Heritage, Volume 18, Number 2, Spring 2000 Page: 3
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A PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS HISTORICAL FOUNDATION
EST. 1954 SPRING 2000
VOLUME 18 NUMBER 2
FEATURES AND MORE... SECTIONS
Growing Citrus in the Preservation, Purpose, and President's Message 4
Lower Rio Grande Valley 12 Passion 8
BY S. ZULEMA SILVA-BEWLEY BY GENE T. KRANE Sponsors and Contributors 5
Though citrus has been a mainstay of the Faced with a curriculum that had little relValley
economy for years, there was time evance to its student population,the Living History 12
when the state was a leader nationally. Edcouch-Elsa School District and educaIn
the mid-1940s, Texas was third in the tor Frank Guajardo devised a new plan fo- Texas Biography...John Shary 16
nation in total citrus production behind cusing on preserving the past and preparCalifornia
and Florida. ing students for the future. Foundation Membership
Honor Roll 29
Juan Nepomuceno Cortina
Border Caudillo Texas Archives:
Extraordinary 18 Guerrero Viejo
BY DR. JERRY THOMPSON and the Falcon Dam 30
Considered a hero to poor Mexicans
along the border and a ruthless and bru- Book Reviews 32
tal bandit to many Anglos, Juan Cortina,
leader of violent unrest in the Valley, rose orert e
to political and military heights of which
others could only dream.
Grant Update 35
The Short But Passionate Life
of the Republic of Texas Historical Museums
the Rio Grande 24 Listings 36
BY DR. PAUL LACK
BY DR. PAUL LACK Peterson, W. Scott Rybu S.Texas State Parks and
In 1840, a dissident group declared the Historical Sites 37
Rio GrandeValley to be a part of Mexico,
claiming the Nueces River as the dividing
line between the two countries. ON THE COVER Classified Ads 37
Though the Republic of the Rio Grande Ruins of the Nuestra Seiora Refugio
lasted only 283 violent days, its leaders Church in Guerrero Viejo. Photograph Sensing Place 39
and followers were a passionate lot. by Eugene George, architect.
HERITAGE magazine is published quarterly by the Texas Historical Founda- pertaining to Texas heritage, culture, and preservation activities are given priortion,
P.O. Box 50314, Austin, Texas 78763, email firstname.lastname@example.org. Opinions ity. Manuscripts should be typed, double-spaced, and photos or artwork accuexpressed
by contributing writers do not necessarily reflect those of the Texas rarely labeled. Submissions become the property of the Texas Historical FoundaHistorical
Foundation. THF is a private, nonprofit organization supported by tion unless accompanied by a self-addressed envelope for return of documents or
membership dues, contributions, and grants. Unsolicited articles not exceeding literature, and photographs or drawings from archival storage. Layout/design by
2,000 words will be considered by a review committee for publication. Articles Gene Krane. Printing by Whitley Company, Austin, Texas.
EDITORIAL STAFF Oliver Franklin, Lewis A. Jones, Gene Krane, Dr. Paul Lack, Llano
Editor, Gene Krane; Book Review Editor, John Peterson; Proofreader, Grande Research Center, Jane Manaster, National Archives, John
Betty Hall Peterson, W. Scott Ryburn, S. Zulema Silva-Bewley, Texas A&M International
University, Dr. Jerry Thompson, Rose Trevifio, University of
CONTRIBUTORS Oklahoma, The University of Texas-Pan American Library Special ColJose
Cisneros, Dr. Donald S. Frazier, Eugene George, Frank Guajardo, lections, Dr. Raul Vela,Webb County Heritage Foundation
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 18, Number 2, Spring 2000, periodical, Spring 2000; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45390/m1/3/: accessed April 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.