once when they j ,je not supplied then the borr<
retreated. ' I *rlm war
"You ask me to — ..
construction! It must be done, I know, ou.!\ * , . * i cm -i »
but how? It can he done, I know, but , f hope Is America, .lie is rich
the making of the plan—It is a task for a.n^ ?be. |s competent. \\ itli her co-opera
ritorlally enlarge us. but which worlt
protect us against attack in future by i
turning to us our strategic points.
"I hope that by the readjustment of th"
false and wicked Austrian empire our
brethrenaof the southern Slavs may le
rescued from oppression and re united to
us in accordance with the principles
claimed from Washington and the tenets
of the < orfu declaration.
"I hope that by the terms of peace V'C
shall be granted from our enemies the
same rest if utionary measures as shall be
given to Belgium and to France.
"I hope that by some means which will
not disturb our natural independence and
innate self-respect we may be assisted 5n
our mighty task of reconstruction, re-
"Those things I hope for. Are my Jiopes
"And now. before we part, for I :• m
hurrying back to Serbia this evening, may
I send the message to America and Ameri-
cans that Serbia, being the oldest dem > -
f the ocean, appr >
"death roll must continue long
Ruirirest a nbtn for re- I after the vile enemy has beeji driven from racy upon this side
l Lmiw our soil. Hates as mu.-h a. any natln* ,,...1.1 ihe
soul-Inspired words of your President.
"Mr. Wilson's sublime utterances have
the great constructive minds of the whole tion Serbia, which has been emptied, -ouid
world. I have some thoughts in mind, be filled again. Her people, being naked,
but it remains too early to suggest them, could he clothed again. Her children, reins
One thing I hope and that is that Serbia, starving, could be fed again. Her woman-
dependent upon the philanthropic impulse hood, now weeping bitterly, again n-.gljt
of the world though she must be to an be permitted the luxury of a moment s
smile. Her desottedl fields once again
might be ploughed and rendered fruit-
"I may summarize that which I hope for
in a few words:
"I hope for the territorial restoration
of my Serbia through certain small but
vital boundary rectifications between
agonizing extent, still may be able
through constructive financial policies, to
rise from her destruction with her self-
respect undimmed, with that sturdy Inde-
pendence which ever has been character-
istic of her people unshaken even by this
vast, disastrous outrage. I hope America,
peciallv. will understand that we shall
ask as little help as may be, although our | Serbia and Bulgaria, which would not tcr-
thrilled the hearts of Serbians with a sa-
cred emotion. They have been as 'f they
came from the lips of their forefathers.
"All Serbian eyes are directed toward
tills great world-leader and toward Wash-
ington, the capital of your wonderful ic-
• -W.S.S.- -
Old Virginia fakes and (andien
Are delicious; made In our sunshiny kit-
chen of the best and purest materials.
Marble Cake, Pound Cake. Lady Baltimore.
Doughnuts every day.
232 College Street. Travis 3083.—(Adv.)
that In the American mind the Austrian
character has been, perhaps, misjudged
The United States refrained from making
war on Austria for a considerable period
it had made itsCdgclaration against
"But we beg America to bear in mind
the fact that Austria fired the first, gun!
We beg America to listen to the wishe--.
really national, of the peoples who have
been held in thrall by Austria and in
Austria, prisoners, in fact, although th*y I
may have lived on their own land. Tn»
wails of Austrian sovereignty, without j
their advice or their consent, were bnttt
about those lands.
"The Southern Slavs in Austria are nit
Austrians. They neither owe nor wish
allegiance to the Austrian Empire. They
wish from the Austrian Empire total sepa-
ration, total liberation, so that they may |
secure union with the Serbs of Serbia and j
"Studv a map of Serbia. Observe the
logical separation from the Austrian Em-
pire of Serbia as she now exists, and
those sections whicll have been seized from
No G.O.D.,No Approval, No Exchanges
Customers and Those
And to say to those who were not able to be here during the first three days
of this sale that a continuance of this sale for one more week to give all a chance
to avail themselves of the many bargains that await you here Monday.
Goods Carried Over From One Season to the Other Is the Frost Policy
Wish to Thank Our Friends,
Who Attended the Sale For
SUITS, COATS, DRESSES
All $25.00 Garments I
All $29.50 Garments N0W
All $32.50 Garments i AT
All $35.00 Garments J
SUITS, COATS, DRESSES
All $42.50 Garments...
All $45.00 Garments [ N0VV
All $55.00 Garments t
All $59.50 Garments /
SUITS, COATS, DRESSES
All $65.00 Garments j
All $69.50 Garments N0VV
^11 $75.00 Garments .. A r
All $85.00 Garments...
SUITS, COATS, DRESSES
All $ 89.50 Garments
All $ 97.50 Garments
All $115.00 Garments.
All $125.00 Garments'*..
All Furs Less than
Choice «f any regular $6.00 and
$7.50 Waist — Georgette. Satin or
Crepe de Chine. All sizes to 46
This is an exceptional offering—
100 Georgette Waists, all colors.
Regular $5.00 Waists. All sizes
to 52 '.
$ 50.00 Pieces
$ 65.00 Pieces
$ 75.00 Pieces
$ 95.00 Pieces
Serge and Satin Dresses, bought special for this
S^ale, in many styles and colors. This is an ex-
ceptional offer. You,
must see them to ap-
preciate the value..
Up to $35.00
ueorgeue waists . $12.98
id colors. This is an ex-
$8.00 Georgette Waists
$10.00 Georgette Waists
$12.50 Georgette Waists
$13.00 Georgette Waists
$17.30 Georgette Waists
Crepe De Chine Teddies, Petti-
coats, Night Gowns, Bloom-
All Sweaters Are Greatly Reduced
Camps Travis and Fort Sam Houston. We
have just received lot of nurses' regulation
No Goods Sent C. O. D.
None on Approval.
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San Antonio Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 53, No. 363, Ed. 1 Sunday, December 29, 1918, newspaper, December 29, 1918; San Antonio, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth430288/m1/27/: accessed September 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.