Heritage, Volume 12, Number 3, Summer 1994 Page: 8
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
'll , ! - I e s., .i * l I
w =, -, A
1 x 1
ally ^///)yJ'/J ' An' / /,//
,/5/4// /A/. ' /7 ,/. , WAy ity OilN,Bas and Manufatufiing C. /,,w,/r ,, r/'/r 4,, /,/
-/.' /// 6/ z ^f /w // (>//>/ > (* <7 d < r// i y /,, ,x, ,, 14 - / /f.,//f , rI m/ /'
-/;,, X,,; y >, t ,'1//r, / / ,;,,. /, l ,/, ,,,1 /,,f, ,,,, f ,,
./,,//f .f f f/,,, /4,// //f/fi/., f/f//f f f:,.. /f//f, ,,,;,/,/ 5ff / //I /f
, ;,f/ frf,,// .i/ / .A . , , ,/ , .'// /.M
t:.>.u-z-:;Zv^2S-W0 s100 me1M^N
Top: Stock certificate from the Gladys City Company,
circa 1901. Below: Gladys Bingham, for
whom Gladys City was named when she was a girl.
In this photo she is eighteen. Circa 1901.
Survey in 1892. George W. Carroll was
able to finance this acquisition and, on the
strength of his signature, to obtain a loan
from the bank. For many years the story has
been told that George W. Carroll and
Pattillo Higgins then approached Captain
O'Brien and his daughter, Emma E. John,
to acquire their portion also. Since the two
men had to borrow the money to purchase
1,077 acres in the survey, they were hardly
in a position to purchase more. Captain
O'Brien had vowed to purchase the land in
1865 and had finally been able to acquire
slightly more than one half in
1888. Emma E. John had obtained
separate acres in the
Veatch Survey upon the death
of her husband in 1889.
Carroll and Higgins decided
to combine their interests with
the O'Briens, thus the Gladys
City Oil, Gas & Manufacturing
Company was born and incorporated
August 16, 1892. All of
the owners of the land in the
Veatch Survey pooled their interest
and prorated shares were
issued in the following manner:
Carroll and Higgins' jointly
owned 1,077 acres became 216
shares (two of these were given
to little Gladys Bingham for
whom Higgins named the company);
George Washington O'Brien received
202 shares and Emma E. John obtained 68
for their interest in 1,350; J.F. Lanier, another
Beaumont lawyer, received 54 shares.
The O'Brien family thus owned the controlling
interest. The following company
officers were elected on September 1, 1892:
George W. Carroll, president; George W.
O'Brien, vice president; J.F. Lanier, secretary;
and Pattillo Higgins, treasurer and general
manager. Emma E. John had been named to
the board of directors at the company's
inception in 1892, thus making her one of
the first females to serve as a director of a
Pattillo Higgins was authorized to have
L.F. Daniel produce a map for the proposed
Gladys City and to sell lots in the city. His
fanciful stock certificate design depicts
his vision of an industrial city complete
with activity linked to rail transportation.
It does not depict a single oil derrick,
although the intent of the company to
produce oil is clearly spelled out in the
Friction began immediately between
the conservative businessmen and Emma
John, who were financing the operation,
and Pattillo Higgins with his driving dream
of an industrial city. There remained this
friction between those interested in production
for its own sake and Higgins'
interest in building a city. Captain O'Brien
is shown to have taken a dim view of that
The first drilling contract was not let
until February 17, 1893, and was not successful.
Walter B. Sharp was the subcontractor
under M.B. Looney. The second
drilling contract was let May 27, 1895,
through a lease to the Savage Brothers. It
was also unsuccessful. A third lease with
Texas Oil & Mineral Company and manager
W.A. Savage was let June 4, 1896.
Pattillo Higgins felt that the cable-tool
drilling equipment would never work. He
also was opposed to leasing the land, but
the other board members saw no other way
to finance the exploration. Pattillo Higgins
had left the company and divested his
interest before this third drilling attempt
was made. Indeed by August 31, 1895, six
years before the Lucas Gusher, Higgins is
shown to have owned only two shares.
Higgins is said to have attracted Capt.
Anthony Lucas to Beaumont through an
ad in a trade journal or newspaper. No
historian has been able to locate this ad.
Higgins was no longer associated with the
Gladys City Company and seemed to have
revived his real estate business, so he
certainly did not run such an ad on behalf
of the Gladys City Company. Anthony
Lucas did correspond briefly with Higgins.
It is unclear from the letters if Lucas,
working in his field as a salt mining engineer,
decided to take a look at Spindletop
on his own. It is clear that within a space
of a few months and a few letters, that
Higgins and Lucas did not have compatible
goals. Court records show that one of
the first legal actions taken by Captain
Lucas was to negotiate a lease with the
Gladys City Company on June 20, 1899.
A second separate agreement was reluctantly
made between Lucas and Pattillo
Higgins on July 24, 1899, giving Higgins
8 HERITAGE * SUMMER 1994
. ~ ~ . I I ,L *. A .z E
I -, ,'~ ,5 q
I~~~~~ I I W. C, *Kc:IA, 111kH 9==
4, , 'r
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 12, Number 3, Summer 1994, periodical, Summer 1994; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45412/m1/8/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.