Heritage, Volume 14, Number 2, Spring 1996 Page: 8
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This 1928 hand-drawn map by Mary Katherine Decherd, entitled "The State Cemetery at Austin, Texas" is part of a manuscript in the State Archives in Austin.
condition. Additional criticism was directed
toward a lack of guidelines as to who was
allowed to be buried there. State funds were
appropriated in 1866 to erect a fence around
the cemetery and to appoint a paid sexton.
It is uncertain whether the fence was built
at this time or at a later date. In 1866,
without an apparent master plan but with
the idea of a special place for Texas patriots,
a joint resolution of the State Legislature
approved the removal and reinterment
of Texas military hero General Albert
Sidney Johnston from the St. Louis Cemetery
in New Orleans. In the same year, one
acre was set aside in the northeastern corner
of the cemetery for the burial of federal
soldiers stationed in Austin during Reconstruction.
The remains of these soldiers
were later exhumed and reinterred in the
National Cemetery in San Antonio.
The southeastern corner of the cemetery
where more than 2,100 Confederate
veterans of the Civil War and their spouses
"Of allmonuments, tombs
are those that present perhaps
the broadest subject
for the study of the archaeologist,
even philosopher. Civilizations,
at every step of the
ladder, have manifested the
nature of their beliefs in
another life by the way in
which they have treated the
are buried, has recently been renamed the
Confederate Plot. The Confederate Plot is
comprised of rows of uniform plain-white
marble headstones. Each stone contains
the name of the soldier, dates of birth and
death, and the company with which he
fought. Some of these veterans spent their
last years housed in the Texas Confederate
Home, located at 1600 West Sixth Street
in Austin. Spouses and nurses lived in the
Confederate Woman's Home at 3710 Cedar
At the beginning of the century there
was sufficient funding for enhancement of
the cemetery with projects such as the
monument and Gothic metal cover for the
remains of General Albert SidneyJohnston.
The noted local sculptor Elisabet Ney was
hired to design the monument and to carve
the reclining figure in marble. During this
time John Austin Wharton's grave was
marked by the construction of a bronze
bust by Enrico Cerracchio. Joanna
8 HERITAGE *SPRING 1996
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 14, Number 2, Spring 1996, periodical, Spring 1996; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45406/m1/8/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.