The Daily Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 43, No. 46, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 15, 1908 Page: 4 of 12
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THE SAN ANTONIO DAILY EXPRESS: SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 15, 1908.
Qtyc Zfaitn (Express.
Entered a^'the postoffice at Han Antonio,
Tejjfiii, as Second-Clans Matter.
"The Express Publishing Company.
Editorial Room, Both
Business Office, Both
Society Editor, Old 218
SPECIAL AGENTS AND CORRESPOND-
New York Office: Room fiUS. 1M N aw ail
Street—John I' Smart. Manager.
Washington, P. C l.'tto Pracger, Room
6, Kimball Building.
Austin. Tex.—Glenn Prlcer.
C. V. Holland. General Traveling Agent.
August K. Sony. Traveling Agent.
E H. Everett. Traveling Agent.
Dally, city, carrier, 1 month t .<5
Dally, mall, 1 month
Dally, mall. X month* 2 25
Dally, mall, 6 months 4 25
Dally, mall, 1 year * 00
Sunday edition, 1 year 200
Semi-Weekly, 1 year 1.00
Terms Strictly in Advance.
The postage rates for mulling The Ex-
press are as follows: 8 to 14 pages, lc;
16 to 32 pages, 2c; 34 to B0 pages, 3c.
The competition of great European
uatlons is teaching that tbo day for
uneducated labor has passed and
hence the public awakening lo the-1 one has a ^loaf' of hls own an'' P|ac"
necessity for systematic education in
Progress in technical schools and
In industrial training in tho public
schools had been very slow up to a
few years ago when the public press
took up the matter and began to
press It with great earnestness and
At first there was almost as much
opposition as active support, but not
&6 much of either as of indifference.
In the South, especially, the need tf
skilled labor and of a higher standard
of skill in the ranks was recognized
when the movement in behalf of man-
ufacturing industries began to im-
press itself upon tho people. It was
necessary to send away not only for
experts in management and direction,
hut for skilled labor to operate the
plants, and the apprenticeship schools
which were maintained in factories
and shops were not sufficient to meet
Finally the study of the industrial
problem drew attention to tho fact
that educated labor means increased
labor, that one man or one woman, of
skill with mind and hands and with
any sort of Implement of industry is
equal to more than two of the un-
skilled. We had been preaching edu-
cation of the rank and file in the rudi-
ments of learning, but with little at-
tention to the practical side of the
education. The schools turned out
young mien and young women well
versed in the three r's of "reading,
'riting and 'rithmetlc," but without
any practical knowledge of the use
of their hands in the application of
their schooling to the bread-winning
necessities of the post school period.
The tendency now is becoming
more end more toward practical edu-
cation for all the pupils of all the
schools, for manual training without
regard to class or condition, for fit-
ting young men and women for the
serious duties of life as well ns for
ornamentation, and accomplishments
Include those employed in domestic
economy sb well as those which adorn
the drawing room or the forum. It
means industrial education all along
the line, which is good for the fa-
vored sons of fortune and almost in-
dispensable for the sons of toil, whose
capacity is thereby increased and
their earning power enlarged.
be Impotent and useless if every
member insisted upon the rlgnt or the
privilege of dictation or dissent when
occupying a minority position In tho
party councils. One of tho essential
principles of the Democratic party Is
that the majority shall rule, and when
there happens to be a Variety of
views lit respect to the main issue*
the majority rule Is contingent upon
mutual concessions and complete ac-
ceptance of the majority view.
It. has often been noted as a strong
mark of difference between the old
parties which havo opposed each
olber in so many hard-fought battles
in this country for more than half a
century that in a Nalional contest the
Republicans sink their dlfftrencee
and yield sonwthlng of thoir individ-
ual judgment of preference In the as-
sertion of their party loyalty. They
fight among themselves before the
battle of tho ballots is to be fought
but. when the supreme moment ar-
rives they are found lined up in solid
phalanx against the opposing parly.
This Is especially true when .the He-
publican party is in the minority or
is in danger of becoming so.
Democrats, on the other hand, are-"
much like the old man's sheep. Kvery
cldent of that wealthy Kajumazoo
man's application for the position of
street car conductor, that the "pos-
session of wealth Is nearly always ac-
companied with a thirst for a position
of arrogance." I
The way In which the big Secre-
tary of War is getting "instructloned
delegates" and endorsements from
Republican State committees whllo
other Presidential aspirants are mere-
ly getting honorable mention must
make his rivals feci shaky.
"The man who thinks his neigu-
bor's wife is perfect," declares thrs
Houston Post, "doosn't know what
uort of affliction the neighbor has lo
put irp with." Resides consultation
with her beauty doctor and dress-
maker might disillusion him.
WHAT STATE PAPERS SAY
One of Its Kind.
A letter, reported to have been mailed
fifty-four years ago. was delivered last
Tuesday at the poatoffice at Newark, N.
J. Stockdslr News,
possibly It wan marked "special de-
The Magellnn Strait had no more
terrors for the American battleship
licet that, had the open sea and Ad-
miral Bob Evans has found nothing
but pleasantness all the way, saving
the matter of the rheumatism which
Individual and Party Sentiment.
The St Louis Republic says Secre-
tary Thft talks like a Democrat, but
acts like a Republican, and tho spe-
cific instance is the declaration by
the Secretary, after some good Demo-
cratic talk, that "a party cannot be
useful unless the members! yield their
views in respect to main Issues."
That sentence, according to the es-
teemed Republic, embodies a platform
of surrender for Candidate Taft, for
it is apparently assumed that what-
ever might be the opinions or convic-
tions of the individual, they would be
entirely subsidiary to those of the
party organization. The Republic
Without this announcement that the
rule of the party Is autocratic and the
candidate subservient to the machine. the
South might have found the ring of hope
In the fine words of Secretary Taft. He
seemed disposed to recognise the tremen-
dous problem the Southern people have
been striving to solve and to approve their
effort "to make the law square with the
existing conditions by educational quali-
fications which would exclude most of
the negroes" from the. suffrage. He spoke
of this line of action as indicating a "turn
for the better," but the close, reader of
lila Kansas City speech will quickly come
to the conviction that Mr. Taft will yield
Inevitably hie personal views on the negro
problem of the South because they do not
relate to "one of the main issues" of Re-
There is an abstract and concrete
truth in the assertion that party dis-
cipline and party efficiency cannot be
maintained without party loyalty and
the sinking of Individual views "of
•one issues In respect to main is-
ium" when there is a conflict of opin-
io* between the individual and the or-
gaaUation. Political parties would
tieolly every follower is inclined to
bo a leader. There was a time when
political conditions welded the South-
ern Democrats so closely together
that nothing could sever them, but
that was long ago. Tho Northern
Democrats, on the contrary, were r.s
variable as the winds, as the annual,
biennial and quadrennial elections in
the so-called pivotal States plainly
showed. They kept the "solid South
guessing all the time, and often
caused great disappointment by wav-
ering between the two great parties
and changing their political complex-
ion with about as much ease as the
chameleon changes his color.
Republicans seldom carry their per-
sonal differences beyond the nomi-
nating convention. The Democrats
often show their best fighting quality
after the nominating convention has
been held, and some of them are die
satisfied, as witness the last throe
Presidential elections. The Bryan
men will not yield their views, and
the same may be said of the anti-
Bryan men, unless they can be per-
suaded to some mutual concessions,
and without unity there cannot be
The Republican party left President
Johnson when ho was out of harmony
with themi and the dominant olement
in the Democratic party did the same
with President Cleveland. President
Roosevelt has not) been less resolute
but more tactful. Perhaps "President
Taft" would bo of the same sort and
perhaps President Bryan would not.
Peace oo This Hemisphere.
The Congress of Nicaragua has rati-
fied all tho treaties and conventions
entered into by the recent Central
American conferences and President
Zcla.va has appointed the Nicaragua
member of the Central American
court to which all international dis-
putes arising between the republics
are to be submitted.
This is much better than resorting
to war on the slightest provocation,
as has been the custom among our
Ijtlln-Amerlcan neighbors to the
South for so long a time that the peo-
ple had got the habit of going to war,
and it was always the expected that
"happened when the tocsin sounded.
Presidents Roosevelt and Diaz ren-
dered a service to civilization and
to humanity as well as to Central
America when they invoked the bless-
ings of peaco upon that country and
brought the republics to a proper un-
derstanding of thfeir obligations to
themselves and to each other in the
maintenance of peace. The message
of the executives of the two great re-
publics of the Western hemisphere
reached their Southern neighbors at.
a time when they were on the verge
of open conflict and when they might
have been supposed to be least sus-
ceptible to persuasive influences. But
the American and Mexican executives
managed with great tact and firm-
ness, a peace conference was held In
Washington City, which was subse-
quently ratified in Central American
conferences, and which the Congresa
of Nicaragua has now ratified.
With the opening of the Panama
Canal and the closer relations which
must thereafter exist between the
countries of this hemisphere It was
essential to the general prosperity
that peace should prevail among ua
all, and that is now the pleasing
promise of the future.
Senator Raynor says he realizes
that the Aldrich financial bill will
pass, the intimation being that it Is
a Republican measure with enough
Republican votes behind it to assure
its passage. A financial measure
should not be considered solely along
political party lines.
The Fort Worth Record enviously
concludes in connection with the in-
Should the District of Columbia se-
cure that vagrancy law It is to be
i.urmlscd that the Congressmen will
miss many of their faithful constitu-
ents who persist In hanging around
waiting for political preferment.
After careful perusal of the result*
of the operation of prohibition In
Knexvllle, Tenn., as set forth by the
Chattanooga Times, one Is fain to
confess that tho Tennessee brand of
prohibition is most attractive.
"We are now in the grip of winter,"
says a contemporary. We have had
a little of the grip of winter In this
loc^ity, but with the baltny spring
weflher that now prevails the grip
has practically disappeared.
Tho ' Baltimore American says
"there is more good than evil in the
world." Certainly there Is, but sorno
persons are so constantly on the look-
cut for the evil that they sometimes
overlook the good.
The Memphis CommercialAppoal
says that "now It appears that old
Jim Hargls was killed with his own
pistol." Old Jim was probably satis-
fled thntlt was a son of a gun that
fired tho bullet.
The public of sporting proclivities
generally is engaged in envying one
Raisuli. To date no one has been
found who will deny that however
doubtful his methods he certainly got
A New York woman laughed so
heartily at one of her husband's
stories that she dislocated her jaw.
There are not many husbands who
can tell such funny stories as that.
When San Antonians read the ac-
counts of the defense of the Alamo
as set forth by the papers of other
cities of the State, It is with difficulty
that they restrain their tears.
And now everyone is wondering
whether Thaw's valet is allowed to
serve at Matteawan < r whether he
had to be convicted of lunacy to be
the servant of Harry.
It is most painful to the average
roan who is purchasing his ten-cent
package daily to think of the tobacco
that is being wasted by those night
"Even Barkis wasn't willing to
stand for any old thing,' declares tho
Dallas News. Thi3 is a very con-
temptous manner of referring to free
H Is evident that despite all re-
ports as to his general worthlessness
Eoni de Castellane is certainly worth
a franc less than formerly.
He's a poor detectlvc who is afraid of
his own shadow.
But of course, you never took a mean
advantage of any one.
When a wbnian boasts of her rubber
plant she Is sure to stretch it.
Any kind of advice is good as long as
you don't attempt to follow it.
If you haven't the right of way you
have a right to get out of the wav.
You can't always get the true measure
of a man by consulting his tailor.
Mind your own business and let other
people mismanage theirs If they want to.
Silence is said to be golden, but there
are no mute millionaires on our visiting
A woman hopes her children will look
like her—and she hopes her photographs
A man is -foolish to borrow trouble if
he can find another man foolish enough
to lend him money.
Naturally a young man's best girl Is
all the world to hlm-whlch explains why
all the world loves a lover.—Chicago
They parted with sighs and in sadness.
When wild winds blew out of the West'
His heart was a stranger to gladness.
And glee had no place In her breast;
When the long-silent meadow* were lying
Deep under their blankets of snow.
When the embers were sullenly dying.
He kissed her. unwilling to go.
When the disc of the moon had be on hid-
Behind the white crest of the hill.
And the clock in the tower, unbidden.
Pealed forth as grim tower clocks will.
They parted with sighs and In sorrow.
As oft they had parted before.
Having ftxed it to meet on the morrow
AM ao through tho program once more.
—8. E. Wiser.
There »re worse faults than smoking,
and very few women "worth while" ob-
ject to It. Of course we refer to h good
cigar or a corn cor> pipe, cigarettes are
not tolerated In good society, I'valdn
How about the French briar, that
friend of mankind, whose cherry color
develops with the rich slam of the nico-
tine, while the amber's beauty becomes
augmented as the pipe Itself continues to
be a solace and a companion to Its
♦ ♦ ♦
In Norway the longest ilay lasts from
May 21 to July 32 without mterruptlon. -
l'p there the Joy of the people at the
number of bill collectors lliey miss must
he drowned in tho sorrow at the num-
ber of payments they skip.
♦ ♦ ♦
Is a Windy,
The war lord of Germany makes fire-
brand speeches to his soldiers, and yet
with all his warlike bravado, the Kaiser
Is an advocate of peace, and commerce
and manufacture* have nourished during
his reign as they never had before, llo
has strengthened his arrfiy snd navy, lie-
cause he is a far-sighted statesman
knowing the trend of the empire and rec-
ognizing Its needs.—K1 Paso Herald.
II appears that the Herald Is of the
opinion that William takes his out In
♦ ♦ ♦
Kdltor Fitzgerald of the Dallas Tlmes-
Hersld declares that Bryan's Commoner
Is "us brilliant and as snappy as our
venerable contenvpnrarj. the Oingies-
sional Record, mid ns clean anil cxhlt-
i crating as an almanac." He might hava
snved space by merely staling that it Is
the personal organ of William Jennings.
-Han Antonio Express. Mr. Bryan Is a
brilliant talker and a most fervent ex-
horler, but Ills newspaper never sparkles.
Perhaps It is impossible for a man to
make a personal organ sparkle.—Dallas
It Is with pleasure we not# Ibis, as we
had begun to entertain fears that Kdltor
Fitzgerald had forsworn Ills allegiance of
♦ ♦ ♦
The home Is what tho family make ot
And sometimes, to recall General Sher-
man, there must be war in the family.
♦ ♦ ♦
Sounds That Way.
Before retiring for night always run
jour train of thought In on tno switch.—
Is the News conducting a column c!
Home Hints for( Housewives?
♦ ♦ ♦
If the men of Palestine were as much
interested in making Palestine the city
beautiful as the women are. this would
indeed bo an ideal city.—Palestine Her-
If they could make Palestine as beau-
tiful as the Palestine women are they
would indeed have accomplished a her-
culean task well worthy ot their ef-
Rotation In office ii never amiss.—Yoa-
Apparently, however, there are many
who miss rotation in office.
A Democrat who can see nothing good
In Roosevelt's message to Congress, had
better take his party spectacles off and
look at the document again.—Val Verde
As we look at it, a Democrat would do
better to keep on his party spectacles
when perusing It.
♦ ♦ ♦
The Floresville Advertiser Is a new
weekly which has been Inaugurated at
Floresville, with A. C. Easterling as edi-
tor and proprietor. The Advertiser makes
a good beginning and The Express
wishes It every degree of success which
It may attain.
♦ ♦ ♦
After • Job.
Bryan Is easily the best-known private
citizen of America today, and his popu-
larity is greater than ever before.—Aloul-
As is often the case, however, he is
most anxious to quit being known as a
To the Point.
This week we picked up an exchange,
turned to the editorial page with tne
hope of seeing something good and some-
thing thut would be wortn reprinting in
these columns, but when we went
through the more than four columns of
editorial matter we saw that not a single
one was original. They were all credit-
ed and nil good, but were not our neigh-
bor's thoughts and we could not get
anything out of them. They are better
than tills editor or his neighbor can
write, for they ail came from tho pens
of the greatest writers who have been
put on record, hut what we wanted was
the comments of our exchange, and that'
is what we Imagine the average reader
wants t» see in his home paper. Thp
hooks are always to be had with the
thought of the great, but the average
reader wants to keep up with current
thought. We want to say to our
brother country editors that they should
not neglect the editorial columns of their
publications, for the world wants to
know what others are thinking of and
what they u.ink about It. If we all
waited until we could say something
better than has been said before we
would quit talking and writing—that is
moat of us would, l^et the newspapers
In the country do their share of work
in molding public sentiment, and let
them tell the world what their section is
thinking as well as doing. The news is
of first Importance, but the sentiments
of today will crystallize Into the actions
of tomorrow. Tell us the sentiments of
the people and we will tell you the his-
tory o^ the future upon any given ques-
Tile Reporter's suggestion Is to the
point. Man's Ideas are certainly his o^m.
but that is no renson that he should
keep them to himself and thereby pos-
sibly deprive the world of good advice
and sane thoughts, which might aid In
the betterment of his fellow men.
♦ ♦ ♦
Missed ths Chair.
tf there be any young men In this
country who cling to the belief that
wealth will produce happlneaa and con-
tentment, let them read carefully the luc
and experience of that millionaire born
and raised American boy, Harry Thaw.—
Well, the result la less shocking than
It might have been.
TOPICS OF THE TIMES,
Mr. Watson and a Rumor.
A story floats up this way from Pixie
concerning tho Hon. Thomas K. Watson
and his prospective appointment to the
French embassy when the next Presi-
dential election Khali have passed into
history arid a readjustment ot fat berths
he under way. There Isn't anything in
it, in hII probability, more than a |>«»sk1 -
hie desire upon Mr. Watson s part to oc-
cupy that station, hut even the sugges-
tion ot such a. thing opens a field of
(nought not altogether unattractive.
We have no doubt that Mr. Watson is
deeply interested in 1' ranee, as a stu-
dent. Certainly, hla "fftory ot France"
is one oi the most charming of modem
literary productions; an evident work of
a. scholar and investigator of the highest
order. Mr. Watson is not possessed of
the personal fortune now thought indis-
ncnsaWe to occupancy of the post at
Paris leferred to. but that would make
very little difference to him, if It didn't
to the United States; and, theoretically,
at least, it should make no difference to
either. To French scholars, we havo no
sort of doubt Mr. Watson would appeal
with splendid force, even though ho
doubtless would remain practically un-
known to the •smart set" of the great
country to which he would be accredited.
Why should not Mr. Thomas J5. Watson
aspire to the French embassy? In point
of culture, ha is eminently fit; In point
of Intelligence, lie Is any man's peer. If
he hasn't the money with which to main-
tain a number of fine automobiles and
provide lavish entertainment for the* mere
pleasure that sort of thing furnishes
| hysically, or Is supposed to furnish, ho
has the mind to provide his associates
food for thought in abundance, and his
presence in France would be distinctly .1
gain to thosti f,f that land who rate in-
telligence first of all the qualities enter-
ing Into the make-up of a real man. He-
sides. a return to the idea that an Am-
bassador n#ed not necessarily be a weal-
thy-pan extremely wealthy—man would
work a healthy reform. Mr. Watson
would maintain the dignity of the I'nlted
States through sheer force of brains; ho
would bo an Ambassador, we truly be-
lieve, in whom tho country would be well
Those wjio know Mr. Watson will agree
that he possibly would stand forth in
much more eompelllng light in the quieter
field of diplomacy than he has stood In
the fields of bitter and partisan politics.
The real worth of the man has been so
persistently belittled because of the strife
in which he has so often found himself
that very few people understand him at
all. We have no doubt, the very sugges-
tion of Mr. Watson is startling to a large
number of people—somehow his name is
rarely over mentioned except as "Tom"
Watson, and that with something of a
snap Rut there isn't anything snappish
about him, save when some one angers
him, or provokes him; then he snaps.
\\ o are entirely sincere when we say
this country might go a great deal fur-
ther in searching for a suitable Ambassa-
dor to Franco than Mr. Thomas B. Wat-
son. and fare very much worse when we
had found his substitute. Removed from
the vicinity of rank partlsanism and ac-
tive politics, we believe Mr. Watson
would round out a career of distinguished
Great Freight Totals.
The Government report on lake com-
merce for 1907 gives some Imposing totals.
Although the business reaction came in
that year It was so nearly at Its close
that the year's statistics in commercial
movements rank it as achieving the
greatest the greatest results ever known.
This seems especially true of tho freight
movements on tho Great Lakes.
The total volume of shipment* on the
lakes during 1007 makes the inpreco-
dentod total of 8:1.387,910 tons. This is
10 per cent more than the previous year
and 20 per cent greater than 190.',. Ton-
nage through the Sault Ste. Marie canal
for the year was 58.217.214 tons, "trough
the Detroit Hlver the merchandi <* traf-
fic. was 67.292.504 tons. Ore shipments
were 40.727.972 tons; coal, hard and soft,
19.38S.414 tons; while the grain and flour
movement reached an aggregate In ex-
cess of 194.000.000 bushels. In all these
items except, grain staples the record
was far in excess of any previous one.
The immensity of these aggregates
tells eloquently of that vast resources of
the regions which furnish the lake traf-
fic. But it also shows the result of
the facilities given to this commerce by
the improvement of the lake channels
and ports. The lakes havo been favored
of the Government in this respect. But
it is not the role of other sections to
grudge the Governmental expenditures
which havo made posslblo such a com-
mercial movement. What is to bo said
on behalf of the rivers is that if they
are given improvements commensurate
to those on the lakes their natural re-
sources promise an expansion of traffic,
as remarkable as that secured In tho
case of the lakes.—Pittsburg Dispatch.
Farm Colonies for Unemployed.
Owing to the reopening of many fac-
tories the labor situation has shown
further improvement In our great cities.
There is still exceptional need, and such
appeals for relief funds as are being made
by responsible bodies should he gener-
ously heeded; but it is reassuring to know
that the situation is steadily growing
One of the results of the Industrial
emergency is likely to be tho establish-
ment in the State of New York of a per-
manent agency of relief and employment
for jobless men who are a bio and willing
to work. The Pnitod Charity Organiza-
tion Societies of the Eastern metropolis
have considered and approved a plan for
State agricultural colonies. The idea is
to make these farm colonies entirely self-
supporting. They might, for example,
produce and prepare supplies for tho
State's charitable and nenal institutions,
provided the consent of tho farmers and
kitchen gardeners could he secured.
In France. Germany, Holland and Swit-
zerland farm colonies have long been in
existence, not so much to provide the
honest workmen who are temporarily idle
with fairly remunerative employment, al-
though that object is by no means neg-
lected. as to rid the cities of vagrants and
loafers of the really unemployed class.
In the United States "potato# patches"
were tried in several cities in the panic
year of 1S9X and later, and they served
their purpose remarkably well, consider-
ing the circumstances under which the
experiment was resorted to and carried
out. Cleveland, however, has not unsuc-
cessfully endeavored to extend and de-
velop the farm colony scheme, and the
best students of the' problem of social
relief and unemployment believe that the
example of that municipality is a good
one to follow.
It is recognized, however, that it will
bo necessary to exercise great rare in
separating the tramps from the worthy
and respectable laborers. Compulsory
work for the former is excellent treat-
ment, but any colony which assumes the
character of a semi-penal institution is
necessarily avoided and shunned by the
deserving whom severe necessity alone
drives to apply for relief. Two kinds of
farm colonies may prove to be heedful,
to avoid humiliation of the class just
mentioned. The question is to be dis-
cussed in the New York Legislature in
connection with a bill already drawn.—
Raising the Standard of the Bar.
The Bar Association of the State of
New York is maklnjt an energetic move
ugalnst the ' "amhulHnce chaser" antl
other members of the legal profession
who bring discredit upon It. The asso-
ciation Iihs been working on the matter
for eight months, and h*s finally adopted
an amendment to the Code of Civil Pro-
cedure and will now urge Its passage by
One of the most Important features of
tho amendment is directed at the con-
tingent-fee abuse. The association does
not aim to do away with the contingent
fee altogether. It recognises that when
a poor man U injured and is refused
proper relief he cannot hire a lawyer
unless he can get one to take his esse on
a contingent fee; but it does propose that
there shall be. publicity concerning the
arrangement bMween the lawyer and his
client. Thus It la provided that the con-
*1 Where the finest biscuit,
"I cake, hot-breads, cruSts
or puddings are required
l^oyal is indispensable.
Not only for rich or fine food
or for special times or service.
Royal is equally valuable in the
preparation of plain, substantial,
every-day foods, for all occa-
sions. It makes the food more
ta^ty, nutritious and wholesome.
tract must bo in writing; in order to be
valid there must not have been improper
\Jicitation on the lawyer's part. All
such contracts are open to scrutiny on
motion of the client, the attorney, or on
the court's own motion. In an action for
damages the court, after the retirement
of the jury, must inquire if there is
such a contract. If it calls for excessive
compensation, the court may reduce the
amount of the fee. If it appears that
the contract was obtained by undue so-
licitation, the court may refuse any fee
and cite the attorney to appear before an
appellate division of the Supreme Court
for such discipline as it may think
In other words, instead of doing away
with contingent fees, which tlie Bar As-
sociation does not consider feasible, it
proposes to regulate and control the cus-
tom. This, of course, Is a distinct ad-
vance on the practice now in vogue in
many States, where it frequently hap-
pens that the attorney's fee is regulated
by the client's ignorance or his necessi-
ties. It is believed that observance by
the courts of this amendment will do
much to mitigate the evils of "ambulance
chasing" and other abuses of similar
charaeter which have cast discredit upon
the bar as a whole and have done much
to lower its Influence and standing.—
| WITH ^5,000 MILES OF TRACK.
South America Has Little More Mile-
age Than Africa.
Copies of a mnp Iss led by the Bureau
of Statistic* of the Department of Com-
merce and I^ibor hava hcen received In
Kansas City. It is a ton.r rchenslva map,
entitled "Principal Transportation rioutes
of the. World." It shows the chlof rail-
way lines and water routes of the world,
the distances from port to port across
all oceans and seas, and carries with it
a marginal table slmwing the distances
from New York, New Orleans, San Fran-
cisco and Port Townsend to each of the
principal ports of th* world, and from
many of the other cities of the United
States to ihnse four initial coast points.
There are raonv interesting facts shown
by thi1 map. One of the most int?'estlng
things observed Is that most of the rail-
road construction Is in the temperate
rones. If the practically tiOfl.OOO miles
of railroad in the world only some 10
per cent is found ill strictly tropical
South Ameilca has only 15.000 miles of
railway. Africa lias 14,000 miles and
Central America and Mexico 13,300 miles.
The following is the area, popupati.m and
mileage of the South Ar.trican countries:
Al">a. Pop. Year. Mlg.
693,910 2,591.000 190'. 6:14
9H.277 £9n.000 19'11 Tii
4ii,0C0 71,000 1905 37
llii.WO 1,400,000 19<K> 1X1
.. 729.000 2.ISO,000 1905 70'
..3,219,000 M,?34,000 m". 10,ffl)0
.. 157,722 b36,000 19M 157
. 72.210 1,058,(WOO 190.", 3.2U*
.. 279.901 3.239.000 1901) 2.93W
Argentina 1,135,84*0 5.H78.00O 190,i 12.230
John M. Kgan. formerly of Kansas City,
is now in South America. He is at the
head of the Soracaliana Ruilrosd Com-
pany. which is building about ]00e miles
to fold to the 1000 miles already in opera-
tion In the State of San Paulo.—Kansas
NEW AM ERICA NO P E RAGLANS.
Puccini Will Have "The Girl of the
Golden West" Ready Next Year.
ROMK—It is difficult to catch Maestro
Puccini as It is a butterfly; either he Is
buried in his villa at Terra del Lago, like
a chrysalis in Its cocoon, or he i* flutter-
ing about from one foreign land to an-
Just now lie Is In Egypt, but 1 was for-
tunate enough to catch him and detain
htm for a while on his way thither. He
talked about his new opera, based on
"The Oirl of til-* Golden West." which h.
will call "I* Fanciuila del Occidente."
He informed me that he had Just re-
ceived the libretto, and added:
"1 shall hegln work on It about March
1. It Is in three acts and is taken, as
you know, from Mr. Belflsco's successful
play. The nnlv act in the ope^ft which
will appear different from the plJT i*™,8
last, which represents the forests of_< all-
fornla in the full luxuriant glory of that
beautiful land. Every effort has been
made to bring out local color and atmos-
phere. as 1 desire that the characters
who live through my work should retain
their rude strirgth.
"1 shall endeavor to construct n work
of actual life, and not of dreams and
unreality. This Is my Ideal, and it is
just what caunes me such difficulty in
finding my subjects. 1 have hefore me a
year of intense, unceasing
tic work, and tia-n The Olrl of the
Golden West' will be ready to make her
ho v.- to her American alster. If she he
just as charming. Just as Ideally realistic,
1 shall be satisfied
"Mr. Savage wlsned to have the pre-
mier e of the opeta given by hla American
ion'nanv in English, but I. remembering
that the author of Its being Is Italian
have decided that It makes its debut at
the Metropolitan Opera House w.th t a-
ruso and Scotti. After that Mr. Anvage
shall have hie v.ay. —New \ork TlVnes.
In th« Interior.
"Yis." said the tjphoid germ,
a funny thins Htx-i't me.'
"What ie tha; ? askca tlie grip mlerote.
"Wnv, I do w he-,1 fighting when I'm
down.' —Catholic Standard and Time*.
A RIDDLE. FOR HISTORIANS.
Perhaps They Can Idenltfy This Eng-
lish King Richard.
A traveler who recently returned from
Italy propounded the other night a co-
nundrum which, perhaps, some deeply
learned historian can solve. He said:
"In the city of Lucca, about fifty miles
northeast of leghorn, stands the church
of St. Kredian and in it Is a tomb bear-
ing the lollowing inscription:
"Here lies King Kicnard, a sceptre-
hearer and kind; he was king of Eng-
land and held the sovereignly of Poland.
He gave up his sovereignly; for Christ
he relinquished all. Therefore, in Rich-
ard, Kngland liaH given to us a saint. Ho
was the progenitor ol St. Wulburga, tho
Virgin, St. Vlrilletmld and St. Vinebald
by whose sufferance the so\ereignty of
Poland may be given us."
"It is in I>atin, of course, but the at-
tempt at translation is substantially cor-
rect. Now, who was this Richard? The
llrst Kidiard, ktng of England, died at
the siege of Chains in Normandy from
the arrow of Bertrand Gourdon. and lies
hurled in Fonteorault Abbey. Normandy.
The second English King Richard was
deposed by Lancaster and murdered ill
the ' astle of Pontefract. His tomb is
in Westminster Abbey.
"There was only one other English
King Richard, and it is known that ha
met his fate upon the field of Bosworth.
His body was buried In the Greyfrtars
Church, as directed by his conqueror,
"These are the. only King Richards of
England known to history, and none of
them fills the bill. None was king of
Poland, nor, as far as J rei}ievuber, was
any other English monarch. Nor was
any one an ancestor of tho saints with
remarkable names, through whose favor
the people of Lucca expected to get the
Polish kingdom. The legend they tell
vou in Lucca Is that this King Hichard
illed there while on a pilgrimage to
Rome. „ . . . .
"Now. who was he? Somebody ig bur-
icd in that tomb, and the people who
wrote the inscription evidently did it in
good faith. Who was the gentleman
who posing as the king of England and
Poland, died and was buried at Lucca?
Can it be that some impostor played a
trick on <he good people of the fair
Italian cltv and got a monument and
a title as saint by so doing? Or I. it
mv historical knowledge that Is at fault.
"Well." replied the antiquarian. the
question is certainly a puzzler. A singu-
lar fact is that John Evelyn, a man full
of curious learning, a scholar and an
Oxford man. mentions this Jicnb In ins
•Oiarv.' simply saying that St. Eredian a
is remarkable to us for the corpse of
St Richard, an English king who died
here'-that is. at Lucca. He makes no
comment, evidently taking the fact as
one well known to history. Hut 1 /,°n-
fess 1 am inclined to thlnk^
nlaved a mediaeval joke upon the good
monks ot St. Kredlan. However, perhaps
"omeon" can explain." New York Even-
Inr V'ost. ^ ^
FIGHT FOR DECENCY ON.
Women's Clubs Launch Campaign
Covering Wide Range,
A plan of campaign for *J1 women a
clubs ol" Illinois in behalf of cleanliness,
order and decency has been mapped out
hv the civics committee of the Illinois
Federation of Women's Clubs arid mailed
to nil the clubs in the federation.
Some of the suggestions follow:
"Everv club should employ every pos-
sible means to secure perfect ventilation
nf public schools, libraries and other
public buildings snd lo maintain cleanli-
ness In everv detail.
"Kftcourage the formation of neighbor-
hood Improvement associations, which
shall cause the removal of unsightly out-
door advertising, increase the number of
plavrounds. small parks, improve vacant
lots and make the railroad stations at-
• Insist upon enforcement of the ordi-
nance against expectoration in public
"FJsVablish regular 'cleaning-tip* days in
your community. -
"Crusade against cigarette smoking ana
the cocaine habit.
••prevent the establishment of 5-cent
theaters in your community, abolish thrvaa
already in operation and urge the licens-
ing of'hot els. . t „
"f'rge destruction of moth s nests in all
"Secure inspection of public works in
your district. . .
"Vacation schools are recommended,
with provision for the organisation of
classes in cooking, sewing, manual train-
ing and other handiwork, such as dar*l
"Cooperate with the juvenile court
committee in forming protective leagues
in your districts tor the protection or
children In the street.
"Appoint, committees to enforce the
smoke ordinance In your district or town.
"Exterminate mosquitoes throughout
the State in localities where they live.
"Arrange for penny savings banks In
schoos and homes or the poorer classes.'
The committee, of which Mrs. Emma
M. Henderson is chairman, says In the
circular that these suggestions have been
prepnred very carefully and the com%|t-
tee desires the different clubs to adopt
them this year If possible.
"All women know too little of actual
civic questions," the appeal said, "wa
lire unnecessarily ignorant of matters we
should be familiar with. Let the women
diesipate this Ignorance by study of
municipal ordinances."—Chicago Record*
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The Daily Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 43, No. 46, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 15, 1908, newspaper, February 15, 1908; San Antonio, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth442096/m1/4/: accessed January 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.