Heritage, Volume 12, Number 3, Summer 1994 Page: 15
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Above: Construction crews work on Big Inch pipeline, which carried oil from Texas to East Coast refineries.
The pipeline was built during World War II. Lower: This undated photograph shows the main entrance to
Magnolia Petroleum Company's refinery at Beaumont. Photo courtesy of Beaumont Chamber of Commerce.
...during this time...(Magnolia) had (a) baseball team, singing
group and marching band, ...yachts and airplanes.
Humble. Much of Humble's major oil
production was carried on outside of
Joseph Newton Pew Sr. and Edward
Octavias Emerson joined forces to form
the first Sun Company in 1886. The company
was incorporated in 1890. In 1901,
Pew sent his nephew, J. Edgar Pew, to
investigate the opportunities in Beaumont.
The Sun Oil Company was one of the
few major companies that never built a
refinery in southeast Texas. They relied
instead on transporting oil and gas by ship
and pipeline to their large refinery at Marcus
Hook, Pennsylvania, and later to other
refineries in the East. They were the first to
build pipelines to the East coast. As a result
of so many tankers being torpedoed during
World War II as they made their way from
Southeast Texas to the East, the idea of
building the "Big Inch" pipeline was born.
The later-developed oil fields of Midland
were connected by new pipelines to the
refiners in the Beaumont area and to Sun
Oil's pipeline terminal and storage facility
at Sabine, thus connecting production to
HERITAGE * SUMMER 1994 15
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 12, Number 3, Summer 1994, periodical, Summer 1994; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45412/m1/15/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.