Heritage, Volume 12, Number 3, Summer 1994 Page: 3
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A PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS HISTORICAL FOUNDATION EST. 1954 SUMMER 1994
Beaumont: Where Oil
Became An Industry
By Christine Moor Sanders 12
With the discovery of oil in the early
1900s, Beaumont's population exploded
almost overnight. Within a year, there
were 500 Texas corporations doing oil
business in Texas, and Beaumont was
right at the center of that activity. Many
of the major oil companies operating
today had their start in those East Texas
Midland's Emergence as the
West Texas Oil Capital
By Betty Orbeck 16
More than 20 years after Spindletop, oil
was discovered in West Texas. As that
oil-producing region grew, Midland, with
its fine transportation facilities, schools,
office buildings, and banks, emerged as
the business and administrative center
of the Permian Basin oil industry.
Museum Celebrates Early Days
of the Oil Industry in Texas
By Christy Marino 22
A trip to the Spindletop/Gladys City
Boomtown Museum in Beaumont takes
visitors on a nostalgic tour of Gladys
City, the 1900's community at
Spindletop oil field, which includes
replicas of businesses that were in operation
during the boom.
Captain George Washington
O'Brien and the Gladys City
Company at Spindletop
By Christine Moor Sanders 6
Years before the Lucas Gusher roared
in, the Gladys City Company was
formed. Its development and operations
at Spindletop, spearheaded by Capt.
George Washington O'Brien, would
change Texas and the world forever.
The Oil Industry in Texas
\ \ ~~~
.' ;, i I~~~
ON THE COVERS
Front: Star & Crescent, No. 1 in Beaumont,
1901; Ostebee photo. This well flowed at a rate
of 2,000 barrels a day. Back: Boiler Avenue at
Spindletop, April 23, 1903. Photo by Edgerton.
The Archaeology of
La Calsada: A Rockshelter
in the Sierra Madre Oriental
By C. Roger Nance 26
Community History Seminar
Planned in Arlington
Texas Historical Commission
State Cemetery in Austin
Call For Proposals
Noteworthy Historic Exhibits
Open Around the State
to Historic Homes
HERITAGE magazine is published quarterly by the Texas Historical Foundation,
P. 0. Box 50314, Austin, Texas 78763. 1994. Opinions expressed by contributing
writers do not necessarily reflect those of the Texas Historical Foundation.
The Texas Historical Foundation is a private, nonprofit organization supported
by membership dues, contributions, and grants. Unsolicited articles not exceeding
2,000 words will be accepted by a review committee for publication. Articles
Editor, Gene Krane, Book Review Editor, John Peterson
Beaumont Chamber of Commerce, Gladys City/Boomtown Museum,
pertaining to Texas heritage, culture, and preservation activities are given
priority. Manuscripts should be typed, double-spaced, and photos or artwork
accurately labeled. Submissions become the property of Texas Historical
Foundation unless accompanied by a self-addressed envelope for return of
documents or literature, and photographs or drawings from archival storage.
Layout/design by Gene Krane. Printing by Whitley Company, Austin, Texas.
Julie Klump, Christy Marino, Carl McQueary, John B. Meadows,
Midland County Historical Museum, Mobil Oil Company, Betty
Orbeck, Permian Basin Petroleum Museum, Tim Perttula, Christine
Moor Sanders, Sun Oil Company
David DeBoe Honored
By THC For
Historical Preservation Work 24
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 12, Number 3, Summer 1994, periodical, Summer 1994; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45412/m1/3/: accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.