The Daily Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 41, No. 125, Ed. 1 Saturday, May 5, 1906 Page: 1 of 12
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Woods National Bank
San Antonio, Texas.
Solicits accounts of individuals, firms and cor-
porations. and are prepared to extend accom-
modations that balances and business will
£!)c Oaili) vctm
F. W. Heitmann Co,
VOLUME XLI.—NO. 125.
SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 5. 1906—TWELVE PAGES.
The Lockwood National Bank
201 Commerce Street, fiNTONIO, aEXflS
Parties going abroad supplied with Letters of Credii
or 'Travelers Cheques, payable in any city.
E. B. Chandler
MONEY TO LEND
Real Estate Ferjiale
J. TOM WILLIAMS. Ma.na.gor Real Est a. to Dept.
T. C. FROST, J. T, WOGDHULL. NED MclLHENNY,
President. Vice President. Cashier.
Frost Rational Bank
SAN AW TOM SO, TEXAS
Exchango Drawn an Principal Cltiee in Europe and Mixlce. Mexican
fcioney Bought, and Sold.
M. GOGGAN. Preat.
GEO. C. SAUK, Vice Prest.
J. n. ANDERSON, Cashier.
AUG. DeKAVA-LA. Asat. Cashier,
City National Bank
SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS.
Safe Deposit Boxes at Very Reasonable Rates Open flora 3:30 to 5.
We Solicit Your auslncu.
CHAS HUGO. Pres. EDWIN CHAMBERLAIN, V. Pres. J. N. BROWN, Cash.
ALAMO NATIONAL SANK
SAN ANTCNIO, TEXAS.
Capital COCrt AAA Surplus -And
We have erected for the safety and convenience of our customers the beat
burglar arid fire proof vaults in the South. Business solicited.
We Itavo every equipment, including vitalized
air and somnoforme., to make our dentistry
as painless as possible. Our
EXTRACTING IS ABSOLUTELY PAINLESS.
|. LAMIA'S PARK
OC EVERY SUNDAY 5Qq
" " ' AND
Round Trip 25C
1 a G. N. Trains Leave 8:00 A. and 2:00 P. M.
NFor Tickets and Other Information All Points.
® I. & G. N. City Office, 122 Alamo Plaza.
STEAMSH8P TiCKETS TO AND FROM EUROPE
SUMMARY OF THE NEWS.
WASHINGTON, May 4.—Weather
Arkansas, Oklahoma and Indian
Territory—Showers and cooler Satur-
day and Sunday.
West Texas—Fair in south; show-
ers and cooler in north Saturday and
New Mexico—Fair Saturday and
Sunday except showers and colder in
Louisiana—Fair in south, showers
and cooler in north portion Saturday;
Sunday showers and cooler, light,
southwest, shifting to north winds.
East Texas—Fair Saturday; Sunday
showers and cooler in north portion,
fair in south, fresh, south winds.
For San Antonio and vicinity—
Partly cloudy weather.
Election of School Board will be held
Visiting New York Shriners will be
entertained today in San Antonio.
Paptist Young People's Societies and
Sunday Schools of Southwest Texas are
In session in San Antonio.
Republican State Central, Committee
will meet Tuesday in San Antonio.
Home grown vegetables are on sale in
the local markets.
Fifteen criminal cases are on Federal
Court docket for May term.
City laborers are paid over $14,000 for
month of April.
First Cavalry may return to Fort Sam
Houston after San Francisco service.
Brady extension occupies attention of
F«*i*co officials who are touring Texas.
Openinq address by Judge C. K. Bell
is well received by his Austin friends.
Attorney General's office holds that
step-father has no authority to forbid
marriage of wife's daughter. «
Tulane defeated Texas University in
debate last night.
E! Paso cleans house, the women of
that city being prime movers in the
Many companies have been organized
to make channels in Galveston Bay.
Governor appoints Colorado City man
to be District Attorney.
County Judge at Austin holds vagrancy
ordinance to be invalid.
An active campaign is expected in Wil-
Annual convention of Travelers Pro-
tective Association is in session In Hous-
Secretary of State Shannon will soon
send out notices to delinquent corpora-
tions as to their franchise taxes.
Train on Texas Pacific is derailed at
Sodus, La., and engineer and fireman
Federal Grand Jury in New York sends
down seven indictments in sugar rebat-
General trade conditions are In sharp
contrast to depression in stock market.
Report of Commissioner Garfield trans-
mitted to Congress charges gross dis-
crimination by railways in favor of Stan-
dard Oil Company.
Amendments to railroad rate bill are
being considered in Senate under 15-
minute rule. Oil pipe lines are included
in -rovisions of the bill.
Ten people are killed and many In-
jured in collision near Williamsburg, Pa.
Member of new Russian Cabinet an-
nounces through Associated Press that
the new Ministry does not mean reac-
Hostile Zulus kill British magistrate
in attack on party of travelers.
Commissioner Garfield's Report
Charges Flagrant Discrimina-
tions by Railroads.
OF BILLING USED
Rockefeller Company Alleged to Benefit
$!OD,!)!IO a Year in California Alone.
General Policy of Railroads
Reversed in Oil.
WASHINGTON, May 4.—President
Roosevelt today transmitted to Congress
the report of Commissioner of Corpora-
tions Garfield, giving the result of his
investigation of transportation and
freight rates in conjunction with the oil
industry. Commissioner Garfield finds
that the output of refined oil amounts to
about 26,000,000 barrels annually, of which
the Standard Oil Company controls about
000,000 barrels, and approximately the
same proportion of the other finished
products of petroleum.
Commissioner Garfield said:
"The general result of the Investiga-
tion has been to disclose the existence of
numerous and flagrant, discriminations
by tiie railroads in behalf of the Standard
Oil Company and its affiliated corpora-
tions. With comparatively few excep-
tions, mainly of other large concerns in
California, the Standard has been the
solo beneficiary of such discriminations.
In almost every section of the country
that company has been found to enjoy
some unfair advantages over its competi-
tors. and some of these discriminations
affect enormous areas.
"Discriminations in the transportation
of ml embrace a variety of forms, the
mo. t. important of which may V»e. classed
under the following heads;
'First -Secret and semi-secret rates.
'Second—Discrimination.; in the open
arrangement of rates.
'Third—Discriminations in classifica-
tion and rules of shipment.
"Fourth-Discriminations in treatment
f private tank cars.
"Many of the secret rates discovered
bv the Bureau of Corporations have ap-
plied only on shipments of'oil wholly
within single States. The Standard Oil
Company, which controls refineries in
twelve States, is obviously in a position
to make extensive use of such interstate
rates, or, as they are ordinarily desig-
nated, State rates.
For the purpose of more effectively
oncealing the secret rate- given to the
Standard Oil Company railroads in sev-
ral important cases have used peculiar
methods of billing.
In some cases oil has been 'blind
billed,' that is to say, the waybills have
been made out showing the. kind of
product transported and its weight, hut
without showing, as is the usual custom,
any freight rate or the amount of the
freight charges. In such instances the
collection of freight is ordinarily made,
not by the local agent of the railroad,
but through the central office, by the
presentation to the Standard of a sum-
mary bill, showing the amount of freight
harges at the secret rate.
"Local agents do not know what the
actual rate used on the blind bills is. An
especially large number of secret rates
and rebates in the transportation of oil
was found in California. The total con-
cessions to shippers and consignees un-
der these rates as compared with the
published tariffs may be safely estimated
at about $200,000 per year, of which
amount about $100,000 went to the Stan-
The Commissioner, under the head of
Possibility of Further Discrimination"
"It seems wholly possible that there
may exist a. multitude of other discrimi-
nations. effected by the secret rates or
ven by rebates of great aggregate im-
portance involved in the local distribu-
tion of oil. and especially in less than
car load lots.
"It is perfectly clear that the distinc-
tion between the rebate and the secret
rate is merely one of accounting."
Ho charges that discrimination is
practiced in some instances in the treat-
ment of private tank cars. On this point
"In most sections of the country all
refineries operating tank cars of their
own receive equal treatment in respect
to the mileage allowance. On the Pa-
ific coast most independent refineries
receive but six-tenths of a cent a mile,
and this on the loaded movement only.
An exception is made where the haul ex-
ceeds 800 miles, in which case three-
fourths of a cent per mile is allowed on
the excess mileage over that distance,
hut again on the loaded movement only.
The Union Tank Line and the Waters-
Pierce Oil Company, also a Standard con-
cern. are the only oil companies operat-
ing tank cars on the line of the South-
ern Pacific Company and the Santa Fe.
on the Pacific coast, which receives
three-fourths cent per mile on both
loaded and empty cars.
Highly Favorable Position.
'This advantage of the Standard Oil
Company would alone give it a highly
favorable -osition in the <>11 Industry. To
a certain extent a natural policy of rail-
roads would be to neutralize these ad-
vantages by giving favorable rates to
the smaller refiner. The Standard Oil
Company, through its pipe lines and its
fleets of oil carrying vessels is an ac-
tive and powerful competitor of the rail-
roads. Except in the Texas a J Qall
fornia fields it has already
transportation of crude oil
away from rail carriers.
"The general policy of the ^ Iroads
with regard to other freight tr. I .c has
been to equalize conditions of | mpeti-
tion in given markets by the use f ' com-
modity rates relatively mote 1 ; orable
to distant producing points 1 in to
the nearer producing point- t•.ut it ap-
pears that in the case ot tin i| induetrv
that policy has been goneraiiv reversed
and natural disadvantage of the inde-
pendents have been enorr.iously in-
H. H. Rogers arid John D. Archbold
Object to Company Being Used
As Object Lesson.
NEW YORK, May 4.
irlent Roosevelt's mops
port of Commissioner
Rogers and John D.
In reply to Pres-
;age and the re-
Garfield, H. H.
Archbold of the
nor or ine rau-
rexas a j Call-
eady ta n Uhe
il almos I wholly
Standard Oil Company said that their
examination of the message and report
had necessarily been a hurried one and
that they should at a later date make a
full answer to their shareholders.
Meanwhile they made a statement to
the Associated Press in part as follows:
"In the President's effort to se- ure the
passage of a hill enlarging the powers
of the Interstate Commerce Commission
and Just and equitable railway rates, we
have precisely the same interest that
any good citizen has. No more and no
"Regarding his criticism upon the man-
agement. of I he railways or jus strictures
upon an act of the Interstate Commerce
Commission, we have neither responsi-
bility nor concern. When, however, he
or Commissioner Garfield attacks the
Standard Oil Company and uses its meth-
ods of doing business as an object lesson
fo the purpose of promoting liis views,
we protest. It may be franklv stated
at. the outset that the Standard Oil Com-
pany has at all times, within the limits
of fairness and with due regard for the
law. sought to secure the most advan-
tageous freight rates and routes possi-
ble. The question is whether we have
at any point violated the law or the pro-
"The present inquiry grew out of a
resolution adopted by Congress a year
ago on motion of Mr. Campbell of Kan-
sas. instructirg the Secretary of Com-
merce and Labor to investigate the oil
business as carried on in this country.
We welcome the investigation. When
Commissioner Garfield in tlie discharge,
of his duty visited our office, he and
his experts were given free access to our
books and the fullest opportunity to as-
certain the manner in which our business
was conducted. Frank disclosures of all
our methods were made and every crit-
icism offered by him was met with a.
candid and painstaking answer.
"So conscientious we were, that we re-
peatedly importuned Mr Garfield to
make public the conditions existing in
communications, but he refused. We
proposed ourselves to answer some of the
unfair criticisms upon the subject, but
refrained on Mr. Garfield's advice, and
on his assurance that his report would
present the caso fairly. It turned out
that so far as Kansas was concerned the.
State authorities abandoned their at-
Gereraus With Advice.
"On« does l.ot care to bandy words
with the President of ihe United States.
It is not easy to differentiate between
Mr. Roosevelt, the President, and Mr.
Roosevelt, the individual. He has given
of his advice most generously on every
subject from the size of our families to
mistakes of Federal judges, and some
error is inevitable now and then to the
most conservative of men under such
circumstances. We say flatly that any
assertion that the Standard Oil Company
has been or ii-: now knowingly engaged in
practices which, are unlawful, is alike
untruthful and unjust.
"The Commissioner's report, upon
which the President's message is based,
opens with the statement that tlie manu-
facture of refined oil in this country is
about 26.000,000 barrels annually. It is
unimportant, but it would nevertheless
be fair for him to have stated that over
15,000,000 barrels of this annual manufac-
ture is exported, and with its manufac-
ture, or the price, the American public
is not concerned, lie next calls atten-
tion to the fact that the Standard Oil
refineries are located at centers of dis-
tribution, while the independent refiner-
ies are usually in the crude oil fields.
This fact, if borne steadily in mind, will
answer very many of the criticisms
which he later indulges in. He charges
that this location of• refineries and the
natural advantage following it were ob-
tained by means of unfair competitive
methods, but beyond this mere assertion,
does not go into a. history or explanation
of these alh-ged unfair methods at all.
He. says: 'Development of the pipe line
system of ihe Standard Oil was the re-
sult of an agreement with the railroads.'
What he can mean is past our compre-
hension. As a matter of fact the devel-
opment of the pipe line system by the
Standard Oil Company was in the face
of violent hostility on the part of the
railroads, which naturally were opposed
to the introduction of such means of
"Passing from this point Commissioner
Garfield takes iid ihe question of favorit-
ism which he all» ges has been shown by
various railroad corporations to the
Standard Oil Company. The first spe-
cific case, of alleged discrimination to
Continued on Page Three.
OIL PIPE LINES
ARE INCLUDED IN
Consideration of Amendments to
Rate Bill Proceeds Under Fif=
teen Minute Rule.
ON OIL TRANSPORTATION
3rd Floor Hicks Bid*.
The party from whom you are
buying real estate tells you
that tile title is perfect and
claims there i* n° need for an
abstract is no reason why you
should not demand one any-
It costs you nothing and is a
mighty useful document when
you have occasion to sell the
THE OLD RELIABLE
Bexar Abstract Go.
Only complete set of Abstract
Books in Bexar County.
Dr. A. A. Brower
Chronic diseases successfully treated
by New Methods
Office, 107 West Commerce Street.
San Antonio, Texas.
WASHINGTON, May 4.-Tn accordance
with the agreement of last Monday the
Senate today entered upon consideration
of amendments to the railroad rate bill
under the fifteen-minute rule, but made
little progress. The greater part of the.
day was devoted to Mr. Lodge's provi-
sion bringing pipe lines within the terms
of the bill, and it was ultimately unani-
mously agreed to after amending it so
as to exclude gas and water lines from
its operation, thus practically confining
it. to oil lines. There were two roll calls,
but neither was of importance. One was
on accepting the amendment; there was
no division whatever, while the. action
taken on the, other, on the question of
confining the provision to oil lines, was
practically nullified by the subsequent
elimination of gas and water from the
Panama Canal Zone.
The provision was so amended as to
make it applicable to the oil ripe line in
the Panama canal zone.
A proposition by Foraker to exclude
refrigerator cars from the requirements
of the bill, and another by Mr. McCUm-
ber making the, requirements concerning
these cars more stringent than in the
original bill, were impartially voted
The Senate began its session by listen-
ing to the reading of the President's
message on the transportation of oil.
On motion of Mr. Foraker the message
was ordered to lie on the table. In mak-
ing the motion, Mr. Foraker said: "It
covers nearly all the questions under
consideration in connection with the
; iding bills."
Is Asked For.
This action was followed immediately
by the adoption of a resolution offered
by Mr. Culberson directing the Secretary
of Commerce to forward to the Senate a
copy of the full report of the Commis
si oner of Corporations, a summary only
of which was transmitted in connection
with the President's message.
At 4:20 p. tn. the Senate went into ex-
ecutive session, an agreement having
been reached to adjourn from today until
Monday to permit the Republicans to
hear a conference tomorrow ori the rate
Mr. Allison will present to the confer-
ence a compromise amendment on the
court features of the bill.
NAVAL APPROPRIATION BILL.
Burton of Ohio Opposes Needless En-
largement of Navy.
WASHINGTON. May 4.—The House
spent another day in consideration of
the naval appropriation bill, the speeches
in large measure being in support of th
bill and the naval program therein out-
Mr. Burton of Ohio delivered a scholar
lv address against what he termed the
needless enlargement of the navy, con
tending that tiie American Nation could
well afford to serve notice upon other
nations that it stood for international
arbitration and for the peace of the
A feature of today's session was the
close attention paid by the House to the
reading of the President's message on
oil transportation and the generous an
plause which was accorded on its con-
Adjournment was taken at 4:20 p. m.
TEXANS IN WASHINGTON.
Geo. W. Brackenridge in the Capital
Special Telegram to The Express.
WASHINGTON, May 4.—Senator Cul-
berson has been invited to deliver the
commencement address at the University
of Alabama and also the annual address
at the Bar Association of North Caro-
lina this month. He was forced to d<
dine both invitations on account of the
business pending in the Senate.
Col. George W. Brackenridge of San
Antonio was here todav and perfected
arrangements for the •■xtenslon of the
• barter of the San Antonio National
JOHNSTON ON COMMITTEE.
Texas Member National Democratic
Committee Selected to Co-Operate
With Congressional Committee.
Special Telegram to The Express.
HOUSTON, Tex., May 4.—That the
Congressional campaign this fall is going
to be a live one is well recognized at. this
time. The Democrats are going to make
a strenuous effort to elect a majority
of the members of the House, and it is
the consensus of opinion that they stand
an excellent chance of doing so.
Chairman Thomas Taggart has ap-
pointed ;i subcommittee of five members
from the National Democratic Commit-
tee to co-operate with the Democratic
Congressional Committee, and the fol-
lowing telegram shows that the Texas
member has been named on the sub-
"French Lick. Ind.. May 4.—Hon. R.
M. Johnston. Houston, Tex.: You nave
been selected as a member of the sub-
committee from the National Committee
to co-operate with the Congressional
Committee. A meeting of said commit-
will be held In Washington shortly.
of which you will receive due notice.
San Antonio Is Endorsed For Next
National Convention and All
Posts Will Help.
NEXT SESSION WILL BE
HELD IN EL PASO
Proceedings of Houston Meeting Are of
a Character to Cause Enthusiasts
Anions Members—Reports of
Officers Are Mads.
Federal Grand Jury in New York
Hands Down Seven Indictments
in Rebating Cases.
NEW YORK, May 4.—The April Fed-
eral Grana Jury on concluding its labors
today handed down seven sealed indict-
ments in the sugar rebating cases. The
indictments are against the New York
Central it Hudson River Railroad Com-
pany and Nathan Guilford, vice presi-
dent, and F. L. Pomery, general mana-
ger; the American Sugar Refining Com-
pany of New York, and C. Goodlee, Ed-
gar and Edwin Earle.
CABINET NOT REACTIONARY.
Associated Press Asked to Announce
That Government Wishes to
Work With Parliament,
to go to
Special train leaves Union
Station 2:15 p. m. Returning
leaves Park 7 p. m. Regular
train leaves San Antonio 7:30
25c RrTpd 50c
ST. PETERSBURG. May S. — M.
Sehwanebach, former Minister of Agri-
culture and Controller of the Empire in
new Cabinet, who is Fremiti
Ooremykln's chief lieutenant, sent for
the Associated Press correspondent to-
day and requested, in behalf of "the new
Premier, that it be announced to the
T'nlted States and the world generally
that the new ministry does not mean re-
"His Majesty, the Emperor, and the
Premier, M. Goretnykin, have the full
honorable intention of carrying through
the idea, of National representation, with
all it implies. There is no intention of
"Naturally, unforeseen circumstances
may arise, as in any Government, which
might force such an unhappy event. Rut
we do not anticipate such a misfortune,
as the majority of the members of the
Parliament are lovers of their country,
and we do not believe that they are de-
sirous of forcing a conflict. The. Gov-
ernment's purpose will be to work with
$50,000 Fire at Whitehall, N. Y.
WHITEHALL, N. Y., May 4.—The Gris-
wold Building was destroyed by fire,
early today at a loss of $36,000 to the F.
G. Grifcwold estate, owners, and about
$15,000 to business occupants.
Special Telegram to The Express.
HOUSTON, Tex., May 4.—When t.ht>
State convention of the Travelers' Pro-
tective Association adjourns its session
at Turner Hall tomorrow it will be to
meet a. year hence in El Paso. The
selection of the Rio Grande city as the
next, meeting place was the final act of
today's session, and it camo at the close
of a convention day of unusual Interest.
Reports of splendid progress in all parts
of the Texas division and evidences of
growth in membership and interest, in
every post characterized every discussion
and communication brought before the
Nearly two hundred traveling men com-
posed the procession which marched from
the Rice Hotel at !♦ o'clock this morning
to the convention hall, headed by a band
of mil. ic. At the hotel registration had
been made and badges were pinned on
the members, so the delegation, as it
marched down Texas Avenue with
streamers waving from coats and badges
glittering in the light, attracted much
At 10 o'clock the convention was called
to order and it continued to 6 o'clock in
the afternoon, with an hour and a half
recess at noon. An address of welcome
by Judge Wilson of the city administra-
tion and a response by President Boldt
preceded the actual business of the morn-
ing session, and the appearance of Hon.
O. B. Colquitt in the afternoon and his
address t.. th<- association came an
agreeable interruption to the business of
the afternoon session.
Houston Was Warm.
In his welcome address on behalf of the
city Judge Wilson tendered the keys of
Houston to the visitors and bade them
do with the city as they pleased. "I don't
mean to say that Houston is wide open,"
said tho speaker. "Every place is open
that ought to be open, and you can get
whatever you want until 1 o'clock at
night. At 1 o'clock every citizen of Hous-
ton says his prayers and goes to bed/'
President Boldt responded to the wel-
come of the city in a happy and appro-
priate speech. He thanked Judge Wilson
for his words of welcome and paid a
compliment to Mayor Rice-and the city
The convention's business session then
began, the president announcing the fol-
Rules -D. W. Michaux, chairman; G.
W. Baker and R. L. Burnett.
Resolutions—C. V. Holland, chairman;
L. V. LaTaste and J. Graves.
Constitution—Charles L. Sawyer, chair-
man: W. E. Craddock and 13. P. Mc-
The committees were allowed to re-
tire from the convention and prepare
And Mexican Celebration at Quaint Old
Matamoros. in Tamaulipas, Mexico
. . . May 5th and 6th
REDUCED ROUND TRIP R.ATES VIA
S. A. (Si A. P.=^
IN CONNECTION WITH ST. L. B. & M.
Through *7 /Tfk
Corpus Christi /
For train leaving Sap Depot 12:30 noon, Friday, May 4. Return limit May t.
ED. SACHS. C. T. A., Opposite Menger Hotel
Sunday, May 6th, at C. P. Diaz, Mexico
$1.50 Round Trip $1.50
Special train leaves Sunset 8 a. m.; returning leaves
C. P. Diaz 6 p. m. American time.
CITY OFFICE 301 ALAMO PLAZA
Steamship Tickets Sold via All Lines . .. Information and
Tickets Furnished for Cook's Tours.
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The Daily Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 41, No. 125, Ed. 1 Saturday, May 5, 1906, newspaper, May 5, 1906; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth440914/m1/1/: accessed September 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.