San Antonio Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 55, No. 205, Ed. 1 Friday, July 23, 1920 Page: 4 of 22
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SAN ANTONIO EXPRESS: FRIDAY MORN I NO, I LILY 23. 1920
Nominee Proposes Party Rule
as Substitute for "Autocracy"
»' . _
Dominant Group of Senate Saved Re-
public, Says—Will Seek Disen-
tangled ' T Understanding'
J^JARION, Ohio, July 22—The full text of U'arren G. Harding's speech in
accepting the nomination of the presidency by the Republican party is
Chairman Lodge, members of the notification committee, members of the
National Committee, ladies and gentlemen: The message which you have for-
mally conveyed brings to me a realization of responsibility which is not
Underestimated. It is a supremo task to interpret the covenant of a great
political party, the activities of which are so woven into the history of this
Republic, and a very sacred and solemn undertaking to utter the faith and
aspirations of the many millions who adhere to that party.
The party platform has charted the way, yet, somehow, we have come
to expect that interpretation which voices the faith of nominees who must
assume specific tasks. ,
; LH .ui, be «U«.Woa_c1?.r.y JErom_.be, »
II w«» not^Hurpriolnir that uent
lur from safe and prescribed
paths amid the war aiixletl«*t». There
with the unfortunate tendency before;
there mum tlie surrender of C'ongre** to
the gruuiiiK assumption of the t^ei'U-
tive before the World War imperiled
all the practices we had learned to be-
lieve in; and in the war emergency
every safeguard was swept away.
In the name of democracy we estab-
lished autocracy. We are not com-
plaining at thib extraordinary bestow-
al or assumption in war, it seemed
temporarily nccessary; our alarm is
over the failure to restore the consti-
tutional methods when the war emer-
Our first committal is the restoration
of representative popular government, un-
IH-puUr government ha. Wu an Uwpl- ^
yfcry beginning. 1 ,l>eliev»' iu party sp«
ifrship in government. I believe in party
government us distinguished from j.er- .
f#nal government. individual, u» ■ uturial,
Ail toe ru tic or what not. In a •.•tfi*«?n*hip i
•f more than 100,<JU0,0UU it is unposfcibl ■ 10
fetch agreeaieut cpon all uueMions. i'ar- j
lies are lormed by those who ren« u a eou-
Mnsus ol opinion.
It was the iuteni of the fouudlug lathers
to give to ihl* Uepublle a depea i ibie and
enduring popular* government, representa-
tive in loriti, and it was designed t«» make j
political parties not only tne preserving:
Sponsors but also the effective ag* n' i« s j
through which hopes and aspirations and .
convictions and conscience may be trans-
lated into public performance.
Depl ores Wilson's Autocracy.
eludes more than a Chief Executive, we
believe iu a Cabinet of highest capacity,
equal to the responsibilities which our
system contemplate*, in whose councils the
Vi««e President, second official of the Re-
public, shall be asked to participate.
Senate Saved U. S. Independence.
The same visiou includes a cordial un
nation. Republics have riseu and fallen,
arid a transition from party to personal
government has preceded every failure
since the world began.
Under the Constitution we have the
eh a rted way to security and perpetuity.
|fe know it gave to us the sale path to
a, developing eminence which no people
in the world ever rivaled. It has guarau- I —
teed the rule of intelligent, deliberate pub- demanding and co-oruinated activities
lie opinion expressed through parties. L'u- with a House of Congress, iresh from the
der this plan a masterful leadership be- j people, voicing the convictions winch meiu-
comingiy may muuifeBt its influence, but j hers bring from direct contact with the
a people's will still remains the supreme electorate, and cordial co-operation along
authority. j with the restored functions of the Senate,
The American achievement under the! fit to be the greatest deliberative body of
plan of the fathers is nowhere disputed, the world.
On the contrary the American example has! Its members are the designated ■en-
been the model of every republic which j tlnels on the towers of constitutional
glorifies the progress of liberty, and Is < government. The resumption of the
everywhere the leaven of representative
drinocraty which has expanded human free-
dom. it has been wrought througn party
No man is big enough to run this great
Republic. There never has been one. Such
domination was never intended. Tran-
quility. stability, dependability—all are as-
sured in party sponsorship, ami we mean
Rogers-Hill & Co.
409 Navarro St.
I pperniost in the mind
of the modern housewife
as she prepares the meal
is the duiry products sh<
will serve. And chief
imong "Dairy Products"
is the Butter
Learn about Falfurrias
Butter—how it is produced
from the whole cream of
pure Jerseys—cows that
ire examined by Govern-
ment experts for health
Falfurrias Butter at your
BKKKS I'KODK K CO
.Senate's authority saved to this Re-
public its iudepei.dent nationality,
when autocracy misinterpreted the
dreum of a world experiment to be the
vision of a world ideal.
It is not difficult, Chairman Lodge, to
make ourselves clear on the question of
international relationship. MVc Republi-
cans of the Senate, conscious of our sol-
emn oaths and mindful of <>ur constitis*
■ I tloual obligations, when we saw the gtruo
' ture of u world super-government taking
visionary form, joined in a becoming
! warning of our devotion to this Repub-
If the torch of constitutionalism had
I not been dimmed, the delayed peace of the
J worltU and the tragedy of disappointment
| and Europe's misunderstanding of America
might have been avoided.
The Republicans of the Senate halted
j the barter of Independent American
eminence and influence, which it was
i proposed to exchange for an obscure
and unequal place in the merged gov-
ernment of the world. Our party
means to hold the heritage of AmerL
can nationality unimpaired and unsur-
, The world will not misconstrue. We do
not mean to hold aloof. We do not Ulean
j to shun a single responsibility of this
Republic to world civillsaPion, There is
no hate in the American heart. We have
no envy, no suspicion, 110 aversion to any
people in the world. We hold to our
rights, and means to defend, aye, we mean
to sustain the rights of this Nation and
our citizens alike, everywhere under the
shining sun. *
Vet there is the concord of amity and
sympathy and fraternity in every resolu-
tion. There is a genuine aspiration in
every American breast for a. tranquil
friendship with all the world.
.Mote, we believe the unspeakable sor-
rows, the immeasurable sacrifices, the
awakened convictions and the aspiring
conscience of human kind must commit,
the nations of the earth to a new and
better relationship. It need not be dis-
cussed now what motives plunged the
world into war, it need not be inquired
whether we asked the sous of this Re-
public to defend our National rights, as
I believe we did, or to purge the old
World of the accumulated ills of rivalry
and greed, the sacrifices will be in vain
if we cannot acclaim a new order, with
added security of civilization and peace
One may readily sense the conscience
of our America. I am Mure I under-
stand the purpose of the dominant
group of the Senate. We were not
seeking to defeat a world aspiration,
we were resolved to safeguard America.
We were resolved then, even as we
are today, and will be tomorrow, to
preserve this free and independent
Let those now responsible, or seek-
i'«l responsibility, propose the surren-
der, whether with Interpretations, apol-
ogies or reluctant reservations—from
which our rights are to be omitted—
we welcome the referendum to the
American people on the oreser\ation
of America, and the Republican party
pledges its defense of the preserved
inheritance of National freedom.
Promises Peace by Resolution.
in the call of the conscience of America
is peace, peace that closes the gaping
wound of world war, and silences the im-
passioned voices of international envy and
Heeding this call and knowing a« I
do tlie disposition of the Congress, 1
promise you formal and effective peace
so quickly as a Republican Congress
c»n pass its declaration for a Republi-
can Executive to sign.
Then we may turn to our readjustment
at home and proceed deliberately and re-
flectively to that hoped-for world relation-
shin which shall satisfy both conscience
and aspirations and still' hold us free from
1 can hear In the call of conscience an
insistent voice for the largely reduced
armaments throughout the world with at
tending reduction of 2>urdens upon peace-
loving humanity. Yvo wish to give of
American influence and example: we must
give of American leadership to that in-
I can speak unreservedly of the Amer-
ican aspiration and the Republican coin
mital for an association of nations, co-
operating in sublime accord, to attain ami
preserve peace through Justice rather than
forcc, determined to add to security
through international law, ho clarified
that n<» misconstruction can be possible
without affronting world honor.
ri his Republic can never be unmindful
of its power, and must never forget the
force of its example. Possessor of might
that admits no fear, America must stand
foremost for the right.
If the mistaken voice of Amerira,
spoken in unheeding haste, led Eu-
rope, In the hour of deepest anxiety,
into a military alliance which menuces
peace and threatens nil freedom. In-
stead of adding to their security, then
we must speak the truth for America
an«l ex pre** our hope for th* frater-
nized conscience of nations.
It will avail nothing to discuss In
detail the le«giie covenant, which was
conceived for world snper government.
negotiated iu misunderstanding, and
intolerantly urged and demanded by
its Administration sponsors, who re-
sisted every etfort to safeguard Amer-
ica, and who finally rejected when
such r-.afeguurds were inserted.
No Surrender by America.
If the supreme blunder has left Euro-
pean relationships Inextricably interwoven
iu the league compact, our sympathy for
Europe only magnifies our own good for-
tune in resisting iuvolviuent. It is bet-
ter to be the free and disinterested agent
of international justice and advancing civ-
ilization, with the covenant of conscience,
than be shackle I by a writteu compact
which surrenders our freedom of action
and gives to a military alliance the right
to proclaim Amerh a's -duty to the world.
No surrender of rights to a world
council or its military alliance, no as-
sumed mandatory however appealing,
ever shall summon the sons of this
Republic to war. Their supreme sacri-
fice shall only be asked tor America
and its cjdl of honor. There is u sanc-
tity in that right we will not delegate.
When the compact was being written,
1 do not know whether Europe asked or
ambition insistently bestowed. It was so
good to rejoice in the world's confidence
in our unselfishness that I can believe our
evident disinterestedness Inspired Europe's
wish tor our association, quite as much
as the selfish thought of enlisting Amer-
ican power and resources
Ours is un outstanding, influential ex-
ample to the world, whether we cloak it
in spoken modesty or magnify it in exalta-
tion. We want to help; we mean to help;
but we hold to our own Interpretation of
the American conscience as the very soul
of our nationality.
Disposed jis we are, the way is very
simple Let the failure unending assump-
tion. obstinacy, impracticability and delay
be recognized, and let lis find the big.
practical, unselfish way to do our part,
neither covetous because of ambition nor
hesitant through fear, but ready to serve
ourselves, humanity and God.
With a Senate advising as the Con-
stitution tfontemplates, I would hope-
fully approach the natIons of Europe
and of the earth, proposing that un-
derstanding which makes us a willing
participant in the consecration of na-
tions to a new relationship, io commit
the moral forces of the world, Ameri-
ca included, to peace and international
justice, still leaving America free,*in-
dependent and self-reliant, but offer-
ing friendship to all the world.
If men call lor more specific details, I
remind them that moral committals are
broad and all inclusive, and we are con-
templating peoples in the concord of hu-
manity's advancement. From our own view-
point the program is specifically American,
and we mean to be Americans first, to all
Would Restore Constitution.
Appraising preserved nationality as the
first essential to tlK» continued progress of
the Republic, there is linked with it the
supreme necessity of the restoration—let
us say the re-revealment—of tire Consti-
tution, and our reconstruction us au in
dustrial Nation. Here is the transcending
task. It concerns our common weal at
home and will decide our future eminence
in the world.
More than these, this Republic, under
constitutional liberties, lias given to man-
kind the most fortunate conditions for hu-
man activity and attainment the world
has ever noted, and we are today the
world's reserve force in the great contest
for liberty through security, and main-
tained equality of opportunity and Its
It is folly to close our eyes to outstand-
ing facts. Humanity is restive, much of
the world is in revolution, the agents of
discord and destruction have wrought their
tragedy in pathetic Russia, have lighted
their torches among other peoples, and
hope to see America as a part of the great
Ouos is the temple of liberty under the
law. and it is ours to call the Sons of Op-
portunity to its defense America must
not only save herself, but ours must be
the appealing voice to sober the wor)d
More than all these the present day world
needs understanding. There can be no
peace save through composed differences,
and the submission of the individual to
the will and weal of the many. Any other
plan means anarchy and its rule of force.
Competition to Be Restored.
It must be understood that toil alone
makes for accomplishment and advance-
ment, and righteous possession is the re-
ward of toil, and its incentive. There is no
progress except in the stimulus of compe-
tition. When competition—natural, fair,
impelling competition is suppressed,
whether by law, compact or conspiracy,
we jhalt the march of progress, silence
the voice of aspiration, and paralyze the
will for achievement. These are but com-
mon sense truths of human development.
The chief trouble today is that the
World War wrought the destruction
of healthful competition, left our store-
houses empty, and there is a minimum
production when our need Is maxi-
mum. Maximums, not ininimums, is the
call of America.
It Isn't a new story, because war
never fails to leave depleted store-
bouses and always impairs the effi-
cient of production.
War also establishes its higher stand-
ards for wages, and they abide. I wish
the higher wage to abide, on one ex-
plicit condition—that the wage earner
will give full return for the wage re-
ceived. It is the best assurance we can
have for a reduced cost of living.
Mark you, I am ready to acclaim the
highest standard of pay' but I would be
blind to the responsibilities thitt mark this
fateful hour if I did not caution the wage
earners of America that moiyiting wages
and decreased production can lead only to
industrial and economic ruin.
I want, somehow, to appeal to the sons
and daughters of the Republic, to every
producer, to join hand and brain in pro-
duction, more production, honest produce
tion, patriotic production, because patriotic
produclioajs no less a defense of our best
civilization than that of armed force. Prof-
iteering is a crime of commission, under-
production is a crime of omission.
No Conflict in Industry.
We must work our most and best, else
the destructive reaction will come. We
must stabilize and strive for normalcy,
else the inevitable reaction will bring its
train of sufierlngs. disappointments and
reversals. We want to forestall such re-
action, we want to hold all advanced
ground, ami fortify it with general good
Lot us return for a moment to the
necessity for understanding particu-
larly that understanding which con-
cerns^ ourselves at hyinc. I decline to
recognize any conflict of interest
among the participants In industry.
The destruction of one is the ruin of
tlie other, the suspicion or rebellion
of one unavoidably involves the other.
In conflict is disaster. In understanding
there is triumph. There is no issue re
lating to the foundation on which industry
j is huibled, because industry is bigger than
any element In its modern making But
I the insistent call is for labor, management
1 and capital to reach understanding.
The human element comes first, and 1
' want the employers In industry to under-
1 stand the aspirations, the convictions, the
yearnings of the millions of American
wage-earners, and 1 want the wage earn-
ers to understand the problems, the anx-
ieties, the obligations of management and
capita), and all of theiu must understand
their relationship to the people and their
obligation to the Republic. Out of this
understanding' will come the unanimous
committal to economic justice, and in eco-
nomic Justice lies that social justice which
is the highest essential to human happi-
Sees Peril in Class Appeal.
1 am speaking as one who has counted
the contents of the pay envelope from
the viewpoint of the earner as well as the
employer. No one pretends to deny the in-
equalities which are mauifest in modem
industrial life. They are less in fact than
they were before organization and group-
ing on either side revealed the Inequalities,
and conscience has wrought more justice
than statutes have compelled, but the fer-
ment of the world rivets our thoughts on
the necessity of progressive solution, else
our generation will suffer the experiment
which means chaos for our day to re-
establish God's plan for the great tomor-
Speaking our sympathies, uttering the
conscience of all the people, mindful of
our right to dwell amid the good fortunes
of rational, conscience-impelled advance-
ment. we hold the majesty of righteous
government, with liberty under the law,
to be our avoidance of chaos, and we call
upon every citizen of the republic to hold
fast to that which made us what we are,
and we will have orderly government
safeguard the onward march to all we
ought to be.
The menacing tendency of the pres-
ent day is not chargeable wholly to
the unsettled and fevered conditions
caused by the war. The manifest
weakness fn popular government lies
in the temptation to appeal to grouped
citizenship for political advantage.
There is no greater peril.
The Constitution contemplates no
class and recognizes no group. It
broadly Includes all the people, with
specific recognition for none, and the
l ighest consecration we can make to-
day is a committal of the Republican
party to that saving constitutionalism
which contemplates all America as
one people, and holds just government
free from influence on the one hand
244 Eas* Commerce Btreel
Most Complete Line of
WATCHES AND CLUCKS
la the City.
small Store. Small 1'rofita, Small Trices
and unmoved by intimidation on the
It would be the blindness of folly to Ig-
nore the activities in our own country
which are aimed to destroy our economic
system, and to commit us to the colossal
tragedy which has both destroyed all
freedom and made Russia impotent. This
movement is not to be halted in throttled
Denounces U. S. Control.
We must not abridge the freedom of
speech, the freedom of press, or the free-
dom of assembly, because there is no
promise in repression. These liberties are
as sacred as the freedom of religious be-
lief. as Inviolable as the rights of life and
the pursuit of happiness.
We do hold to the right to crush sedi-
tion. to stifle a menacing contempt for
law. to stamp out a peril to the safety
of the republic or its people, when emer-
gency calls, because security and the ma-
jesty of the law are the first essentials of
liberty, lie who threatens destruction of
the government by force or flaunts his
contempt for lawful authority, ceases to ,
be a loval citizen and forfeits his rights
to the freedom of the Republic.
Let it be s/fld to all of America that I
our plan of popular government contem-
plates such orderly changes as the crys-
tallized intelligence of the majority of
HOLD FAST TEETH
See that soft rub-
ber suction V Tbejr
stick so tight It
requires force to
pull them out.
Let us show you.
W. A. Thurman, candidate for Super-
intendent of County Schools, has had
long experience as superintendent and
principal of the larger city and country
He is endorsed by the present county
school officials and by the County
Mr. Thurman is representing no spe-
cial interests except that of the coun-
try boys and girls, and asks for your
support for the reason that his experi-
ence renders him familiar with the de-
tails of the office and conversant with
the needs of the county schools.
Not the light, flimsy quali-
ties that wilt with two or three
washings; not the undesirable
patterns and colorings* that in-
variably mark the cheaper
These are all high grade
$15.00 silks from our regular
stock at a special price of $8.75.
Fomby Clothing Co.
"The House of Satisfaction"
509-511 East Houston Street
The Home of IIart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
New York to Sail Francisco Economy Run
This Overland car is being piloted by a relay of drivers, men who never before have sat at the wheel of this car. This stock car started at midnight, July 18,
from New ^ ork to San Francisco, a distance of 3,300 miles. The purpose of the relay race is to establish the economy and stamina of the new light Overland
j car. The following telegram received by Mr. Frank A. Winerich, of the Winerich Motor Sales Co., shows the New Overland is surpassing the expectations
I of the manufacturer by maintaining its reputation for economy and endurance.
A Nutritious Diet for All Ages
Quick Lunch at Home or Office
Avoid Imitations and Substitute!:
MACKAY TELEGRAPH-CABL E COMPANY
postal, telegraph-commercial cables
TMl 1 1 1 i»RAPM-C ABLI COMPANr T S * N S Ml T^TNTocTlTni t TMlft XlfcMT
COwqitioms ^wintco on thc or this
W555S5 w- wocmy. Pncsiociiv.
NDENT - COMPETITIVE PROGRESSIVE
Heyer's Prickly-Heat Powder
The Original Heat Powder
A standard prick-
ly-iitat remedy tor
over 30 years. It ia
antiscptic and med-
for chafing, eczema,
and all irritation of
the skin. As a foot
powder it is unexcelled. VP ill not in-
Jure the m<»*t delicate kNii. Healing for
babies' "haflng I'ue after shaving. IJ
your tlonler cannot supply you write ub,
giving his name aud address, autl ineloiln#
' iiOe for full slip box.
iieo. Mfr.. p. O. Box U9t
259dabx lOp 44 collect I4L 1 ex
Toledo 0 Jul 21 <
."F A Winerich
Winerieh Mtr Car Co 3A Tex
Transcontinental car left. Des Moines twelve tihrty pm Wednesday
thirteen fifty eight miles in sixty and half hoirs averaging twenty
three and eight tenths miles gallon,* last hundred fifty milas thirty per
gallon roads bad fourteen drivers so far
Avenue Cat 3"St.I lSan Antonio tPPhowfe I
LARGEST IN THE SOUTUVCTL
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San Antonio Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 55, No. 205, Ed. 1 Friday, July 23, 1920, newspaper, July 23, 1920; San Antonio, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth431182/m1/4/: accessed August 17, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.