Heritage, Volume 13, Number 1, Winter 1995 Page: 9
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for the Indians of the Southern Plains beginning
about 10,000 B.C. Archaeologists
have discovered Alibates flint across a wide
area of Texas and the Southern Plains,
indicating a widespread trade network.
* Amistad National Recreation Area,
accessible from Del Rio. Prehistoric Indian
rock art, located on the shores of the lake -
- including Panther Cave, one of the state's
most important rock art sites -- can be
visited by commercial boat tours.
* Caddoan Mounds State Historical
Park, near Alto in Cherokee County. The
park contains the remnants of two temple
mounds, a burial mound, and a large portion
of the village area built by the Early
Caddo Mount Builder people starting about
* Hueco Tanks State Historical Park,
east of El Paso. The park encompasses 860
acres that include caves and rock formations
displaying Indian rock art. For centuries
Hueco Tanks has been a well-known
landmark in this arid region of West Texas
because of the supply of rainwater that is
trapped in the natural basins, or "huecos,"
among the rocks.
* Lubbock Lake Landmark State Historical
Park, Lubbock. This is currently
the only known site in North America that
contains archaeological evidence related
to all the major American Indian cultures
that existed on the Southern Plains during
the past 12,000 years.
* Palo Duro Canyon State Park, Canyon.
In addition to 12,000 years of Indian
occupation, Palo Duro Canyon is believed
to have been visited by Coronado in the
1540s. The canyon was the site of the last
Indian battle in Texas in 1874.
* Seminole Canyon State Historical
Park, Val Verde County, west of Del Rio.
In the canyon is Fate Bell Shelter, which
contains some of North America's oldest
pictographs. Believed to have been painted
as long as 8,000 years ago, these fine examples
of rock art can be seen on guided
tours into the canyon.
* Ysleta (including the Tigua Indian
Reservation and Ysleta Mission) in El Paso.
The Tigua Indians have inhabited this
locale since 1682. Their story is part of the
dramatic events that occurred during the
Spanish Colonial period. The Tigua Reservation
is one of only two Indian reservations
in the state.
Informationfor this article obtainedfrom Texas
Historical Commission TAAW publications.
HERITAGE * WINTER 1995 9
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 13, Number 1, Winter 1995, periodical, Winter 1995; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45408/m1/9/: accessed May 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.