Heritage, Volume 18, Number 1, Winter 2000 Page: 14
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Spanish-American War, and Texas units
that served in World Wars I and II will
round out the exhibition.
Flag conservation in Texas is now off
to a solid start. The spectacular effort by
the membership of the United
Daughters of the Confederacy to preserve
their impressive collection and the
success of the Historic Flags of Texas
Project have awakened considerable
interest in flag conservation throughout
the state. But there are still many flags
yet to be located, identified, and treated
(see sidebar on this page), and only the
continued partnership between the
state, private organizations, and individual
Texans can assure that these treasures
will not be lost.
Robert Maberry Jr., Ph.D., is adjunct professor of
history at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth,
historian for the Historic Flags of Texas Project, and
guest curator for "Texas Flags 1836-1945" exhibit at
the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston.
Unconserved State Archives Flags (in order of priority)
By Robert Maberry Jr., Ph.D.
1 Fifth Texas, Hood's Brigade, First
National/Lone Star variant. This is the
second battle flag of the Fifth Texas
Infantry. Texas State Archives M-29.
2 Third Texas Cavalry, Ross' Brigade. This a
rare late-1863 Army of Northern Virginia
variant battle flag with battle honors connoting
the extensive service of Ross'
Brigade in the Army of Tennessee. Texas
State Archives M-84.
3 Galveston Garrison Flag. This large Second
National pattern Confederate flag flew over
the Galveston defenses beginning in 1863.
4 Eighth Texas Infantry, Hobby's Regiment.
This First National Pattern "Stars and Bars"
with seven stars was the garrison flag of
Fort Esperanza. Hobby's Regiment, commanded
by A. M. Hobby (great uncle of former
Texas Lieutenant Governor Bill Hobby),
manned this Confederate maritime stronghold.
The regiment was at least one-third
Tejano. Fort Esperanza was a large sand
and shell redoubt erected on Matagorda
Island that defended Pass Cavallo. The fort
and its flag were captured in November
1863 during a massive sea-borne Union
invasion. Texas State Archives M-18.
5 16th Texas Regiment [infantry or cavalry?]
Saint Andrew's Cross battle flag.
Both the Sixteenth Texas Infantry and
Sixteenth Texas Cavalry were part of the
forces that repelled Union General Banks in
the Red River Campaign. This is a fine red
battle flag with some interesting stitch
work. Texas State Archives M-15.
6 Lone Star Flag. This is a Texas flag that has
been impossible to identify. Texas State
7 Saint Andrew's Cross variant battle flag
of unidentified unit. This interesting flag is
hand stitched from printed silk dressmaker's
fabric. The yellow printed repeats are visible
throughout the field. Texas State
8 Saint Andrew's Cross battle flag with
oversized stars. Unidentified "homemade"
flag. Texas State Archives M-25.
HERITAGE * 14- WINTER 2000
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 18, Number 1, Winter 2000, periodical, Winter 2000; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45388/m1/14/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.