Heritage, Volume 13, Number 1, Winter 1995 Page: 20
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The Guajardo-Vela Ladrillera:
Historic Brickmaking in the Lower Rio Grande Valley
By Douglas K. Boyd
I I I I III II I I I I I II I f
MM Brick Wall
11 Adobe Wall
n 1992, the City of Pharr contracted
with Prewitt and Associates
of Austin to conduct an archaeological
survey to locate prehistoric and
historic sites that might be impacted by the
construction of the Pharr-Reynosa International
Bridge. The survey covered the most
likely spots within a 400-acre area but dis
covered very little in the way of prehistoric
remains. Many historic sites were
found because the international bridge,
which has now been nearly completed, is
located where a small, predominantly Hispanic
ranching community had once
been. Archival research revealed that
Rancho El Capote had been settled as
early as the 1820s under authority of a 1767
Spanish land grant to Juan Jose Hinojosa.
Several extended families, heirs of Juan
Hinojosa, ranched at El Capote during the
19th and 20th centuries, and a ferry provided
access back and forth to Mexico. El
Capote also was along the Military Highway
from El Paso to Brownsville, a major
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 13, Number 1, Winter 1995, periodical, Winter 1995; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45408/m1/20/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.