Heritage, Volume 13, Number 1, Winter 1995 Page: 19
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WHY DID THE WELL HAVE...A SMALL CIRCUMFERENCE? WHY DID THE ROOT CELLAR HAYE AN AMOiBA SHAPE? WERE THESE UNIQUE
FEATURES UNUSUAL ADAPTATIONS TO THE LOCAL ENVIRONMENT? WHY WAS THE ROCK FORT LOCATED NEAR A SLOPE FROM WHICH ENEMY
FIRE COULD RAIN DOWN UPON IT? OFTEN HISTORICAL RESEARCH AND ARCHAEOLOGY RAISE MORE QUESTIONS THAN THEY ANSWER.
slope just south of the area, the archaeologists
decided to clear some of the ground
cover with a weed-eater and blower. This
technique uncovered rocks that might be a
wall foundation or footings and might not
have been removed when the rock on the
surface was hauled off. Ultimately the entire
area was cleared using a riding mower,
weed-eater, chainsaw, and backpack blower
leaving little question that a stone-walled
structure with two rooms had been built
Many questions remain unanswered.
Why did the well have such a small circumference,
one that was just about the size of
a bucket dropped down the shaft in order to
get water? Why did the root cellar have an
amoeba shape? Were these unique features
unusual adaptations to the local environment?
Why was the rock fort located near
a slope from which enemy fire could rain
down upon it? Are there farmsteads with
one or more similar features out there, and
if so, where are they? Often historical research
and archaeology raise more questions
than they answer.
The Coho and Nancy Jane Smith homestead
site has served to show the importance
of local support for historic preservation
and the benefit of involving citizens in
the recording and protection of irreplaceable
pieces of early Texas history. Moreover,
the site will be protected and preserved
for future generations of Texans to
visit and understand in a setting that is
decidedly different from a theme park or a
city park. The study provides a good example
of how the fields of archaeology and
history can be combined in order to appreciate
the rural milieu in North-Central
Texas more than a century ago.
S. Alan Skinner, Ph.D., and Brenda B.
Whorton, M.A., are associates at AR Consultants
References Cited By The Authors In This
* Azle Historical Museum Society
1986 History of Azle Community, Texas.
Azle Historical Museum Society, Azle,
* Jurney, David H., Susan A. Lebo, and
Melissa M. Green (compilers)
1988, Historic Farming on the Hogwallow
Prairies: Ethnoarchaeological Investigations of
the Mountain Creek Area, North Central
Texas. Compiled by David H. Jurney, Susan
A. Lebo, and Melissa M. Green, Southern
Methodist University, Archaeology Research
Program, Joe Pool Lake Archaeological
* Logan, Iva Roe (editor)
1986 Cohographs by Coho.
Smith, Inc. Fort Worth, Texas.
P.O. Box 25123
DALLAS, TEXAS 75225
HERITAGE * WINTER 1995 19
A RESOURCE BOOK ON ARCHEOLOGY
approach to history
uses the format of
portrays the cultural
prehistory and early
history of seven
regions of Texas.
PART I - ARCHEOLOGICAL
PART II--CULTURAL TIME
For use with ages 8 and above. 208pages.
8 1 x 11. Numerous illustrations. Laminated soft
cover. #0-937460-65-6 $17.95
'fendrick-qLong Publishing Co.
EXCAVATIONS AT TOWNSITE OF VELASCO
IN BRAZORIA COUNTY. 1992
STABILIZING BONFIRE SHELTER
IN VAL VERDE COUNTY. 1990
STORAGE PITS IN BEDROCK AT LAKE
* eAtH, ,...*...~ AALAN HENRY IN GARZA COUNTY. 1992
PREWITT AND ASSOCIATES, INC.
7701 NORTH LAMAR, SUITE 104
AUSTIN, TEXAS 78752-1012
(512) 459-3349 FAX (512) 459-3851
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 13, Number 1, Winter 1995, periodical, Winter 1995; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45408/m1/19/: accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.